International Journal of Concrete Structures and Materials

http://link.springer.com/journal/40069

List of Papers (Total 247)

Stainless Steel Bonded to Concrete: An Experimental Assessment using the DIC Technique

The durability performance of stainless steel makes it an interesting alternative for the structural strengthening of reinforced concrete. Like external steel plates or fibre reinforced polymers, stainless steel can be applied using externally bonded reinforcement (EBR) or the near surface mounted (NSM) bonding techniques. In the present work, a set of single-lap shear tests were...

Experimental Investigation of PCC Incorporating RAP

Rehabilitation and repair of flexible pavements produce huge amounts of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) material. Using RAP in the formulation of portland cement concrete (PCC) is a technique that is part of a sustainable development approach since it reduces on the consumption of new aggregates and reuses a material that is considered as waste. This paper describes the semi...

Effect of Cracking on Corrosion of Steel in Concrete

It is generally recognized that cracks provide easy access to ingress of chlorides in concrete and hence, the initiation of corrosion of steel in cracked concrete occurs at early stage. However, wide variety of results on the effect of crack widths on corrosion of steel in concrete are reported in many studies. Apart from crack width, the crack depths, cracking frequency and...

Structural Performance of RC Beams containing Tension-Only Nodes

Strut and Tie (S&T) models are used for the design of what are known as “discontinuity regions” in reinforced concrete (RC) structures. Building codes such as ACI-318 and Eurocode 2 do not give information on the nodes that only connect ties in S&T models (called TTT or tension-only nodes). However, their use is not explicitly prohibited in the design of RC structures. In this...

Punching Behaviour of Reinforced Concrete Footings at Testing and According to Eurocode 2 and fib Model Code 2010

Punching shear resistance of column footings and foundation slabs varies significantly in different standards. The reason for this is because standards define differently the position of the critical perimeter in which the punching shear resistance should be determined, and quantify the influences of the main parameters like effective depth, shear slenderness, compressive...

Critical Grain Size of Fine Aggregates in the View of the Rheology of Mortar

The aim of this research was to investigate the validity of the Krieger–Dougherty model as a quantitative model to predict the viscosity of mortar depending on various aggregate sizes. The Krieger–Dougherty model reportedly predicted the viscosity of a suspension, which includes cement-based materials. Concrete or mortar incorporates natural resources, such as sand and gravel...

Hysteretic Behavior of Conventionally Reinforced Concrete Coupling Beams in Reinforced Concrete Coupled Shear Wall

This paper presents the experimental results of four full-scale coupling beams in which only horizontal reinforcements are placed, without diagonal reinforcements, with the aim to develop reinforcement details for coupling beams used in connecting side walls in a wall-slab structural system. Each coupling beam specimen was designed according to the deep-beam design procedure that...

Theoretical and Experimental Study of Effective Shear Stiffness of Reinforced ECC Columns

Engineered cementitious composites (ECC) possesses characteristics that make it suitable in the zones of high shear and ductility demand of structural elements; however, there is a lack of an adequate model to predict its shear stiffness. A theoretical model for the effective shear stiffness of reinforced ECC (RECC) columns is proposed on the basis of the truss-arch model, with...

Freeze–Thaw Resistance and Drying Shrinkage of Recycled Aggregate Concrete Proportioned by the Modified Equivalent Mortar Volume Method

To evaluate the effect of the mix proportioning method on drying shrinkage and freeze-and-thaw resistance of recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) concrete, two series of concrete mixes were made using the modified equivalent mortar volume (EMV) method and the conventional ACI method. In this study, different sources of RCAs were manufactured from on-site plants on air bases and at a...

Performance Based Evaluation of Carbonation Resistance of Concrete According to Various Curing Conditions from Climate Change Effect

Recently, extreme climate change has been occurring globally not only in the simple form of temperature increases but also in a wide range of extreme climatic events, such as abnormal drought conditions and frequent typhoons. Among these various events, the greatest problem is found in global warming. The earth`s temperature has risen since the period of rapid industrial growth...

The Effects of Anisotropic Insulations with Different Spatial Distributions on Material Properties of Mortar Specimens

Insulating concrete is a material designed to reduce heat conduction with pores/insulations, and these pores strongly affect the material characteristics. In general, the insulation effect is directly proportion to the pore volume, while the material strength decreases as the porosity increases. To overcome this contrary, anisotropic insulations with different spatial...

Experiments on Tensile and Shear Characteristics of Amorphous Micro Steel (AMS) Fibre-Reinforced Cementitious Composites

Amorphous micro-steel (AMS) fibre made by cooling of liquid pig iron is flexible, light and durable to corrosion, then to be compatible with high flowable and disperable states of mixing as well as high ductile post-cracked performances to apply in fibre-reinforced cementitious composites. In the current research, AMS fibre-reinforced cementitious composites based on cement and...

