European Journal of Applied Physiology

http://link.springer.com/journal/421

List of Papers (Total 311)

Energy expenditure of rugby players during a 14-day in-season period, measured using doubly labelled water

Criterion data for total energy expenditure (TEE) in elite rugby are lacking, which prediction equations may not reflect accurately. This study quantified TEE of 27 elite male rugby league (RL) and rugby union (RU) players (U16, U20, U24 age groups) during a 14-day in-season period using doubly labelled water (DLW). Measured TEE was also compared to estimated, using prediction ...

Sodium bicarbonate supplementation improves severe-intensity intermittent exercise under moderate acute hypoxic conditions

Acute moderate hypoxic exposure can substantially impair exercise performance, which occurs with a concurrent exacerbated rise in hydrogen cation (H+) production. The purpose of this study was therefore, to alleviate this acidic stress through sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) supplementation and determine the corresponding effects on severe-intensity intermittent exercise performance. ...

Acute acetaminophen ingestion improves performance and muscle activation during maximal intermittent knee extensor exercise

Aim Acetaminophen is a commonly used medicine for pain relief and emerging evidence suggests that it may improve endurance exercise performance. This study investigated some of the physiological mechanisms by which acute acetaminophen ingestion might blunt muscle fatigue development. Methods Thirteen active males completed 60 × 3 s maximum voluntary contractions (MVC) of the knee ...

The effects of a single session of spinal manipulation on strength and cortical drive in athletes

Purpose The primary purpose of this study was to investigate whether a single session of spinal manipulation (SM) increases strength and cortical drive in the lower limb (soleus muscle) of elite Taekwondo athletes. Methods Soleus-evoked V-waves, H-reflex and maximum voluntary contraction (MVC) of the plantar flexors were recorded from 11 elite Taekwondo athletes using a randomized ...

Correction to: Acute and chronic neuromuscular adaptations to local vibration training

The author would like to correct the reference in the publication of the original article. The corrected reference is given below for your reading.

Acute effect on ambulatory blood pressure from aerobic exercise: a randomised cross-over study among female cleaners

Purpose High occupational physical activity (OPA) is shown to increase the risk for elevated blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases and mortality. Conversely, aerobic exercise acutely lowers the blood pressure up to 25 h post exercise. However, it is unknown if this beneficial effect also apply for workers exposed to high levels of OPA. Cleaners constitute a relevant occupational ...

Effects of supervised exercise training on lower-limb cutaneous microvascular reactivity in adults with venous ulcers

Purpose To investigate the effects of a 12-week supervised exercise programme on lower-limb cutaneous microvascular reactivity in adults with venous leg ulceration. Methods Thirty-eight adults with unilateral venous ulceration who were being treated with lower-limb compression therapy (58% male; mean age 65 years; median ulcer size 5 cm2) were randomly allocated to exercise or ...

Pole lengths influence O2-cost during double poling in highly trained cross-country skiers

Purpose In elite cross-country skiing, double poling is used in different terrain. This study compared O2-cost and kinematics during double poling with four different pole lengths [self-selected (SS), SS − 5 cm, SS + 5 cm, SS + 10 cm] at Low versus Moderate incline. Methods Thirteen highly trained male cross-country skiers (mean ± SD 23 ± 3 years; 182 ± 4 cm; 77 ± 6 kg) completed ...

The availability of water associated with glycogen during dehydration: a reservoir or raindrop?

Purpose This study evaluated whether glycogen-associated water is a protected entity not subject to normal osmotic homeostasis. An investigation into practical and theoretical aspects of the functionality of this water as a determinant of osmolality, dehydration, and glycogen concentration was undertaken. Methods In vitro experiments were conducted to determine the intrinsic ...

Correction to: A comparison of isomaltulose versus maltodextrin ingestion during soccer-specific exercise

The article “A comparison of isomaltulose versus maltodextrin ingestion during soccer-specific exercise”, written by “Emma J. Stevenson, Anthony Watson, Stephan Theis, Anja Holz,·Liam D. Harper, Mark Russell”, was originally published Online First without open access. After publication in volume [117], issue [11], page.

Heart rate variability and plasma nephrines in the evaluation of heat acclimatisation status

Purpose Heat adaptation (HA) is critical to performance and health in a hot environment. Transition from short-term heat acclimatisation (STHA) to long-term heat acclimatisation (LTHA) is characterised by decreased autonomic disturbance and increased protection from thermal injury. A standard heat tolerance test (HTT) is recommended for validating exercise performance status, but ...

