Journal of Materials Science

http://link.springer.com/journal/10853

List of Papers (Total 382)

A self-organising biomimetic collagen/nano-hydroxyapatite-glycosaminoglycan scaffold for spinal fusion

The use of spinal fusion surgery as a treatment for degenerative spinal conditions and chronic back pain is increasing. However, this technique requires use of a bone grafting material to fuse the vertebrae, traditionally autologous bone, which consists of an optimal combination of osteogenic cell precursors, extracellular matrix proteins and mineral components. To date, this ...

Modelling of microstructural evolution in multi-layered overlay coatings

Functionally graded, multi-layered coatings are designed to provide corrosion protection over a range of operating conditions typically found in industrial gas turbines. A model incorporating diffusion, equilibrium thermodynamics and oxidation has been developed to simulate the microstructural evolution within a multi-layered coating system. The phase and concentration profiles ...

The synthesis and characterization of Cu2ZnSnS4 thin films from melt reactions using xanthate precursors

Kesterite, Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS), is a promising absorber layer for use in photovoltaic cells. We report the use of copper, zinc and tin xanthates in melt reactions to produce Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) thin films. The phase of the as-produced CZTS is dependent on decomposition temperature. X-ray diffraction patterns and Raman spectra show that films annealed between 375 and 475 °C are ...

Understanding heterogeneity in Genesis diamond-like carbon film using SIMS analysis of implants

An amorphous diamond-like carbon film deposited on silicon made at Sandia National Laboratory by pulsed laser deposition was one of several solar wind (SW) collectors used by the Genesis Mission (NASA Discovery Class Mission #5). The film was ~1 μm thick, amorphous, anhydrous, and had a high ratio of sp 3–sp 2 bonds (>50%). For 27 months of exposure to space at the first Lagrange ...

Nickel sulfide thin films and nanocrystals synthesized from nickel xanthate precursors

Nickel sulfide thin films and nanocrystals stabilized with oleylamine ligands are prepared from two different nickel xanthates as single-source precursors, which decompose at approx. 180 °C, and are thereby converted into nickel sulfide. These nickel xanthates comprise branched alkyl moieties allowing the choice of a wide range of nonpolar organic solvents for the processing to ...

Effect of Cr addition on γ–γ′ cobalt-based Co–Mo–Al–Ta class of superalloys: a combined experimental and computational study

The present article deals with effect of Cr addition (10 at.%) on the partitioning behavior and the consequent effect on mechanical properties for tungsten-free γ–γ′ cobalt-based superalloys with base alloy compositions of Co–30Ni–10Al–5Mo–2Ta (2Ta) and Co–30Ni–10Al–5Mo–2Ta–2Ti (2Ta2Ti). Cr addition leads to a change in the morphology of the strengthening cuboidal-shaped γ′ ...

The structural parameters of rigid matrix of saccharide-based gel described by short and long diffusion regime analysis

The tortuosity–porosity relation and internal structure diameters in a selected organogel are studied. The diffusion coefficient measured by pulsed field gradient NMR at short and long observation times can be used to estimate the tortuosity and the pore surface-to-volume (S/V pore) ratio of a porous material (Latour et al. in J Magn Res A 112:83–91, 1995; Mair et al. in Magn Res ...

Thermal expansion coefficients in Invar processed by selective laser melting

This work investigates whether the unique low thermal expansion property of Invar (64Fe–36Ni) is retained after processing using the additive manufacturing process selective laser melting (SLM). Using this process, near-full-density components (99.96%) were formed by melting thin (20 μm) layers of powdered Invar (15–45 μm particle size). The mechanical properties of SLM Invar were ...

Kinetics of intermetallic phase growth and determination of diffusion coefficients in solid–solid-state reaction between Cu and (Sn+1at.%Ni) pads

The influence of nickel addition to tin substrate on microstructure, kinetics parameters as well as diffusion coefficients was studied on Cu/Sn diffusion couples. The results revealed that the presence of nickel did not affect the growth of Cu3Sn phase in comparison with that of the binary Cu/Sn diffusion couple. However, it substantially influenced the morphology and chemical ...

Charge-based deep level transient spectroscopy of B-doped and undoped polycrystalline diamond films

The undoped and B-doped polycrystalline diamond thin film was synthesized by hot filament chemical vapor deposition and microwave plasma, respectively. The structural characterization was performed by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The electrical properties of synthesized diamond layer were characterized by dc-conductivity method and charge ...

