Molecular Imaging and Biology

http://link.springer.com/journal/11307

List of Papers (Total 187)

Site-Specifically Labeled Immunoconjugates for Molecular Imaging—Part 2: Peptide Tags and Unnatural Amino Acids

Molecular imaging using radioisotope- or fluorophore-labeled antibodies is increasingly becoming a critical component of modern precision medicine. Yet despite this promise, the vast majority of these immunoconjugates are synthesized via the random coupling of amine-reactive bifunctional probes to lysines within the antibody, a process that can result in heterogeneous and poorly...

Impact of New Scatter Correction Strategies on High-Resolution Research Tomograph Brain PET Studies

Purpose The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of different scatter correction strategies on quantification of high-resolution research tomograph (HRRT) data for three tracers covering a wide range in kinetic profiles. Procedures Healthy subjects received dynamic HRRT scans using either (R)-[11C]verapamil (n = 5), [11C]raclopride (n = 5) or [11C]flumazenil (n = 5). To...

Sigma-1 Agonist Binding in the Aging Rat Brain: a MicroPET Study with [11C]SA4503

Purpose Sigma-1 receptor ligands modulate the release of several neurotransmitters and intracellular calcium signaling. We examined the binding of a radiolabeled sigma-1 agonist in the aging rat brain with positron emission tomography (PET). Procedures Time-dependent uptake of [11C]SA4503 was measured in the brain of young (1.5 to 3 months) and aged (18 to 32 months) Wistar...

Multimodal In Vivo Imaging of Tumorigenesis and Response to Chemotherapy in a Transgenic Mouse Model of Mammary Cancer

Purpose Transgenic mice expressing the polyoma middle T oncoprotein (PyMT) in the mammary epithelium were explored by multimodal imaging to monitor longitudinally spontaneous tumor growth and response to chemotherapy. Procedures Positron emission tomography (PET) with 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose ([18F]FDG) and 3'-deoxy-3'-[18F]fluorothymidine ([18F]FLT), single photon...

Hypoxia-Targeting Fluorescent Nanobodies for Optical Molecular Imaging of Pre-Invasive Breast Cancer

PurposeThe aim of this work was to develop a CAIX-specific nanobody conjugated to IRDye800CW for molecular imaging of pre-invasive breast cancer.ProceduresCAIX-specific nanobodies were selected using a modified phage display technology, conjugated site-specifically to IRDye800CW and evaluated in a xenograft breast cancer mouse model using ductal carcinoma in situ cells (DCIS...

In Vitro and In Vivo Comparison of Selected Ga-68 and Zr-89 Labelled Siderophores

Purpose Some [68Ga]siderophores show promise in specific and sensitive imaging of infection. Here, we compare the in vitro and in vivo behaviour of selected Ga-68 and Zr-89 labelled siderophores. Procedures Radiolabelling was performed in HEPES or sodium acetate buffer systems. Radiochemical purity of labelled siderophores was determined using chromatography. Partition...

Distribution of Matrix Metalloproteinases in Human Atherosclerotic Carotid Plaques and Their Production by Smooth Muscle Cells and Macrophage Subsets

Purpose In this study, the potential of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) sense for detection of atherosclerotic plaque instability was explored. Secondly, expression of MMPs by macrophage subtypes and smooth muscle cells (SMCs) was investigated. Procedures Twenty-three consecutive plaques removed during carotid endarterectomy were incubated in MMPSense™ 680 and imaged with IVIS...

Cross-sectional and Test-Retest Characterization of PET with [18F]FP-(+)-DTBZ for β Cell Mass Estimates in Diabetes

Purpose The vesicular monoamine transporter, type 2 (VMAT2) is expressed by insulin producing β cells and was evaluated as a biomarker of β cell mass (BCM) by positron emission tomography (PET) with [18F]fluoropropyl-dihydrotetrabenazine ([18F]FP-(+)-DTBZ). Procedures We evaluated the feasibility of longitudinal pancreatic PET VMAT2 quantification in the pancreas in two studies...

Evaluation of PET Imaging Performance of the TSPO Radioligand [18F]DPA-714 in Mouse and Rat Models of Cancer and Inflammation

Purpose Many radioligands have been explored for imaging the 18-kDa translocator protein (TSPO), a diagnostic and therapeutic target for inflammation and cancer. Here, we investigated the TSPO radioligand [18F]DPA-714 for positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of cancer and inflammation. Procedures [18F]DPA-714 PET imaging was performed in 8 mouse and rat models of breast and...

