Microgravity Science and Technology

http://link.springer.com/journal/12217

List of Papers (Total 24)

Benefits of ESA Gravity-Related Hands-on Programmes for University Students’ Careers

The Education Office of the European Space Agency (ESA) offers university students, from ESA Member and Cooperating States, the opportunity to perform investigations in physical sciences, life sciences, and technology, under different gravity conditions through three educational programmes. The “Fly Your Thesis!” (FYT) programme makes use of parabolic flights and the “Drop Your ...

The SCD – Stem Cell Differentiation ESA Project: Preparatory Work for the Spaceflight Mission

Due to spaceflight, astronauts experience serious, weightlessness-induced bone loss because of an unbalanced process of bone remodeling that involves bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs), as well as osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts. The effects of microgravity on osteo-cells have been extensively studied, but it is only recently that consideration has been given to ...

Acoustic Flame Suppression Mechanics in a Microgravity Environment

The following paper deals with acoustic flame suppression mechanics in a microgravity environment with measurements taken from an Arduino-based sensor system and validation of the technique. A Zippo lighter is ignited in microgravity and then displaced from the base of the flame and suppressed using surface interactions with single tone acoustic waves to extinguished the flame. The ...

Droplet Combustion Experiments Aboard the International Space Station

This paper summarizes the first results from isolated droplet combustion experiments performed on the International Space Station (ISS). The long durations of microgravity provided in the ISS enable the measurement of droplet and flame histories over an unprecedented range of conditions. The first experiments were with heptane and methanol as fuels, initial droplet droplet ...

Carotid Arterial Wall Dynamics During Gravity Changes on Partial-g Parabolic Flights

The investigation of systemic blood pressure (BP) responses under partial-g conditions is of particular importance with respect to post-space-flight orthostatic intolerance. In this study, changes in vessel diameter and wall distension of the common carotid artery (CCA) were assessed under graded gravity. Measurements were performed on 8 healthy subjects in standing position under ...

A Hypergravity Environment Induced by Centrifugation Alters Plant Cell Proliferation and Growth in an Opposite Way to Microgravity

Seeds of Arabidopsis thaliana were exposed to hypergravity environments (2g and 6g) and germinated during centrifugation. Seedlings grew for 2 and 4 days before fixation. In all cases, comparisons were performed against an internal (subjected to rotational vibrations and other factors of the machine) and an external control at 1g. On seedlings grown in hypergravity the total length ...

Simulation of Microgravity by Magnetic Levitation and Random Positioning: Effect on Human A431 Cell Morphology

Simulation of weightlessness is a desired replenishment for research in microgravity since access to space flights is limited. In real microgravity conditions, the human epidermoid cell line A431 exhibits specific changes in the actin cytoskeleton resulting ultimately in the rounding-up of cells. This rounding of A431 cells was studied in detail during exposure to Random ...

ESA Parabolic Flights, Drop Tower and Centrifuge Opportunities for University Students

“Fly Your Thesis!—An Astronaut Experience” is an educational programme launched by the ESA Education Office that aims to offer to European students the unique opportunity to design, build, and eventually fly, a scientific experiment as part of their Master or Ph.D. thesis. Selected teams accompany their experiments onboard the Zero-G aircraft for a series of three flights, each ...

The Metal-Halide Lamp Under Varying Gravity Conditions Measured by Emission and Laser Absorption Spectroscopy

Diffusive and convective processes in the metal-halide lamp cause an unwanted axial colour segregation. Convection is induced by gravity. To understand the flow phenomena in the arc discharge lamp it has been investigated under normal laboratory conditions, micro-gravity (ISS and parabolic flights) and hyper-gravity (parabolic flights 2g, centrifuge 1g–10g). The measurement ...

Drosophila GENE Experiment in the Spanish Soyuz Mission to the ISS: II. Effects of the Containment Constraints

In the GENE experiment performed during an 11-day Soyuz Mission to the International Space Station (ISS), we intended to determine if microgravity affects Drosophila metamorphosis processes. Control experiments were performed including a 1g ground control parallel to the ISS flight samples and a Random Position Machine microgravity simulated control. A preliminary analysis of the ...

Technology and Developments for the Random Positioning Machine, RPM

A Random Positioning Machine (RPM) is a laboratory instrument to provide continuous random change in orientation relative to the gravity vector of an accommodated (biological) experiment. The use of the RPM can generate effects comparable to the effects of true microgravity when the changes in direction are faster than the object’s response time to gravity. Thus, relatively ...

Turbidity Sensor for Bacterial Growth Measurements in Spaceflight and Simulated Micro-gravity

For the BIOFILTER flight experiment a set of turbidity sensors was developed for the measurement of the growth rate of the bacteria Xanthobacter autrophicus GJ10 in a fluid medium. During the flight experiment on FOTON M2 in 2005, bacterial growth was measured revealing growth rates between 0.046–0.077 h − 1 in microgravity, i.e. approximately 1.5–2.5 times slower than routinely ...

Mechanomics and Physicomics in Gravisensing

Sensing gravity by ‘non-specialized’ cells is still puzzling. We don’t know where or by which mechanism such cells sense gravity. These questions in ‘gravisensing’ are not much different from questions in general mechanobiology. Numerous studies have been reported in this field in the last couple of decades. What are the mechanical properties of a cell? Are there differences in ...

The Human Centrifuge

Life on Earth has developed at unit gravity, 9.81 m/s2, which was a major factor especially when vertebrates emerged from water onto land in the late Devonian, some 375 million years ago. But how would nature have evolved on a larger planet? We are able to address this question simply in experiments using centrifuges. Based on these studies we have gained valuable insights in the ...

Preface