European Journal of Nutrition

http://link.springer.com/journal/394

List of Papers (Total 239)

Nutrition issues in Codex: health claims, nutrient reference values and WTO agreements: a conference report

Background Codex documents may be used as educational and consensus materials for member governments. Also, the WTO SPS Agreement recognizes Codex as the presumptive international authority on food issues. Nutrient bioavailability is a critical factor in determining the ability of nutrients to provide beneficial effects. Bioavailability also influences the quantitative dietary ...

Garlic-derived S-allylmercaptocysteine is a hepato-protective agent in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in vivo animal model

Purpose To investigate the hepato-protective properties and underlying mechanisms of SAMC in a non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) rat model. Methods Female rats were fed with a diet comprising highly unsaturated fat diet (30% fish oil) for 8 weeks to develop NAFLD with or without an intraperitoneal injection of 200 mg/kg SAMC three times per week. After euthanasia, blood and ...

Bias in protein and potassium intake collected with 24-h recalls (EPIC-Soft) is rather comparable across European populations

Purpose We investigated whether group-level bias of a 24-h recall estimate of protein and potassium intake, as compared to biomarkers, varied across European centers and whether this was influenced by characteristics of individuals or centers. Methods The combined data from EFCOVAL and EPIC studies included 14 centers from 9 countries (n = 1,841). Dietary data were collected using ...

Evaluation of the antioxidant properties of fruit and flavoured black teas

Objective Antioxidant properties of the water extracts of the commercial bagged fruit and flavoured black teas were evaluated and compared with typical black teas of C. sinensis. Methods Folin–Ciocalteu (FC) assay, cupric ion reducing antioxidant capacity (CUPRAC) and DPPH radical method were used for these purposes. The content of selected flavonoids and phenolic acids was also ...

Low-dose lithium uptake promotes longevity in humans and metazoans

Purpose Lithium is a nutritionally essential trace element predominantly contained in vegetables, plant-derived foods, and drinking water. Environmental lithium exposure and concurrent nutritional intake vary considerably in different regions. We here have analyzed the possibility that low-dose lithium exposure may affect mortality in both metazoans and mammals. Methods Based on a ...

S-allylmercaptocysteine reduces carbon tetrachloride-induced hepatic oxidative stress and necroinflammation via nuclear factor kappa B-dependent pathways in mice

Purpose To study the protective effects and underlying molecular mechanisms of SAMC on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced acute hepatotoxicity in the mouse model. Methods Mice were intraperitoneally injected with CCl4 (50 μl/kg; single dose) to induce acute hepatotoxicity with or without a 2-h pre-treatment of SAMC intraperitoneal injection (200 mg/kg; single dose). After 8 h, the ...

Effect of a vegetable-oil emulsion on body composition; a 12-week study in overweight women on a meal replacement therapy after an initial weight loss: a randomized controlled trial

Purpose The maintenance of an obtained lower weight level is often found to be difficult. The aim of this study was to determine weight maintenance after an initial weight loss by consumption of a meal replacement with a vegetable-oil emulsion associated with prolonged satiety. Methods After a 6-week weight loss period with very low calorie diet (VLCD), subjects with >5% body ...

Relationships of dietary patterns with body composition in older adults differ by gender and PPAR-γ Pro12Ala genotype

Purpose Dietary patterns may better capture the multifaceted effects of diet on body composition than individual nutrients or foods. The objective of this study was to investigate the dietary patterns of a cohort of older adults, and examine relationships of dietary patterns with body composition. The influence of a polymorphism in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ ...

Promotive effects of resistant maltodextrin on apparent absorption of calcium, magnesium, iron and zinc in rats

Background It has been reported that low-viscous and fermentable dietary fiber and nondigestible oligosaccharides enhance mineral absorption. Resistant maltodextrin, nonviscous, fermentable and soluble source of dietary fiber, has several physiological functions. However, influence of resistant maltodextrin on mineral absorption is unclear. Aim of the study We conducted balance ...

Serum lutein concentrations in healthy term infants fed human milk or infant formula with lutein

Background Lutein is a carotenoid that may play a role in eye health. Human milk typically contains higher concentrations of lutein than infant formula. Preliminary data suggest there are differences in serum lutein concentrations between breastfed and formula-fed infants. Aim of the study To measure the serum lutein concentrations among infants fed human milk or formulas with and ...

Foreword

Comment on “Effects of adipocyte-secreted factors on cell cycle progression in HT29 cells” published by Eur J Nutr

Obesity is associated with one-third of colon cancer. This is related to altered adipocyte-secreted factors including increased leptin and decreased adiponectin levels [3]. These risk factors cause increased signal pathways important in the carcinogenesis of colon cancer. We read with great interest the paper “Effects of adipocyte-secreted factors on cell cycle progression in HT29 ...

A reappraisal of the impact of dairy foods and milk fat on cardiovascular disease risk

Background This review provides a reappraisal of the potential effects of dairy foods, including dairy fats, on cardiovascular disease (CVD)/coronary heart disease (CHD) risk. Commodities and foods containing saturated fats are of particular focus as current public dietary recommendations are directed toward reducing the intake of saturated fats as a means to improve the overall ...

The acute effects of a lunch containing capsaicin on energy and substrate utilisation, hormones, and satiety

Background Addition of capsaicin to the diet has been shown to increase satiety and thermogenesis. The effects of capsaicin on ghrelin, peptide YY (PYY) and glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1), in relation to changes in hunger and satiety are unknown. Aim To test the acute effects of a lunch containing capsaicin on gut derived hormones (GLP-1, ghrelin, and PYY), energy expenditure ...

Neuroprotective effect of cocoa flavonoids on in vitro oxidative stress

When we published the article“Ramiro-Puig E et al (2008) Neuroprotective effect of cocoa flavonoids on in vitro oxidative stress. Eur J Nutr (publication online first)” [The online version of the article can be found at http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00394-008-0761-4]on 29 November 2008, a typo in the title remained unnoticed. The correct title should read:Neuroprotective effect of ...

Safe addition of vitamins and minerals to foods: setting maximum levels for fortification in the Netherlands

Background In 2004, the European Court of Justice decided that the prohibition of fortification with vitamin A, vitamin D, folic acid, selenium, copper, and zinc in the Netherlands conflicts with the principle of free movement of goods in the European Union. This decision led to a change in the Dutch policy, resulting in a more flexible handling of requests for exemption from this ...

Diet supplementation for 5 weeks with polyphenol-rich cereals improves several functions and the redox state of mouse leucocytes

Background Cereals naturally contain a great variety of polyphenols, which exert a wide range of physiological effects both in vitro and in vivo. Many of their protective effects, including an improvement of the function and redox state of immune cells in unhealthy or aged subjects come from their properties as powerful antioxidant compounds. However, whether cereal-based dietary ...

Digestibility of resistant starch containing preparations using two in vitro models

Background Resistant starch (RS) is known for potential health benefits in the human colon. To investigate these positive effects it is important to be able to predict the amount, and the structure of starch reaching the large intestine. Aim of the study The aim of this study was to compare two different in vitro models simulating the digestibility of two RS containing ...

Effect of sesamin on serum cholesterol and triglycerides levels in LDL receptor-deficient mice

Background Sesamin, a major lignan from sesame seeds has been associated with cholesterol reduction in previous reports, but recent studies suggested differences in the response to sesamin intake depending on the model studied as well as the nature of the sesamin preparation used. Aim The effect of pure sesamin epimer on serum lipids was studied in hypercholesterolemic LDL ...