Aging Clinical and Experimental Research

http://link.springer.com/journal/40520

List of Papers (Total 84)

Proactive care of older people undergoing surgery

The number of older patients undergoing surgery is increasing due to changing demographics, surgical and anaesthetic advances and shifts in patient expectations of healthcare. The benefits of surgery in older people are well documented and include symptom control and increased life expectancy. However, older surgical patients present not only with the index pathology requiring ...

Both psychological factors and physical performance are associated with fall-related concerns

Background Fall-related concern strongly correlates to activity avoidance in older people. In this complex phenomenon, different terminology and instruments are often used interchangeably. Three main concepts make up fall-related concerns: fear of falling, consequence concern, and falls self-efficacy. It is suggested that fall-related concerns are mediated by psychological and ...

Quality of life in sarcopenia measured with the SarQoL®: impact of the use of different diagnosis definitions

Background The SarQoL® is a recently developed quality of life questionnaire specific to sarcopenia. Aim To compare the quality of life (QoL) of subjects identified as sarcopenic with that of non-sarcopenic subjects when using six different operational definitions of sarcopenia. Methods Participants of the SarcoPhAge study (Belgium) completed the SarQoL®. Among the six definitions ...

Impact of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and frailty on long-term outcomes and quality of life after transcatheter aortic valve implantation

Background Association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and long-term mortality as well as the quality of life (QoL) in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is still unclear. Aim We sought to evaluate the impact of COPD on mortality and QoL of patients with AS undergoing TAVI. Methods A total of 148 ...

Inappropriate claims from non-equivalent medications in osteoarthritis: a position paper endorsed by the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ESCEO)

Osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressive joint disease, that occurs frequently in the aging population and is a major cause of disability worldwide. Both glucosamine and chondroitin are biologically active molecules that are substrates for proteoglycan, an essential component of the cartilage matrix. Evidence supports the use of glucosamine and chondroitin as symptomatic slow-acting ...

Predictors for achieving adequate protein and energy intake in nursing home rehabilitation patients

Background Adequate energy and protein intake could be essential for contributing significantly to the rehabilitations process. Data on the actual nutritional intake of older nursing home rehabilitation patients have not yet been investigated. Aims To investigate the nutritional intake and predictors for achieving protein and energy requirements on the 14th day of admission in ...

Concordance between clinical and radiographic evaluations of knee osteoarthritis

Background Significant correlation has been previously demonstrated between radiographic and clinical diagnoses of knee osteoarthritis (OA); however, the specific findings on clinical examination that relate best to a radiographic diagnosis have not been fully elicited. Aims We aimed to explore the relationship between clinical symptoms and physical findings with radiographic ...

High-molecular-weight adiponectin levels in healthy, community-dwelling, elderly Japanese volunteers: a 5-year prospective observational study

Background Serum adiponectin levels are associated with frailty and cardiovascular diseases. Longitudinal changes in adiponectin levels might enhance our understanding of age-related conditions and diseases. Aims This prospective observational study aimed to: (1) elucidate age-related changes in high-molecular-weight (HMW) adiponectin levels; and (2) identify variables predictive ...

Frailty syndrome and rehospitalizations in elderly heart failure patients

Background Heart failure (HF) patients with frailty syndrome (FS) are at higher risk of falling, decreased mobility, ability to perform the basic activities of daily living, frequent hospitalizations, and death. Aims The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlations between FS and hospital readmissions, and to assess which factors are associated with rehospitalizations. ...

How clinical practitioners assess frailty in their daily practice: an international survey

Introduction Various operational definitions have been proposed to assess the frailty condition among older individuals. Our objective was to assess how practitioners measure the geriatric syndrome of frailty in their daily routine. Methods An online survey was sent to national geriatric societies affiliated to the European Union Geriatric Medicine Society (EUGMS) and to members of ...

Impact of tooth loss on walking speed decline over time in older adults: a population-based cohort study

Background Tooth loss has been linked to poor health such as chronic diseases and mobility limitations. Prospective evidence on the association between tooth loss and walking speed decline is however lacking. Aims To examine the impact of tooth loss on walking speed over time and explore whether inflammation may account for this association. Methods This study included 2695 persons ...

Do we need orthogeriatrics in Poland? Changes in the age structure and location of hip fractures

Background Patients with hip fractures present a great challenge for surgeons due to multimorbidity, polypharmacy as well as difficulty in communicating. These could be attributed to a recent trend in the aging patient population (80 years and older) as compared to the past. The aim of this study is to analyze age structure and location in male and female patients’ population with ...

Thigh muscle and subcutaneous tissue thickness measured using ultrasound imaging in older females living in extended care: a preliminary study

Background Thigh tissue thickness has not been examined in older females living in extended care in UK as an indicator of musculoskeletal health. This study examined the feasibility of using ultrasound imaging to measure the thickness of superficial (fat) and deep layers (muscle) of the thigh in older females living in extended care. Methods In ten older females in extended care ...

Self-perceived care needs in older adults with joint pain and comorbidity

Background The aim of this study was to explore self-perceived care needs and determinants of identified needs in older adults with joint pain and comorbidity. Methods This is a cross-sectional study using baseline data from a cohort study of older adults in the Netherlands (≥65 years) with joint pain and comorbidity (n = 407). We used the Camberwell Assessment of Need for the ...

Hematological parameters and all-cause mortality: a prospective study of older people

Background The effect of low and high concentration of some hematological parameters in the blood can have a negative impact on health. Aim Therefore, we investigated the associations between hematological parameters and all-cause mortality among older people living in Poland. Methods The study was carried out among 75–80-year-old participants (n = 403) from Warsaw and Olsztyn ...