European Journal of Applied Physiology

http://link.springer.com/journal/421

List of Papers (Total 286)

T-regulatory cells exhibit a biphasic response to prolonged endurance exercise in humans

Purpose T-regulatory cells (Tregs) are a sub-population of lymphocytes that act to suppress aberrant immune responses. We investigated changes in the numbers of naïve and terminally differentiated Tregs in the peripheral blood to establish their role in the immuno-suppressive response to prolonged exercise. Methods Blood was drawn from seventeen experienced runners (age 40 ± 12 ...

Acute effects of constant torque and constant angle stretching on the muscle and tendon tissue properties

Purpose Static stretching induces acute structural changes of the muscle–tendon unit (MTU) that are related to the intensity or duration of stretching. It has been reported that stretching with a constant torque (CT) leads to greater joint range of motion changes than stretching with a constant angle (CA). Whether or not this difference is due to different structural changes of the ...

The effects of strength training versus ski-ergometer training on double-poling capacity of elite junior cross-country skiers

Purpose To compare the effects of strength training versus ski-ergometer training on double-poling gross efficiency (GE), maximal speed (V max), peak oxygen uptake (\(\dot{V}{\text{O}}_{{ 2 {\text{peak}}}}\)) for elite male and female junior cross-country skiers. Methods Thirty-three elite junior cross-country skiers completed a 6-week training-intervention period with two ...

β-alanine supplementation improves in-vivo fresh and fatigued skeletal muscle relaxation speed

Purpose In fresh muscle, supplementation with the rate-limiting precursor of carnosine, β-alanine (BA), results in a decline in muscle half-relaxation time (HRT) potentially via alterations to calcium (Ca2+) handling. Accumulation of hydrogen cation (H+) has been shown to impact Ca2+ signalling during muscular contraction, carnosine has the potential to serve as a cytoplasmic ...

The assessment of neuromuscular fatigue during 120 min of simulated soccer exercise

Purpose This investigation examined the development of neuromuscular fatigue during a simulated soccer match incorporating a period of extra time (ET) and the reliability of these responses on repeated test occasions. Methods Ten male amateur football players completed a 120 min soccer match simulation (SMS). Before, at half time (HT), full time (FT), and following a period of ET, ...