Journal of Public Health

http://link.springer.com/journal/10389

List of Papers (Total 99)

Catch them young: grooming a new generation of physicians in India

Aim Physicians are often accused of (un)intended medical malpractice, which is linked with their economic stimulus in one way or another. To disentangle the motivation behind this claim, this article digs into India’s existing medical training and the motivation of young graduates to practice medicine. Subjects and methods A narrative review was conducted by retrieving the existing ...

Procedures in child deaths in The Netherlands: a comparison with child death review

Aim Child Death Review (CDR) is a method in which every child death is systematically and multidisciplinary examined to (1) improve death statistics, (2) identify factors that give direction for prevention, (3) translate the results into possible interventions, and (4) support families. The aim of this study was to determine to what extent procedures of organizations involved in ...

Classmate characteristics, class composition and children’s perceived classroom climate

Aim A beneficial classroom climate is vital for school achievements, health, well-being, and school satisfaction. However, there is little knowledge as to how the classmate characteristics and class composition are related to the level of a perceived messy and disorderly classroom climate and whether the estimated relationships vary between different groups of children. The aim of ...

The cost-effectiveness of population Health Checks: have the NHS Health Checks been unfairly maligned?

Aim The English NHS currently has a policy of providing Health Checks to all 40–74 year olds. Administered in primary care, they aim to identify patients at risk of a range of diseases, including diabetes and heart disease, and facilitate care. This study is the first to use observed data on the effectiveness of the Checks to consider whether they represent a cost-effective use of ...

Health literacy of patients admitted for elective surgery

Aim Patients with limited health literacy have poorer surgical outcomes. However, current studies assessing the prevalence of limited health literacy in patients expecting surgery are small scale. We aimed to provide insight into the health literacy level of patients undergoing planned surgery. Subject and Methods Patients aged ≥18 years visiting the preoperative screening ...

Causes of variability in prevalence rates of communicable diseases among secondary school Students in Kisumu County, Kenya

Purpose To determine causes of variability in communicable disease prevalence rates among students in secondary schools to inform policy formulation in the public health sector. Methods A representative cluster sample size for students was estimated using Fisher et al.’s formula while schools, sub-counties and education zones were clustered and sample size was calculated based on ...

Alcohol health warnings can influence the speed of consumption

Aim Recent research has shown that adopting strong (i.e. high fear) visual health-warning messages can increase the perceived health risks and intentions to reduce alcohol consumption. Separately, it is known that the speed at which alcohol is consumed has dramatic effects on the level of intoxication. In the present study we aimed to combine these two separate areas to understand ...

Health care as a universal right

Purpose Most developed societies recognise the existence of a basic right of access to health care of appropriate quality, considering it a positive welfare right. It can even be one of the most important achievements of pluralistic and secular societies. The main objective of this study is to suggest the foundations for a universal right to health care, meaning the right of access ...

Are residents of high-walkable areas satisfied with their neighbourhood?

Aim While the association between walkability and walking for transport has been well established, less is known about the association between walkability and neighbourhood satisfaction. This study aims to examine the direction and strength of the association between objective measures of residential walkability and neighbourhood satisfaction, as well as the differences by sex. ...

Physical activity of German children during different segments of the school day

Aim This study objectively investigated the amount and intensity of German primary school children’s physical activity (PA) during different segments of the school day and explored the contribution of physical education (PE) and break times to daily moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA). Subject and methods PA of 294 children (7.1 ± 0.7 years, 48 % male) was objectively measured for 6 ...

Constructing public health policies in post crisis countries: lessons to learn from the associations between free-sugars consumption and diabetes, obesity and dental caries before, during and after sanctions in Iraq

Background This article aims to provide evidence for an informed public health policy on free-sugar consumption in post-crisis countries. Methods Iraq was selected as a case study. A systematic search for published data on the prevalence/incidence of type-2 diabetes, overweight/obesity, dental caries and free-sugar consumption levels in Iraq was conducted using MEDLINE, the Iraqi ...

Environmental determinants of aplastic anemia in Pakistan: a case-control study

Aim Aplastic anemia (AA) affects the Asian population two to three fold more than people in other regions. Besides the host genetics and socioeconomic status, several other environmental exposures have been linked with an AA etiology. We aimed to examine the association of various environmental exposures with AA occurrence among Pakistani individuals. Subjects and methods A ...

The association between maternal nutrition and lifestyle during pregnancy and 2-year-old offspring adiposity: analysis from the ROLO study

Aim To examine the association between maternal nutrition and lifestyle factors and offspring adiposity, using baseline and 2-year postpartum follow-up data from a randomised control trial of low glycaemic index diet. Subject and methods Food diaries and lifestyle questionnaires were completed during pregnancy and infant feeding and maternal lifestyle questionnaires 2 years ...

Intervention effects of a school-based health promotion program on children’s motor skills

Purpose Physical activity (PA) has positive effects on children’s development. Particularly in childhood, PA plays an important role for children’s motor skills. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of the intervention program “Join the Healthy Boat” on motor abilities of primary school children. Methods The baseline measurements of this longitudinal ...

Patterns and determinants of hypertension in Botswana

Aim This study examines the patterns and determinants of hypertension in Botswana. Subjects and methods In 2007, a cross-sectional survey of chronic non-communicable diseases and risk factors was conducted by the Ministry of Health and World Health Organisation using the STEPS approach. STEP 1 was the collection of demographic data, STEP 2 was the physical measurement of the ...

The demographic impact on the demand for emergency medical services in the urban and rural regions of Bavaria, 2012–2032

Aim In most regions of the world, the proportion of older people in the population has increased during the last decades. As this entails major consequences for the healthcare sector, this study isolates and quantifies the impact of an aging population on the demand for emergency medical services in different types of regions in Bavaria between 2012 and 2032. Methods Dispatch data ...

Sleep duration differences between children of migrant and native origins

Aim To explore whether primary school children of migrant and native Dutch origins differ regarding their sleep duration per night, a risk for overweight and obesity, and to determine to what degree differences in parenting styles contribute to these differences. Subjects and methods A cross-sectional survey, including 1,943 children aged 8-9 years old and their primary caregivers, ...

Socio-economic patterning of cardiometabolic risk factors in rural and peri-urban India: Andhra Pradesh children and parents study (APCAPS)

Aim To assess the prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors by socio-economic position (SEP) in rural and peri-urban Indian population. Subjects and methods Cross-sectional survey of 3,948 adults (1,154 households) from Telangana (2010–2012) was conducted to collect questionnaire-based data, physical measurements and fasting blood samples. We compared the prevalence of risk ...

Challenges in finding and measuring behavioural determinants of childhood obesity in Europe

Aim Childhood obesity is an important concern for child health. However, despite widespread concern about the increase in childhood obesity, its causes are not monitored systematically in Europe. In 2007, the Scientific Platform Project on Lifestyle Determinants of Obesity identified routine data sources nationally available in European countries to measure childhood obesity. This ...