Journal of Anesthesia

http://link.springer.com/journal/540

List of Papers (Total 222)

New surgical scoring system to predict postoperative mortality

Purpose There is still no easy and highly useful method to comprehensively assess both preoperative and intraoperative patient statuses to predict postoperative outcomes. We attempted to develop a new scoring system that would enable a comprehensive assessment of preoperative and intraoperative patient statuses instantly at the end of anesthesia, predicting postoperative mortality. ...

A suspected case of rocuronium–sugammadex complex-induced anaphylactic shock after cesarean section

An anaphylactic reaction during a cesarean section occurs rarely, and rocuronium is thought to be one of the common agents causing perioperative anaphylaxis. Here we report an anaphylactic shock after cesarean section that is suggested to be induced by the rocuronium–sugammadex complex. A 36-year-old primigravida underwent an elective cesarean section under general anesthesia due ...

The protective effect of human atrial natriuretic peptide on renal damage during cardiac surgery

Purpose Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the critical complications after cardiac surgery. In the kidney, angiotensin II (Ang II) is formed by independent mechanisms, and activity of the intrarenal renin–angiotensin–aldosterone (RAAS) system contributes to the progression of kidney damage. Although atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) exerts protective effects against renal injury ...

Supraglottic jet oxygenation and ventilation saved a patient with ‘cannot intubate and cannot ventilate’ emergency difficult airway

The emergency difficult airway with the ‘cannot intubate and cannot ventilate’ (CICV) situation contributes to a high percentage of anesthesia- and emergency medicine-related morbidity and mortality. A new technique of supraglottic jet oxygenation and ventilation (SJOV) via the nasal approach was successfully used in an emergency to save a patient with a CICV difficult airway from ...

Variations in the distance between the cricoid cartilage and targets of stellate ganglion block in neutral and extended supine positions: an ultrasonographic evaluation

Purpose Anatomic variations complicate surface landmark-guided needle placement, thereby increasing nerve blockade failure rate. However, little is understood about how anatomic distances change under different clinical conditions. As the cricoid cartilage is an easy and accurate landmark, we investigated changes in distance between the sixth or seventh cervical transverse ...

A comparative analysis of the effects of sevoflurane and propofol on cerebral oxygenation during steep Trendelenburg position and pneumoperitoneum for robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy

Purpose Steep Trendelenburg position and pneumoperitoneum during robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) increase intracranial pressure (ICP) and may alter cerebral blood flow (CBF) and oxygenation. Volatile anesthetics and propofol have different effects on ICP, CBF, and cerebral metabolic rate and may have different impact on cerebral oxygenation during RALP. In this ...

Effects of oral carbohydrate with amino acid solution on the metabolic status of patients in the preoperative period: a randomized, prospective clinical trial

Objective Enhanced recovery after surgery is increasingly desired nowadays, and preoperative nutrient intake may be beneficial for this purpose. In this study, we investigated whether the intake of preoperative carbohydrate with amino acid (ONS) solution can improve starvation status and lipid catabolism before the induction of anesthesia. Methods This randomized, prospective ...