Biological Trace Element Research

http://link.springer.com/journal/12011

List of Papers (Total 231)

Ecological Risks Assessment and Pollution Source Identification of Trace Elements in Contaminated Sediments from the Pearl River Delta, China

Sediments from 14 stations in the Foshan Waterway, a river crossing the industrial district of Guangdong Province, South China, were sampled and subsequently analyzed. The 14 stations were selected for the pollution discharging features of the river, such as the hydrology, the distribution of pollution sources, and the locations of wastewater outlets. The ecological risks were ...

Tobacco Smoke Exposure During Pregnancy Increases Maternal Blood Lead Levels Affecting Neonate Birth Weight

To assess the effect of lead exposure from cigarette smoke on fetal growth, blood lead concentrations were measured using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry in 150 healthy pregnant women. Mean lead concentrations in plasma and whole blood were significantly higher in the smoking group compared with the nonsmoking group in each trimester of pregnancy (p < 0.001). Logistic ...

Influence of Fructose and Fatty-Rich Diet Combined with Vanadium on Bone Marrow Cells

The aim of the study is to investigate the influence of diet treatment on bone marrow cells. Normal male Wistar rats were divided into six groups (n = 6 per group): control with normal diet (C), increased fructose (31 % w/w in fodder) (Fr) and high fatty (30 % w/w of animal fat in fodder) diet (Fa), and the same diets with vanadium complex ([VO(4,4′ Me2-2,2′ Bpy)2]SO4) · H2O (CV, ...

Effects of Clinoptilolite on Growth Performance and Antioxidant Status in Broilers

The objective of this study was to compare the effects of natural clinoptilolite and modified clinoptilolite on growth performance and antioxidant capacity in broiler chicks. Two hundred forty 1-day-old commercial Arbor Acres broilers were randomly distributed into three treatments, each of which had eight replicates. Each replicate contains 10 chicks. Control (CON) group fed with ...

Flouride Promotes Viability and Differentiation of Osteoblast-Like Saos-2 Cells Via BMP/Smads Signaling Pathway

The BMP/Smad signaling pathway plays an important role in the viability and differentiation of osteoblast; however, it is not clear whether this pathway is involved in the fluoride-induced osteoblast differentiation. In this study, we investigated the role of BMP/Smad signaling pathway in fluoride-induced osteoblast-like Saos-2 cells differentiation. Cells were exposed to fluoride ...

Effects of Cobalt on Membrane ATPases, Oxidant, and Antioxidant Values in the Cerebrum and Cerebellum of Suckling Rats

Chronic overexposure to cobalt (Co) may result in neurotoxic effects, but the mechanism of Co-induced neurotoxicity is not yet well established. Our study was conducted to determine whether Co is associated to the induction of central nervous system damage in pregnant rats and their progeny. Twelve pregnant female rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: group I served as controls ...

Changes of Concentrations of Elements in Deciduous Teeth with Age

The aim of this study was to describe the issue of changes in the concentration of some elements (Mn, Fe, Mg, Cu, K, Cr, Pb, Cd, and Ca) in the mineral composition of deciduous teeth and to answer the question whether there was a tendency to change the metal concentration, depending on children's age. Physiological replacement of deciduous teeth is preceded with the remodeling ...

Effects of Different Selenium Levels on Gene Expression of a Subset of Selenoproteins and Antioxidative Capacity in Mice

This study aimed to evaluate how excess selenium induces oxidative stress by determining antioxidant enzyme activity and changes in expression of selected selenoproteins in mice. BALB/c mice (n = 20 per group) were fed a diet containing 0.045 (Se-marginal), 0.1 (Se-adequate), 0.4 (Se-supernutrition), or 0.8 (Se-excess) mg Se/kg. Gene expression was quantified in RNA samples ...

Dietary Selenium Influences Calcium Release and Activation of MLCK in Uterine Smooth Muscle of Rats

We sought to elucidate the effects of different concentrations of dietary selenium on calcium ion release, MLCK levels, and muscle contraction in the uterine smooth muscle of rats. The selenium (Se) content of blood and of uterine smooth muscle tissues was detected by fluorescence spectrophotometry. Ca2+ content was measured by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Calmodulin (CaM) and ...

Impact of Methimazole Treatment on Magnesium Concentration and Lymphocytes Activation in Adolescents with Graves’ Disease

The aim of this research was to assess plasma magnesium (Mg) concentration, the frequencies of activated T CD4+ and T CD8+ lymphocytes and B lymphocytes in adolescents with hyperthyroidism due to Graves’ disease (GD), and to assess changes in the above-mentioned parameters during methimazole (MMI) treatment. The frequencies of activated T and B cells were measured by flow cytometry ...

