Acta Geophysica

http://link.springer.com/journal/11600

List of Papers (Total 229)

Understanding changes and trends in projected hydroclimatic indices in selected Norwegian and Polish catchments

The aim of the study is to investigate trends in selected hydroclimatic indices using novel and conventional tools, for future climate projections in the twenty-first century. Selected quasi-natural Norwegian and Polish catchments are used as a case study. The projected flows are provided by GR4J rainfall-runoff conceptual model, coupled with an ensemble of climate model ...

Around and about an application of the GAMLSS package to non-stationary flood frequency analysis

The non-stationarity of hydrologic processes due to climate change or human activities is challenging for the researchers and practitioners. However, the practical requirements for taking into account non-stationarity as a support in decision-making procedures exceed the up-to-date development of the theory and the of software. Currently, the most popular and freely available ...

A comparison of three approaches to non-stationary flood frequency analysis

Non-stationary flood frequency analysis (FFA) is applied to statistical analysis of seasonal flow maxima from Polish and Norwegian catchments. Three non-stationary estimation methods, namely, maximum likelihood (ML), two stage (WLS/TS) and GAMLSS (generalized additive model for location, scale and shape parameters), are compared in the context of capturing the effect of ...

Changes of flood risk on the northern foothills of the Tatra Mountains

The present paper reviews selected outcomes of the FLORIST project devoted to flood risk in the region of the northern foothills of the Tatra Mountains in Poland and summarizes novel results. The project encompassed theoretical, field, and modeling work. It was focused around observation-based hydroclimatology; projections for the future; dendrogeomorphology; as well as influence ...

What can we learn from the projections of changes of flow patterns? Results from Polish case studies

River flow projections for two future time horizons and RCP 8.5 scenario, generated by two projects (CHASE-PL and CHIHE) in the Polish-Norwegian Research Programme, were compared. The projects employed different hydrological models over different spatial domains. The semi-distributed, process-based, SWAT model was used in the CHASE-PL project for the entire Vistula and Odra basins ...

On the analysis of temporal geoid height variations obtained from GRACE-based GGMs over the area of Poland

Temporal mass variations in the Earth system, which can be detected from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) mission data, cause temporal variations of geoid heights. The main objective of this contribution is to analyze temporal variations of geoid heights over the area of Poland using global geopotential models (GGMs) developed on the basis of GRACE mission data. ...

Climate-driven changes to streamflow patterns in a groundwater-dominated catchment

This study aims to investigate trends and regime changes in streamflow and basic factors driving these changes. The investigated area is located in central Poland and is influenced by temperate transitional climate. New insight is provided into the phenomenon of past climate-driven changes to streamflow patterns over a 65-year period (1951–2015). The Mann–Kendall test for monotonic ...

Guidelines for the adaptation to floods in changing climate

A decrease of flood damages in the future requires not only adaptation to flood caused by present day climate, but also climate change effects on floods should be taken into account. The paper illustrates the need to take into account changing climate conditions in flood adaptation strategies and to apply in practice the concept of integrated water resource management (IWRM). IWRM ...

Gravimetric surveys for assessing rock mass condition around a mine shaft

The fundamentals of use of vertical gravimetric surveying method in mine shafts are presented in the paper. The methods of gravimetric measurements and calculation of interval and complex density are discussed in detail. The density calculations are based on an original method accounting for the gravity influence of the mine shaft thus guaranteeing closeness of calculated and real ...

Assessment of river hydromorphological quality for restoration purposes: an example of the application of RHQ method to a Polish Carpathian river

Planning and implementation of effective restoration projects require appropriate assessment of a river’s hydromorphological status. Two European standards on hydromorphological assessment of rivers and hydromorphological assessment methods used in Poland are reviewed in the context of their applicability for river restoration purposes. River Hydromorphological Quality assessment ...

