Journal of Inflammation

http://www.journal-inflammation.com/

List of Papers (Total 539)

Systematic review of randomized controlled trials in the treatment of dry eye disease in Sjogren syndrome

Primary Sjögren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized by dry eye and dry mouth. We systematically reviewed all the randomized controlled clinical trials published in the last 15 years that included ocular outcomes. We found 22 trials involving 9 topical, 10 oral, 2 intravenous and 1 subcutaneous modalities of treatment. Fluoromethalone eye drops over 8 weeks were more ...

Intestinally-restricted Janus Kinase inhibition: a potential approach to maximize the therapeutic index in inflammatory bowel disease therapy

An unmet need remains for safe and effective treatments to induce and maintain remission in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. The Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, tofacitinib, has demonstrated robust efficacy in ulcerative colitis patients although, like other systemic immunosuppressants, there may be safety concerns associated with its use. This preclinical study evaluated ...

Detection of circulating natural antibodies to inflammatory cytokines in type-2 diabetes and clinical significance

Inflammatory cytokines have been demonstrated to be involved in developing insulin resistance and type-2 diabetes (T2D). Natural antibodies in the circulation have protective effects on common diseases in humans. The present study was thus designed to test the hypothesis that natural antibodies against inflammatory cytokines could be associated with T2D. An enzyme-linked ...

Hyperoside attenuates dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in mice possibly via activation of the Nrf2 signalling pathway

Hyperoside (Hyp) is a flavonoid glycoside compound that has been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and antioxidant effects. However, the impact of Hyp on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has not been previously explored. Thus, we evaluated the role of Hyp in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced acute colitis in mice. We established a mouse model of experimental ...

Systematic review of randomized controlled trials in the treatment of dry eye disease in Sjogren syndrome

Primary Sjögren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized by dry eye and dry mouth. We systematically reviewed all the randomized controlled clinical trials published in the last 15 years that included ocular outcomes. We found 22 trials involving 9 topical, 10 oral, 2 intravenous and 1 subcutaneous modalities of treatment. Fluoromethalone eye drops over 8 weeks were more ...

Treatment with 24 h–delayed normo- and hyperbaric oxygenation in severe sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture in rats

Septic shock remains a leading cause of death worldwide. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBO2) has been shown to alter the inflammatory response during sepsis and to reduce mortality. A therapeutic window of HBO2 treatment has been demonstrated experimentally, but optimal timing remains uncertain. We investigated the effects of 24 h delayed normobaric oxygen (NBO2) and HBO2 treatment ...

Intestinally-restricted Janus Kinase inhibition: a potential approach to maximize the therapeutic index in inflammatory bowel disease therapy

An unmet need remains for safe and effective treatments to induce and maintain remission in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients. The Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitor, tofacitinib, has demonstrated robust efficacy in ulcerative colitis patients although, like other systemic immunosuppressants, there may be safety concerns associated with its use. This preclinical study evaluated ...

Detection of circulating natural antibodies to inflammatory cytokines in type-2 diabetes and clinical significance

Inflammatory cytokines have been demonstrated to be involved in developing insulin resistance and type-2 diabetes (T2D). Natural antibodies in the circulation have protective effects on common diseases in humans. The present study was thus designed to test the hypothesis that natural antibodies against inflammatory cytokines could be associated with T2D. An enzyme-linked ...

Hyperoside attenuates dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in mice possibly via activation of the Nrf2 signalling pathway

Hyperoside (Hyp) is a flavonoid glycoside compound that has been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and antioxidant effects. However, the impact of Hyp on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has not been previously explored. Thus, we evaluated the role of Hyp in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced acute colitis in mice. We established a mouse model of experimental ...

Treatment with 24 h–delayed normo- and hyperbaric oxygenation in severe sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture in rats

Septic shock remains a leading cause of death worldwide. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBO2) has been shown to alter the inflammatory response during sepsis and to reduce mortality. A therapeutic window of HBO2 treatment has been demonstrated experimentally, but optimal timing remains uncertain. We investigated the effects of 24 h delayed normobaric oxygen (NBO2) and HBO2 treatment ...

Detection of circulating natural antibodies to inflammatory cytokines in type-2 diabetes and clinical significance

Inflammatory cytokines have been demonstrated to be involved in developing insulin resistance and type-2 diabetes (T2D). Natural antibodies in the circulation have protective effects on common diseases in humans. The present study was thus designed to test the hypothesis that natural antibodies against inflammatory cytokines could be associated with T2D. An enzyme-linked ...

