We compute one-loop amplitudes in six-dimensional Yang-Mills theory with half-maximal supersymmetry from first principles: imposing gauge invariance and locality on an ansatz made from string-theory inspired kinematic building blocks yields unique expressions for the 3- and 4-point amplitudes. We check that the results are reproduced in the field-theory limit α ′ → 0 of string ...

We compute the parity violating three point amplitudes with one scalar leg in higher spin gravity and compare results with those of Chern-Simons matter theories. The three-point correlators of the free boson, free fermion, critical vector model and Gross-Neveu model are reproduced including the dependence on the Chern-Simons coupling. We also perform a simple test of the modified ...

The production of a Z boson and a photon in association with a high-mass dijet system is studied using 20.2 fb−1 of proton-proton collision data at a centre-of-mass energy of \( \sqrt{s}=8 \) TeV recorded with the ATLAS detector in 2012 at the Large Hadron Collider. Final states with a photon and a Z boson decaying into a pair of either electrons, muons, or neutrinos are analysed. ...

In this paper we consider ϕ 4 theory in 4 − ϵ dimensions at the Wilson-Fisher fixed point where the theory becomes conformal. We extend the method in [1] for calculating the leading order term in the anomalous dimensions of some operators with spin. This method involves mostly symmetry arguments and reduces the process for calculating anomalous dimensions to some Wick contractions ...

We observe that the string field theory actions for the topological sigma models describe higher or categorified Chern-Simons theories. These theories yield dynamical equations for connective structures on higher principal bundles. As a special case, we consider holomorphic higher Chern-Simons theory on the ambitwistor space of four-dimensional space-time. In particular, we propose ...

A particular two-parameter class of little string theories can be described by M parallel M5-branes probing a transverse affine A N − 1 singularity. We previously discussed the duality between the theories labelled by (N, M) and (M, N). In this work, we propose that these two are in fact only part of a larger web of dual theories. We provide evidence that the theories labelled by ...

The ADHM construction is a very strong scheme to construct the instantons in four dimensions. We study an ADHM construction of instantons in 4n (n ≥ 2) dimensions by generalizing this scheme. The higher-dimensional ADHM construction generates the 4n-dimensional (anti-)self-dual instantons which satisfy the (anti-)self-dual equation in 4n dimensions: F (n) = ± ∗4n F (n). Here F (n) ...

In this work we find the minimal extension of the Standard Model’s Higgs sector which can lead to a light Higgs boson via radiative symmetry breaking and is consistent with the phenomenological requirements for a low-energy realization of a conformal theory. The model which turns out to be stable under renormalization group translations is an extension of the Standard Model by two ...

We propose a Pati-Salam extension of the standard model incorporating a flavor symmetry based on the Δ (27) group. The theory realizes a realistic Froggatt-Nielsen picture of quark mixing and a predictive pattern of neutrino oscillations. We find that, for normal neutrino mass ordering, the atmospheric angle must lie in the higher octant, CP must be violated in oscillations, and ...

We study different aspects of quantum entanglement and its measures, including entanglement entropy in the vacuum state of a certain Lifshitz free scalar theory. We present simple intuitive arguments based on “non-local” effects of this theory that the scaling of entanglement entropy depends on the dynamical exponent as a characteristic parameter of the theory. The scaling is such ...

We show that \( \mathfrak{s}\mathfrak{u}(2) \) Lie algebras of coordinate operators related to quantum spaces with \( \mathfrak{s}\mathfrak{u}(2) \) noncommutativity can be conveniently represented by SO(3)-covariant poly-differential involutive representations. We show that the quantized plane waves ob-tained from the quantization map action on the usual exponential functions are ...

We investigate the relation between 4d ambitwistor string theory and on-shell diagrams for planar \( \mathcal{N}=4 \) super-Yang-Mills and \( \mathcal{N}=8 \) supergravity, and deduce several new results about their scattering amplitudes at tree-level and 1-loop. In particular, we derive new Grassmannian integral formulae for tree-level amplitudes and obtain new world-sheet ...