Effect of Dietary Selenium and Vitamin E on Ganders’ Response to Semen Collection and Ejaculate Characteristics

Compared to other domestic bird species, geese exhibit the lowest reproductive efficiency (poor semen quality, low egg production, and poor fertility and hatchability rates). From an economic perspective, it is a necessity of improve these reproductive traits. Studies have demonstrated that the essential trace element—selenium—plays key roles in testicular development and the ...

MiADMSA Protects Arsenic-Induced Oxidative Stress in Human Keratinocyte ‘HaCaT’ Cells

Arsenic toxicity may lead to skin manifestations and arsenic accumulation in keratinised tissue. Thus human keratinocytes has been extensively used to study dermal effects of arsenic exposure. The present study was aimed to investigate time and dose-dependent effects of arsenic using HaCaT cell line. Another major focus of the study was to evaluate if treatment with monoisoamyl ...

Comparative Study of Metals Accumulation in Cultured In Vitro Mycelium and Naturally Grown Fruiting Bodies of Boletus badius and Cantharellus cibarius

Cantharellus cibarius Fr. (chanterelle) and Boletus badius Pers. (bay bolete) harvested from natural sites in Poland were used to derive in vitro cultures. The optimal medium composition for cultures was developed. Concentrations of the chosen elements (Zn, Cu, Fe, Mg, Ni, and Cd) in mycelium samples were measured by means of atomic absorption spectrometry. Fe concentration in the ...

Antibacterial Evaluation of Novel Organoarsenic Compounds by the Microcalorimetric Method

Antibacterial activities of novel organoarsenic compounds As(III)-containing Schiff bases on Escherichia coli (CCTCCAB91112) were investigated by microcalorimetry in this study. The experimental result showed that the arsenic(III)-containing Schiff bases at micromolar concentration exhibit strong inhibition on the E. coli. Specifically, the growth rate constant k decreased, and the ...

Influence of Vanadium–organic Ligands Treatment on Selected Metal Levels in Kidneys of STZ Rats

The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of five organic vanadium complexes supplement and a small dose of insulin injection on V, Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn, Ca, and K level in the streptozotocin diabetic rat’s kidney during a 5-week treatment with the tested complexes. In all groups of animals, metal level in the lyophilized kidney organs was investigated by means of the ...

The Influence of Two Lithium Forms on the Growth, l-Ascorbic Acid Content and Lithium Accumulation in Lettuce Plants

Lithium (Li) is a trace element that is essential in the human diet due to its importance for health and proper functioning of an organism. However, the biological activity of this metal in crop plants, which are the primary dietary sources of Li, is still poorly understood. The aim of the presented study was to comparatively analyse two Li chemical forms on the growth, as well as ...

Comparison of Metal Concentrations in Bones of Long-Living Mammals

The aim of this study was to compare zinc, copper, lead, cadmium, and mercury concentrations in the bones of long-living mammals—humans (Homo sapiens) and Canidae (dogs Canis familiaris and foxes Vulpes vulpes) from northwestern Poland and to determine the usefulness of Canidae as bioindicators of environmental exposure to metals in humans. Zinc concentrations in cartilage with ...

Divalent Heavy Metal Cations Block the TRPV1 Ca2+ Channel

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) is a non-selective cation channel involved in pain sensation and in a wide range of non-pain-related physiological and pathological conditions. The aim of the present study was to explore the effects of selected heavy metal cations on the function of TRPV1. The cations ranked in the following sequence of pore-blocking activity: Co2+ ...

Blood Pressure and Levels of Fe, Ca, Mg, Zn, Cu, Na and K in the Hair of Young Bantu Men from Tanzania

Mineral imbalance in the body may significantly contribute to the development and course of hypertension. In this paper, blood pressure figures have been linked to the levels of Fe, Ca, Mg, Zn, Cu, Na and K in hair. The research sample was composed of young men (n = 91) aged 13–21, from the town of Mafinga, Iringa District, Tanzania. The data collected included their age, tribal ...

Iron Excess Disturbs Metabolic Status and Relative Gonad Mass in Rats on High Fat, Fructose, and Salt Diets

The aim of this study was to assess the metabolic and physiological changes in rats fed a diet high in fat, fructose, and salt, and with excess iron level. Mineral status was also estimated. Wistar rats were assigned to groups fed either a standard control diet (C) or a diet high in fat, fructose, and salt. The noncontrol diets contained either normal (M) or high level (MFe) of ...

The Effects of Zinc Treatment on the Blood–Brain Barrier Permeability and Brain Element Levels During Convulsions

We evaluated the effect of zinc treatment on the blood–brain barrier (BBB) permeability and the levels of zinc (Zn), natrium (Na), magnesium (Mg), and copper (Cu) in the brain tissue during epileptic seizures. The Wistar albino rats were divided into four groups, each as follows: (1) control group, (2) pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) group: rats treated with PTZ to induce seizures, (3) Zn ...