MRI of High-Glucose Metabolism Tumors: a Study in Cells and Mice with 2-DG-Modified Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide Nanoparticles

Purpose This study aims to evaluate the effect of dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA)-coated superparamagnetic iron oxide (γ-Fe2O3@DMSA) bearing the 2-deoxy-d-glucose (2-DG) ligand on targeting tumors with high-glucose metabolism. Procedures γ-Fe2O3@DMSA and 2-DG-conjugated γ-Fe2O3@DMSA (γ-Fe2O3@DMSA-DG) were prepared. The glucose consumption of MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7 breast cancer...

Comparison of [18F]DCFPyL and [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC for PSMA-PET Imaging in Patients with Relapsed Prostate Cancer

Purpose Gallium-68 (Ga-68)-labeled tracers for imaging expression of the prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) such as the [68Ga]Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC have already demonstrated high potential for the detection of recurrent prostate cancer. However, compared to Ga-68, a labeling with fluorine-18 (F-18) would offer advantages with respect to availability, production amount, and image...

Characterization of [99mTc]Duramycin as a SPECT Imaging Agent for Early Assessment of Tumor Apoptosis

Purpose We investigated the usefulness of [99mTc]duramycin for monitoring early response to cancer therapy in mice, with an eye towards clinical translation. Procedures [99mTc]Duramycin was injected in healthy CD1−/− mice to estimate human [99mTc]duramycin radiation dose. [99mTc]Duramycin single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging of apoptosis was evaluated in a...

Evaluation of a Novel Tc-99m Labelled Vitamin B12 Derivative for Targeting Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus In Vitro and in an Experimental Foreign-Body Infection Model

Purpose Vitamin B12 (cyanocobalamin, Cbl) is accumulated by rapidly replicating prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells. We investigated the potential of a Tc-99m labelled Cbl derivative ([99mTc]PAMA(4)-Cbl) for targeting infections caused by Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. In vitro binding assays were followed by biodistribution studies in a mouse model of foreign body...

Optical Imaging of Tumor Response to Hyperbaric Oxygen Treatment and Irradiation in an Orthotopic Mouse Model of Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Purpose Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) is used in the treatment of radiation-induced tissue injury but its effect on (residual) tumor tissue is indistinct and therefore investigated in this study. Procedures Orthotopic FaDu tumors were established in mice, and the response of the (irradiated) tumors to HBOT was monitored by bioluminescence imaging. Near infrared fluorescence...

[18F]VM4-037 MicroPET Imaging and Biodistribution of Two In Vivo CAIX-Expressing Tumor Models

Purpose [18F]VM4-037 was recently developed as a positron emission tomography (PET) tracer for the detection of carbonic anhydrase IX (CAIX), a tumor-specific protein upregulated under hypoxic conditions. In this study, the accumulation of [18F]VM4-037 was determined in two CAIX-expressing preclinical human tumor models. Procedures U373 and HT29 tumor-bearing animals were...

A Clinical and Experimental Comparison of Time of Flight PET/MRI and PET/CT Systems

Purpose The purpose of the study was to compare image quality and quantitative accuracy of positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) and PET/computed tomography (PET/CT) systems with time of flight PET gantries, using phantom and clinical studies. Procedures Identical phantom experiments were performed on both systems. Calibration, uniformity, and...

Combined PET/MR: The Real Work Has Just Started. Summary Report of the Third International Workshop on PET/MR Imaging; February 17–21, 2014, Tübingen, Germany

This paper summarises the proceedings and discussions at the third annual workshop held in Tübingen, Germany, dedicated to the advancement of the technical, scientific and clinical applications of combined PET/MRI systems in humans. Two days of basic scientific and technical instructions with “hands-on” tutorials were followed by 3 days of invited presentations from active...

Qualitative and Quantitative Evaluation of Blob-Based Time-of-Flight PET Image Reconstruction in Hybrid Brain PET/MR Imaging

Purpose Many neurological diseases affect small structures in the brain and, as such, reliable visual evaluation and accurate quantification are required. Recent technological developments made the clinical use of hybrid positron emission tomography/magnetic resonance (PET/MR) systems possible, providing both functional and anatomical information in a single imaging session...

Inhibition of Lipid Oxidation Increases Glucose Metabolism and Enhances 2-Deoxy-2-[18F]Fluoro-d-Glucose Uptake in Prostate Cancer Mouse Xenografts

Purpose Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common cause of cancer-related death among men in the United States. Due to the lipid-driven metabolic phenotype of PCa, imaging with 2-deoxy-2-[18F]fluoro-d-glucose ([18F]FDG) is suboptimal, since tumors tend to have low avidity for glucose. Procedures We have used the fat oxidation inhibitor etomoxir (2-[6-(4-chlorophenoxy)-hexyl...