International Nano Letters

http://link.springer.com/journal/40089

List of Papers (Total 222)

Tuned optical transmittance in single-step-derived silica aerogels through pH-controlled microstructure

We have systematically studied the relationship between synthesis pH and morphological and optical properties of silica aerogels. We have determined through SEM and BET that there is a systematic correlation between the pH of the initial silica solution and the surface area, porosity, and pore size of the resulting aerogel. We find that optical transmittance, particularly its ...

Influence of surface nano/ultrafine structure formed via pre-deep rolling process on the plasma nitriding characteristics of the AISI 316L stainless steel

Influence of deep rolling prior to plasma nitriding on microstructure and hardness of the AISI 316L stainless steel was investigated in this paper. Deep rolling using ‘ball-point’ tool was conducted on the 316L stainless steel bar at multiple passes. Then, plasma nitriding was performed on the as-received and deep-rolled kinds at 450 °C temperature for 5 h. Structural ...

Effect of write voltage and frequency on the reliability aspects of memristor-based RRAM

In this paper, we report the effect of the write voltage and frequency on memristor-based resistive random access memory (RRAM). The above-said parameters have been investigated on the linear drift model of the memristor. With a variation of write voltage from 0.2 to 1.2 V and a subsequent frequency modulation from 1, 2, 4, 10, 100 and 200 Hz, the corresponding effects on memory ...

A numerical study of the nanoribbon field-effect transistors under the ballistic and dissipative transport

In this article, a detailed performance comparison is made between ballistic and dissipative quantum transport of metal oxide semicondutor-like graphene nanoribbon field-effect transistor, in ON and OFF-state conditions. By the self-consistent mode-space non-equilibrium Green’s function approach, inter- and intraband scattering is accounted and the role of acoustic and optical ...

A facile method to modify bentonite nanoclay with silane

Immobilization of smectite clay onto a desirable surface has received much attention, since its nanospace can be utilized for many applications in material science. Here, we present an efficient method to functionalize surface of bentonite nanoclay (BNC) through the grafting of 3-aminotriethoxysilane (APTES). Infrared spectroscopy and elemental analysis confirmed the presence of ...

Synthesis of CeO2-based core/shell nanoparticles with high oxygen storage capacity

Ceria plays a key role in various applications including sensing and catalysis owing to its high oxygen storage capacity (OSC). The aim of this work is to prepare novel MO x /CeO2 (M: Zr, Ti, Cu) metal oxide systems with core/shell structures using a facile two-step chemical precipitation method. The synthesized nanoparticles were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), ...

Spectroscopic properties of triangular silver nanoplates immobilized on polyelectrolyte multilayer-modified glass substrates

Fabrication of surface-immobilized silver nanostructures with reproducible plasmonic properties by dip-coating technique is difficult due to shape alteration. To address this challenge, we used a polyelectrolyte multilayer to promote immobilization of as-received triangular silver nanoplates (TSNP) on a glass substrate through electrostatic interaction. The substrate-immobilized ...

Dye-modified ZnO nanohybrids: optical properties of the potential solar cell nanocomposites

We report the hybridization of ZnO with natural dyes [Laali, Zobo] or synthetic dye [methyl red] forming ZnO–laali, ZnO–zobo and ZnO–methyl red nanocomposites in bright colours. The structural, optical and dye photosensitization influence of the hybrid nanocomposites were studied by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM), UV–Visible absorption spectroscopy and ...

Novel synthesis approach for stable sodium superoxide (NaO2) nanoparticles for LPG sensing application

The synthesis of stable superoxide is still great challenge for the researchers working in the field of materials science. Through this letter, we report the novel and simple synthesis approach for the preparation of stable sodium superoxide (NaO2) nanoparticles. NaO2 nanoparticles were prepared by a spray pyrolysis technique, under oxygen rich environment for gas sensing ...

Ultrasonically assisted synthesis of lead oxide nanoflowers using ball milling

The experimental results on the ultrasonically assisted synthesis of lead oxide nanoflowers using ball milling have been reported in the present work. Lead oxide nanoflowers were prepared employing mixed ligands by subjecting the formed precipitate to ultrasonication and grinding/ball milling. The effect of ball milling as well as fine grinding in agate mortar on the microstructure ...

Nanotechnology and nanocarrier-based approaches on treatment of degenerative diseases

Degenerative diseases are results of deterioration of cells and tissues with aging either by unhealthy lifestyle or normal senescence. The degenerative disease likely affects central nervous system and cardiovascular system to a great extent. Certain medications and therapies have emerged for the treatment of degenerative diseases, but in most cases bearing with poor solubility, ...

Synthesis and characterisation of zinc oxide nanoparticles using terpenoid fractions of Andrographis paniculata leaves

Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles have been widely employed for various pharmacological applications. Several approaches were tried to synthesize ZnO nanoparticles. In this study, ZnO nanoparticles were biosynthesized using terpenoid (TAP) fractions isolated from Andrographis paniculata leaves. Subsequently, the ZnNO3 (0.1 N) is treated with the isolated TAP fractions to biosynthesize ...

