Theoretical and Applied Climatology

http://link.springer.com/journal/704

List of Papers (Total 193)

Temporal structure of thermal inversions in Łeba (Poland)

This study presents the detailed characteristics of thermal inversions based on a 10-year aerological measurement series (2005–2014) conducted in Łeba (Poland). The analyses included surface-based inversions (SBIs) and elevated inversions (ELIs) in the atmospheric layer up to 3000 m. In the case of SBIs, this layer extended directly from the ground level to an altitude above...

Variability of thermal and precipitation conditions in the growing season in Poland in the years 1966–2015

The aim of the study was to identify the thermal and precipitation conditions and their changes in the growing season in Poland in the years 1966–2015. Data on average daily air temperature and daily precipitation totals for 30 stations from the period of 1966–2015 were used. The data were obtained from the collections of the Institute of Meteorology and Water Management—National...

High-resolution dynamical downscaling of re-analysis data over the Kerguelen Islands using the WRF model

We have used the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model to simulate the climate of the Kerguelen Islands (49° S, 69° E) and investigate its inter-annual variability. Here, we have dynamically downscaled 30 years of the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) over these islands at 3-km horizontal resolution. The model output is found to agree well with the station and...

Variability of precipitation in Poland under climate change

The surface warming has been widespread over the entire globe. Central Europe, including Poland, is not an exception. Global temperature increases are accompanied by changes in other climatic variables. Climate change in Poland manifests itself also as change in annual sums of precipitation. They have been slightly growing but, what is more important, seasonal and monthly...

Inter-decadal change of the lagged inter-annual relationship between local sea surface temperature and tropical cyclone activity over the western North Pacific

This study documents the inter-decadal change of the lagged inter-annual relationship between the TC frequency (TCF) and the local sea surface temperature (SST) in the western North Pacific (WNP) during 1979–2014. An abrupt shift of the lagged relationship between them is observed to occur in 1998. Before the shift (1979–1997), a moderately positive correlation (0.35) between...

Spatio-temporal modelling of wind speed variations and extremes in the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico

The wind speed variability in the North Atlantic has been successfully modelled using a spatio-temporal transformed Gaussian field. However, this type of model does not correctly describe the extreme wind speeds attributed to tropical storms and hurricanes. In this study, the transformed Gaussian model is further developed to include the occurrence of severe storms. In this new...

Air temperature changes in Toruń (central Poland) from 1871 to 2010

The article presents a detailed analysis of changes in air temperature in Toruń in the period 1871–2010 on the basis of homogenised monthly, seasonal and annual air temperature series which have been newly constructed (i.e. extended by the 50 years of 1871–1920). Over the 140-year study period, a sizeable and statistically significant increase of 0.1 °C per decade was found in...

Trends in autumn rain of West China from 1961 to 2014

Autumn rain of West China is a typical climate phenomenon, which is characterized by continuous rainy days and large rainfall amounts and exerts profound impacts on the economic society. Based on daily precipitation data from 524 observation stations for the period of 1961–2014, this article comprehensively examined secular changes in autumn rain of West China, including its...

Observed changes in extreme precipitation in Poland: 1991–2015 versus 1961–1990

Several episodes of extreme precipitation excess and extreme precipitation deficit, with considerable economic and social impacts, have occurred in Europe and in Poland in the last decades. However, the changes of related indices exhibit complex variability. This paper analyses changes in indices related to observed abundance and deficit of precipitated water in Poland. Among...

Observed soil temperature trends associated with climate change in the Tibetan Plateau, 1960–2014

Soil temperature, an important indicator of climate change, has rarely explored due to scarce observations, especially in the Tibetan Plateau (TP) area. In this study, changes observed in five meteorological variables obtained from the TP between 1960 and 2014 were investigated using two non-parametric methods, the modified Mann–Kendall test and Sen’s slope estimator method...

Correction to: Analysis of spatiotemporal variations of cloud fraction based on geographic characteristics over Iran

Changes were made in the 5th author name, section 4.3.2 Spatial variations of cloud fraction based on latitude, section 4.3.4 Spatial variations of cloud fraction based on vegetation cover, section 5 Summary and conclusions, and Table 3.

Spatial analysis of precipitation time series over the Upper Indus Basin

The upper Indus basin (UIB) holds one of the most substantial river systems in the world, contributing roughly half of the available surface water in Pakistan. This water provides necessary support for agriculture, domestic consumption, and hydropower generation; all critical for a stable economy in Pakistan. This study has identified trends, analyzed variability, and assessed...

