International Nano Letters

http://link.springer.com/journal/40089

List of Papers (Total 234)

Effect of nano-zinc oxide on nitrogenase activity in legumes: an interplay of concentration and exposure time

Experiments were carried out to study the effect of zinc oxide nanoparticles (nano-ZnO) on nitrogenase activity in legumes. In the first experiment, nodulated roots of cluster bean, moth bean, green gram and cowpea were dipped in Hoagland solution containing 1.5 and 10 μg mL−1 of nano-ZnO for 24 h. Nitrogenase activity in cluster bean, green gram and cowpea roots increased after...

Removal of zinc(II) ion by graphene oxide (GO) and functionalized graphene oxide–glycine (GO–G) as adsorbents from aqueous solution: kinetics studies

The main purpose of this study is to explain the absorption of zinc from aqueous solution by grapheme oxide and functionalized grapheme oxide with glycine as the adsorbent surface. For confirmed functionalized graphene oxide, the glycine amino group was added to the surface of graphene oxide. The effects of the initial concentration of Zn(II) ions and contact time were studied...

Raman spectroscopy and TGA studies for the synthesis of multi-walled carbon nanotube-functionalized thiol (MWCNT-SH) nanocomposites: study of effect of concentration

We have investigated some methods such as Raman spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) studies for the nanocomposites multi-walled carbon nanotube-functionalized thiol (MWCNT-SH) by adding to cysteamine with known concentration in nanocomposite. For this study, we synthesized nanocomposite MWCNT-SH by the reaction between multi-walled carbon nanotubes-functionalized...

Thermal gravity analysis for the study of stability of graphene oxide–glycine nanocomposites

In this work, we synthesized graphene oxide–glycine (GO–G) nanocomposite. To produce this nanocomposite with GO surface, glycine with known concentration was added to GO suspension in ethanol solvent. Nanocomposites provided were characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, respectively. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA...

An intensive study on the optical, rheological, and electrokinetic properties of polyvinyl alcohol-capped nanogold

Low-temperature-assisted wet chemical synthesis of nanogold (NG) using gold hydroxide, a new precursor salt in the presence of a macroscopic ligand poly(vinyl alcohol) PVA in water in the form of nanofluid, is reported for the first time in this article. In the absorption spectra, the surface Plasmon resonance absorption band in the range of 520–545 nm signifies the formation of...

Magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite synthesized by hydrothermal method

In this study, the magnetic properties of nanocrystalline cobalt ferrite synthesized via the hydrothermal method have been investigated. The structural properties of the produced powders were investigated using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The observed XRD pattern confirmed the spinel/cubic structure of the prepared cobalt ferrite. The SEM...

Modeling of forward pump EDFA under pump power through MATLAB

Optical fiber loss is a limiting factor for high-speed optical network applications. However, the loss can be compensated by variety of optical amplifiers. Raman amplifier and EDFA amplifier are widely used in optical communication systems. There are certain advantages of EDFA over Raman amplifier like amplifying the signal at 1550 nm wavelength at which the fiber loss is minimum...

Solution combustion synthesis using Schiff-base aluminum complex without fuel and optical property investigations of alumina nanoparticles

Synthesis of alumina nanomaterials via a solution combustion technique using Schiff base aluminum (III) complex at 820 and 950 °C for 4 h was performed successfully. The synthesis procedure was performed using the complex in the absence and presence of urea and glycine as fuel for comparison. The obtained data showed that the procedure without using fuel resulted in a better...

Synthesis of semiconductor oxide nanosheets, nanotetrapods and nanoplane-suite like grown on metal foil using different method

ZnO production nanostructure using different method: first method, electrochemical deposition on Zn foil using 0.3 M zinc sulfate heptahydrate (ZnSO4·7H2O) and sulfuric acid aqueous solution at a current density of 30 and 35 mA/cm2 for deposition time 40 min at room temperature and second method, Zn foils were thermally oxidized in a conventional tube furnace at a temperature...

The effect of different parameters on mechanical properties of PA-6/clay nanocomposite through genetic algorithm and response surface methods

This paper presents a methodology for determination of the optimal material and processing parameters (i.e., nanoclay content, melt temperature, feeding rate, and screw speed) to maximize simultaneously tensile modulus and tensile strength of injection-molded PA-6/clay nanocomposites through coupling response surface method and genetic algorithm. The tensile tests on PA-6/clay...

Efficient one-pot synthesis of pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidines catalyzed by nanocrystalline MgO in water

The direct three-component condensation of 6-aminouracil, 6-amino-2-thiouracil or 6-amino-1,3-dimethyluracil, with arylaldehydes and malononitrile to generate a series of pyrido[2,3-d]pyrimidine derivatives has been carried out over nanocrystalline MgO with high efficiency in water as a green solvent at 80 °C. The morphology and structure of the nanocrystalline MgO were...

One-step green synthesis and characterization of plant protein-coated mercuric oxide (HgO) nanoparticles: antimicrobial studies

The present study demonstrates the bioreductive green synthesis of nanosized HgO using flower extracts of an ornamental plant Callistemon viminalis. The flower extracts of Callistemon viminalis seem to be environmentally friendly, so this protocol could be used for rapid production of HgO. Till date, there is no report of synthesis of nanoparticles using flower extract of...

