Lingua Sinica

http://link.springer.com/journal/40655

List of Papers (Total 31)

The effect of speaker gender and talker proficiency on the realization of Taiwan Min /dz/ among young speakers

This study examined how speaker gender and talker proficiency affected realization of Taiwan Min /dz/ among young speakers of the 漳 Chiang and Mix dialect. Ten males and seven females with adequate proficiency were recruited to perform a paragraph reading task. Five major variant categories were observed, including dental sibilant, dental nonsibilant, velar obstruent, lateral...

Word intuition agreement among Chinese speakers: a Mechanical Turk-based study

Word intuition is speakers’ intuitive knowledge on wordhood. Collective word intuition is the word intuition of the whole language community. Given this definition, the optimal word segmentation result in Chinese NLP should reflect collective word intuition. It is also believed that an ideal definition of Chinese word should accord with the collective word intuition of Chinese...

Linking counterfactuality with theory of mind: evidence from developmental studies with Yàobúshì in Chinese

This paper revisits Chinese counterfactuality with 要不是 yàobúshì 'if it were not' by presenting additional data from elementary school children and high school teenagers to determine the availability of counterfactual reasoning with psycholinguistic studies. Constituent comparisons of propositional representations were hypothesized in the mental model of sentence processing...

From non-uniqueness to the best solution in phonemic analysis: evidence from Chengdu Chinese

The “non-uniqueness” theory assumes that there is no best solution in phonemic analysis; rather, competing solutions can co-exist, each having its own advantages (Chao, Bulletin of the Institute of History and Philology 4: 363–398, 1934). The theory is based on the assumption that there is no common set of criteria to evaluate alternative solutions. I argue instead that such a...

Geometric analysis of concept vectors based on similarity values

In this paper, we offer a geometric framework for the computing of a concept’s conceptual vector based on its similarity position with other concepts in a vector space called concept space, which is a set of concept vectors together with a distance function derived from a similarity model. We show that there exists an isometry to map a concept space to a Euclidean space. So, the...

Word sketch lexicography: new perspectives on lexicographic studies of Chinese near synonyms

Comparative study of near synonyms is one of the most productive research paradigms in Chinese lexicography. Empirical studies to discriminate near synonyms are either introspection-based or corpus-based. Yet, due to the large quantity of data in a corpus, lexicological studies of Chinese rarely make full use of the corpus data. To solve this problem, Kilgarriff’s Word Sketch...

Modality and aspect and the thematic role of the subject in Late Archaic and Han period Chinese: obligation and necessity

In this paper, the interplay of modal markers with the lexical aspect of the verb in Han period Chinese is at issue. Abraham and Leiss (Modality-aspect interfaces: Implications and typological solutions, 2008) propose a strong and possibly universal relation between the verbal aspect and either the root/deontic or the epistemic reading of a modal verb based on data from the...

Semantic relation identification for consecutive predicative constituents in Chinese

In this paper, we propose a general methodology for designing semantic role/relation system. Based on this methodology, we establish a succinct semantic relation system for consecutive predicative constituents for Chinese, which includes serial verb construction, discourse construction, and other constructions describing serial events. This semantic relation system has 13 middle...

Pragmatic effects of polarity items revealing focal prominence in Mandarin word order

This paper investigates the information structure of Mandarin Chinese word order through studying the distribution of minimizers, a distinct class of negative polarity items. The emphatic nature of minimizers is an effective indicator for distinguishing the strength of focal prominence in different syntactic construals. The corpus analysis compares the frequency of minimizers in...

Semantic map approach to universals of conceptual correlations: a study on multifunctional repetitive grams

There are some frequently used Chinese adverbs that display such a high degree of multifunctionality that the usage categorizing and the semantic connective pattern have long been a disputed issue, such as the repetitive adverbs 還 hai ‘still’, 再 zai ‘again’ and 又 you ‘again, also’. However, if attention could be turned from the nuances of usages within a single language to the...

Linking constructions in Mayrinax Atayal

This study investigated and examined linking constructions in Mayrinax Atayal. Although in the literature, linkers are categorized as either complementizers or aspectual heads, their syntactic behaviors and statuses have not been fully probed and analyzed. From minimalist and cartographic viewpoints, this paper will divide Mayrinax linking constructions into three classes with...

Vowel purity and rhyme evidence in Old Chinese reconstruction

Rhyme patterns in Old Chinese poems are important for the reconstruction of Old Chinese pronunciation, as they provide evidence for groups of words which formerly had similar pronunciation. Rhyme patterns can also be used to test Old Chinese reconstruction systems for consistency and plausibility, as reconstruction systems should minimize the conflict with attested rhyme patterns...

On counterfactual attitudes: a case study of Taiwanese Southern Min

This paper investigates the syntactic and semantic properties of counterfactual attitude verbs in Taiwanese Southern Min, showing the differences between this type of attitude verbs and those discussed by Anand and Hacquard (2013). I propose that the semantics of counterfactual attitude verbs is composed of two components, a doxastic assertion and a counterfactual felicity...

