Journal of Materials Science

http://link.springer.com/journal/10853

List of Papers (Total 393)

Synthesis of porous zinc-based/zinc oxide composites via sol–gel and ambient pressure drying routes

Porous Zn-based and ZnO composites are successfully fabricated via the sol–gel process and ambient pressure drying method using hexane as the drying solvent for the reduction in capillary force during drying process. Various highly porous Zn-based phases (Zn1-based and Zn5-based) that are studied by X-ray diffraction analysis, scanning electron microscopy and transmission electron ...

The effect of thermomechanical controlled processing on recrystallisation and subsequent deformation-induced ferrite transformation textures in microalloyed steels

The evolution of texture components for two experimental 0.06 wt% C steels, one containing 0.03 wt% Nb (Nb steel) and the second containing both 0.03 wt% Nb and 0.02 wt% Ti (Nb–Ti steel), was investigated following a new thermomechanical controlled process route, comprising first deformation, rapid reheat to 1200 °C and final deformation to various strains. Typical deformation ...

Mg-doped ZnO films prepared by chemical bath deposition

A simple, low-temperature route for the chemical bath deposition of Mg-doped ZnO films, based on low-cost, abundant and non-toxic materials was developed. The film growth mechanism, the resulting morphology and texture were investigated in detail by scanning electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction measurements. It was found that substantial film growth is only possible in a ...

Influence of slag composition on the stability of steel in alkali-activated cementitious materials

Among the minor elements found in metallurgical slags, sulfur and manganese can potentially influence the corrosion process of steel embedded in alkali-activated slag cements, as both are redox-sensitive. Particularly, it is possible that these could significantly influence the corrosion process of the steel. Two types of alkali-activated slag mortars were prepared in this study: ...

High-velocity impact deformation and perforation of fibre metal laminates

The quasi-static flexural and impact performance, up to projectile impact velocities of about 270 m s−1, of fibre metal laminates (FMLs), which consist of relatively thin, alternately stacked, layers of an aluminium alloy and a thermoset glass fibre epoxy composite, have been investigated. The effects of varying (a) the yield strength, tensile strength and ductility of the ...

Theoretical study of phase stability, crystal and electronic structure of MeMgN2 (Me = Ti, Zr, Hf) compounds

Scandium nitride has recently gained interest as a prospective compound for thermoelectric applications due to its high Seebeck coefficient. However, ScN also has a relatively high thermal conductivity, which limits its thermoelectric efficiency and figure of merit (zT). These properties motivate a search for other semiconductor materials that share the electronic structure ...

The deposition of thin films of cadmium zinc sulfide Cd1−x Zn x S at 250 °C from spin-coated xanthato complexes: a potential route to window layers for photovoltaic cells

Thin films of Cd1−x Zn x S (CZS) were prepared by a novel spin coating/melt method from cadmium ethylxanthato [Cd(C2H5OCS2)2] and zinc ethylxanthato [Zn(C2H5OCS2)2] in x ratios of 0–0.15 and of 1. A solution of the precursor(s) in THF was spin coated onto a glass substrate and then heated at 250 °C for 1 h under N2. The thickness of the film formed can be controlled by varying the ...

Tailoring of surface plasmon resonances in TiN/(Al0.72Sc0.28)N multilayers by dielectric layer thickness variation

Alternative designs of plasmonic metamaterials for applications in solar energy-harvesting devices are necessary due to pure noble metal-based nanostructures’ incompatibility with CMOS technology, limited thermal and chemical stability, and high losses in the visible spectrum. In the present study, we demonstrate the design of a material based on a multilayer architecture with ...

A new insight into in vitro behaviour of poly(ε-caprolactone)/bioactive glass composites in biologically related fluids

In the present work, the role of content, size and chemical composition of gel-derived bioactive glass particles from the SiO2–CaO–P2O5 system in modulating the in vitro bioactivity, osteoinductive properties and long-term (up to 15 months) degradation behaviour of poly(ε-caprolactone)-based composite films was investigated. Bioactivity was assessed in simulated body fluid (SBF) ...

Influence of filler/matrix interactions on resin/hardener stoichiometry, molecular dynamics, and particle dispersion of silicon nitride/epoxy nanocomposites

The addition of nanofillers can have a significant influence on the resin stoichiometry of thermosetting polymer systems. Based on differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) results, it is estimated that the inclusion of 2 and 5 wt% of silicon nitride nanofiller displaces the resin/hardener stoichiometry of an epoxy/amine network by 6.5 and 18%, respectively. Dielectric spectroscopy ...