Evaluation of Pozzolanic Activity for Effective Utilization of Dredged Sea Soil

In this work, pozzolanic activities of dredged sea soil from two different sources (South Harbor at Busan and Jangsaengpo Harbor at Ulsan) in Republic of Korea were investigated. Dredged sea soil used for this work has passed through a patented purification process, and particle size distribution, X-ray fluorescence, X-ray diffraction, and thermogravimetry/differential thermal...

Response of Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer (GFRP)-Steel Hybrid Reinforcing Bar in Uniaxial Tension

This study introduces a glass fiber reinforced polymer (GFRP)-steel hybrid bar with a core of a deformed steel bar (steel core). Six types of the hybrid cross section were considered, and a total of 48 tensile specimens were tested by the uniaxial tensile test to measure the tensile strength and modulus of elasticity of the GFRP hybrid bar. The results of the uniaxial tensile...

Analytical Study of Force–Displacement Behavior and Ductility of Self-centering Segmental Concrete Columns

In this study the behavior of unbonded post-tensioned segmental columns (UPTSCs) was investigated and expressions were proposed to estimate their ductility and neutral axis (NA) depth at ultimate strength. An analytical method was first employed to predict the lateral force–displacement, and its accuracy was verified against experimental results of eight columns. Two stages of...

Seismic Performance of Exterior RC Beam–Column Joints Retrofitted using Various Retrofit Solutions

Beam–column joints in existing concrete buildings might not satisfy the design requirements for seismic reinforcement details specified in current seismic design codes. Thus, in this study, various retrofit solutions for existing exterior beam–column joints with non-seismic details were developed: head re-bars anchoring, carbon fiber reinforced polymer (CFRP) wrapping, haunch...

An Experimental Study of Welded Bar Sleeve Wall Panel Connection under Tensile, Shear, and Flexural Loads

This paper presents an experimental study of a new grouted splice connection for wall panels, called Welded Bar Sleeve (WBS). The connections were made from steel pipes and tested with incremental tensile, shear and flexural loads until failure. The aim is to determine the behaviour of the connection under the three load cases. For this, the connections are evaluated in terms of...

Evaluation of Fire-Damaged Concrete: An Experimental Analysis based on Destructive and Nondestructive Methods

Fire damage to concrete causes contact-type defects that degrade its durability through impaired mechanical properties. Various nondestructive tests are used to evaluate defects induced by fire damage. Recently, nonlinear ultrasonic methods such as the nonlinear resonance vibration method and nonlinear modulation method have been introduced. These nonlinear methods are more...

Optimum Proportion of Masonry Chip Aggregate for Internally Cured Concrete

Proper curing of concrete is essential for achieving desirable mechanical properties. However, in a developing country like Bangladesh, curing is often neglected due to lack of proper knowledge and skill of local contractors. Consequently, general concreting work of the country has been found to have both strength and durability issues. Under such scenario, internal curing could...

Effect of Scoria on Various Specific Aspects of Lightweight Concrete

Experimental research on the technical characteristics of lightweight concretes incorporating scoria was conducted. The objective of this research is to investigate the feasibility and effectiveness of the use of scoria, in lightweight concretes. Coarse scoria of 5/10 and 10/20 mm were used. A portion of the aggregate mixtures had an average particle size ≤100 μm. Scorias are...

Evaluation of the Compatibility of Repair Materials for Concrete Structures

This study evaluates the compatibility of repair materials for concrete bridge decks. A new compatibility test set-up was designed and tested based on the concrete bridge deck cracking and delamination mechanism theory. The repair materials used in this study include lab formulated inorganic nano-aluminum silicates and commercially available organic two-part epoxy systems. Two...

Corrosion Deterioration of Steel in Cracked SHCC

The presence of cracks is unavoidable in reinforced concrete structures and also a gateway for chloride into concrete, leading to corrosion of steel reinforcing bars. So, crack control, crack width limitation and chloride threshold levels are well-established concepts in durability of reinforced concrete structures. This paper reports on accelerated chloride-induced corrosion in...

Experimental and Numerical Researches on the Seismic Behavior of Tubular Reinforced Concrete Columns of Air-Cooling Structures

Tubular reinforced concrete columns of air-cooling condenser structures, which undertake the most weight of air cooling equipment, are the major components to resist lateral forces under earthquake. Once collapsed, huge casualties and economic loss would be caused. Thus, four 1/8 scaled specimens were fabricated and tested through the pseudo-static testing method. Failure modes...

Modeling of Bond Stress–Slip Relationships of a Strand in Concrete during Steam Curing

The restrained thermal expansion of a pretensioned strand causes thermal prestress loss during steam curing until sufficient bond strength develops. The amount of thermal prestress loss is directly related to the characteristics of the interfacial bond stress–slip relationship at different maturity phases of concrete. For a rational assessment, the bond stress–slip relationship...

Strengthening of Cutouts in Existing One-Way Spanning R. C. Flat Slabs Using CFRP Sheets

Openings in slabs are usually required for many different applications such as aeriation ducts and air conditioning. Opening in concrete slabs due to cutouts significantly decrease the member stiffness. There are different techniques to strengthen slabs with opening cutouts. This study presents experimental and numerical investigations on the use of Carbon Fiber Reinforced...