If electroweak symmetry breaking arises via strongly-coupled physics, the observed suppression of flavour-changing processes suggests that fermion masses should arise via mixing of elementary fermions with composite fermions of the strong sector. The strong sector then carries colour charge, and may contain composite leptoquark states, arising either as TeV scale resonances, or ...

Measurements of inclusive charged-hadron transverse-momentum and pseudorapidity distributions are presented for proton-proton collisions at \(\sqrt{s} = 0.9 \) and 2.36 TeV. The data were collected with the CMS detector during the LHC commissioning in December 2009. For non-single-diffractive interactions, the average charged-hadron transverse momentum is measured to be 0.46 ± 0.01 ...

The b → ss \( \overline d \) and b → dd \( \overline s \) decays are highly suppressed in the SM, and are thus good probes of new physics (NP) effects. We discuss in detail the structure of the relevant SM effective Hamiltonian pointing out the presence of nonlocal contributions which can be about λ−4(m 2 c /m 2 t ) ∼ 30% of the local operators (λ = 0.21 is the Cabibbo angle). The ...

We apply the techniques of special Kähler geometry to investigate AdS4 vacua of general \( \mathcal{N} \) = 2 gauged supergravities underlying flux compactifications of type II theories. We formulate the scalar potential and its extremization conditions in terms of a triplet of prepotentials \( {\mathcal{P}_x} \) and their special Kähler covariant derivatives only, in a form that ...

We use the holographic dual of a finite-temperature, strongly-coupled, gauge theory with a small number of flavors of massive fundamental quarks to study meson excitations and deep inelastic scattering (DIS) in the low-temperature phase, where the mesons are stable. We show that a high-energy flavor current with nearly light-like kinematics disappears into the plasma by resonantly ...

We present a new geometric approach to the flavour decomposition of an arbitrary soft supersymmetry-breaking sector in the MSSM. Our approach is based on the geometry that results from the quark and lepton Yukawa couplings, and enables us to derive the necessary and sufficient conditions for a linearly-independent basis of matrices related to the completeness of the internal ...

The near horizon limit of the extremal BTZ black hole is a “self-dual orbifold” of AdS3. This geometry has a null circle on its boundary, and thus the dual field theory is a Discrete Light Cone Quantized (DLCQ) two dimensional CFT. The same geometry can be compactified to two dimensions giving AdS2 with a constant electric field. The kinematics of the DLCQ show that in a consistent ...

The sigma model on projective superspaces \( \mathbb{C}{\mathbb{P}^{S - 1\left| S \right.}} \) gives rise to a continuous family of interacting 2D conformal field theories which are parametrized by the curvature radius R and the theta angle θ. Our main goal is to determine the spectrum of the model, non-perturbatively as a function of both parameters. We succeed to do so for all ...

In these notes we consider relation between conformal blocks and the Nekrasov partition function of certain \( \mathcal{N} = 2 \) SYM theories proposed recently by Alday, Gaiotto and Tachikawa. We concentrate on \( \mathcal{N} = {2^*} \) theory, which is the simplest example of AGT relation.

We write the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz for the massive OSp(2|2) Gross Neveu and sigma models. We find evidence that the GN S matrix proposed by Bassi and Leclair [12] is the correct one. We determine features of the sigma model S matrix, which seem highly unconventional; we conjecture in particular a relation between this sigma model and the complex sine-Gordon model at a ...

We improve on a recently constructed graphical representation of the supergravity 7-brane solution and apply this refined representation to re-study the open string description of the A-D-E-singularities in F-theory on K3. A noteworthy feature of the graphical representation is that it provides the complete global branch cut structure of the 7-brane solution which plays an ...

In theories of phyiscs beyond the Standard Model (SM), visible sector fields often carry quantum numbers under additional gauge symmetries. One could then imagine a scenario in which these extra gauge symmetries play a role in transmitting supersymmetry breaking from a hidden sector to the Supersymmetric Standard Model (SSM). In this paper we present a general formalism for ...

We consider loop observables in gauged Wess-Zumino-Witten models, and study the action of renormalization group flows on them. In the WZW model based on a compact Lie group G, we analyze at the classical level how the space of renormalizable defects is reduced upon the imposition of global and affine symmetries. We identify families of loop observables which are invariant with ...

