Pathology & Oncology Research

http://link.springer.com/journal/12253

List of Papers (Total 73)

Association between Polymorphisms of X-Ray Repair Cross Complementing Group 1 Gene and Pancreatic Cancer Risk: a Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis

Emerging evidences have shown that common genetic polymorphisms in X-ray repair cross complementing group 1 (XRCC1) gene may be associated with the development of pancreatic cancer, but individually published studies and previous meta-analyses revealed inconclusive results. The aim of our study was to investigate the association between polymorphisms in XRCC1 gene and pancreatic ...

Immunohistochemistry with Anti-BRAF V600E (VE1) Mouse Monoclonal Antibody is a Sensitive Method for Detection of the BRAF V600E Mutation in Colon Cancer: Evaluation of 120 Cases with and without KRAS Mutation and Literature Review

The major aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of anti-BRAF V600E (VE1) antibody in colorectal tumors with and without KRAS mutation. KRAS and BRAF are two major oncogenic drivers of colorectal cancer (CRC) that have been frequently described as mutually exclusive, thus the BRAF V600E mutation is not expected to be present in the cases with KRAS mutation. In addition, ...

Analysis of Undesirable Sequelae of Sentinel Node Surgery in Breast Cancer Patients – a Prospective Cohort Study

Use of sentinel lymph node biopsy limits the frequency and severity of sequelae of surgical treatment. However, the procedure itself may not be completely free of complications. The goal of this work was to analyze prospectively the occurrence of undesirable sequelae in patients undergoing sentinel lymph node biopsy as an isolated intervention in the axillary fossa. This ...

Molecular Signature of Tumors with Monoallelic 13q14 Deletion: a Case Series of Spindle Cell Lipoma and Genetically-Related Tumors Demonstrating a Link Between FOXO1 Status and p38 MAPK Pathway

Spindle cell/pleomorphic lipomas (SCLs), cellular angiofibromas (CAFs) and mammary-type myofibroblastomas (MFBs) are rare benign mesenchymal tumors with monoallelic 13q14 deletion. They are predicted to have a common pathogenic mechanism due to shared similar histological and immunohistochemical features; however, pathological consequences of monoallelic 13q14 deletion remain ...

High- and low-Molecular Weight oat Beta-Glucan Reveals Antitumor Activity in Human Epithelial Lung Cancer

Beta-glucans are widely used in treatment, cosmetics, and the food industry. Glucans play a significant role in activation of the immune and antioxidant system and inhibiting tumor proliferation. In the current study the antitumor activities of new high and low molecular weight beta-glucan derived from oats were investigated in two human lung cancer cell line (A549, H69AR) and ...

Influence of CYP2C19 Genotypes on the Occurrence of Adverse Drug Reactions of Voriconazole among Hematological Patients after Allo-HSCT

The aim of this study was to determine the influence of different CYP2C19 genotypes on selected liver function parameters, and ADR occurrence during VCZ prophylaxis in adult patients after allo-HSCT (allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation). CYP2C19 mutations were determined in a cohort of 30 adults using PCR-RFLP methods established by Sim et al. and Goldstein and ...

Immunohistochemical Analysis of Foxp3+, CD4+, CD8+ Cell Infiltrates and PD-L1 in Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma

The immunoexpression of the PD-L1 and the number of immune infiltrating cells have been shown to be a significant prognostic factors in various human cancers. Immunohistochemical method was used to examine the immunoexpression of PD-L1 and number of Foxp3+, CD4+, CD8+ cells in 78 cases of oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCCs): with better prognosis - OSCCBP (n = 37), and with ...

Long-Term Outcome of Autologous Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (AHSCT) for Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)- Single Center Retrospective Analysis

For patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in complete remission without an acceptable HLA donor, the autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) may remain a therapeutic option as remission consolidation, however its role is still a subject of continued debate. One hundred and twenty patients who underwent AHSCT for AML were included in this retrospective single ...

The 116G > A MSH6 and IVS1-1121C > T PMS2 Genes Polymorphisms Modulate the Risk of the Sporadic Colorectal Cancer Development in Polish Population

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide. DNA mismatch repair (MMR) is an evolutionarily conserved process that corrects mismatches generated during DNA replication. MMR defects were found to be associated with hereditary non-polyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC) and a subset of sporadic colon cancers. The inheritance of common variations in MMR genes may ...

