International Nano Letters

http://link.springer.com/journal/40089

List of Papers (Total 215)

Evaluation of synthesized platinum nanoparticles on the MCF-7 and HepG-2 cancer cell lines

Platinum nanoparticles (PNPs) were synthesized by chemical reduction of potassium hexachloroplatinate (IV) with trisodium citrate under vigorous stirring and addition of sodium dodecyl sulfate as stabilizer reagent. Reducing agent was chosen depending on the oxidation reactions and potential values of the chemical materials used in the experiment. The aim of this study is to ...

Frequency comparison of light transmission in a defected quasi-one-dimensional photonic crystal slab

Abstract In a new theoretical investigation, we study light transmission through a photonic crystal (PC) slab with limited boundaries at width. By using a tight binding model, photon dispersion relation and photon Green function for a perfect system are obtained. Then, based on the Lippmann-Schwinger formalism, we calculate the effects of disordering on light transmission in the PC ...

Investigation of optoelectronic properties of N3 dye-sensitized TiO2 nano-crystals by hybrid methods: ONIOM (QM/MM) calculations

In this article, Ru(4,4′-dicarboxy-2,2′-bipyridine)2(NCS)2 dye (N3) and some derivatives were investigated using Density Functional Theory (DFT) calculations in solution to elucidate the influence of the environment and substituted groups on electronic properties. Full geometry optimization and investigation of electronic properties of N3 dye and some derivatives were performed ...

Defect generation, d-d transition, and band gap reduction in Cu-doped TiO2 nanoparticles

TiO2 doped with Cu2+ initiates the formation of brookite phase along with anatase. Doping of Cu2+ introduces structural defects into TiO2. The direct evidence is the low intense and broad diffraction peaks. Raman peaks of doped TiO2 are also broad and are blueshifted. Pure TiO2 exhibits an absorption in the UV region, the position of which is shifted towards the visible region on ...

Spectroscopic and electrochromic properties of activated reactive evaporated nano-crystalline V2O5 thin films grown on flexible substrates

Vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) thin films were grown on indium tin oxide-coated flexible Kapton substrates by home-built activated reactive evaporation technique. Film depositions were carried out at optimised oxygen partial pressure of 1 × 10−3 Torr and plasma power of 8 W, and we investigated their microstructural and opto-electrochromic properties as a function of substrate ...

Surface modification of Fe3O4@SiO2 microsphere by silane coupling agent

In the present study, Fe3O4@SiO2 core–shell microspheres were prepared via two steps. First, Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized by co-precipitation of Fe+3 and Fe+2 as reaction substrates and NaOH as precipitant. Second, the surface of Fe3O4 was coated with silica by hydrolysis of tetraethylorthosilicate as the silica source. Subsequently, in order to reduce the amount of ...

Free energies, kinetics, and photoelectron-transfer properties, and theoretical and quantitative structural relationship studies of [SWCNT(5,5)-armchair-C n H20][R] (R = η2-C m Pd(dppf), η2-C m Pd(dppr), and η2-C m Pd(dppcym)2, n = 20 to 300 and m = 60 and 70) nanostructure complexes

Metal complexes containing one or several bis(triorganylphosphine)palladium fragments attached to the C60 core and coordinated in olefinic η2 mode have been previously described. The number of carbon atoms of the single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) is the useful numerical and structural electrochemical properties contributing to the relationship between the structures of the ...

The amazing effects and role of PVP on the crystallinity, phase composition and morphology of nickel ferrite nanoparticles prepared by thermal treatment method

Nickel ferrite nanocrystals were prepared from an aqueous solution containing metal nitrates and various concentrations of poly(vinylpyrrolidone) followed by calcination temperature. X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis was performed to determine the degree of crystallinity of the ferrite nanoparticles. By transmission electron microscopy, the morphology and average particle size of ...

Biogenic gold nanotriangles from Saccharomonospora sp., an endophytic actinomycetes of Azadirachta indica A. Juss.

Microbial biofabrication is emerging as eco-friendly, simpler, and reproducible alternative to chemical synthesis of metals and semiconductor nanoparticles, allowing generation of rare geometrical forms such as nanotriangles and nanoprisms. Highly confined nanostructures like triangles/prisms are interesting class of nanoparticles due to their unique optical properties exploitable ...

Synthesis, optimization, and characterization of molecularly imprinted nanoparticles

Nanoparticles of molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) were prepared by precipitation polymerization method. Glucose was used as a template molecule. The impact of different process parameters on the preparation of nanoparticles was investigated in order to reach the maximum binding capacity of MIPs. Experimental data based on uniform design were analyzed using artificial neural ...

Magnetoresistance of non-180° domain wall in the presence of electron-photon interaction

In the present paper, influence of photon on resistance of non-180° domain wall in metallic magnetic nanowires has been studied using the semiclassical approach. The analysis has been based on the Boltzmann transport equation, within the relaxation time approximation. The one-dimensional Néel-type domain wall between two ferromagnetic domains with relative magnetization angle less ...

Spectroscopy-based study on the interaction between gold nanoparticle and poly(vinylpyrrolidone) molecules in a non-hydrocolloid

The study of the interaction between poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP) and gold (Au) nanoparticles (NPs) in a colloid is of special interest for possible applications in the field of catalysis, biosensing, and biomedicine. A strong optical absorption arising from Au NPs at 532 nm in Au-PVP colloids is ascribed to surface plasmon resonance. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic results ...

