Abstract We present a complete description of top quark pair production in association with a hard photon in the dilepton channel. Our calculation is accurate to NLO in QCD. It is based on matrix elements for \( {e}^{+}{\nu}_e{\mu}^{-}{\overline{\nu}}_{\mu }b\overline{b}\upgamma \) production and includes all resonant and non-resonant diagrams, interferences, and off-shell...

Abstract On any asymptotically-flat spacetime, we show that the asymptotic symmetries and charges of Maxwell fields on past null infinity can be related to those on future null infinity as recently proposed by Strominger. We extend the covariant formalism of Ashtekar and Hansen by constructing a 3-manifold of both null and spatial directions of approach to spatial infinity. This...

Abstract In this paper we provide a combined explanation of charged- and neutral-current B-physics anomalies assuming the presence of a light sterile neutrino NR which contributes to the B → D(*)τν processes. We focus in particular on two simplified models, where the mediator of the flavour anomalies is either a vector leptoquark U 1 μ ∼ (3, 1, 2/3) or a scalar leptoquark S1...

Abstract We propose a non-perturbative definition for refined topological strings. This can be used to compute the partition function of superconformal theories in 5 dimensions on squashed S5 and the superconformal index of a large number of 6 dimensional (2, 0) and (1, 0) theories, including that of N coincident M5 branes. The result can be expressed as an integral over the...

Abstract We examine the circuit complexity of coherent states in a free scalar field theory, applying Nielsen’s geometric approach as in [1]. The complexity of the coherent states have the same UV divergences as the vacuum state complexity and so we consider the finite increase of the complexity of these states over the vacuum state. One observation is that generally, the optimal...

Abstract At the LHC, top quarks can be produced singly with a sizeable rate via electroweak interactions. This process probes a limited set of top-quark electroweak couplings, i.e., the same entering the top-quark decay, yet at higher scales and with a different sensitivity. Requiring the production of a Z or H boson in association with single-top significantly extends the...

Abstract We study the finite size effect of rigidly rotating and spinning folded strings in (AdS3 × S3)ϰ background. We calculate the leading order exponential corrections to the infinite size dispersion relation of the giant magnon, and single spike solutions. For the spinning folded strings we write the finite size effect in terms of the known Lambert W -function.

Abstract We construct a Schwinger-Keldysh effective field theory for relativistic hydrodynamics for charged matter in a thermal background using a superspace formalism. Superspace allows us to efficiently impose the symmetries of the problem and to obtain a simple expression for the effective action. We show that the theory we obtain is compatible with the Kubo-Martin-Schwinger...

Abstract We define Radon transform and its inverse on the two-dimensional anti-de Sitter space over local fields using a novel construction through a quadratic equation over the local field. We show that the holographic bulk reconstruction of quantum fields in this space can be formulated as the inverse Radon transform, generalizing the case over the reals, studied earlier.

Abstract We introduce superdensity operators as a tool for analyzing quantum information in spacetime. Superdensity operators encode spacetime correlation functions in an operator framework, and support a natural generalization of Hilbert space techniques and Dirac’s transformation theory as traditionally applied to standard density operators. Superdensity operators can be...

Abstract One of the hallmarks of 6D superconformal field theories (SCFTs) is that on a partial tensor branch, all known theories resemble quiver gauge theories with links comprised of 6D conformal matter, a generalization of weakly coupled hypermultiplets. In this paper we construct 4D quiverlike gauge theories in which the links are obtained from compactifications of 6D...

Abstract String and M-theory contain a family of branes forming U -duality multiplets. In particular, standard branes with codimension higher than or equal to two, can be explicitly found as supergravity solutions. However, whether domain-wall branes and space-filling branes can be found as supergravity solutions is still unclear. In this paper, we firstly provide a full list of...

Abstract We present a calculation of the NLO QCD corrections to Higgs boson pair production within the framework of a non-linearly realised Effective Field Theory in the Higgs sector, described by the electroweak chiral Lagrangian. We analyse how the NLO corrections affect distributions in the Higgs boson pair invariant mass and the transverse momentum of one of the Higgs bosons...

