Biological Trace Element Research

http://link.springer.com/journal/12011

List of Papers (Total 246)

Effects of Different Selenium Levels on Gene Expression of a Subset of Selenoproteins and Antioxidative Capacity in Mice

This study aimed to evaluate how excess selenium induces oxidative stress by determining antioxidant enzyme activity and changes in expression of selected selenoproteins in mice. BALB/c mice (n = 20 per group) were fed a diet containing 0.045 (Se-marginal), 0.1 (Se-adequate), 0.4 (Se-supernutrition), or 0.8 (Se-excess) mg Se/kg. Gene expression was quantified in RNA samples...

Dietary Selenium Influences Calcium Release and Activation of MLCK in Uterine Smooth Muscle of Rats

We sought to elucidate the effects of different concentrations of dietary selenium on calcium ion release, MLCK levels, and muscle contraction in the uterine smooth muscle of rats. The selenium (Se) content of blood and of uterine smooth muscle tissues was detected by fluorescence spectrophotometry. Ca2+ content was measured by atomic absorption spectroscopy. Calmodulin (CaM) and...

Effect of Dietary Selenium and Vitamin E on Ganders’ Response to Semen Collection and Ejaculate Characteristics

Compared to other domestic bird species, geese exhibit the lowest reproductive efficiency (poor semen quality, low egg production, and poor fertility and hatchability rates). From an economic perspective, it is a necessity of improve these reproductive traits. Studies have demonstrated that the essential trace element—selenium—plays key roles in testicular development and the...

Comparative Study of Metals Accumulation in Cultured In Vitro Mycelium and Naturally Grown Fruiting Bodies of Boletus badius and Cantharellus cibarius

Cantharellus cibarius Fr. (chanterelle) and Boletus badius Pers. (bay bolete) harvested from natural sites in Poland were used to derive in vitro cultures. The optimal medium composition for cultures was developed. Concentrations of the chosen elements (Zn, Cu, Fe, Mg, Ni, and Cd) in mycelium samples were measured by means of atomic absorption spectrometry. Fe concentration in...

Influence of Vanadium–organic Ligands Treatment on Selected Metal Levels in Kidneys of STZ Rats

The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of five organic vanadium complexes supplement and a small dose of insulin injection on V, Fe, Cu, Zn, Mn, Ca, and K level in the streptozotocin diabetic rat’s kidney during a 5-week treatment with the tested complexes. In all groups of animals, metal level in the lyophilized kidney organs was investigated by means of the...

Antibacterial Evaluation of Novel Organoarsenic Compounds by the Microcalorimetric Method

Antibacterial activities of novel organoarsenic compounds As(III)-containing Schiff bases on Escherichia coli (CCTCCAB91112) were investigated by microcalorimetry in this study. The experimental result showed that the arsenic(III)-containing Schiff bases at micromolar concentration exhibit strong inhibition on the E. coli. Specifically, the growth rate constant k decreased, and...

Impact of Methimazole Treatment on Magnesium Concentration and Lymphocytes Activation in Adolescents with Graves’ Disease

The aim of this research was to assess plasma magnesium (Mg) concentration, the frequencies of activated T CD4+ and T CD8+ lymphocytes and B lymphocytes in adolescents with hyperthyroidism due to Graves’ disease (GD), and to assess changes in the above-mentioned parameters during methimazole (MMI) treatment. The frequencies of activated T and B cells were measured by flow...

The Influence of Two Lithium Forms on the Growth, l-Ascorbic Acid Content and Lithium Accumulation in Lettuce Plants

Lithium (Li) is a trace element that is essential in the human diet due to its importance for health and proper functioning of an organism. However, the biological activity of this metal in crop plants, which are the primary dietary sources of Li, is still poorly understood. The aim of the presented study was to comparatively analyse two Li chemical forms on the growth, as well...

Comparison of Metal Concentrations in Bones of Long-Living Mammals

The aim of this study was to compare zinc, copper, lead, cadmium, and mercury concentrations in the bones of long-living mammals—humans (Homo sapiens) and Canidae (dogs Canis familiaris and foxes Vulpes vulpes) from northwestern Poland and to determine the usefulness of Canidae as bioindicators of environmental exposure to metals in humans. Zinc concentrations in cartilage with...

Divalent Heavy Metal Cations Block the TRPV1 Ca2+ Channel

Transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) is a non-selective cation channel involved in pain sensation and in a wide range of non-pain-related physiological and pathological conditions. The aim of the present study was to explore the effects of selected heavy metal cations on the function of TRPV1. The cations ranked in the following sequence of pore-blocking activity: Co2...