Systematic review of randomized controlled trials in the treatment of dry eye disease in Sjogren syndrome

Primary Sjögren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized by dry eye and dry mouth. We systematically reviewed all the randomized controlled clinical trials published in the last 15 years that included ocular outcomes. We found 22 trials involving 9 topical, 10 oral, 2 intravenous and 1 subcutaneous modalities of treatment. Fluoromethalone eye drops over 8 weeks were more ...

Treatment with 24 h–delayed normo- and hyperbaric oxygenation in severe sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture in rats

Septic shock remains a leading cause of death worldwide. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBO2) has been shown to alter the inflammatory response during sepsis and to reduce mortality. A therapeutic window of HBO2 treatment has been demonstrated experimentally, but optimal timing remains uncertain. We investigated the effects of 24 h delayed normobaric oxygen (NBO2) and HBO2 treatment ...

Hyperoside attenuates dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in mice possibly via activation of the Nrf2 signalling pathway

Hyperoside (Hyp) is a flavonoid glycoside compound that has been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and antioxidant effects. However, the impact of Hyp on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has not been previously explored. Thus, we evaluated the role of Hyp in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced acute colitis in mice. We established a mouse model of experimental ...

Detection of circulating natural antibodies to inflammatory cytokines in type-2 diabetes and clinical significance

Inflammatory cytokines have been demonstrated to be involved in developing insulin resistance and type-2 diabetes (T2D). Natural antibodies in the circulation have protective effects on common diseases in humans. The present study was thus designed to test the hypothesis that natural antibodies against inflammatory cytokines could be associated with T2D. An enzyme-linked ...

Hyperoside attenuates dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in mice possibly via activation of the Nrf2 signalling pathway

Hyperoside (Hyp) is a flavonoid glycoside compound that has been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and antioxidant effects. However, the impact of Hyp on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has not been previously explored. Thus, we evaluated the role of Hyp in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced acute colitis in mice. We established a mouse model of experimental ...

Treatment with 24 h–delayed normo- and hyperbaric oxygenation in severe sepsis induced by cecal ligation and puncture in rats

Septic shock remains a leading cause of death worldwide. Hyperbaric oxygen treatment (HBO2) has been shown to alter the inflammatory response during sepsis and to reduce mortality. A therapeutic window of HBO2 treatment has been demonstrated experimentally, but optimal timing remains uncertain. We investigated the effects of 24 h delayed normobaric oxygen (NBO2) and HBO2 treatment ...

Systematic review of randomized controlled trials in the treatment of dry eye disease in Sjogren syndrome

Primary Sjögren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disease characterized by dry eye and dry mouth. We systematically reviewed all the randomized controlled clinical trials published in the last 15 years that included ocular outcomes. We found 22 trials involving 9 topical, 10 oral, 2 intravenous and 1 subcutaneous modalities of treatment. Fluoromethalone eye drops over 8 weeks were more ...

Hyperoside attenuates dextran sulfate sodium-induced colitis in mice possibly via activation of the Nrf2 signalling pathway

Hyperoside (Hyp) is a flavonoid glycoside compound that has been demonstrated to have anti-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic and antioxidant effects. However, the impact of Hyp on inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) has not been previously explored. Thus, we evaluated the role of Hyp in dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced acute colitis in mice. We established a mouse model of experimental ...

Host responses to concurrent combined injuries in non-human primates

Multi-organ failure (MOF) following trauma remains a significant cause of morbidity and mortality related to a poorly understood abnormal inflammatory response. We characterized the inflammatory response in a non-human primate soft tissue injury and closed abdomen hemorrhage and sepsis model developed to assess realistic injury patterns and induce MOF. Adult male Mauritan ...

Depletion of club cells attenuates bleomycin-induced lung injury and fibrosis in mice

The role of bronchiolar epithelial cells in the pathogenesis of pulmonary fibrosis has not been clarified. We previously demonstrated DNA damage in murine bronchioles in the early stages of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis that subsequently extended to alveolar cells at the advanced stages of the disease. Club cells are progenitor cells for bronchioles and are known to play ...

Evaluation of a competitive hepcidin ELISA assay in the differential diagnosis of iron deficiency anaemia with concurrent inflammation and anaemia of inflammation in elderly patients

In this study, a competitive hepcidin ELISA assay was evaluated for its ability to differentiate between iron deficiency anaemia with concurrent inflammation and anaemia of inflammation in elderly patients, using the absence of stainable bone marrow iron as the diagnostic criterion for iron deficiency. In addition, correlation coefficients for hepcidin versus C-reactive protein, ...