International Nano Letters

http://link.springer.com/journal/40089

List of Papers (Total 215)

Photon absorption potential coefficient as a tool for materials engineering

Different atoms achieve ionizations at different energies. Therefore, atoms are characterized by different responses to photon absorption in this study. That means there exists a coefficient for their potential for photon absorption from a photon source. In this study, we consider the manner in which molecular constituents (atoms) absorb photon from a photon source. We observe that ...

Development of bimetal oxide doped multifunctional polymer nanocomposite for water treatment

Bimetal oxide doped polymer nanocomposite was developed using Alumina and Iron (III) Oxide as nanoparticles with Nylon 6, 6 and Poly (sodium-4-styrenesulphonate) as polymer matrix for removal of pollutants from water. The blend sample of polymers was prepared by well established solution blending technique and their nanocomposite samples were prepared through dispersion technique ...

Investigating the effect of some parameters of the channel on the characteristics of tunneling carbon nanotube field-effect transistor

This paper studies p-i-n tunneling carbon nanotube field-effect transistor to investigate the effect of various parameters of the channel on the characteristics of tunneling carbon nanotube field-effect transistor. Tunneling carbon nanotube field-effect transistor (T-CNTFET) has been simulated using non-equilibrium Green’s function (NEGF), and the transmission was conducted through ...

The use of castor oil and ricinoleic acid in lead chalcogenide nanocrystal synthesis

A green solution-based thermolysis method for the synthesis of lead chalcogenide (PbE, E = S, Se, Te) nanocrystals in castor oil (CSTO) and its isolate ricinoleic acid (RA) is described. The blue shift observed from the optical spectra of CSTO and RA-capped PbE nanocrystals (NCs) confirmed the evidence of quantum confinement. The dimensions of PbE NCs obtained from NIR absorption ...

Synthesis of silver nanoparticles using flavonoids: hesperidin, naringin and diosmin, and their antibacterial effects and cytotoxicity

Three different flavonoids -hesperidin, naringin and diosmin (constituents of citrus plants) were used for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). Aqueous solutions of pure flavonoids (0.2 mg mL−1) mixed with 1 mM AgNO3 solution were exposed to bright sunlight to prepare the nanoparticles. Characterization of the synthesized nanoparticles by UV–Visible spectrophotometer, ...

The decoration of multi-walled carbon nanotubes with nickel oxide nanoparticles using chemical method

In this paper, nickel oxide (NiO) nanoparticles have been fabricated using wet method and deposited on the surface of multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT). To do so, functional groups were introduced on the surface of MWCNTs by treating with concentrated nitric acid. Nickel oxide nanoparticles were formed on the surface of functionalized MWCNTs by incipient wetness impregnation of ...

Investigation of nanostructured Pd–Ag/n-ZnO thin film based Schottky junction for methane sensing

Undoped nanocrystalline n-type ZnO thin film was deposited by chemical deposition technique on a thermally oxidized p-Si (~5 Ω cm resistivity and <100> orientation) substrate. Formation of stable zinc oxide thin film was confirmed by two-dimensional X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and EDX analysis. The average crystallite size of the ZnO sample was evaluated as ~50 nm. The surface was ...

Biocidal properties study of silver nanoparticles used for application in green housing

We report on the study of surfactant-free silver nanoparticles synthesized using non-hydrolytic sol–gel methods for applications in straw bale constructions. Micro-organism infestation in green constructions is of concern as their proliferation tends to induce health problems. We demonstrate the biocidal properties of these Ag nanoparticles and their efficacy against fungi. Outdoor ...

Phytotoxicity of Ag nanoparticles prepared by biogenic and chemical methods

Silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) are now widely used as antibacterial and antifungal materials in different consumer products. We report here the preparation of Ag NPs by neem leaves extract (Azadirachta) reduction and trisodium citrate–sodium borohydride reduction methods, and study of their phytotoxicity. The nanoparticles were characterized by UV–Vis spectroscopy, FTIR, and atomic ...

Modeling of relative intensity noise and terminal electrical noise of semiconductor lasers using artificial neural network

In this paper, artificial neural network (ANN) is used to predict the source laser’s relative intensity noise (RIN) and the terminal electrical noise (TEN) of semiconductor lasers. For this purpose, the multi-layer perceptron (MLP) neural network trained with the back propagation algorithm is used. To develop this model, the normalized bias current and frequency are selected as the ...

Synthesis of graphene

Graphene, a two-dimensional material of sp2 hybridization carbon atoms, has fascinated much attention in recent years owing to its extraordinary electronic, optical, magnetic, thermal, and mechanical properties as well as large specific surface area. For the tremendous application of graphene in nano-electronics, it is essential to fabricate high-quality graphene in large ...