Abstract We elaborate on the low-energy effective action of 6D, \( \mathcal{N}=\left(1,1\right) \) supersymmetric Yang-Mills (SYM) theory in the \( \mathcal{N}=\left(1,0\right) \) harmonic superspace formulation. The theory is described in terms of analytic \( \mathcal{N}=\left(1,0\right) \) gauge superfield V ++ and analytic ω-hypermultiplet, both in the adjoint representation...

Abstract We formulate some first fundamental elements of an approach for assessing the logarithmic accuracy of parton-shower algorithms based on two broad criteria: their ability to reproduce the singularity structure of multi-parton matrix elements, and their ability to reproduce logarithmic resummation results. We illustrate our approach by considering properties of two...

Abstract The combined analysis of νμ disappearance and νe appearance data of NOνA experiment leads to three nearly degenerate solutions. This degeneracy can be understood in terms of deviations in νe appearance signal, caused by unknown effects, with respect to the signal expected for a reference set of oscillations parameters. We define the reference set to be vacuum...

Abstract Using 1.63 fb−1 of integrated luminosity collected by the KLOE experiment about 7 × 104 KS → π±e∓ν decays have been reconstructed. The measured value of the charge asymmetry for this decay is AS = (−4.9 ± 5.7stat ± 2.6syst) × 10−3, which is almost twice more precise than the previous KLOE result. The combination of these two measurements gives AS = (−3.8 ± 5.0stat ± 2...

Abstract We consider the vacuum expectation values of 1/2-BPS circular Wilson loops in \( \mathcal{N}=4 \) super Yang-Mills theory in the totally antisymmetric representation of the gauge group U(N) or SU(N). Localization and matrix model techniques provide exact, but rather formal, expressions for these expectation values. In this paper we show how to extract the leading and sub...

Abstract The geometry of the \( \mathcal{N}=3 \), SO(4)-invariant, AdS4 solution of massive type IIA supergravity that uplifts from the \( \mathcal{N}=3 \) vacuum of D = 4 \( \mathcal{N}=8 \) dyonic ISO(7) supergravity is investigated. Firstly, a D = 4, SO(4)-invariant restricted duality hierarchy is constructed and used to uplift the entire, dynamical SO(4)-invariant sector to...

Abstract Based on the work of Gao-Jafferis-Wall and Maldacena-Stanford-Yang, we observe that the time-shifted thermofield states of two entangled CFTs can be made traversable by an appropriate coupling of the two CFTs, or alternatively by the application of a modified quantum teleportation protocol. This provides evidence for the smoothness of the horizon for a large class of...

Abstract Every four-dimensional \( \mathcal{N}=2 \) superconformal field theory comes equipped with an intricate algebraic invariant, the associated vertex operator algebra. The relationships between this invariant and more conventional protected quantities in the same theories have yet to be completely understood. In this work, we aim to characterize the connection between the...

Abstract The main focus of this work is to study magnetic soft charges of the four dimensional Maxwell theory. Imposing appropriate asymptotic falloff conditions, we compute the electric and magnetic soft charges and their algebra both at spatial and at null infinity. While the commutator of two electric or two magnetic soft charges vanish, the electric and magnetic soft charges...

Abstract The Wilsonian renormalization group (RG) requires Euclidean signature. The conformal factor of the metric then has a wrong-sign kinetic term, which has a profound effect on its RG properties. Generically for the conformal sector, complete flows exist only in the reverse direction (i.e. from the infrared to the ultraviolet). The Gaussian fixed point supports infinite...

Abstract We present a generalization of the symbol calculus from ordinary multiple polylogarithms to their elliptic counterparts. Our formalism is based on a special case of a coaction on large classes of periods that is applied in particular to elliptic polylogarithms and iterated integrals of modular forms. We illustrate how to use our formalism to derive relations among...