EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing

http://link.springer.com/journal/13634

List of Papers (Total 3,379)

The Ensemble Kalman filter: a signal processing perspective

The ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) is a Monte Carlo-based implementation of the Kalman filter (KF) for extremely high-dimensional, possibly nonlinear, and non-Gaussian state estimation problems. Its ability to handle state dimensions in the order of millions has made the EnKF a popular algorithm in different geoscientific disciplines. Despite a similarly vital need for scalable ...

Particle rejuvenation of Rao-Blackwellized sequential Monte Carlo smoothers for conditionally linear and Gaussian models

This paper focuses on sequential Monte Carlo approximations of smoothing distributions in conditionally linear and Gaussian state spaces. To reduce Monte Carlo variance of smoothers, it is typical in these models to use Rao-Blackwellization: particle approximation is used to sample sequences of hidden regimes while the Gaussian states are explicitly integrated conditional on the ...

Robust transceiver design for reciprocal M × N interference channel based on statistical linearization approximation

This paper focuses on robust transceiver design for throughput enhancement on the interference channel (IC), under imperfect channel state information (CSI). In this paper, two algorithms are proposed to improve the throughput of the multi-input multi-output (MIMO) IC. Each transmitter and receiver has, respectively, M and N antennas and IC operates in a time division duplex mode. ...

A mesh-free algorithm for ROF model

The total variation (TV) denoising method is a PDE-based technique that preserves the edges well but has undesirable staircase effect in some cases, namely, the translation of smooth regions (ramps) into piecewise constant regions (stairs). This paper introduces a novel mesh-free approach using TV (ROF model) regularization and radial basis function (RBF) for the numerical ...

3D shape representation with spatial probabilistic distribution of intrinsic shape keypoints

The accelerated advancement in modeling, digitizing, and visualizing techniques for 3D shapes has led to an increasing amount of 3D models creation and usage, thanks to the 3D sensors which are readily available and easy to utilize. As a result, determining the similarity between 3D shapes has become consequential and is a fundamental task in shape-based recognition, retrieval, ...

Binaural noise reduction via cue-preserving MMSE filter and adaptive-blocking-based noise PSD estimation

Binaural noise reduction, with applications for instance in hearing aids, has been a very significant challenge. This task relates to the optimal utilization of the available microphone signals for the estimation of the ambient noise characteristics and for the optimal filtering algorithm to separate the desired speech from the noise. The additional requirements of low ...

Robust depth enhancement and optimization based on advanced multilateral filters

Stereo matching of two distanced cameras and structured-light RGB-D cameras are the two common ways to capture the depth map, which conveys the per-pixel depth information of the image. However, the results with mismatched and occluded pixels would not provide accurately well-matched depth and image information. The mismatched depth-image relations would degrade the performances of ...

Comments on ‘Area and power efficient DCT architecture for image compression’ by Dhandapani and Ramachandran

In [Dhandapani and Ramachandran, “Area and power efficient DCT architecture for image compression”, EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing 2014, 2014:180] the authors claim to have introduced an approximation for the discrete cosine transform capable of outperforming several well-known approximations in literature in terms of additive complexity. We could not verify the ...

Low-complexity DOA estimation from short data snapshots for ULA systems using the annihilating filter technique

This paper addresses the problem of DOA estimation using uniform linear array (ULA) antenna configurations. We propose a new low-cost method of multiple DOA estimation from very short data snapshots. The new estimator is based on the annihilating filter (AF) technique. It is non-data-aided (NDA) and does not impinge therefore on the whole throughput of the system. The noise ...

A splitting algorithm for a novel regularization of Perona-Malik and application to image restoration

In this paper, we focus on a numerical method of a problem called the Perona-Malik inequality which we use for image denoising. This model is obtained as the limit of the Perona-Malik model and the p-Laplacian operator with p→∞. In Atlas et al., (Nonlinear Anal. Real World Appl 18:57–68, 2014), the authors have proved the existence and uniqueness of the solution of the proposed ...

Canonic FFT flow graphs for real-valued even/odd symmetric inputs

Canonic real-valued fast Fourier transform (RFFT) has been proposed to reduce the arithmetic complexity by eliminating redundancies. In a canonic N-point RFFT, the number of signal values at each stage is canonic with respect to the number of signal values, i.e., N. The major advantage of the canonic RFFTs is that these require the least number of butterfly operations and only real ...