Lanthanum cerate (La2Ce2O7): hydrothermal synthesis, characterization and optical properties

La2Ce2O7 nano-powders were synthesized via a hydrothermal reaction in a deionized water (S 1) and in a 2 M NaOH aqueous solution (S 2) at 180 °C for 48 h. La(NO3)3·H2O and (NH4)2Ce(NO3)6 were used in the stoichiometric 1:1 La:Ce molar ratio as raw materials. The obtained materials were crystallized in a cubic crystal structure with space group. The synthesized materials were...

Controlled green synthesis of silver nanoparticles by Allium cepa and Musa acuminata with strong antimicrobial activity

A controlled “green synthesis” approach to synthesize silver nanoparticles by Allium cepa and Musa acuminata plant extract has been reported. The effect of different process parameters, such as pH, temperature and time, on synthesis of Ag nanoparticles from plant extracts has been highlighted. The work reports an easy approach to control the kinetics of interaction of metal ions...

Synthesis of Fe3O4 nanoparticles and its antibacterial application

The Present work outlines the antibacterial activity of Fe3O4 nanoparticles synthesized through chemical combustion method where ferric nitrate is used as precursor material and urea as fuel with the assistant of Tween 80, a non-ionic surfactant. The obtained Fe3O4 nanoparticles were characterized by X-ray diffraction, differential thermal analysis/thermo gravimetric analysis...

Part III: lithium metasilicate (Li2SiO3)—mild condition hydrothermal synthesis, characterization and optical properties

Li2SiO3 nanopowders were synthesized via a non-stoichiometric 2:3 (S1), 1:3 (S2), 1:4 (S3) and 1:5 (S4) Li/Si molar ratios via hydrothermal reaction for 72 h at 180 °C in an aqua solution using Li2CO3 and H2SiO3 as raw materials. The synthesized materials were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD) technique and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. PXRD data showed...

Boehmite (AlOOH) nanostrips and their growth mechanism

Crystalline nanostrips of AlOOH have been prepared at \(240\,^{\circ }\mathrm {C}\) through a fast route. Powder X-ray diffraction studies reveal that the as-prepared nanostrips are highly crystalline in nature and by morphological investigations using FESEM, it was revealed that the strips have average length of 210 nm and width of 60 \(\pm \) 20 nm. A plausible theory is...

Preparation and characterization of Mn-doped ZnS nanoparticles

Mn-doped ZnS nanoparticles are synthesized by simple and cost effective chemical precipitation method. This diluted magnetic semiconductor is characterized by various techniques such as energy dispersive X-ray analysis, scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, photoluminescence and UV–Vis spectroscopy. High purity of the sample is confirmed by energy dispersive X-ray...

Silicon quantum dot solar cell using top-down approach

The current trend of research in the area of third-generation photovoltaics is to increase the efficiency of solar cell device adopting alternate and novel ways such as use of quantum dots to absorb maximum solar spectrum. A new and low-cost top-down approach to fabricate silicon quantum dot solar cell (QDSC) using spin coating of Si QDs embedded in flowable oxide is proposed. Si...

Green synthesis and characterization of silver nanoparticles by leaf extracts of Cycas circinalis, Ficus amplissima, Commelina benghalensis and Lippia nodiflora

Biosynthesisof nanoparticles is a kind of bottom-up approach where the main reaction occurring is reduction. Since silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) have been used for infection prevention in medical field, it is more relevant to reduce their size using ancient Indian herbal plants. This method is good in anti-microbial efficiency against bacteria, viruses and other microorganisms and...

Formation of self-ordered porous anodized alumina template for growing tungsten trioxide nanowires

Uniform porous anodized aluminum oxide (AAO) membrane has been synthesized by two-step anodization for fabricating tungsten trioxide (WO3) nanowires. Under assayed conditions, uniform porous structure of alumina (Al2O3) membrane with long range ordered hexagonal arrangements of nanopores was achieved. The self-assembled template possesses pores of internal diameter of 50 nm and...

Fabrication, characterization, and magnetic behavior of porous ZnFe2O4 hollow microspheres

Porous ZnFe2O4 hollow microspheres with a diameter of about 100–210 nm were successfully prepared by simple template-free hydrothermal route in ethylene glycol (EG) solution. The formation mechanism and properties have been also demonstrated. The structural, morphological, and magnetic properties of ZnFe2O4 hollow microspheres were investigated by means of X-ray powder...

FDTD analysis of optical forces on bowtie antennas for high-precision trapping of nanostructures

We theoretically investigate the optical forces generated by a high near-field resolution antenna system through finite difference time domain calculations along with the Maxwell stress tensor method. Our antenna choice is bowtie-shaped nanostructures with small gap regions, exploiting propagating waveguide modes as well as localized surface plasmons. Our analysis shows that the...

Green synthesis of silver nanoparticles using keratinase obtained from a strain of Bacillus safensis LAU 13

In this study, crude extracellular keratinase obtained from a novel keratin-degrading bacterial strain, Bacillus safensis LAU 13 (GenBank accession No. KJ461434) was used for the synthesis of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). The particles were characterised by UV–Visible spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, and transmission electron microscopy. The...

Part I: lithium metasilicate (Li2SiO3)—mild condition hydrothermal synthesis, characterization, and optical properties

Using LiNO3 and SiO2 as raw materials, Li2SiO3 nano-powders were synthesized via a nonstoichiometric 2:3 Li:Si molar ratio hydrothermal reaction at 180 °C for 48, 72, and 96 h in a NaOH aqueous solution system. The synthesized materials were characterized by powder X-ray diffraction technique and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. To investigate the effect of the reaction...