Anthelmintic effects of zinc oxide and iron oxide nanoparticles against Toxocara vitulorum

In the present study, zinc oxide (ZnO) and iron oxide (FeO) nanoparticles were examined for their possible, in vitro anthelmintic effects against Toxocara vitulorum. The worms were incubated for 24 h with different concentrations (0.004, 0.008 and 0.012% w/v) of the nanoparticles. The parasite mobility, mortality, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) and ...

Green synthesis of manganese oxide nanoparticles for the electrochemical sensing of p-nitrophenol

Manganese oxide (MnO) NPs are widely used in contaminant sensing, drug delivery, data storage, catalysis and biomedical imaging. Green synthesis of NPs is important due to increased concern of environmental pollution. Green chemistry based synthesis of NPs is preferred due to its ecofriendly nature. In this study, MnO NPs of different sizes were synthesized in aqueous medium using ...

A high productivity and speedy synthesis process for copper nanowires via an ethylenediamine-mediated method

Generally, there are two well-known synthetic approaches for copper nanowires (Cu NWs): ethylenediamine (EDA)-mediated synthesis and alkylamine-mediated synthesis. The alkylamine-mediated synthesis produces very high ratio nanowires but requires a special environment and long reaction times, while the EDA-mediated synthesis can be carried out under normal conditions and requires ...

Band gap opening in graphene: a short theoretical study

Graphene, being a gapless semiconductor, cannot be used in pristine form for nano-electronic applications. Therefore, it is essential to generate a finite gap in the energy dispersion at Dirac point. We present here the tight-binding model Hamiltonian taking into account of various interactions for tuning band gap in graphene. The model Hamiltonian describes the hopping of the ...

Morphology and photoluminescence of self-assembled CaWO4:Sm3+ microspheres: effect of pH and surfactant concentration

Self-assembled CaWO4:Sm3+ microspheres were prepared via surfactant (sodium dodecyl sulfate) mediated hydrothermal method. The effect of pH and the concentration of surfactant on the morphology and photoluminescence of the synthesized phosphors have been studied. Samples were characterized by X-ray diffractometry (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron ...

Effects of ultrasound time on the properties of methylcellulose-montmorillonite films

Methylcellulose-montmorillonite films were prepared via solvent casting method. The effects of different ultrasound times (0, 15, 30, 45, 60, and 75 min) on the properties of methylcellulose-montmorillonite films were evaluated. Fourier transform infrared and X-ray diffraction were applied to investigate and prove the effects of ultrasound time. The films were characterized by ...

Study of conversion of butadiene to CO2 by rTiO2 nanoparticles: ZINDO/S

One of the pollutants emitted from automobile exhaust is unburned hydrocarbons that include benzene, propane, formaldehyde, butadiene, etc. Due to the carcinogenicity of these substances, eliminating and reducing them in the source of production is essential. Catalytic converters have been developed to reduce these pollutions to low-risk materials in automobile exhaust. In this ...

The effects of argon ion bombardment on the corrosion resistance of tantalum

Application of ion beam has been widely used as a surface modification method to improve surface properties. This paper investigates the effect of argon ion implantation on surface structure as well as resistance against tantalum corrosion. In this experiment, argon ions with energy of 30 keV and in doses of 1 × 1017–10 × 1017 ions/cm2 were used. The surface bombardment with inert ...

Kinetics adsorption study of the ethidium bromide by graphene oxide as adsorbent from aqueous matrices

In this study of ethidium bromide, adsorption from aqueous matrices by graphene oxide as adsorbent was investigated. Influencing parameters in the adsorption study included contact time, temperature, and pH. The optimum time was selected 17 min, and the best value of pH was determined at 8. All adsorption experiments were performed at 298 K temperature. The maximum wavelength of ...

Thermocapillary flow of thin Cu-water nanoliquid film during spin coating process

Unsteady flow of thin Cu-water nanoliquid film over a horizontal rotating disk is studied numerically using finite difference technique under the assumption of planar interface. It is also assumed that the disk is cooling axisymmetrically from below. The effects of the nanolayer thickness and nanoparticle radius are considered for investigation. It is found that the film thinning ...

The effect of concentration ratio and type of functional group on synthesis of CNT–ZnO hybrid nanomaterial by an in situ sol–gel process

In this research, MWCNT–ZnO hybrid nanomaterials were synthesized by a simple sol–gel process using Zn(CH3COO)2·2H2O and functionalized MWCNT with carboxyl(COOH) and hydroxyl(OH) groups. Three different mass ratios of MWCNT:ZnO = 3:1, 1:1 and 1:3 were examined. The prepared nanomaterials were characterized by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM), transmission ...