Probing polydopamine adhesion to protein and polymer films: microscopic and spectroscopic evaluation

Polydopamine has been found to be a biocompatible polymer capable of supporting cell growth and attachment, and to have antibacterial and antifouling properties. Together with its ease of manufacture and application, it ought to make an ideal biomaterial and function well as a coating for implants. In this paper, atomic force microscope was used to measure the adhesive forces ...

Enhanced dielectric properties of polyethylene/hexagonal boron nitride nanocomposites

A range of nanocomposites based on a polyethylene polymer and hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) filler have been explored in this study. The dielectric properties of the nanocomposites, which consisted of 2, 5, 10, 20 and 30 wt% of hBN, have been compared to the dielectric properties of the unfilled polyethylene blend. Scanning electron microscopy revealed that the hBN was uniformly ...

Corrosion resistance studies of carbon-encapsulated iron nanoparticles

The carbon coating in carbon-encapsulated magnetic nanoparticles is considered as a tight and impermeable barrier which should perfectly protect the magnetic core material from external chemical environment. To study the integrity of the coating, carbon-encapsulated iron nanoparticles were subjected to corrosion tests, in which various corrosion agents were used. Several mineral ...

Conditions for the occurrence of acicular ferrite transformation in HSLA steels

For the class of steels collectively known as high strength low alloy (HSLA), an acicular ferrite (AF) microstructure produces an excellent combination of strength and toughness. The conditions for the occurrence of the AF transformation are, however, still unclear, especially the effects of austenite deformation and continuous cooling. In this research, a commercial HSLA steel was ...

Kinetics of vacancy annealing upon time-linear heating applied to dilatometry

A kinetic model for the diffusion-controlled annealing of excess vacancies under the experimentally relevant, non-isothermal condition of time-linear heating is presented and applied to dilatometry. The evolution of the vacancy concentration with time is quantitatively analyzed, considering as ideal sinks either dislocations or grain boundaries of spherical- or cylindrical-shaped ...

Evolution of glassy carbon under heat treatment: correlation structure–mechanical properties

In order to accommodate an increasing demand for glassy carbon products with tailored characteristics, one has to understand the origin of their structure-related properties. In this work, through the use of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and electron energy loss spectroscopy it has been demonstrated that the structure of glassy carbon at ...

New composite gyrotropic double-negative metamaterial

This work is the continuation of our study started in Tralle et al. (J Appl Phys 115:233509, 2014). In it, we examined the possibility of fabricating the metamaterial in a relatively simple way. Our idea was to use the three-component mixture of ingredients, where one of them is responsible for the negative permeability \(\mu (\omega )\) of hypothetical metamaterial, while the ...

Kinetics of dissolution of glass fibre in hot alkaline solution

Kinetics of the dissolution of E-glass fibres in alkaline solutions was investigated. To allow an accurate determination of conversion, glass fibres were immersed individually in the corrosive medium and the diameter change was measured with the use of a scanning electron microscope. Few studies have been reported in the literature on the kinetics of E-glass fibre dissolution or ...

Bi3TeBO9: electronic structure, optical properties and photoinduced phenomena

Improvement of the nonlinear optical properties, mainly photoinduced enhancement of effective second harmonic generation was observed in Bi3TeBO9 (BTBO) crystals under irradiation of two external UV laser beams. The effect is caused by an interaction of two coherent photoinducing beams of nitrogen laser with wavelength 371 nm near the Bi3TeBO9 fundamental edge, resulting in ...

Factors affecting the hygroexpansion of paper

Paper is a widely used packaging material and is nowadays regaining importance, e.g., as bio-based and biodegradable material. Moreover, new technologies such as polymer–fiber composites, printed electronics and the deep drawing of paper are developing. The process stability and also the resulting quality of paper converting processes such as coating, metallization, printing, and ...

Poly(ε-caprolactone)-based membranes with tunable physicochemical, bioactive and osteoinductive properties

In contrast to currently used materials, membranes for the treatment of bone defects should actively promote regeneration of bone tissue beyond their physical barrier function. What is more, both material properties and biological features of membranes should be easily adaptable to meet the needs of particular therapeutic applications. Therefore, the role of preparation methods ...