Nanoparticles based DNA conjugates for detection of pathogenic microorganisms

Infectious diseases have been on rise in the recent past. Early diagnosis plays a role as important as proper treatment and prophylaxis. The current practices of detection are time consuming which may result in unnecessary delays in treatment. Advances in nanodiagnostic approaches have been in focus lately. The rising interest and better understanding of nanoparticles have led to ...

Green synthesis of zinc oxide nano-sized spherical particles using Terminalia chebula fruits extract for their photocatalytic applications

The present study describes the green synthesis of ZnO nano-sized spherical particles (ZnO-NPs) using aqueous fruits extract of Terminalia chebula. The Structural, morphological and optical properties of green-synthesized ZnO-NPs are characterized by X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared, field emission-scanning electron microscope, ultraviolet–visible and photoluminescence ...

Spectral characterization of mechanically synthesized MoO3-CuO nanocomposite

In this work, MoO3-CuO metal oxide composite nanopowders are prepared by simple mechanochemical assisted synthesis technique with the stoichiometric weight ratios of MoO3 and CuO as 2.3:1 and 3.3:1, respectively. The structural and spectroscopic properties of the as-synthesised samples are characterised by XRD, SEM with EDS, FT-IR, Raman spectroscopy and TGA/DTA. X-ray diffraction ...

A review on applications of nanotechnology in the enhanced oil recovery part A: effects of nanoparticles on interfacial tension

Chemical enhanced oil recovery is another strong growing technology with the potential of a step change innovation, which will help to secure future oil supply by turning resources into reserves. While Substantial amount of crude oil remains in the reservoir after primary and secondary production, conventional production methods give access to on average only one-third of original ...

Hydrothermal synthesis of anatase nanoleaves and size dependence of anatase–rutile transformation upon heating

Amorphous TiO2 obtained by adding TiCl4 to an alkaline medium crystallizes slowly and upon 3 years ageing transforms to nanosized anatase containing an admixture of brookite. The hydrothermal treatment of this sample in solutions of lithium hydroxide leads to anatase nanoleaves, and the more concentrated LiOH solution, the greater the nanoleaves and the smaller their specific ...

Aqueous synthesis and characterization of Ni, Zn co-doped CdSe QDs

Ni, Zn co-doped CdSe quantum dots (QDs) were synthesized by chemical precipitation method through aqueous route. The prepared QDs were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique, UV–Vis absorption spectroscopy, photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy and high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). XRD technique results indicate that the prepared samples have a ...

Synthesis, characterization and interpretation of screen-printed nanocrystalline CdO thick film for optoelectronic applications

The transparent conductive oxide CdO thick films are prepared by screen printing method followed by sintering route. The structural, optical and electrical properties of as-grown films are characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), atomic force microscopy (AFM), Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), ultraviolet–visible (UV–VIS) and DC ...

Efficient FeCl3/SiO2 as heterogeneous nanocatalysis for the synthesis of benzimidazoles under mild conditions

Iron(III) supported on nano silica as a new catalyst has been synthesized. Structural properties of this complex have been studied by TEM, SEM and EDX. The average crystalline size of Iron(III) supported on nano silica is 30–50 nm. Catalytic activity of this catalyst has been investigated by synthesis of benzimidazoles from 1, 2-diaminobenzene and aromatic aldehydes, and also the ...

The effect of laser environment on the characteristics of ZnO nanoparticles by laser ablation

In this paper, zinc oxide (ZnO) nanoparticles were prepared by laser ablation of Zinc (purity of 99/99 %) target. The effect of solvents, methanol and distilled water on the characterization of ZnO has been investigated. The beam of a Q-switched Nd: Yag laser with the length wave of 1064 nm and pulse duration of 6 ns was used. ZnO nanoparticles which were produced in distilled ...

The effect of agitation state on polyol synthesis of silver nanowire

In the present work, the effect of agitation rate on the growth mechanism of silver nanowires is evaluated during polyol process. It was found that increasing the agitation rate leads to the increase in the oxygen transfer rate which in turn enhances the oxidative etching conditions leading to the formation of a variety of nanostructures (nanoparticles, nanorods and nanowires). In ...

A mathematical space mapping model for ballistic carbon nanotube field-effect transistors

In this study, a mathematical model is presented based on mathematical space mapping for ballistic carbon nanotube field-effect transistors. This model is generalized from another model that was based on the concept of neural space mapping to calculate the three parameters of a coarse model. These parameters were the threshold voltage, the Early voltage, and assumed constant k of a ...

Albumin microparticles as the carriers for allopurinol and applicable for the treatment of ischemic stroke

Albumin nanoparticles are already used for the treatment of the cancer. In our current work, it is presented the technique for the preparation of small-size 1- to 5-micron particles coated with the allopurinol. We propose that this combination of the compounds might be useful for the ischemic stroke treatment as the agent preventing formation of the brain edema, reactive oxygen ...