EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing

http://link.springer.com/journal/13634

List of Papers (Total 3,405)

Adaptive independent sticky MCMC algorithms

Monte Carlo methods have become essential tools to solve complex Bayesian inference problems in different fields, such as computational statistics, machine learning, and statistical signal processing. In this work, we introduce a novel class of adaptive Monte Carlo methods, called adaptive independent sticky Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithms, to sample efficiently from any ...

Joint frequency offset, time offset, and channel estimation for OFDM/OQAM systems

Among the multicarrier modulation techniques considered as an alternative to orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) for future wireless networks, a derivative of OFDM based on offset quadrature amplitude modulation (OFDM/OQAM) has received considerable attention. In this paper, we propose an improved joint estimation method for carrier frequency offset, sampling time ...

Burst transmission symbol synchronization in the presence of cycle slip arising from different clock frequencies

In digital communication systems, different clock frequencies of transmitter and receiver usually are translated into cycle slips. Receivers and transmitters may experience different sampling frequencies due to manufacturing imperfection, Doppler effect introduced by channel or having error in estimation of symbol rate. Timing synchronization in presence of cycle slip for a burst ...

Correction to: Two-way DF relaying assisted D2D communication: ergodic rate and power allocation

Unfortunately, the original version of this article [1] contained an error. The affiliation of Yiyang Ni and Yuxi Wang was incorrect. The correct affiliation is Jiangsu Second Normal University and is presented in this correction.

Sequential Monte Carlo for inference of latent ARMA time-series with innovations correlated in time

We consider the problem of sequential inference of latent time-series with innovations correlated in time and observed via nonlinear functions. We accommodate time-varying phenomena with diverse properties by means of a flexible mathematical representation of the data. We characterize statistically such time-series by a Bayesian analysis of their densities. The density that ...

A novel time of arrival estimation algorithm using an energy detector receiver in MMW systems

This paper presents a new time of arrival (TOA) estimation technique using an improved energy detection (ED) receiver based on the empirical mode decomposition (EMD) in an impulse radio (IR) 60 GHz millimeter wave (MMW) system. A threshold is employed via analyzing the characteristics of the received energy values with an extreme learning machine (ELM). The effect of the channel ...

A novel method for the detection of R-peaks in ECG based on K-Nearest Neighbors and Particle Swarm Optimization

Cardiovascular diseases are associated with high morbidity and mortality. However, it is still a challenge to diagnose them accurately and efficiently. Electrocardiogram (ECG), a bioelectrical signal of the heart, provides crucial information about the dynamical functions of the heart, playing an important role in cardiac diagnosis. As the QRS complex in ECG is associated with ...

A reverberation-time-aware DNN approach leveraging spatial information for microphone array dereverberation

A reverberation-time-aware deep-neural-network (DNN)-based multi-channel speech dereverberation framework is proposed to handle a wide range of reverberation times (RT60s). There are three key steps in designing a robust system. First, to accomplish simultaneous speech dereverberation and beamforming, we propose a framework, namely DNNSpatial, by selectively concatenating log-power ...

Bayesian fault detection and isolation using Field Kalman Filter

Fault detection and isolation is crucial for the efficient operation and safety of any industrial process. There is a variety of methods from all areas of data analysis employed to solve this kind of task, such as Bayesian reasoning and Kalman filter. In this paper, the authors use a discrete Field Kalman Filter (FKF) to detect and recognize faulty conditions in a system. The ...

Intelligent assistant carer for active aging

We present the concept of an Intelligent Assistant Carer system for the elderly, designed to help with active aging and to facilitate the interactions with carers. The system is modular, allowing the users to choose the appropriate functions according to their needs, and is built on an open platform in order to make it compatible with third-party products and services. Currently, ...

A novel segmentation method for uneven lighting image with noise injection based on non-local spatial information and intuitionistic fuzzy entropy

Local thresholding methods for uneven lighting image segmentation always have the limitations that they are very sensitive to noise injection and that the performance relies largely upon the choice of the initial window size. This paper proposes a novel algorithm for segmenting uneven lighting images with strong noise injection based on non-local spatial information and ...

On the robustness of set-membership adaptive filtering algorithms

In this paper, we address the robustness, in the sense of l 2-stability, of the set-membership normalized least-mean-square (SM-NLMS) and the set-membership affine projection (SM-AP) algorithms. For the SM-NLMS algorithm, we demonstrate that it is robust regardless of the choice of its parameters and that the SM-NLMS enhances the parameter estimation in most of the iterations in ...

MapReduce particle filtering with exact resampling and deterministic runtime

Particle filtering is a numerical Bayesian technique that has great potential for solving sequential estimation problems involving non-linear and non-Gaussian models. Since the estimation accuracy achieved by particle filters improves as the number of particles increases, it is natural to consider as many particles as possible. MapReduce is a generic programming model that makes it ...