Copeptin reflects physiological strain during thermal stress

Purpose To prevent heat-related illnesses, guidelines recommend limiting core body temperature (T c) ≤ 38 °C during thermal stress. Copeptin, a surrogate for arginine vasopressin secretion, could provide useful information about fluid balance, thermal strain and health risks. It was hypothesised that plasma copeptin would rise with dehydration from occupational heat stress, ...

Classical experiments in whole-body metabolism: open-circuit respirometry—diluted flow chamber, hood, or facemask systems

For over two centuries, scientists have measured gas exchange in animals and humans and linked this to energy expenditure of the body. The aim of this review is to provide a comprehensive overview of open-circuit diluted flow indirect calorimetry and to help researchers to make the optimal choice for a certain system and its application. A historical perspective shows that ‘open ...

Glutamine supplementation reduces markers of intestinal permeability during running in the heat in a dose-dependent manner

Purpose To examine the dose–response effects of acute glutamine supplementation on markers of gastrointestinal (GI) permeability, damage and, secondary, subjective symptoms of GI discomfort in response to running in the heat. Methods Ten recreationally active males completed a total of four exercise trials; a placebo trial and three glutamine trials at 0.25, 0.5 and 0.9 g kg−1 of ...

Exercise and gastrointestinal symptoms: running-induced changes in intestinal permeability and markers of gastrointestinal function in asymptomatic and symptomatic runners

Purpose Athletes frequently experience gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms during training and competition. Although the prevalence of exercise-induced GI symptoms is high, the mechanisms leading to GI distress during exercise are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to identify running-induced changes in intestinal permeability and markers of GI function and investigate ...

Effects of self-paced interval and continuous training on health markers in women

Purpose To compare the effects of self-paced high-intensity interval and continuous cycle training on health markers in premenopausal women. Methods Forty-five inactive females were randomised to a high-intensity interval training (HIIT; n = 15), continuous training (CT; n = 15) or an inactive control (CON; n = 15) group. HIIT performed 5 × 5 min sets comprising repetitions of 30-s ...

Changes in acid–base and ion balance during exercise in normoxia and normobaric hypoxia

Purpose Both exercise and hypoxia cause complex changes in acid–base homeostasis. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether during intense physical exercise in normoxia and hypoxia, the modified physicochemical approach offers a better understanding of the changes in acid–base homeostasis than the traditional Henderson–Hasselbalch approach. Methods In this ...

Effect of prolonged vibration to synergistic and antagonistic muscles on the rectus femoris activation during multi-joint exercises

Purpose Unique neuromuscular activation of the quadriceps femoris is observed during multi-joint leg extensions: lower activation of the biarticular rectus femoris (RF) than monoarticular vasti muscles. As one of the potential mechanisms for the lower RF activation, Ia afferent-mediated inhibitory connections between synergistic muscles and/or between agonist and antagonist muscles ...

Changes in appetite, energy intake, body composition, and circulating ghrelin constituents during an incremental trekking ascent to high altitude

Purpose Circulating acylated ghrelin concentrations are associated with altitude-induced anorexia in laboratory environments, but have never been measured at terrestrial altitude. This study examined time course changes in appetite, energy intake, body composition, and ghrelin constituents during a high-altitude trek. Methods Twelve participants [age: 28(4) years, BMI 23.0(2.1) kg ...

The effects of traditional, superset, and tri-set resistance training structures on perceived intensity and physiological responses

Purpose Investigate the acute and short-term (i.e., 24 h) effects of traditional (TRAD), superset (SS), and tri-set (TRI) resistance training protocols on perceptions of intensity and physiological responses. Methods Fourteen male participants completed a familiarisation session and three resistance training protocols (i.e., TRAD, SS, and TRI) in a randomised-crossover design. ...

Power output and fatigue properties using spatially distributed sequential stimulation in a dynamic knee extension task

Purpose The low power output and fatigue resistance during functional electrical stimulation (FES) limits its use for functional applications. The aim of this study was to compare the power output and fatigue properties of spatially distributed sequential stimulation (SDSS) against conventional single electrode stimulation (SES) in an isokinetic knee extension task simulating knee ...

T-regulatory cells exhibit a biphasic response to prolonged endurance exercise in humans

Purpose T-regulatory cells (Tregs) are a sub-population of lymphocytes that act to suppress aberrant immune responses. We investigated changes in the numbers of naïve and terminally differentiated Tregs in the peripheral blood to establish their role in the immuno-suppressive response to prolonged exercise. Methods Blood was drawn from seventeen experienced runners (age 40 ± 12 ...