On the syntax-semantics interface of focus particles: the additive particle 還 hai “HAI” in Mandarin Chinese

This paper investigates the syntax-semantics interface of the focus particle 還 hai 'HAI' in Mandarin Chinese. In particular, this paper argues that the various interpretations of hai observed in the previous studies can be explained by the syntactic positions where it occurs. Based on the word order of hai and adverbials that occupy fixed positions, I map out the typography of...

On the dialectal variations of voiced sibilant /dz/ in Taiwan Min young speakers

This study examined the realization of /dz/ in three dialects of Taiwan Min among young speakers based on a paragraph-reading task. Results showed there were five robust realization categories of /dz/, including the commonly reported dental sibilants, velar obstruents, and liquids and the rarely mentioned dental nonsibilants and retroflexes. Liquids and retroflexes were more...

Winds and tigers: metaphor choice in China’s anti-corruption discourse

This article examines metaphor choice in China’s official anti-corruption discourse. Drawing on corpus data, we analyze the metaphors used by the Chinese Communist Party and its flagship newspaper, the People’s Daily, to frame the anti-corruption campaign and influence public perception. It is found that both embodied experience and cultural models are recruited as the metaphoric...

Encoding emotion in Chinese: a database of Chinese emotion words with information of emotion type, intensity, and valence

Despite the increasing interest in emotion and sentiment analysis in Chinese text, the field lacks reliable, normative ratings of the emotional content and valence of Chinese emotion words. This paper reports the first large-scale survey of average language users’ judgment of perceived emotion type (e.g., anger, happiness), emotional intensity, and valence (e.g., positive...

Extracting Chinese polarity shifting patterns from massive text corpora

In sentiment analysis, polarity shifting means shifting the polarity of a sentiment clue that expresses emotion, evaluation, etc. Compared with other natural language processing (NLP) tasks, extracting polarity shifting patterns from corpora is a challenging one because the methods used to shift polarity are flexible, which often invalidates fully automatic approaches. In this...

Sentiment detection in micro-blogs using unsupervised chunk extraction

In this paper, we present a proposed system designed for sentiment detection for micro-blog data in Chinese. Our system surprisingly benefits from the lack of word boundary in Chinese writing system and shifts the focus directly to larger and more relevant chunks. We use an unsupervised Chinese word segmentation system and binomial test to extract specific and endogenous lexicon...

Grammatical roles, Coherence Relations, and the interpretation of pronouns in Chinese

This paper reports on an experimental study of the interpretation of pronouns in Chinese which provides additional support for the proposal in Yang et al. (1999, 2003) that the resolution of pronominal reference in Chinese is more influenced by syntactic information than often assumed in approaches to discourse anaphora in Chinese such as Li and Thompson (1979), Givon (1983...

A study note on the state-denoting 個 ge “GE” construction

This short paper investigates a colloquial construction in Mandarin Chinese in which a secondary predicate may be preceded by the enclitic ta (它 ta “it”) and the classifier 個 ge “GE.” The paper argues that ge heads a dependent clause, where the enclitic is the subject of the secondary predicate. Therefore, first, the classifier is not used as a counting unit in this numeral...

Emotion in lexicon and grammar: lexical-constructional interface of Mandarin emotional predicates

The unique behaviors of emotional (or psychological) predicates have long been studied as a central issue in developing theoretical accounts for the interaction of lexical semantics and argument realization (cf. Talmy, Grammatical categories and the lexicon, 1985; Talmy, Typology and process in concept structuring, 2000; Croft, Surface subject choice of mental verbs, 1986; Dowty...

Notes on Chinese grammar and ontology: the endurant/perdurant dichotomy and Mandarin D-M compounds

Y. R. Chao’s (1955) ‘Notes on Chinese Grammar and Logic’ illustrated how logical relations are encoded in Chinese Grammar and his Chinese grammar (Chao 1968) introduced the grammatical category of Measure (M) in Determiner-Measure (D-M) Compounds. Subsequent studies of Chinese typically adopt the general linguistic term of classifier (Aikenvald 2003) and either refer to Chao’s M...

Encoding motion events in Chinese and the “scalar specificity constraint”

Mandarin Chinese often expresses motion events with more than one verbal motion morpheme, e.g., 退 tui ‘recede’ and 回 hui ‘return’ in 退回房間裏 tui-hui fangjian-li recede-return room-inside ‘return into the room’. Building on recent work on “scale structure”, this paper proposes a “Motion Morpheme Hierarchy” that can be used to better predict the order of co-occurring motion morphemes...

A generalized syntactic schema for utterance particles in Chinese

A novel analysis of the syntax of utterance particles in Chinese is proposed in this paper. In terms of their diachronic origin, there are two types of utterance particles in Chinese, namely predicative utterance particles and non-predicative utterance particles, both of which are derived by a generalized syntactic schema. It is proposed that utterance particles are the...