Polymorphism of Promoter Region of TNFRSF1A Gene (−610 T > G) as a Novel Predictive Factor for Radiotherapy Induced Oral Mucositis in HNC Patients

Every year, about 650 thousand new cases of Head and Neck Cancer (HNC) are diagnosed globally. Apart from surgery, radiotherapy (RTH), chemotherapy (CHT) or its combination is used in the treatment of HNC. One of the most frequent complications and, at the same time, limitations of RTH is oral mucositis (OM). Proinflammatory cytokines (including TNF-α) play a key role in the ...

Is the Genetic Background of Co-Stimulatory CD28/CTLA-4 Pathway the Risk Factor for Prostate Cancer?

The impairment of immunological surveillance caused by aberrant T cell activation can lead to an inadequate anti-tumor response. Therefore, deregulation in co-stimulatory pathway might be associated with cancer susceptibility. Here we undertook a prospective study to investigate whether genetic variations in gene encoding molecule CD28 and CTLA-4 playing pivotal role in regulating ...

Detection of KRAS Mutations in Plasma DNA Using a fully Automated Rapid Detection System in Colorectal Cancer Patients

KRAS mutations have been recognized as predictive markers of primary resistance to anti-EGFR-antibodies in colorectal cancer patients. In addition, newly detected KRAS mutations have been reported to be related with acquired resistance to chemotherapy containing anti-EGFR antibody. Considering this evidence, monitoring of KRAS mutations is indispensable for making treatment ...

Polymorphisms of Genes Encoding Multidrug Resistance Proteins as a Predictive Factor for Second-Line Docetaxel Therapy in Advanced Non-small Cell Lung Cancer

Multidrug resistance (MDR) remains a substantial problem in chemotherapy. The purpose of the study was to investigate potential factors, including MDR genes polymorphisms, that could be used in qualification for second-line docetaxel therapy in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients after failure of platinum based chemotherapy. Study group comprised of 58 Caucasian subjects. ...

Molecular Profiling of Thymoma and Thymic Carcinoma: Genetic Differences and Potential Novel Therapeutic Targets

Thymoma and thymic carcinoma are thymic epithelial tumors (TETs). We performed a molecular profiling to investigate the pathogenesis of TETs and identify novel targets for therapy. We analyzed 37 thymomas (18 type A, 19 type B3) and 35 thymic carcinomas. The sequencing of 50 genes detected nonsynonymous mutations in 16 carcinomas affecting ALK, ATM, CDKN2A, ERBB4, FGFR3, KIT, NRAS ...

Prognostic Value of microRNA-9 in Various Cancers: a Meta-analysis

Recently, there are more and more evidences from studies have revealed the association between microRNA-9 (miR-9) expression and outcome in multiple cancers, but inconsistent results have also been reported. It is necessary to rationalize a meta analysis of all available data to clarify the prognostic role of miR-9. Eligible studies were selected through multiple search strategies ...

Region Specific Differences of Claudin-5 Expression in Pediatric Intracranial Ependymomas: Potential Prognostic Role in Supratentorial Cases

Ependymomas are common pediatric brain tumors that originate from the ependyma and characterized by poor prognosis due to frequent recurrence. However, the current WHO grading system fails to accurately predict outcome. In a retrospective study, we analyzed 54 intracranial pediatric ependymomas and found a significantly higher overall survival in supratentorial cases when compared ...

Genetic Polymorphism of SUMO-Specific Cysteine Proteases − SENP1 and SENP2 in Breast Cancer

SENP proteases take part in post-translational modification of proteins known as sumoylation. They catalyze three distinct processes during sumoylation: processing of SUMO protein, deconjugation of SUMO from the target protein, and chain editing which mentions to the dismantling of SUMO chain. Many proteins that are involved in the basic processes of cells, such as regulation of ...

L1CAM Expression is Related to Non-Endometrioid Histology, and Prognostic for Poor Outcome in Endometrioid Endometrial Carcinoma

The majority of endometrial carcinomas are classified as Type I endometrioid endometrial carcinomas (EECs) and have a good prognosis. Type II non-endometrioid endometrial carcinomas (NEECs) have a significant worse outcome. Yet, 20 % of the EECs are associated with an unexplained poor outcome. The aim of this study was to determine if L1CAM expression, a recently reported biomarker ...

E2F1/TS Immunophenotype and Survival of Patients with Colorectal Cancer Treated with 5FU-Based Adjuvant Therapy

The predictive value of thymidylate synthase (TS) expression alone for 5FU-based treatment of colorectal cancer (CRC) has not been clinically confirmed. Little is known on the association of expression of E2F1, which controls the transcription of genes encoding proteins engaged in DNA synthesis including TS, and survival of patients with CRC. The purpose of this study is to assess ...