Multi-linear sparse reconstruction for SAR imaging based on higher-order SVD

This paper focuses on the spotlight synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging for point scattering targets based on tensor modeling. In a real-world scenario, scatterers usually distribute in the block sparse pattern. Such a distribution feature has been scarcely utilized by the previous studies of SAR imaging. Our work takes advantage of this structure property of the target scene, ...

Human tracking over camera networks: a review

In recent years, automated human tracking over camera networks is getting essential for video surveillance. The tasks of tracking human over camera networks are not only inherently challenging due to changing human appearance, but also have enormous potentials for a wide range of practical applications, ranging from security surveillance to retail and health care. This review paper ...

Intra-pulse modulation recognition using short-time ramanujan Fourier transform spectrogram

Intra-pulse modulation recognition under negative signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) environment is a research challenge. This article presents a robust algorithm for the recognition of 5 types of radar signals with large variation range in the signal parameters in low SNR using the combination of the Short-time Ramanujan Fourier transform (ST-RFT) and pseudo-Zernike moments invariant ...

Two-way DF relaying assisted D2D communication: ergodic rate and power allocation

In this paper, we investigate the ergodic rate for a device-to-device (D2D) communication system aided by a two-way decode-and-forward (DF) relay node. We first derive closed-form expressions for the ergodic rate of the D2D link under asymmetric and symmetric cases, respectively. We subsequently discuss two special scenarios including weak interference case and high signal-to-noise ...

Learning from label proportions for SAR image classification

Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) image classification plays a key role in SAR interpretation. Due to the cost and difficulty of truth labeling for SAR images, the newly labeled samples available for image classification are very limited. This paper focuses on defining a new sample labeling method to solve the problem of truth acquisition for training data in SAR image classification. ...

Spectrum sensing based on cumulative power spectral density

This paper presents new spectrum sensing algorithms based on the cumulative power spectral density (CPSD). The proposed detectors examine the CPSD of the received signal to make a decision on the absence/presence of the primary user (PU) signal. Those detectors require the whiteness of the noise in the band of interest. The false alarm and detection probabilities are derived ...

Hybrid digital-analog coding with bandwidth expansion for correlated Gaussian sources under Rayleigh fading

Consider communicating a correlated Gaussian source over a Rayleigh fading channel with no knowledge of the channel signal-to-noise ratio (CSNR) at the transmitter. In this case, a digital system cannot be optimal for a range of CSNRs. Analog transmission however is optimal at all CSNRs, if the source and channel are memoryless and bandwidth matched. This paper presents new hybrid ...

Computer-aided detection of breast lesions in DCE-MRI using region growing based on fuzzy C-means clustering and vesselness filter

A computer-aided detection (CAD) system is introduced in this paper for detection of breast lesions in dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI). The proposed CAD system firstly compensates motion artifacts and segments the breast region. Then, the potential lesion voxels are detected and used as the initial seed points for the seeded region-growing algorithm. ...

Novel maximum likelihood approach for passive detection and localisation of multiple emitters

In this paper, a novel target acquisition and localisation algorithm (TALA) is introduced that offers a capability for detecting and localising multiple targets using the intermittent “signals-of-opportunity” (e.g. acoustic impulses or radio frequency transmissions) they generate. The TALA is a batch estimator that addresses the complex multi-sensor/multi-target data association ...

Dynamic configuration management of a multi-standard and multi-mode reconfigurable multi-ASIP architecture for turbo decoding

The multiplication of connected devices goes along with a large variety of applications and traffic types needing diverse requirements. Accompanying this connectivity evolution, the last years have seen considerable evolutions of wireless communication standards in the domain of mobile telephone networks, local/wide wireless area networks, and Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB). In ...

Focusing high-squint and large-baseline one-stationary bistatic SAR data using keystone transform and enhanced nonlinear chirp scaling based on an ellipse model

This paper deals with the imaging problem for one-stationary bistatic synthetic aperture radar (BiSAR) with high-squint, large-baseline configuration. In this bistatic configuration, accurate focusing of BiSAR data is a difficult issue due to the relatively large range cell migration (RCM), severe range-azimuth coupling, and inherent azimuth-geometric variance. To circumvent these ...

Scan statistics with local vote for target detection in distributed system

Target detection has occupied a pivotal position in distributed system. Scan statistics, as one of the most efficient detection methods, has been applied to a variety of anomaly detection problems and significantly improves the probability of detection. However, scan statistics cannot achieve the expected performance when the noise intensity is strong, or the signal emitted by the ...