Iron Excess Disturbs Metabolic Status and Relative Gonad Mass in Rats on High Fat, Fructose, and Salt Diets

The aim of this study was to assess the metabolic and physiological changes in rats fed a diet high in fat, fructose, and salt, and with excess iron level. Mineral status was also estimated. Wistar rats were assigned to groups fed either a standard control diet (C) or a diet high in fat, fructose, and salt. The noncontrol diets contained either normal (M) or high level (MFe) of...

The Effects of Zinc Treatment on the Blood–Brain Barrier Permeability and Brain Element Levels During Convulsions

We evaluated the effect of zinc treatment on the blood–brain barrier (BBB) permeability and the levels of zinc (Zn), natrium (Na), magnesium (Mg), and copper (Cu) in the brain tissue during epileptic seizures. The Wistar albino rats were divided into four groups, each as follows: (1) control group, (2) pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) group: rats treated with PTZ to induce seizures, (3...

Blood Pressure and Levels of Fe, Ca, Mg, Zn, Cu, Na and K in the Hair of Young Bantu Men from Tanzania

Mineral imbalance in the body may significantly contribute to the development and course of hypertension. In this paper, blood pressure figures have been linked to the levels of Fe, Ca, Mg, Zn, Cu, Na and K in hair. The research sample was composed of young men (n = 91) aged 13–21, from the town of Mafinga, Iringa District, Tanzania. The data collected included their age, tribal...

Effects of Combined Dietary Chromium(III) Propionate Complex and Thiamine Supplementation on Insulin Sensitivity, Blood Biochemical Indices, and Mineral Levels in High-Fructose-Fed Rats

Insulin resistance is the first step in glucose intolerance and the development of type 2 diabetes mellitus, thus effective prevention strategies should also include dietary interventions to enhance insulin sensitivity. Nutrients, such as microelement chromium(III) and thiamine, play regulatory roles in carbohydrate metabolism. The objective of this study was to evaluate the...

Bioavailability of Trace Elements in Beans and Zinc-Biofortified Wheat in Pigs

The objectives of this experiment were to study bioavailability of trace elements in beans and wheat containing different levels of zinc and to study how the water solubility of trace elements was related to the bioavailability in pigs. Three wheat and two bean types were used: wheat of Danish origin as a control (CtrlW), two Turkish wheat types low (LZnW) and high (HZnW) in zinc...

Effects of Green Tea Supplementation on Elements, Total Antioxidants, Lipids, and Glucose Values in the Serum of Obese Patients

The consumption of green tea has been associated with cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. There have been some studies on the influence of green tea on the mineral status of obese subjects, but they have not yielded conclusive results. The aim of the present study is to examine the effects of green tea extract on the mineral, body mass, lipid profile, glucose, and antioxidant...

The Effect of Occupational Lead Exposure on Blood Levels of Zinc, Iron, Copper, Selenium and Related Proteins

The study objective was to evaluate the effect of occupational lead exposure on blood concentrations of zinc, iron, copper, selenium and proteins related to them, such as transferrin, caeruloplasmin and haptoglobin. The examined group consisted of 192 healthy male employees of zinc–lead works. By the degree of lead exposure, the exposed group was subdivided into three subgroups...

A Study on Selected Physiological Parameters of Plants Grown Under Lithium Supplementation

Exposure of sunflower and maize plants to increasing concentrations of lithium (0–50 mg Li dm−3) in a nutrient solution induced changes in biomass, leaf area and photosynthetic pigment accumulation, as well as levels of lipid peroxidation. The highest applied lithium dose (50 mg Li dm−3) evoked a significant reduction in the shoot biomass for both examined species, as well as...

Influence of Trace Elements on Stabilization of Aqueous Solutions of Ascorbic Acid

Together with vitamin C, zinc, selenium, manganese, and magnesium play a vital role in the preservation of organs scheduled for transplantation. In the present study, it is shown that addition of 1 mg/l of these elements influences the stability of 0.3 mM ascorbic acid solutions. The solution’s stability was estimated using an accelerated stability test. The concentration of...

Jasmonic Acid (JA) Acts as a Signal Molecule in LaCl3-Induced Baicalin Synthesis in Scutellaria baicalensis Seedlings

Rare earth elements (REEs) have been widely used to increase accumulation of biomass and secondary metabolites in medicinal plants in China. However, very few studies have investigated how REEs mediate secondary metabolism synthesis in medicinal plants. Lanthanum (La), an important REE, is known to improve the accumulation of secondary metabolites in medicinal plants and is...