We find new non-supersymmetric solutions of five-dimensional ungauged supergravity coupled to two vector multiplets. The solutions are regular, horizonless and have the same asymptotic charges as non-extremal charged black holes. An essential ingredient in our construction is a four-dimensional Euclidean base which is a solution to Einstein-Maxwell equations. We construct ...

This paper studies F-theory SU(5) GUT models where the three generations of the standard model come from three different curves. All the matter is taken to come from curves intersecting at a point of enhanced E 8 gauge symmetry. Giving a vev to some of the GUT singlets naturally implements a Froggatt-Nielsen approach to flavour structure. A scan is performed over all possible ...

Recently, a duality between Liouville theory and four dimensional \( \mathcal{N} = 2 \) gauge theory has been uncovered by some of the authors. We consider the role of extended objects in gauge theory, surface operators and line operators, under this correspondence. We map such objects to specific operators in Liouville theory. We employ this connection to compute the expectation ...

Recently Kazakov, Vieira and the author conjectured the Y-system set of equations describing the planar spectrum of AdS/CFT. In this paper we solve the Y-system equations in the strong coupling scaling limit. We show that the quasi-classical spectrum of string moving inside AdS 3 × S 1 matches precisely with the prediction of the Y-system. Thus the Y-system, unlike the asymptotic ...

A combination is presented of the inclusive deep inelastic cross sections measured by the H1 and ZEUS Collaborations in neutral and charged current unpolarised e ± p scattering at HERA during the period 1994-2000. The data span six orders of magnitude in negative four-momentum-transfer squared, Q 2, and in Bjorken x. The combination method used takes the correlations of systematic ...

We study the prospects for detecting a light boson X with mass m X ≾ 100 MeV at a low energy electron-proton collider. We focus on the case where X dominantly decays to e + e − as motivated by recent “dark force” models. In order to evade direct and indirect constraints, X must have small couplings to the standard model (α X ≾ 10−8) and a sufficiently large mass (m X ≳ 10 MeV). By ...

We study aspects of the large-N volume independence on \( {\mathbb{R}^3} \times {L^\Gamma } \), where L Γ is a Γ-site lattice for Yang-Mills theory with adjoint Wilson-fermions. We find the critical number of lattice sites above which the center-symmetry analysis on L Γ agrees with the one on the continuum S 1. For Wilson parameter set to one and Γ≥2, the two analyses agree. ...

We construct the Lax connection of the Green-Schwarz superstring in AdS 5 × S 5 within the Hamiltonian formalism and obtain precisely that used in 0810.4136. It differs in a crucial way from the Bena-Polchinski-Roiban connection by terms proportional to the Hamiltonian constraints. These extra terms ensure firstly that the integrals of motion are all first class and secondly that ...

We have performed a direct calculation of Witten index I in \( \mathcal{N} = 1,2,3 \) supersymmetric Yang-Mills Chern-Simons (SYMCS) 3d theories. We do it in the framework of Born-Oppenheimer (BO) approach by putting the system into a small spatial box and studying the effective Hamiltonian depending on the zero field harmonics. At the tree level, our results coincide with the ...

We propose an electric-magnetic symmetry group in non-abelian gauge theory, which we call the skeleton group. We work in the context of non-abelian unbroken gauge symmetry, and provide evidence for our proposal by relating the representation theory of the skeleton group to the labelling and fusion rules of charge sectors. We show that the labels of electric, magnetic and dyonic ...

We obtain a family of heterotic supergravity backgrounds describing warped non-Kähler conifolds with three-form flux and an Abelian gauge bundle, preserving \( \mathcal{N} \) = 1 supersymmetry in four dimensions. At large distance from the singularity the usual Ricci- at conifold is recovered. By performing a ℤ2 orbifold of the T 1,1 base, the conifold singularity can be blown-up ...

We perform a detailed numerical analysis of inflationary solutions in Kahler moduli of type IIB flux compactifications. We show that there are inflationary solutions even when all the fields play an important role in the overall shape of the scalar potential. Moreover, there exists a direction of attraction for the inflationary trajectories that correspond to the constant volume ...