# International Nano Letters

## List of Papers (Total 239)

#### Incorporation of polyaniline nanofibres on graphene oxide by interfacial polymerization pathway for supercapacitor

The aim of this work is to improve the supercapacitor performance of polyaniline (PANI). Polyaniline nano fibres are incorporated into graphene oxide (GO) layers by interfacial polymerization pathway, wherein PANI fibres are intercalated into GO layers and also cover the GO. PANI–GO hybrid composite is obtained in semi-crystalline form with good conductivity (1.7 S cm−1). The...

#### Evaluation of the of antibacterial efficacy of polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) and tri-sodium citrate (TSC) silver nanoparticles

We present silver nanoparticles as the new age broad spectrum antibiotic. Siver nanoparticles exhibit unique physical and chemical properties that make them suitable for understanding their biological potential as antimicrobials. In this study, we explored the antibacterial activity of silver nanoparticles (TSC-AgNPs) and silver nanoparticles doped with polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP...

#### The role of deposition temperature and catalyst thickness in graphene domains on Cu

Few layered graphene is synthesized on Cu foil by thermal chemical vapor deposition. We have investigated the effect of temperature and catalyst’s thickness on graphene domain length and number. The synthesized graphene was characterized using Raman spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy. Raman spectroscopy results show that D-peak intensity increases with an increasing...

#### Catalytic reduction of methylene blue and Congo red dyes using green synthesized gold nanoparticles capped by salmalia malabarica gum

Stable gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) were synthesized using salmalia malabarica gum as both reducing and capping agent. It is a simple and eco-friendly green synthesis. The successful formation of AuNPs was confirmed by UV–visible spectroscopy (UV–Vis), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray powder diffraction and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The...

#### Timber industry waste-teak (Tectona grandis Linn.) leaf extract mediated synthesis of antibacterial silver nanoparticles

The current research article emphasizes efficacious use of teak leaves, an agro -biowaste from world’s premier hardwood timber industry, for “green” synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). Bioactive compounds of the leaves act as prolific reducing and stabilizing agents in AgNP synthesis. The characterization of the AgNPs synthesized using teak leaves revealed that the...

#### Effect of nano-zinc oxide on nitrogenase activity in legumes: an interplay of concentration and exposure time

Experiments were carried out to study the effect of zinc oxide nanoparticles (nano-ZnO) on nitrogenase activity in legumes. In the first experiment, nodulated roots of cluster bean, moth bean, green gram and cowpea were dipped in Hoagland solution containing 1.5 and 10 μg mL−1 of nano-ZnO for 24 h. Nitrogenase activity in cluster bean, green gram and cowpea roots increased after...

#### Removal of zinc(II) ion by graphene oxide (GO) and functionalized graphene oxide–glycine (GO–G) as adsorbents from aqueous solution: kinetics studies

The main purpose of this study is to explain the absorption of zinc from aqueous solution by grapheme oxide and functionalized grapheme oxide with glycine as the adsorbent surface. For confirmed functionalized graphene oxide, the glycine amino group was added to the surface of graphene oxide. The effects of the initial concentration of Zn(II) ions and contact time were studied...

#### Raman spectroscopy and TGA studies for the synthesis of multi-walled carbon nanotube-functionalized thiol (MWCNT-SH) nanocomposites: study of effect of concentration

We have investigated some methods such as Raman spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) studies for the nanocomposites multi-walled carbon nanotube-functionalized thiol (MWCNT-SH) by adding to cysteamine with known concentration in nanocomposite. For this study, we synthesized nanocomposite MWCNT-SH by the reaction between multi-walled carbon nanotubes-functionalized...

#### Thermal gravity analysis for the study of stability of graphene oxide–glycine nanocomposites

In this work, we synthesized graphene oxide–glycine (GO–G) nanocomposite. To produce this nanocomposite with GO surface, glycine with known concentration was added to GO suspension in ethanol solvent. Nanocomposites provided were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, respectively. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA...

#### An intensive study on the optical, rheological, and electrokinetic properties of polyvinyl alcohol-capped nanogold

Low-temperature-assisted wet chemical synthesis of nanogold (NG) using gold hydroxide, a new precursor salt in the presence of a macroscopic ligand poly(vinyl alcohol) PVA in water in the form of nanofluid, is reported for the first time in this article. In the absorption spectra, the surface Plasmon resonance absorption band in the range of 520–545 nm signifies the formation of...

#### Magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite synthesized by hydrothermal method

In this study, the magnetic properties of nanocrystalline cobalt ferrite synthesized via the hydrothermal method have been investigated. The structural properties of the produced powders were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The observed XRD pattern confirmed the spinel/cubic structure of the prepared cobalt ferrite. The SEM...

#### Modeling of forward pump EDFA under pump power through MATLAB

Optical fiber loss is a limiting factor for high-speed optical network applications. However, the loss can be compensated by variety of optical amplifiers. Raman amplifier and EDFA amplifier are widely used in optical communication systems. There are certain advantages of EDFA over Raman amplifier like amplifying the signal at 1550 nm wavelength at which the fiber loss is minimum...

#### Solution combustion synthesis using Schiff-base aluminum complex without fuel and optical property investigations of alumina nanoparticles

Synthesis of alumina nanomaterials via a solution combustion technique using Schiff base aluminum (III) complex at 820 and 950 °C for 4 h was performed successfully. The synthesis procedure was performed using the complex in the absence and presence of urea and glycine as fuel for comparison. The obtained data showed that the procedure without using fuel resulted in a better...

