In hospitals, patients can be rejected at both the operating theater (OT) and the intensive care unit (ICU) due to limited ICU capacity. The corresponding ICU rejection probability is an important service factor for hospitals. Rejection of an ICU request may lead to health deterioration for patients, and for hospitals to costly actions and a loss of precious capacity when an...

We consider piecewise-deterministic Markov processes that occur as scaling limits of discrete-time Markov chains that describe the Transmission Control Protocol (TCP). The class of processes allows for general increase and decrease profiles. Our key observation is that stationary results for the general class follow directly from the stationary results for the idealized TCP...

We consider the Erlang loss system, characterized by N servers, Poisson arrivals and exponential service times, and allow the arrival rate to be a function of N. We discuss representations and bounds for the rate of convergence to stationarity of the number of customers in the system, and display some bounds for the total variation distance between the time-dependent and...

We derive rough and exact asymptotic expressions for the stationary distribution π of a Markov chain arising in a queueing/production context. The approach we develop can also handle “cascades,” which are situations where the fluid limit of the large deviation path from the origin to the increasingly rare event is nonlinear. Our approach considers a process that starts at the...

This paper analyzes transient characteristics of Gaussian queues. More specifically, we determine the logarithmic asymptotics of ℙ(Q 0>pB,Q TB >qB), where Q t denotes the workload at time t. For any pair (p,q), three regimes can be distinguished: (A) For small values of T, one of the events {Q 0>pB} and {Q TB >qB} will essentially imply the other. (B) Then there is an...

This paper considers polling systems with an autonomous server that remains at a queue for an exponential amount of time before moving to a next queue incurring a generally distributed switch-over time. The server remains at a queue until the exponential visit time expires, also when the queue becomes empty. If the queue is not empty when the visit time expires, service is...

We consider a (doubly) reflected Lévy process where the Lévy exponent is controlled by a hysteretic policy consisting of two stages. In each stage there is typically a different service speed, drift parameter, or arrival rate. We determine the steady-state performance, both for systems with finite and infinite capacity. Thereby, we unify and extend many existing results in the...

A cellular wireless communication system in which data is transmitted to multiple users over a common channel is considered. When the base stations in this system can cooperate with each other, the link from the base stations to the users can be considered a multi-user multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) downlink system. For such a system, it is known from information theory...

Networks of Erlang loss queues naturally arise when modelling finite communication systems without delays, among which, most notably are classical circuit switch telephone networks (loss networks) and present-day wireless mobile networks. Performance measures of interest such as loss probabilities or throughputs can be obtained from the steady state distribution. However, while...

In this paper we present a detailed analysis of queueing models with vacations and impatient customers, where the source of impatience is the absence of the server. Instead of the standard assumption that customers perform independent abandonments, we consider situations where customers abandon the system simultaneously. This is, for example, the case in remote systems where...

We establish many-server heavy-traffic limits for G/M/n+M queueing models, allowing customer abandonment (the +M), subject to exogenous regenerative service interruptions. With unscaled service interruption times, we obtain a FWLLN for the queue-length process, where the limit is an ordinary differential equation in a two-state random environment. With asymptotically negligible...

This paper analyzes a generic class of two-node queueing systems. A first queue is fed by an on–off Markov fluid source; the input of a second queue is a function of the state of the Markov fluid source as well, but now also of the first queue being empty or not. This model covers the classical two-node tandem queue and the two-class priority queue as special cases. Relying...

We consider an infinite-server queue, where the arrival and service rates are both governed by a semi-Markov process that is independent of all other aspects of the queue. In particular, we derive a system of equations that are satisfied by various “parts” of the generating function of the steady-state queue-length, while assuming that all arrivals bring an amount of work to the...

We analyze tail asymptotics of a two-node tandem queue with spectrally-positive Lévy input. A first focus lies in the tail probabilities of the type ℙ(Q 1>α x,Q 2>(1−α)x), for α∈(0,1) and x large, and Q i denoting the steady-state workload in the ith queue. In case of light-tailed input, our analysis heavily uses the joint Laplace transform of the stationary buffer contents of...

To investigate the quality of heavy-traffic approximations for queues with many servers, we consider the steady-state number of waiting customers in an M/D/s queue as s→∞. In the Halfin-Whitt regime, it is well known that this random variable converges to the supremum of a Gaussian random walk. This paper develops methods that yield more accurate results in terms of series...

We consider a discrete-time tree network of polling servers where all packets are routed to the same node (called node 0), from which they leave the network. All packets have unit size and arrive from the exterior according to independent batch Bernoulli arrival processes. The service discipline of each node is work-conserving and the service discipline of node 0 has to be HoL...

This paper studies the last departure time from a queue with a terminating arrival process. This problem is motivated by a model of two-stage inspection in which finitely many items come to a first stage for screening. Items failing first-stage inspection go to a second stage to be examined further. Assuming that arrivals at the second stage can be regarded as an independent...

We consider an extension of the standard G/G/1 queue, described by the equation \(W\stackrel{ \mathcal {D}}{=}\max\mathrm{max}\,\{0,B-A+YW\}\) , where ℙ[Y=1]=p and ℙ[Y=−1]=1−p. For p=1 this model reduces to the classical Lindley equation for the waiting time in the G/G/1 queue, whereas for p=0 it describes the waiting time of the server in an alternating service model. For all...

This paper addresses the sojourn time asymptotics for a GI/GI/⋅ queue operating under the Processor Sharing (PS) discipline with stochastically varying service rate. Our focus is on the logarithmic estimates of the tail of sojourn-time distribution, under the assumption that the job-size distribution has a light tail. Whereas upper bounds on the decay rate can be derived under...

We propose a new queueing model named the acquisition queue. It differs from conventional queueing models in that the server not only serves customers, but also performs acquisition of new customers. The server has to divide its energy between both activities. The number of newly acquired customers is uncertain, and the effect of the server’s acquisition efforts can only be seen...

This paper studies a fluid queue with coupled input and output. Flows arrive according to a Poisson process, and when n flows are present, each of them transmits traffic into the queue at a rate c/(n+1), where the remaining c/(n+1) is used to serve the queue. We assume exponentially distributed flow sizes, so that the queue under consideration can be regarded as a system with...

The present paper deals with the problem of calculating queue length distributions in a polling model with (exhaustive) k-limited service under the assumption of general arrival, service and setup distributions. The interest for this model is fueled by an application in the field of logistics. Knowledge of the queue length distributions is needed to operate the system properly...