Three-dimensional in situ observations of compressive damage mechanisms in syntactic foam using X-ray microcomputed tomography

Syntactic foams with hollow glass microspheres embedded in an epoxy matrix are used in marine, aerospace and ground transportation vehicle applications. This work presents an in situ experimental study of failure mechanisms in syntactic foam based on X-ray microcomputed tomography with uniaxial compression. Under different levels of compressive strain, the material was scanned ...

On nanostructured molybdenum–copper composites produced by high-pressure torsion

Nanostructured molybdenum–copper composites have been produced through severe plastic deformation of liquid-metal infiltrated Cu30Mo70 and Cu50Mo50 (wt%) starting materials. Processing was carried out using high-pressure torsion at room temperature with no subsequent sintering treatment, producing a porosity-free, ultrafine-grained composite. Extensive deformation of the Cu50Mo50 ...

Mechanically activated metathesis reaction in NaNH2–MgH2 powder mixtures

The present work addresses the kinetics of chemical transformations activated by the mechanical processing of powder by ball milling. In particular, attention focuses on the reaction between NaNH2 and MgH2, specific case studies suitably chosen to throw light on the kinetic features emerging in connection with the exchange of anionic ligands induced by mechanical activation. ...

Effect of strontium inclusion on the bioactivity of phosphate-based glasses

We have conducted first-principles and classical molecular dynamics simulations of various compositions of strontium-containing phosphate glasses, to understand how strontium incorporation will change the glasses’ activity when implanted into the body (bioactivity). To perform the classical simulations, we have developed a new interatomic potential, which takes account of the ...

Oscillatory combustion of propene during in situ mechanical activation of solid catalysts

Mechanochemical activation of solids can lead to a strong increase in their activity as catalysts in heterogeneously catalyzed reactions. In the following, we report on the effects of solid catalyst activation during ball milling that lead to oscillatory behavior in CO and CO2 formation during propene oxidation. The oscillations arise under in situ ball milling conditions over ...

Optimisation of lithium-substituted bioactive glasses to tailor cell response for hard tissue repair

Bioactive glasses (BG) are used clinically because they can both bond to hard tissue and release therapeutic ions that can stimulate nearby cells. Lithium has been shown to regulate the Wnt/β-catenin cell signalling pathway, which plays important roles in the formation and repair of bone and teeth. Lithium-releasing BG, therefore, have the potential to locally regulate hard tissue ...

Bioactive glass-containing cranial implants: an overview

Although metals have successfully been used as implants for decades, devices made out of metals do not meet all clinical requirements. For example, metal objects may interfere with some medical imaging systems (computer tomography, magnetic resonance imaging), while their stiffness also differs from natural bone and may cause stress-shielding and over-loading of bone. There has ...

Copper-containing glass polyalkenoate cements based on SiO2–ZnO–CaO–SrO–P2O5 glasses: glass characterization, physical and antibacterial properties

A series of copper (Cu)-containing glasses were synthesized and incorporated into a SiO2–ZnO–CaO–SrO–P2O5-based glass system. Additions of 6 and 12 mol% CuO retained the amorphous character, and glasses were processed to possess similar particle sizes and surface areas. Glass characterization using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and magic angle spinning nuclear magnetic resonance ...

Hybrid sol–gel inorganic/gelatin porous fibres via solution blow spinning

Hybrid sol–gel inorganic–organic fibres offer great potential in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. A significant challenge is to process them using scalable technologies into useful scaffolds that provide control over fibre diameter, morphology, mechanical properties, ion release, degradation and cell response. In this work we develop formulations that are amenable to ...

Highly transparent and conductive indium-doped zinc oxide films deposited at low substrate temperature by spray pyrolysis from water-based solutions

In this paper, indium-doped zinc oxide (IZO) films were grown by spray pyrolysis, using zinc acetate and indium acetylacetonate precursors. The focus was on developing a solution recipe based on water as solvent, with only minor acetic acid content, as well as keeping the substrate temperature as low as possible—at 360 °C. The process is therefore environment friendly and energy ...

Evaluation of classical precipitation descriptions for \(\gamma ^{\prime \prime } \,(\hbox {Ni}_{3}\hbox {Nb}{-}\hbox {D0}_{22})\) in Ni-base superalloys

The growth/coarsening kinetics of \(\gamma ^{\prime \prime }\, (\hbox {Ni}_{3}\hbox {Nb}{-}\hbox {D0}_{22})\) precipitates have been found by numerous researchers to show an apparent correspondence with the classical (Ostwald ripening) equation outlined by Lifshitz, Slyozov and (separately) Wagner for a diffusion controlled regime. Nevertheless, a significant disparity between the ...