Analysis of the maximum likelihood channel estimator for OFDM systems in the presence of unknown interference

This paper is a theoretical analysis of the maximum likelihood (ML) channel estimator for orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) systems in the presence of unknown interference. The following theoretical results are presented. Firstly, the uniqueness of the ML solution for practical applications, i.e., when thermal noise is present, is analytically demonstrated when the ...

UWB pulse detection and TOA estimation using GLRT

In this paper, a novel statistical approach is presented for time-of-arrival (TOA) estimation based on first path (FP) pulse detection using a sub-Nyquist sampling ultra-wide band (UWB) receiver. The TOA measurement accuracy, which cannot be improved by averaging of the received signal, can be enhanced by the statistical processing of a number of TOA measurements. The TOA ...

Approximate equiangular tight frames for compressed sensing and CDMA applications

Performance guarantees for recovery algorithms employed in sparse representations, and compressed sensing highlights the importance of incoherence. Optimal bounds of incoherence are attained by equiangular unit norm tight frames (ETFs). Although ETFs are important in many applications, they do not exist for all dimensions, while their construction has been proven extremely ...

Sequential estimation of intrinsic activity and synaptic input in single neurons by particle filtering with optimal importance density

This paper deals with the problem of inferring the signals and parameters that cause neural activity to occur. The ultimate challenge being to unveil brain’s connectivity, here we focus on a microscopic vision of the problem, where single neurons (potentially connected to a network of peers) are at the core of our study. The sole observation available are noisy, sampled voltage ...

DOA estimation for conformal vector-sensor array using geometric algebra

In this paper, the problem of direction of arrival (DOA) estimation is considered in the case of multiple polarized signals impinging on the conformal electromagnetic vector-sensor array (CVA). We focus on modeling the manifold holistically by a new mathematical tool called geometric algebra. Compared with existing methods, the presented one has two main advantages. Firstly, it ...

Efficient multichannel acoustic echo cancellation using constrained tap selection schemes in the subband domain

Acoustic echo cancellation (AEC) is a key speech enhancement technology in speech communication and voice-enabled devices. AEC systems employ adaptive filters to estimate the acoustic echo paths between the loudspeakers and the microphone(s). In applications involving surround sound, the computational complexity of an AEC system may become demanding due to the multiple loudspeaker ...

NLOS mitigation in indoor localization by marginalized Monte Carlo Gaussian smoothing

One of the main challenges in indoor time-of-arrival (TOA)-based wireless localization systems is to mitigate non-line-of-sight (NLOS) propagation conditions, which degrade the overall positioning performance. The positive skewed non-Gaussian nature of TOA observations under LOS/NLOS conditions can be modeled as a heavy-tailed skew t-distributed measurement noise. The main goal of ...

DOA-informed source extraction in the presence of competing talkers and background noise

A desired speech signal in hands-free communication systems is often degraded by noise and interfering speech. Even though the number and locations of the interferers are often unknown in practice, it is justified to assume in certain applications that the direction-of-arrival (DOA) of the desired source is approximately known. Using the known DOA, fixed spatial filters such as the ...

Efficient reversible data hiding in encrypted image with public key cryptosystem

This paper proposes a new reversible data hiding scheme for encrypted images by using homomorphic and probabilistic properties of Paillier cryptosystem. The proposed method can embed additional data directly into encrypted image without any preprocessing operations on original image. By selecting two pixels as a group for encryption, data hider can retrieve the absolute differences ...

A novel aliasing-free subband information fusion approach for wideband sparse spectral estimation

Wideband sparse spectral estimation is generally formulated as a multi-dictionary/multi-measurement (MD/MM) problem which can be solved by using group sparsity techniques. In this paper, the MD/MM problem is reformulated as a single sparse indicative vector (SIV) recovery problem at the cost of introducing an additional system error. Thus, the number of unknowns is reduced greatly. ...

Variable forgetting factor mechanisms for diffusion recursive least squares algorithm in sensor networks

In this work, we present low-complexity variable forgetting factor (VFF) techniques for diffusion recursive least squares (DRLS) algorithms. Particularly, we propose low-complexity VFF-DRLS algorithms for distributed parameter and spectrum estimation in sensor networks. For the proposed algorithms, they can adjust the forgetting factor automatically according to the posteriori ...

Iterative robust adaptive beamforming

The minimum power distortionless response beamformer has a good interference rejection capability, but the desired signal will be suppressed if signal steering vector or data covariance matrix is not precise. The worst-case performance optimization-based robust adaptive beamformer (WCB) has been developed to solve this problem. However, the solution of WCB cannot be expressed in a ...