Well-log based rock physics template of the Vienna Basin and the underlying Calcereous Alps

In this study, the ratio of compressional and shear wave velocity versus acoustic impedance as rock physics template for northern part of the Vienna Basin has been derived for siliciclastic rocks based on formation evaluation of well-log data. The results have been verified through wells in different areas drilled in various depths. Additionally, depositional sequences like ...

Identification of seismic doublets occurred on Rudna mine, Poland

Seismic events with similar focal mechanisms and similarity of Green`s functions exhibit common waveform shapes recorded on the same seismic station. The similarity of seismograms can also be observed in the case of man-induced seismicity on the continuous excavated area. In this work, we focused on strong and potential mining-induced seismic doublets, our study was using concepts ...

Changes in seasonal streamflow extremes experienced in rivers of Northwestern South America (Colombia)

A measure of the variability in seasonal extreme streamflow was estimated for the Colombian Caribbean coast, using monthly time series of freshwater discharge from ten watersheds. The aim was to detect modifications in the streamflow monthly distribution, seasonal trends, variance and extreme monthly values. A 20-year length time moving window, with 1-year successive shiftments, ...

Energy-based analysis of permanent strain behaviour of cohesive soil under cyclic loading

In this paper the original results of uniaxial cyclic compression test on cohesive soil are presented. The shakedown phenomena in cohesive soil are described. Energy-based method highlights the change of soil material behaviour from plastic shakedown through plastic creep shakedown to incremental collapse. The samples were cyclically loaded under undrained conditions with the ...

Non-stationarity and internal correlations of the occurrence process of mining-induced seismic events

A point process, e.g., the seismic process, is potentially predictable when it is non-stationary, internally correlated or both. In this paper, an analysis of the occurrence process of mining-induced seismic events from Rudna copper mine in Poland is presented. Stationarity and internal correlation are investigated in complete seismic time series and segmentally in subseries ...

Propagation of Love waves in a void medium over a sandy half space under gravity

The present study investigates the propagation of Love wave in a void layer resting over a sandy half space under the effect of gravitational force. The equations of motion have been gathered separately for different layers, and the boundary conditions have been introduced for two different layers at their interface. The mathematical analysis of the problem has been dealt with the ...

Time reversal seismic source imaging using peak average power ratio (PAPR) parameter

The time reversal method has become a standard technique for the location of seismic sources. It has been used both for acoustic and elastic numerical modelling and for 2D and 3D propagation models. Although there are many studies concerning its application to point sources, little so far has been done to generalise the time reversal method to the study of sequences of seismic ...

High-resolution computed microtomography for the characterization of a diffusion tensor imaging phantom

This paper addresses the issue of the quantitative characterization of the structure of the calibration model (phantom) for b-matrix spatial distribution diffusion tensor imaging (BSD-DTI) scanners. The aim of this study was to verify manufacturing assumptions of the structure of materials, since phantoms are used for BSD-DTI calibration directly after manufacturing. Visualization ...

Application of electrical resistivity imaging (ERI) for the assessment of peat properties: a case study of the Całowanie Fen, Central Poland

Complex studies were carried out to recognize the fen structure and peat properties in the Całowanie Fen area, belonging to the Natura 2000 network. The studies were conducted in two study areas that differ significantly in terms of peat thickness. Electrical resistivity imaging (ERI) was used to identify the properties of the peat and its substrate, such as thickness and ...

Changes of snow cover in Poland

The present paper examines variability of characteristics of snow cover (snow cover depth, number of days with snow cover and dates of beginning and end of snow cover) in Poland. The study makes use of a set of 43 long time series of observation records from the stations in Poland, from 1952 to 2013. To describe temporal changes in snow cover characteristics, the intervals of ...

Improved petrographic-coded model and its evaluation to determine a thermal conductivity log

Thermal conductivity is one of the crucial properties for thermal modelling as well as tunnelling or geological modelling. Available data are mainly from laboratory measurements. Therefore, additional ways, such as correlations with other properties to derive the petrophysical parameter, will be an advantage. The research presented here continues and improves the petrographic-coded ...