We derive spectral sum rules in the shear channel for conformal field theories at finite temperature in general d ≥ 3 dimensions. The sum rules result from the OPE of the stress tensor at high frequency as well as the hydrodynamic behaviour of the theory at low frequencies. The sum rule states that a weighted integral of the spectral density over frequencies is proportional to the ...

A b-ghost was constructed for the D = 11 non-minimal pure spinor superparticle by requiring that {Q, b} = T where \( Q={\Lambda}^{\alpha }{D}_{\alpha }+{R}^{\alpha }{\overline{W}}_{\alpha } \) is the usual non-minimal pure spinor BRST operator. As was done for the D = 10 b-ghost, we will show that the D = 11 b-ghost can be simplified by introducing an SO(10, 1) fermionic vector \( ...

A compressed spectrum is an anticipated hideout for many beyond standard model scenarios. Such a spectrum naturally arises in the minimal universal extra dimension framework and also in supersymmetric scenarios. Low p T leptons and jets are characteristic features of such situations. Hence, a monojet with has been the conventional signal at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). However, ...

The observed burst duration and energies of the neutrinos from Supernova 1987A strongly limit the possibility of any weakly-interacting light particle species being produced in the proto-neutron star (PNS) core and leading to efficient energy loss. We reexamine this constraint on Weinberg’s Higgs portal model, in which the dark radiation particles (the Goldstone bosons) and the ...

Motivated by physical constructions of homological knot invariants, we study their analogs for closed 3-manifolds. We show that fivebrane compactifications provide a universal description of various old and new homological invariants of 3-manifolds. In terms of 3d/3d correspondence, such invariants are given by the Q-cohomology of the Hilbert space of partially topologically ...

We show that the “geometric models of matter” approach proposed by the first author can be used to construct models of anyon quasiparticles with fractional quantum numbers, using 4-dimensional edge-cone orbifold geometries with orbifold singularities along embedded 2-dimensional surfaces. The anyon states arise through the braid representation of surface braids wrapped around the ...

If no new physics signals are found, in the coming years, at the Large Hadron Collider Run-2, an increase in precision of the Higgs couplings measurements will shift the discussion to the effects of higher order corrections. In Beyond the Standard Model (BSM) theories this may become the only tool to probe new physics. Extensions of the Standard Model (SM) with several scalar ...

We derive the leading g s perturbation of the SUGRA fields generated by a supersymmetric configuration of respectively 1, 2 or 4 D3-branes intersecting at an arbitrary angle via the computation of the string theory disk scattering amplitude of one massless NSNS field interacting with open strings stretched between the branes. The configuration with four branes is expected to be ...

We point out that there is a simple variant of the SYK model, which we call cSYK, that is SL(2, \( \mathrm{\mathbb{R}} \)) invariant for all values of the coupling. The modification consists of replacing the UV part of the SYK action with a quadratic bilocal term. The corresponding bulk dual is a non-gravitational theory in a rigid AdS2 background. At weak coupling cSYK is a ...

In this paper, we consider two four-dimensional Horndeski-type gravity theories with scalar fields that give rise to solutions with momentum dissipation in the dual boundary theories. Firstly, we study Einstein-Maxwell theory with a Horndeski axion term and two additional free axions which are responsible for momentum dissipation. We construct static electrically charged AdS planar ...

We study the effect of inhomogeneity, which is induced by the graviton mass in massive gravity, on the mutual information and the chaotic behavior of a 2+1-dimensional field theory from the gauge/gravity duality. When the system is near-homogeneous, the mutual information increases as the graviton mass grows. However, when the system is far from homogeneity, the mutual information ...

Results for the antinucleon-nucleon \( \left(\overline{N}\;N\right) \) interaction obtained at next-to-next-to-next-to-leading order in chiral effective field theory (EFT) are reported. A new local regularization scheme is used for the pion-exchange contributions that has been recently suggested and applied in a pertinent study of the N N force within chiral EFT. Furthermore, an ...

Models in which dark matter particles communicate with the visible sector through a pseudoscalar mediator are well-motivated both from a theoretical and from a phenomenological standpoint. With direct detection bounds being typically subleading in such scenarios, the main constraints stem either from collider searches for dark matter, or from indirect detection experiments. ...