Molecular Cytogenetics

http://www.molecularcytogenetics.org/

List of Papers (Total 715)

Noninvasive prenatal diagnosis of fetal aneuploidy by circulating fetal nucleated red blood cells and extravillous trophoblasts using silicon-based nanostructured microfluidics

Noninvasive prenatal testing (NIPT) based on cell-free DNA in maternal circulation has been accepted worldwide by the clinical community since 2011 but limitations, such as maternal malignancy and fetoplacental mosaicism, preclude its full replacement of invasive prenatal diagnosis. We present a novel silicon-based nanostructured microfluidics platform named as “Cell Reveal™” to ...

Unique amplification of BCR-ABL1 gene fusion in a case of T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia

ABL1 gene translocations can be seen in precursor T-acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL). The typical translocation partner is the NUP214 gene. BCR-ABL translocations are relatively rare in this entity. Furthermore, while there have been unique patterns of amplification noted among the NUP214-ABL fusion genes, there have been few such reports among cases with BCR-ABL fusion genes. ...

Molecular characterization and evaluation of complex rearrangements in a case of ring chromosome 15

Ring chromosome 15 is a rare genetic entity. Only a few cases have been reported with characterization using molecular techniques. The clinical presentation is quite variable, as a result of differences in the breakpoints, haploinsufficiency of genes involved in deleted segment/s, level of mosaicism and ring instability resulting in a variability of rearrangement of genetic ...

A unique set of complex chromosomal abnormalities in an infant with myeloid leukemia associated with Down syndrome

Children with Down syndrome (DS) have an enhanced risk of developing acute leukemia, with the most common subtype being acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL). Myeloid leukemia in Down syndrome (ML-DS) is considered a disease with distinct clinical and biological features. There are few studies focusing on the clonal cytogenetic changes during evolution of ML-DS. Here, we describe ...

Molecular and clinical characterization of new patient with 1,08 Mb deletion in 10p15.3 region

Three distinct contiguous gene deletion syndromes are located at 10p chromosomal region. The deletion, involving 10p15.3 region, has been characterized by (DeScipio et al., Am J Med Genet A 158A:2152-61, 2012). However, because of the variation in size of the described deletions and lack of knowledge about the involved genes, the correlation between genotypes and patients’ ...

A de novo complex chromosome rearrangement associated with multisystematic abnormalities, a case report

Complex chromosomal rearrangements (CCRs) are constitutional structural rearrangements that involve three or more chromosomes or that have more than two breakpoints. Here, we describe a four-way CCR involving chromosomes 4, 5, 6 and 8. The patient had mild multisystematic abnormalities during his development, including defects in his eyes and teeth, exomphalos and ...

Evaluation of three read-depth based CNV detection tools using whole-exome sequencing data

Whole exome sequencing (WES) has been widely accepted as a robust and cost-effective approach for clinical genetic testing of small sequence variants. Detection of copy number variants (CNV) within WES data have become possible through the development of various algorithms and software programs that utilize read-depth as the main information. The aim of this study was to evaluate ...

A high complex karyotype involving eleven chromosomes including three novel chromosomal aberrations and monoallelic loss of TP53 in case of follicular lymphoma transformed into B-cell lymphoblastic leukemia

Background Follicular lymphoma (FL) is one of the most common B-cell non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL). A subset of FL cases transform into more aggressive malignancies, most often to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL); in addition, lymphoblastic lymphoma and acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) have also been rarely reported. The most common cytogenetic abnormalities associated with ...

Inherent variability of cancer-specific aneuploidy generates metastases

Background The genetic basis of metastasis is still unclear because metastases carry individual karyotypes and phenotypes, rather than consistent mutations, and are rare compared to conventional mutation. There is however correlative evidence that metastasis depends on cancer-specific aneuploidy, and that metastases are karyotypically related to parental cancers. Accordingly we ...

Autism and intellectual disability in a patient with two microdeletions in 6q16: a contiguous gene deletion syndrome?

Background Copy number variations play a significant role in the aetiology of developmental disabilities including non-syndromic intellectual disability and autism. Case presentation We describe a 19-year old patient with intellectual disability and autism for whom chromosomal microarray (CMA) analysis showed the unusual finding of two de novo microdeletions in cis position on ...

A 18p11.23-p11.31 microduplication in a boy with psychomotor delay, cerebellar vermis hypoplasia, chorioretinal coloboma, deafness and GH deficiency

Background Rearrangements involving the short arm of chromosome 18 have been extensively described. Here we report a microduplication of 320.5–431.5 Kb at 18p11.31-p11.23 in a 10 year-old boy. Case presentation In a 10 year-old boy with moderate psychomotor delay, hypoplasia of the cerebellar vermis, chorioretinal coloboma, deafness and growth hormone deficiency (GHD), an ...

Molecular characterization of a rare analphoid supernumerary marker chromosome derived from 7q35 → qter: a case report

Background Analphoid supernumerary marker chromosomes (aSMC) constitute one of the smallest groups of SMC, and are characterized by a centromeric constriction but no detectable alpha-satellite DNA. These marker chromosomes cannot be properly identified by conventional banding techniques alone, and molecular cytogenetic methods are necessary for a detailed characterization. ...