#### Synthesis of semiconductor oxide nanosheets, nanotetrapods and nanoplane-suite like grown on metal foil using different method

ZnO production nanostructure using different method: first method, electrochemical deposition on Zn foil using 0.3 M zinc sulfate heptahydrate (ZnSO4·7H2O) and sulfuric acid aqueous solution at a current density of 30 and 35 mA/cm2 for deposition time 40 min at room temperature and second method, Zn foils were thermally oxidized in a conventional tube furnace at a temperature...

#### The effect of different parameters on mechanical properties of PA-6/clay nanocomposite through genetic algorithm and response surface methods

This paper presents a methodology for determination of the optimal material and processing parameters (i.e., nanoclay content, melt temperature, feeding rate, and screw speed) to maximize simultaneously tensile modulus and tensile strength of injection-molded PA-6/clay nanocomposites through coupling response surface method and genetic algorithm. The tensile tests on PA-6/clay...

#### Efficient one-pot synthesis of pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidines catalyzed by nanocrystalline MgO in water

The direct three-component condensation of 6-aminouracil, 6-amino-2-thiouracil or 6-amino-1,3-dimethyluracil, with arylaldehydes and malononitrile to generate a series of pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives has been carried out over nanocrystalline MgO with high efficiency in water as a green solvent at 80 °C. The morphology and structure of the nanocrystalline MgO were...

#### One-step green synthesis and characterization of plant protein-coated mercuric oxide (HgO) nanoparticles: antimicrobial studies

The present study demonstrates the bioreductive green synthesis of nanosized HgO using flower extracts of an ornamental plant Callistemon viminalis. The flower extracts of Callistemon viminalis seem to be environmentally friendly, so this protocol could be used for rapid production of HgO. Till date, there is no report of synthesis of nanoparticles using flower extract of...

#### Lanthanum cerate (La2Ce2O7): hydrothermal synthesis, characterization and optical properties

La2Ce2O7 nano-powders were synthesized via a hydrothermal reaction in a deionized water (S 1) and in a 2 M NaOH aqueous solution (S 2) at 180 °C for 48 h. La(NO3)3·H2O and (NH4)2Ce(NO3)6 were used in the stoichiometric 1:1 La:Ce molar ratio as raw materials. The obtained materials were crystallized in a cubic crystal structure with space group. The synthesized materials were...

#### Controlled green synthesis of silver nanoparticles by Allium cepa and Musa acuminata with strong antimicrobial activity

A controlled “green synthesis” approach to synthesize silver nanoparticles by Allium cepa and Musa acuminata plant extract has been reported. The effect of different process parameters, such as pH, temperature and time, on synthesis of Ag nanoparticles from plant extracts has been highlighted. The work reports an easy approach to control the kinetics of interaction of metal ions...

#### Synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and its antibacterial application

The Present work outlines the antibacterial activity of Fe3O4 nanoparticles synthesized through chemical combustion method where ferric nitrate is used as precursor material and urea as fuel with the assistant of Tween 80, a non-ionic surfactant. The obtained Fe3O4 nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction, differential thermal analysis/thermo gravimetric analysis...

#### Part III: lithium metasilicate (Li2SiO3)—mild condition hydrothermal synthesis, characterization and optical properties

Li2SiO3 nanopowders were synthesized via a non-stoichiometric 2:3 (S1), 1:3 (S2), 1:4 (S3) and 1:5 (S4) Li/Si molar ratios via hydrothermal reaction for 72 h at 180 °C in an aqua solution using Li2CO3 and H2SiO3 as raw materials. The synthesized materials were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) technique and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. PXRD data showed...

#### Boehmite (AlOOH) nanostrips and their growth mechanism

Crystalline nanostrips of AlOOH have been prepared at $$240\,^{\circ }\mathrm {C}$$ through a fast route. Powder X-ray diffraction studies reveal that the as-prepared nanostrips are highly crystalline in nature and by morphological investigations using FESEM, it was revealed that the strips have average length of 210 nm and width of 60 $$\pm$$ 20 nm. A plausible theory is...

#### Preparation and characterization of Mn-doped ZnS nanoparticles

Mn-doped ZnS nanoparticles are synthesized by simple and cost effective chemical precipitation method. This diluted magnetic semiconductor is characterized by various techniques such as energy dispersive X-ray analysis, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, photoluminescence and UV–Vis spectroscopy. High purity of the sample is confirmed by energy dispersive X-ray...

#### Silicon quantum dot solar cell using top-down approach

The current trend of research in the area of third-generation photovoltaics is to increase the efficiency of solar cell device adopting alternate and novel ways such as use of quantum dots to absorb maximum solar spectrum. A new and low-cost top-down approach to fabricate silicon quantum dot solar cell (QDSC) using spin coating of Si QDs embedded in flowable oxide is proposed. Si...

#### Green synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles by leaf extracts of Cycas circinalis, Ficus amplissima, Commelina benghalensis and Lippia nodiflora

Biosynthesisof nanoparticles is a kind of bottom-up approach where the main reaction occurring is reduction. Since silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been used for infection prevention in medical field, it is more relevant to reduce their size using ancient Indian herbal plants. This method is good in anti-microbial efficiency against bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms and...