Initial state radiation, multiple interactions, and event pileup can contaminate jets and degrade event reconstruction. Here we introduce a procedure, jet trimming, designed to mitigate these sources of contamination in jets initiated by light partons. This procedure is complimentary to existing methods developed for boosted heavy particles. We find that jet trimming can achieve...

We report on further progress in understanding soft singularities of massless gauge theory scattering amplitudes. Recently, a set of equations was derived based on Sudakov factorization, constraining the soft anomalous dimension matrix of multi-leg scattering amplitudes to any loop order, and relating it to the cusp anomalous dimension. The minimal solution to these equations was...

We present a systematic analysis of the \( \mathcal{N} = 8 \) superspace constraints in three space-time dimensions. The general coupling between vector and scalar supermultiplets is encoded in an SO(8) tensor W AB which is a function of the matter fields and subject to a set of algebraic and super-differential relations. We show how the conformal BLG model as well as three...

Tachyonic 5d scalars are generically present in Randall-Sundrum-like models. In particular, they are known to be part of the 5d effective description of the Klebanov-Strassler throat. When moving from the IR to the UV region, the 5d bulk profile of Kaluza-Klein excitations of tachyons decays more slowly than that of massless scalars or the graviton. As a result, tachyons in many...

We determine, in two independent ways, the number of BPS quantum states arising from supergravity degrees of freedom in a system with fixed total D4D0 charge. First, we count states generated by quantizing the spacetime degrees of freedom of “entropyless” multicentered solutions consisting of \( \overline {\text{D0}} \)-branes bound to a D6\( \overline {\text{D6}} \) pair. Second...

We propose a correspondence between loop operators in a family of four dimensional \( \mathcal{N} \) = 2 gauge theories on S 4 — including Wilson, ‘t Hooft and dyonic operators — and Liouville theory loop operators on a Riemann surface. This extends the beautiful relation between the partition function of these \( \mathcal{N} \) = 2 gauge theories and Liouville correlators found...

We examine the prospects for testing SO(10) Yukawa-unified supersymmetric models during the first year of LHC running at \( \sqrt s = 7\,{\text{TeV}} \), assuming integrated luminosity values of ∼0.1-1 fb−1. We consider two cases: the Higgs splitting (HS) and the D-term splitting (DR3) models. Each generically predicts light gluinos and heavy squarks, with an inverted scalar mass...

A comprehensive analysis is presented based exclusively on near-horizon data to determine the attractor equations and the entropy of BPS black holes and rings in five space-time dimensions, for a Lagrangian invariant under eight supersymmetries with higher-derivative couplings. For spinning black holes the results only partially agree with the results of previous work, where...

Topological interactions will be generated in theories with compact extra dimensions where fermionic chiral zero modes have different localizations. This is the case in many warped extra dimension models where the right-handed top quark is typically localized away from the left-handed one. Using deconstruction techniques, we study the topological interactions in these models...

If electroweak symmetry breaking arises via strongly-coupled physics, the observed suppression of flavour-changing processes suggests that fermion masses should arise via mixing of elementary fermions with composite fermions of the strong sector. The strong sector then carries colour charge, and may contain composite leptoquark states, arising either as TeV scale resonances, or...

Measurements of inclusive charged-hadron transverse-momentum and pseudorapidity distributions are presented for proton-proton collisions at \(\sqrt{s} = 0.9 \) and 2.36 TeV. The data were collected with the CMS detector during the LHC commissioning in December 2009. For non-single-diffractive interactions, the average charged-hadron transverse momentum is measured to be 0.46 ± 0...

The b → ss \( \overline d \) and b → dd \( \overline s \) decays are highly suppressed in the SM, and are thus good probes of new physics (NP) effects. We discuss in detail the structure of the relevant SM effective Hamiltonian pointing out the presence of nonlocal contributions which can be about λ−4(m 2 c /m 2 t ) ∼ 30% of the local operators (λ = 0.21 is the Cabibbo angle...