Effect of SP600125 on the mitotic spindle in HeLa Cells, leading to mitotic arrest, endoreduplication and apoptosis

Background The JNK inhibitor SP600125 strongly inhibits cell proliferation in many human cancer cells by blocking mitosis progression and inducing cell death. Despite, all this study, the mechanism by which SP600125 inhibits mitosis-related effects in human cervical cells (HeLa cells) remains unclear. In this study, we investigated the effects of SP600125 on the cell viability, ...

Early detection and personalized treatment in oral cancer: the impact of omics approaches

Background Oral cancer is one of the most common malignant lesions of the head and neck. This cancer is an aggressive and lethal disease with no significant improvements in the overall survival in the last decades. Moreover, the incidence of oral HPV-positive tumors is rising, especially in young people. This oral neoplasm develops through numerous molecular imbalances that affect ...

Philadelphia chromosome duplication as a ring-shaped chromosome

The gain of a second copy of the Philadelphia chromosome is one of the main secondary chromosomal changes related to the clonal evolution of cells with t(9;22) in chronic myelogenous leukemia. This gain causes the acquisition of another copy of the BCR/ABL1 fusion gene. Isochromosomes of the der(22) chromosome or double minute chromosomes are well known to lead an increased copy ...

Coexistence of iAMP21 and ETV6-RUNX1 fusion in an adolescent with B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia: literature review of six additional cases

Background Intrachromosomal amplification of chromosome 21 (iAMP21) results from breakage-fusion-bridge cycles and chromothripsis is a distinct marker of a subgroup of B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) cases associated with a poor prognosis. iAMP21 accounts for 2% of pediatric B-ALL and occurs predominantly in older children or adolescents. ETV6-RUNX1 fusion, resulting ...

Enrichment of small pathogenic deletions at chromosome 9p24.3 and 9q34.3 involving DOCK8, KANK1, EHMT1 genes identified by using high-resolution oligonucleotide-single nucleotide polymorphism array analysis

Background High-resolution oligo-SNP array allowed the identification of extremely small pathogenic deletions at numerous clinically relevant regions. In our clinical practice, we found that small pathogenic deletions were frequently encountered at chromosome 9p and 9q terminal regions. Results A review of 531 cases with reportable copy number changes on chromosome 9 revealed142 ...

MIR137 is the key gene mediator of the syndromic obesity phenotype of patients with 1p21.3 microdeletions

Background Deletions in the long arm of chromosome 1 have been described in patients with a phenotype consisting primarily of obesity, intellectual disability and autism-spectrum disorder. The minimal region of overlap comprises two genes: DPYD and MIR137. Case presentation We describe a 10-year-old boy with syndromic obesity who carries a novel 1p21.3 deletion overlapping the ...

Molecular cytogenetic analysis of early spontaneous abortions conceived from varying assisted reproductive technology procedures

Background Spontaneous abortion (SA) is the most common complication of pregnancy, and chromosome aberrations are the principal cause of the first trimester abortuses in natural conception (NC) The increasing use of assisted reproductive technology (ART) has raised concern about chromosome abnormalities in ART-initiated pregnancies. Up to date, the literature on the risk of ...

Interstitial de novo 18q22.3q23 deletion: clinical, neuroradiological and molecular characterization of a new case and review of the literature

Background Deletions of the long arm of chromosome 18 cause a common autosomal syndrome clinically characterized by a protean clinical phenotype. Case presentation We report on a 16-month-old male infant affected by fever attacks apparently unrelated with any infectious or inflammatory symptoms, growth retardation, bilateral vertical talus, congenital aural atresia, dysmorphisms, ...

Prenatal diagnosis of 1p34.3 interstitial microdeletion by aCGH in a fetus with jaw bone abnormalities

Background Interstitial microdeletions in 1p are extremely rare, as very few cases have been reported postnatally and only one prenatally, yet. There is a variability of phenotypic findings such as hypotonia, facial dysmorphisms, mild microcephaly, with being most common developmental delay. Case presentation The present case involved a female fetus with an interstitial deletion on ...

12p deletion spectrum syndrome: a new case report reinforces the evidence regarding the potential relationship to autism spectrum disorder and related developmental impairments

Background Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) now encompass a broad heterogeneous group of people who present in the early developmental years with a wide range of social and communication deficits, which are typically also associated with complex repetitive behaviors and circumscribed interests. The target goal is to heighten readers’ perception into the trend to personalize the ...

The presence of two rare genomic syndromes, 1q21 deletion and Xq28 duplication, segregating independently in a family with intellectual disability

Background 1q21 microdeletion syndrome is a rare contiguous gene deletion disorder with de novo or autosomal dominant inheritance patterns and its phenotypic features include intellectual disability, distinctive facial dysmorphism, microcephaly, cardiac abnormalities, and cataracts. MECP2 duplication syndrome is an X-linked recessive neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by ...