Tailoring the photocatalytic reaction rate of a nanostructured TiO2 matrix using additional gas phase oxygen

Nanostructured TiO2 was synthesized by the sol–gel method. The titania was supported on nanoporous poly(styrene-co-divinylbenzene) (PS). The samples were characterized by several techniques (scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, and ultraviolet–visible spectroscopy). Three types of TiO2 samples were prepared using various temperatures and ...

Experimental study of forced convective heat transfer from a vertical tube conveying dilute Ag/DI water nanofluids in a cross flow of air

Forced convective heat transfer from a vertical circular tube conveying deionized (DI) water or very dilute Ag-DI water nanofluids (less than 0.02% volume fraction) in a cross flow of air has been investigated experimentally. Some experiments have been performed in a wind tunnel and heat transfer characteristics such as thermal conductance, effectiveness, and external Nusselt ...

Lithium metasilicate and lithium disilicate nanomaterials: optical properties and density functional theory calculations

UV–vis and photoluminescence spectra of the hydrothermally synthesized crystalline lithium metasilicate (Li2SiO3) and lithium disilicate (Li2Si2O5) nanomaterials are studied. The intensity of the bands in the emission spectra increases with increasing reaction time in both compounds. The electronic band structure along with density of states calculated by the density functional ...

Convenient, efficient, and green method for synthesis of bis(indolyl)methanes with nano SIO2 under ultrasonic irradiation

A green and efficient procedure for the preparation of bis(indolyl)methanes via the condensation of indoles with various carbonyl compounds in the presence of catalytic amount of nanosilica gel under ultrasonic irradiation in good to excellent yields (83% to 94% ) in solvent-free condition is described. Short reaction time, easy and quick isolation of the products, environmentally ...

Spray-pyrolized nanostructured CuO thin films for H2S gas sensor

Nanostructured copper oxide (CuO) thin films were prepared by spray pyrolysis technique. X-ray diffraction was used to investigate the structural properties. Surface morphology was studied using scanning electron microscopy. Microstructure was studied using a transmission electron microscope, and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis was used to determine the elemental composition of ...

Effect of Nd:YAG laser irradiation on the characteristics of porous silicon photodetector

Electrical and photoresponse properties of a Al/porous silicon/crystalline silicon/Al structure (Al/PSi/Si/Al) are investigated under irradiation of Nd:YAG laser pulses. The effect of Nd-YAG laser irradiation on the morphological and structural properties of a porous silicon layer is also demonstrated. The porous Si layer is synthesized on a single crystalline p-type Si using ...

Spectroscopic-ellipsometric study of native oxide removal by liquid phase HF process

Ex situ spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE) measurements have been employed to investigate the effect of liquid-phase hydrofluoric acid (HF) cleaning on Si<100> surfaces for microelectromechanical systems application. The hydrogen terminated (H-terminated) Si surface was realized as an equivalent dielectric layer, and SE measurements are performed. The SE analyses indicate that after a ...

Realization of ZnO/PVK transparent heterojunction by solution processing routes

In this work, transparent heterojunction between zinc oxide (ZnO) and poly(N-vinyl carbazole) (PVK) was fabricated by solution processing techniques such as spin-coating and dip-coating techniques; then, its performance was studied using current (I)-voltage (V) measurement at room temperature. Before fabricating the heterojunction, initially, the growth characteristics of both thin ...

Rietveld analysis of XRD patterns of different sizes of nanocrystalline cobalt ferrite

Nanocrystalline cobalt ferrite powder has been synthesised by citrate precursor and co-precipitation methods. Structural characterization of the samples has been carried out using powder X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) and field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM). Distribution of cations among the two interstitial sites (tetrahedral ...

Graphene-like nanosheets synthesized by natural flaky graphite in Shandong, China

Natural flaky graphite in Shandong, China was purified by H2O2, a new patent method to produce graphite without sulfur and used as precursor to prepare exfoliated graphite through microwave irradiated expansion with some chemicals (such as hydrogen peroxide, nitric acid, and acetic acid). With the centrifugation process, graphene was synthesized by using an efficient and simple ...

Synthesis and characterization of ZnO-TiO2 nanocomposites and their application as photocatalysts

Nanocomposite ZnO-TiO2 powders of varying ZnO/TiO2 molar ratios have been prepared from their salt/compound by heating at 600°C and 900°C and characterized using scanning electron microscope and X-ray diffraction techniques. The nanosized powders can decolorize/degrade brilliant golden yellow (BGY), an azo dye extensively used in textile industries, in water under solar ...

Sulfonic acid-functionalized ordered nanoporous Na+-montmorillonite as an efficient, eco-benign, and water-tolerant nanoreactor for chemoselective oxathioacetalization of aldehydes

Sulfonic acid-functionalized ordered nanoporous sodium montmorillonite has been found to be a mild and efficient solid acid catalyst for the chemoselective protection of a variety of carbonyl compounds as oxathiolanes in good to excellent yields. The present method offers several advantages such as short reaction times, high yields, simple procedure and mild conditions. Also, the ...

Effect of magnetic field on terahertz generation via laser interaction with a carbon nanotube array

An amplitude-modulated laser, in the presence of a static magnetic field, interacts with an array of carbon nanotubes embedded on a metallic surface. The laser exerts a ponderomotive force on the free electrons of carbon nanotubes at twice the modulation frequency that falls in the terahertz (THz) range. Each nanotube acts as an oscillatory electric dipole, producing THz ...