Using eddy geopotential height to measure the western North Pacific subtropical high in a warming climate

The western North Pacific subtropical high (WNPSH) is crucial to the East Asian summer climate, and geopotential height (H) is widely used to measure the WPNSH. However, a rapidly rising trend of H in the future is projected by the models from the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5). Diagnoses based on the hypsometric equation suggest that more than 80% of the...

Changes in precipitation recycling over arid regions in the Northern Hemisphere

Changes of precipitation recycling (PR) in Northern Hemisphere from 1981 to 2010 are investigated using a water recycling model. The temporal and spatial characteristics of recycling in arid regions are analyzed. The results show that the regional precipitation recycling ratio (PRR) in arid regions is larger than in wet regions. PRR in arid regions has obvious seasonal variation...

The coherent large-scale circulation change between dry/wet years over central eastern China simulated by NCAR CAM5

This study evaluates the simulation of the coherent circulation structure correspond to the changes of mid-summer (July–August) rainfall over eastern China (30°–40° N, 110°–120° E) in high-resolution NCAR CAM5. Forced by historical sea surface temperatures (SSTs), the NCAR CAM5 reasonably reproduces coherent changes of temperature and large-scale circulations, corresponding to...

The urban energy balance of a lightweight low-rise neighborhood in Andacollo, Chile

Worldwide, the majority of rapidly growing neighborhoods are found in the Global South. They often exhibit different building construction and development patterns than the Global North, and urban climate research in many such neighborhoods has to date been sparse. This study presents local-scale observations of net radiation (Q * ) and sensible heat flux (Q H ) from a...

Geometry of the hemispherical radiometric footprint over plant canopies

Radiometric measurements of hemispherical surface reflectance and long-wave irradiance are required to quantify the broadband albedo and the outgoing thermal radiation. These observations are typically integrated with eddy covariance measurements of sensible and latent heat fluxes to characterize the surface energy budget. While the aerodynamic footprint has been widely...

Validation of satellite daily rainfall estimates in complex terrain of Bali Island, Indonesia

Satellite rainfall products have different performances in different geographic regions under different physical and climatological conditions. In this study, the objective was to select the most reliable and accurate satellite rainfall products for specific, environmental conditions of Bali Island. The performances of four spatio-temporal satellite rainfall products, i.e...

Scale dependency of regional climate modeling of current and future climate extremes in Germany

A warmer climate is projected for mid-Europe, with less precipitation in summer, but with intensified extremes of precipitation and near-surface temperature. However, the extent and magnitude of such changes are associated with creditable uncertainty because of the limitations of model resolution and parameterizations. Here, we present the results of convection-permitting...

Effect of land model ensemble versus coupled model ensemble on the simulation of precipitation climatology and variability

Through a series of model simulations with an atmospheric general circulation model coupled to three different land surface models, this study investigates the impacts of land model ensembles and coupled model ensemble on precipitation simulation. It is found that coupling an ensemble of land models to an atmospheric model has a very minor impact on the improvement of...

Human-biometeorological conditions in the southern Baltic coast based on the universal thermal climate index (UTCI)

The paper focuses on bioclimatic conditions in the southern part of the Baltic coast based on universal thermal climate index values. Taking into consideration the observational data from coastline stations as well as reanalysis data from the National Center for Environmental Prediction and National Center for Atmospheric Research (sea level pressure and the 500 hPa geopotential...

Correction to: Evolution features of the surface latent heat flux anomalies over the tropical Pacific associated with two types of ENSO events

The original version of this article unfortunately contained a mistake. The presentation of Eq. 4 and inline equations in the succeeding paragraph were incorrect.

Diurnal cycle of precipitation over Fujian Province during the pre-summer rainy season in southern China

Precipitation diurnal cycle over Fujian in the pre-summer rainy season has been revealed based on the hourly rain gauge data during 2009–2013. The precipitation amount (PA) over northwestern Fujian and most southeast coasts shows relatively small diurnal variability. This is in contrast to large diurnal variations in the mountainous areas. Regional differences in precipitation...

Climate change impacts and potential benefits of heat-tolerant maize in South Asia

Maize is grown by millions of smallholder farmers in South Asia (SA) under diverse environments. The crop is grown in different seasons in a year with varying exposure to weather extremes, including high temperatures at critical growth stages which are expected to increase with climate change. This study assesses the impact of current and future heat stress on maize and the...