We apply the techniques of special Kähler geometry to investigate AdS4 vacua of general \( \mathcal{N} \) = 2 gauged supergravities underlying flux compactifications of type II theories. We formulate the scalar potential and its extremization conditions in terms of a triplet of prepotentials \( {\mathcal{P}_x} \) and their special Kähler covariant derivatives only, in a form that...

We use the holographic dual of a finite-temperature, strongly-coupled, gauge theory with a small number of flavors of massive fundamental quarks to study meson excitations and deep inelastic scattering (DIS) in the low-temperature phase, where the mesons are stable. We show that a high-energy flavor current with nearly light-like kinematics disappears into the plasma by...

We present a new geometric approach to the flavour decomposition of an arbitrary soft supersymmetry-breaking sector in the MSSM. Our approach is based on the geometry that results from the quark and lepton Yukawa couplings, and enables us to derive the necessary and sufficient conditions for a linearly-independent basis of matrices related to the completeness of the internal [SU...

The near horizon limit of the extremal BTZ black hole is a “self-dual orbifold” of AdS3. This geometry has a null circle on its boundary, and thus the dual field theory is a Discrete Light Cone Quantized (DLCQ) two dimensional CFT. The same geometry can be compactified to two dimensions giving AdS2 with a constant electric field. The kinematics of the DLCQ show that in a...

The sigma model on projective superspaces \( \mathbb{C}{\mathbb{P}^{S - 1\left| S \right.}} \) gives rise to a continuous family of interacting 2D conformal field theories which are parametrized by the curvature radius R and the theta angle θ. Our main goal is to determine the spectrum of the model, non-perturbatively as a function of both parameters. We succeed to do so for all...

In these notes we consider relation between conformal blocks and the Nekrasov partition function of certain \( \mathcal{N} = 2 \) SYM theories proposed recently by Alday, Gaiotto and Tachikawa. We concentrate on \( \mathcal{N} = {2^*} \) theory, which is the simplest example of AGT relation.

We write the thermodynamic Bethe ansatz for the massive OSp(2|2) Gross Neveu and sigma models. We find evidence that the GN S matrix proposed by Bassi and Leclair [12] is the correct one. We determine features of the sigma model S matrix, which seem highly unconventional; we conjecture in particular a relation between this sigma model and the complex sine-Gordon model at a...

We improve on a recently constructed graphical representation of the supergravity 7-brane solution and apply this refined representation to re-study the open string description of the A-D-E-singularities in F-theory on K3. A noteworthy feature of the graphical representation is that it provides the complete global branch cut structure of the 7-brane solution which plays an...

In theories of phyiscs beyond the Standard Model (SM), visible sector fields often carry quantum numbers under additional gauge symmetries. One could then imagine a scenario in which these extra gauge symmetries play a role in transmitting supersymmetry breaking from a hidden sector to the Supersymmetric Standard Model (SSM). In this paper we present a general formalism for...

We consider loop observables in gauged Wess-Zumino-Witten models, and study the action of renormalization group flows on them. In the WZW model based on a compact Lie group G, we analyze at the classical level how the space of renormalizable defects is reduced upon the imposition of global and affine symmetries. We identify families of loop observables which are invariant with...

A combination is presented of the inclusive deep inelastic cross sections measured by the H1 and ZEUS Collaborations in neutral and charged current unpolarised e ± p scattering at HERA during the period 1994-2000. The data span six orders of magnitude in negative four-momentum-transfer squared, Q 2, and in Bjorken x. The combination method used takes the correlations of...

We study aspects of the large-N volume independence on \( {\mathbb{R}^3} \times {L^\Gamma } \), where L Γ is a Γ-site lattice for Yang-Mills theory with adjoint Wilson-fermions. We find the critical number of lattice sites above which the center-symmetry analysis on L Γ agrees with the one on the continuum S 1. For Wilson parameter set to one and Γ≥2, the two analyses agree. One...

Dimensional reduction along time offers a powerful way to study stationary solutions of 4D symmetric supergravity models via group-theoretical methods. We apply this approach systematically to extremal, BPS and non-BPS, spherically symmetric black holes, and obtain their “fake superpotential” W. The latter provides first order equations for the radial problem, governs the mass...