Journal of Materials Science

http://link.springer.com/journal/10853

List of Papers (Total 373)

On nanostructured molybdenum–copper composites produced by high-pressure torsion

Nanostructured molybdenum–copper composites have been produced through severe plastic deformation of liquid-metal infiltrated Cu30Mo70 and Cu50Mo50 (wt%) starting materials. Processing was carried out using high-pressure torsion at room temperature with no subsequent sintering treatment, producing a porosity-free, ultrafine-grained composite. Extensive deformation of the Cu50Mo50 ...

Three-dimensional in situ observations of compressive damage mechanisms in syntactic foam using X-ray microcomputed tomography

Syntactic foams with hollow glass microspheres embedded in an epoxy matrix are used in marine, aerospace and ground transportation vehicle applications. This work presents an in situ experimental study of failure mechanisms in syntactic foam based on X-ray microcomputed tomography with uniaxial compression. Under different levels of compressive strain, the material was scanned ...

Mechanically activated metathesis reaction in NaNH2–MgH2 powder mixtures

The present work addresses the kinetics of chemical transformations activated by the mechanical processing of powder by ball milling. In particular, attention focuses on the reaction between NaNH2 and MgH2, specific case studies suitably chosen to throw light on the kinetic features emerging in connection with the exchange of anionic ligands induced by mechanical activation. ...

Charge-based deep level transient spectroscopy of B-doped and undoped polycrystalline diamond films

The undoped and B-doped polycrystalline diamond thin film was synthesized by hot filament chemical vapor deposition and microwave plasma, respectively. The structural characterization was performed by scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The electrical properties of synthesized diamond layer were characterized by dc-conductivity method and charge ...

Kinetics of intermetallic phase growth and determination of diffusion coefficients in solid–solid-state reaction between Cu and (Sn+1at.%Ni) pads

The influence of nickel addition to tin substrate on microstructure, kinetics parameters as well as diffusion coefficients was studied on Cu/Sn diffusion couples. The results revealed that the presence of nickel did not affect the growth of Cu3Sn phase in comparison with that of the binary Cu/Sn diffusion couple. However, it substantially influenced the morphology and chemical ...

Oscillatory combustion of propene during in situ mechanical activation of solid catalysts

Mechanochemical activation of solids can lead to a strong increase in their activity as catalysts in heterogeneously catalyzed reactions. In the following, we report on the effects of solid catalyst activation during ball milling that lead to oscillatory behavior in CO and CO2 formation during propene oxidation. The oscillations arise under in situ ball milling conditions over ...

Thermal expansion coefficients in Invar processed by selective laser melting

This work investigates whether the unique low thermal expansion property of Invar (64Fe–36Ni) is retained after processing using the additive manufacturing process selective laser melting (SLM). Using this process, near-full-density components (99.96%) were formed by melting thin (20 μm) layers of powdered Invar (15–45 μm particle size). The mechanical properties of SLM Invar were ...

Comparison of chemical bath-deposited ZnO films doped with Al, Ga and In

A comparative study is presented on chemical bath-deposited ZnO films, doped with the group-13 metals Al, Ga and In. The study reveals marked differences in dopant incorporation in the films, which increases in the order: In, Al and Ga. The presence of dopant in the solution induces significant modifications in the deposition rate, which varies between 110 and 40 nm min−1. All ...