Journal of Public Health

http://link.springer.com/journal/10389

List of Papers (Total 105)

German claims data analysis to assess impact of different intraocular lenses on posterior capsule opacification and related healthcare costs

Aim Cataract extraction is one of the most frequent surgeries in Germany. In most cases, the clouded natural lens is replaced by a hydrophobic or hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lens (IOL) implant. The most common long-term complication after cataract surgery is the development of a posterior capsule opacification (PCO). Although no precise real world data are available, published ...

Socioeconomic status, health inequalities and non-communicable diseases: a systematic review

Aim A comprehensive approach to health highlights its close relationship with the social and economic conditions, physical environment and individual lifestyles. However, this relationship is not exempt from methodological problems that may bias the establishment of direct effects between the variables studied. Thus, further research is necessary to investigate the role of ...

Migrant female head porters’ enrolment in and utilisation and renewal of the National Health Insurance Scheme in Kumasi, Ghana

Purpose As a social protection policy, Ghana’s National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) aims to improve access to healthcare, especially for the vulnerable. Migrant female head porters (kayayoo), who are part of the informal economic workforce, are underscored as an ethnic minority and vulnerable group in Ghana. This study aimed to analyse the factors associated with enrolment in ...

Playground usage and physical activity levels of children based on playground spatial features

Aim Being outdoors is one of the strongest correlates of physical activity in children. Playgrounds are spaces especially designed to enable and foster physical activity in children. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between the spatial features of public playgrounds and the usage and physical activity levels of children playing in them. Subjects and methods A ...

Promoting access to dental care in South London: adult patients’ perspectives

Objective To evaluate patients’ views on health service initiatives established to improve uptake of NHS primary dental care amongst adult patients in a socially deprived area, comparing practices with extended and regular contract capacity. Study design Service evaluation and cross-sectional survey. Method Questionnaire survey of patients attending a random sample of dental ...

Different healthy habits between northern and southern Spanish school children

Aim Healthy habits are influenced by several factors such as geographical location. The aims of this study were to describe and compare healthy habits within two populations of sixth-grade primary school children (aged 11–12 years) from northern and southern Spain. Subjects and methods A cross-sectional study using two representative samples of school children was conducted. ...

Catch them young: grooming a new generation of physicians in India

Aim Physicians are often accused of (un)intended medical malpractice, which is linked with their economic stimulus in one way or another. To disentangle the motivation behind this claim, this article digs into India’s existing medical training and the motivation of young graduates to practice medicine. Subjects and methods A narrative review was conducted by retrieving the existing ...

Procedures in child deaths in The Netherlands: a comparison with child death review

Aim Child Death Review (CDR) is a method in which every child death is systematically and multidisciplinary examined to (1) improve death statistics, (2) identify factors that give direction for prevention, (3) translate the results into possible interventions, and (4) support families. The aim of this study was to determine to what extent procedures of organizations involved in ...

Classmate characteristics, class composition and children’s perceived classroom climate

Aim A beneficial classroom climate is vital for school achievements, health, well-being, and school satisfaction. However, there is little knowledge as to how the classmate characteristics and class composition are related to the level of a perceived messy and disorderly classroom climate and whether the estimated relationships vary between different groups of children. The aim of ...

The cost-effectiveness of population Health Checks: have the NHS Health Checks been unfairly maligned?

Aim The English NHS currently has a policy of providing Health Checks to all 40–74 year olds. Administered in primary care, they aim to identify patients at risk of a range of diseases, including diabetes and heart disease, and facilitate care. This study is the first to use observed data on the effectiveness of the Checks to consider whether they represent a cost-effective use of ...

Health literacy of patients admitted for elective surgery

Aim Patients with limited health literacy have poorer surgical outcomes. However, current studies assessing the prevalence of limited health literacy in patients expecting surgery are small scale. We aimed to provide insight into the health literacy level of patients undergoing planned surgery. Subject and Methods Patients aged ≥18 years visiting the preoperative screening ...

Causes of variability in prevalence rates of communicable diseases among secondary school Students in Kisumu County, Kenya

Purpose To determine causes of variability in communicable disease prevalence rates among students in secondary schools to inform policy formulation in the public health sector. Methods A representative cluster sample size for students was estimated using Fisher et al.’s formula while schools, sub-counties and education zones were clustered and sample size was calculated based on ...

Alcohol health warnings can influence the speed of consumption

Aim Recent research has shown that adopting strong (i.e. high fear) visual health-warning messages can increase the perceived health risks and intentions to reduce alcohol consumption. Separately, it is known that the speed at which alcohol is consumed has dramatic effects on the level of intoxication. In the present study we aimed to combine these two separate areas to understand ...

Health care as a universal right

Purpose Most developed societies recognise the existence of a basic right of access to health care of appropriate quality, considering it a positive welfare right. It can even be one of the most important achievements of pluralistic and secular societies. The main objective of this study is to suggest the foundations for a universal right to health care, meaning the right of access ...

Are residents of high-walkable areas satisfied with their neighbourhood?

Aim While the association between walkability and walking for transport has been well established, less is known about the association between walkability and neighbourhood satisfaction. This study aims to examine the direction and strength of the association between objective measures of residential walkability and neighbourhood satisfaction, as well as the differences by sex. ...

Physical activity of German children during different segments of the school day

Aim This study objectively investigated the amount and intensity of German primary school children’s physical activity (PA) during different segments of the school day and explored the contribution of physical education (PE) and break times to daily moderate to vigorous PA (MVPA). Subject and methods PA of 294 children (7.1 ± 0.7 years, 48 % male) was objectively measured for 6 ...

Constructing public health policies in post crisis countries: lessons to learn from the associations between free-sugars consumption and diabetes, obesity and dental caries before, during and after sanctions in Iraq

Background This article aims to provide evidence for an informed public health policy on free-sugar consumption in post-crisis countries. Methods Iraq was selected as a case study. A systematic search for published data on the prevalence/incidence of type-2 diabetes, overweight/obesity, dental caries and free-sugar consumption levels in Iraq was conducted using MEDLINE, the Iraqi ...

Environmental determinants of aplastic anemia in Pakistan: a case-control study

Aim Aplastic anemia (AA) affects the Asian population two to three fold more than people in other regions. Besides the host genetics and socioeconomic status, several other environmental exposures have been linked with an AA etiology. We aimed to examine the association of various environmental exposures with AA occurrence among Pakistani individuals. Subjects and methods A ...

The association between maternal nutrition and lifestyle during pregnancy and 2-year-old offspring adiposity: analysis from the ROLO study

Aim To examine the association between maternal nutrition and lifestyle factors and offspring adiposity, using baseline and 2-year postpartum follow-up data from a randomised control trial of low glycaemic index diet. Subject and methods Food diaries and lifestyle questionnaires were completed during pregnancy and infant feeding and maternal lifestyle questionnaires 2 years ...

Intervention effects of a school-based health promotion program on children’s motor skills

Purpose Physical activity (PA) has positive effects on children’s development. Particularly in childhood, PA plays an important role for children’s motor skills. The objective of this study was to examine the influence of the intervention program “Join the Healthy Boat” on motor abilities of primary school children. Methods The baseline measurements of this longitudinal ...

Patterns and determinants of hypertension in Botswana

Aim This study examines the patterns and determinants of hypertension in Botswana. Subjects and methods In 2007, a cross-sectional survey of chronic non-communicable diseases and risk factors was conducted by the Ministry of Health and World Health Organisation using the STEPS approach. STEP 1 was the collection of demographic data, STEP 2 was the physical measurement of the ...