Precision Agriculture

http://link.springer.com/journal/11119

List of Papers (Total 45)

Multi-GNSS precise point positioning for precision agriculture

The main objective of this research was to examine the feasibility of Multi-GNSS precise point positioning (PPP) in precision agriculture (PA) through a series of experiments with different working modes (i.e. stationary and moving) under different observation conditions (e.g. open sky, with buildings or with canopy). For the stationary test carried out in open space in the UK...

Automatic delineation algorithm for site-specific management zones based on satellite remote sensing data

In light of the increasing demand for food production, climate change challenges for agriculture, and economic pressure, precision farming is an ever-growing market. The development and distribution of remote sensing applications is also growing. The availability of extensive spatial and temporal data—enhanced by satellite remote sensing and open-source policies—provides an...

The profitability of precision spraying on specialty crops: a technical–economic analysis of protection equipment at increasing technological levels

A technical–economic analysis was conducted on three different technological levels of spraying equipment for specialty crops, based on the results on precision spraying technologies reported in scientific literature. The application scenarios referred to general protection protocols against fungal diseases adopted in vineyards and apple orchards in Central-Southern Europe. The...

Modelling impacts of precision irrigation on crop yield and in-field water management

Precision irrigation technologies are being widely promoted to resolve challenges regarding improving crop productivity under conditions of increasing water scarcity. In this paper, the development of an integrated modelling approach involving the coupling of a water application model with a biophysical crop simulation model (Aquacrop) to evaluate the in-field impacts of...

An RFID-based solution for monitoring sprayer movement in an orchard/vineyard

Pesticide application monitoring and long-term data recording in the field is typically the first step in fruit traceability. In a spray monitoring and guiding system, identification of the sprayer movement is a key part of technology. Although Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) is a widely used system to obtain location information, in an orchard/vineyard, especially one...

Simulating field-scale variability and precision management with a 3D hydrologic cropping systems model

Effective variable-rate nitrogen (N) management requires an understanding of temporal variability and field-scale spatial interactions (e.g. lateral redistribution of nutrients). Modeling studies, in conjunction with field data, can improve process understanding of agricultural management. CropSyst-Microbasin (CS-MB) is a fully distributed, 3-dimensional hydrologic cropping...

Improved vegetation segmentation with ground shadow removal using an HDR camera

A vision-based weed control robot for agricultural field application requires robust vegetation segmentation. The output of vegetation segmentation is the fundamental element in the subsequent process of weed and crop discrimination as well as weed control. There are two challenging issues for robust vegetation segmentation under agricultural field conditions: (1) to overcome...

Promoting sustainable intensification in precision agriculture: review of decision support systems development and strategies

Precision agriculture provides important issues toward a more sustainable agriculture. Many farmers have the necessary technology to operate site-specifically, but they do not use it in practice, and thus available information and communications technology (ICT) systems are not used to their full potential. This paper addresses how to reduce the so-called “problem of...

Fleets of robots for environmentally-safe pest control in agriculture

Feeding the growing global population requires an annual increase in food production. This requirement suggests an increase in the use of pesticides, which represents an unsustainable chemical load for the environment. To reduce pesticide input and preserve the environment while maintaining the necessary level of food production, the efficiency of relevant processes must be...

Corn (Zea mays L.) seeding rate optimization in Iowa, USA

Collecting soil, topography, and yield information has become more feasible and reliable with advancements in precision technologies. Combined with the accessibility of precision technologies and services to farmers, there has been increased interest and ability to make site-specific crop management decisions. The objective of this research was to develop procedures to optimize...

Unmanned aerial vehicle canopy reflectance data detects potassium deficiency and green peach aphid susceptibility in canola

There is growing evidence that potassium deficiency in crop plants increases their susceptibility to herbivorous arthropods. The ability to remotely detect potassium deficiency in plants would be advantageous in targeting arthropod sampling and spatially optimizing potassium fertilizer to reduce yield loss due to the arthropod infestations. Four potassium fertilizer regimes were...

Adaptation of regional digital soil mapping for precision agriculture

In the initial phase of a national project to map clay, sand and soil organic matter (SOM) content in arable topsoil in Sweden, a study area in south-west Sweden comprising about 100 000 ha of arable land was assessed. Models were created for texture, SOM and two estimated variables for lime requirement determination (target pH and buffering capacity), using a data mining method...

Integrating super resolution mapping and SEBS modeling for evapotranspiration mapping at the field scale

This study addresses the use of super resolution mapping (SRM) for precision agriculture. SRM was applied to a high resolution GeoEye image of a vineyard in Iran with the aim to determine the actual evapotranspiration (AET) and potential evapotranspiration (PET). The Surface Energy Balance System applied for that purpose requires the use of a thermal band, provided by a Landsat...

Canopy-scale wavelength and vegetative index sensitivities to cotton growth parameters and nitrogen status

Temporal and spatial variability of plant available N in the humid southeastern region of the United States often results in within-field over- and under- application of this nutrient to cotton. Although ground-based canopy reflectance has the potential to quantify crop N status in real-time and drive variable rate fertilizer N applications, currently utilized vegetation indices...

Capillary flow responses in a soil–plant system for modified subsurface precision irrigation

Water movement in a soil–plant system was evaluated based on capillary flow in a modified subsurface irrigation system that incorporates a plant-water measuring device. Water from a reservoir tank located underneath the plant pot was supplied to the root zone through a fibrous medium. Evapotranspiration was measured from the water uptake and evaluations were performed based on...

Use of soil moisture data for refined GreenSeeker sensor based nitrogen recommendations in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Previous studies have shown the importance of soil moisture (SM) in estimating crop yield potential (YP). The sensor based nitrogen (N) rate calculator (SBNRC) developed by Oklahoma State University utilizes the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and the in-season estimated yield (INSEY) as the estimate of biomass to assess YP and to generate N recommendations based on...

Probability of profitable yield response to nitrification inhibitor used with liquid swine manure on corn

Nitrification inhibitors (NI) can be used with liquid swine manure (LSM) to decrease potential NO3 losses, but knowledge specifying when and where NI can increase corn (Zea mays L.) yields is limited. Eleven on-farm evaluation trials (OET) were conducted in 2009 and 15 in 2010 to identify site-specific factors for using Instinct (an encapsulated form of nitrapyrin) with LSM in...