Journal of Soils and Sediments

http://link.springer.com/journal/11368

List of Papers (Total 114)

Seasonal changes in the content of dissolved organic matter in arable soils

Purpose The aim of this paper has been to determine the seasonal changes in the content of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the soils under agricultural use based on assaying changes in dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and dissolved nitrogen (DNt) as well as determining the factors which can define the DOM in soils. Materials and methods The research has involved the soils under ...

The effect of landslide on soil organic carbon stock and biochemical properties of soil

Purpose The aim of the study was to present variability of content and quality of soil organic matter on the landslide surface. Attempts were made to demonstrate the progress of the process of soil cover restoration 7 years after the landslides and biochemical activity of soil associated with the restoration of soil cover. Materials and methods The landslide area was located in ...

Evaluation of different amendments and foliar fertilizer for immobilization of heavy metals in contaminated soils

Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of soil amendments and foliar fertilizer on Cd and Pb immobilization in contaminated soils. Materials and methods A field experiment was conducted in contaminated soils, wherein four amendments (sepiolite (SE), single superphosphate (SSP), triple super phosphate (TSP), calcium magnesium phosphate (CMP)) in combination ...

Effects of vermicompost amendment as a basal fertilizer on soil properties and cucumber yield and quality under continuous cropping conditions in a greenhouse

Purpose We examined the effects of vermicompost application as a basal fertilizer on the properties of a sandy loam soil used for growing cucumbers under continuous cropping conditions when compared to inorganic or organic fertilizers. Materials and methods A commercial cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) variety was grown on sandy loam soil under four soil amendment conditions: ...

Factors controlling sediment trapping in two freshwater tidal wetlands in the Biesbosch area, The Netherlands

Purpose A thorough understanding of mechanisms controlling sedimentation and erosion is vital for a proper assessment of the effectiveness of delta restoration. Only few field-based studies have been undertaken in freshwater tidal wetlands. Furthermore, studies that measured sediment deposition in newly created wetlands are also sparse. This paper aims to identify the factors ...

The effects of the reverse seasonal flooding on soil texture within the hydro-fluctuation belt in the Three Gorges reservoir, China

Purpose The formation of the large hydro-fluctuation belt at the altitude of 145–175 m, following the construction of the Three Gorges Dam, developed from the terrestrial system in the Three Gorges reservoir. This research mainly concerned the effects of the resultant reverse seasonal flooding on soil texture. Materials and methods Four field experimental plots were designed with ...

Soil vapor extraction of wet gasoline-contaminated soil made possible by electroosmotic dewatering–lab simulations applied at a field site

Purpose Soil restoration is still mainly carried out ex situ by excavating and replacing the contaminated soil. In situ remediation would reduce the costs of soil transportation and this way, the problem is not merely transferred elsewhere. The present study introduces a field case where the aged, oil-contaminated soil in a former fuel station in Finland was treated in situ ...

The distribution of sequentially extracted Cu, Pb, and Zn fractions in Podzol profiles under dwarf pine of different stages of degradation in subalpine zone of Karkonosze Mts (central Europe)

Purpose Here, we aimed to assess the contamination of Podzol soils in a subalpine zone of the Karkonosze Mountains. Cu, Pb, and Zn concentrations in the soil and the patterns of their speciation are discussed in relation to the possible influence of airborne industrial emissions and the stage of degradation of dwarf mountain pine stands. Materials and methods The study was ...

Metal contamination of bed sediments in the Irwell and Upper Mersey catchments, northwest England: exploring the legacy of industry and urban growth

Purpose Manchester is often heralded as the first industrial city. Large volumes of physical and liquid contaminants were released into its river network throughout the industrial period up to the latter part of the twentieth century. Water quality has improved dramatically in recent decades, but, given their environmental significance, it is important to ascertain the extent to ...

Critical control of flooding and draining sequences on the environmental risk of Zn-contaminated riverbank sediments

Purpose Diffuse pollution emanating from metal mining-impacted sediment could serve as a barrier to achieving European Union Water Framework Directive and US Clean Water Act requirements. UK climate projections (UKCP09) predict increases in rainfall and aridity that will influence river stage alternately exposing and submersing contaminated riverbank sediment. Research focuses on ...

Changes in soil morphology of Podzols affected by alkaline fly ash blown out from the dumping site of an electric power plant

Purpose The impacts of fly ash on the chemistry of forest floors were previously described in literature, while impacts on soil properties were less recognised. Soil investigations were focussed mainly on increases of pH and base saturations in surface horizons. The purpose of this study was to describe the influence of alkaline fly ash blown out from the dumping site of a ...

Urban soil resources of medium-sized cities in Poland: a comparative case study of Toruń and Zielona Góra

Purpose Despite the many studies of urban soils, a comparative analysis for cities of a similar size has not yet been conducted. Thus, the aim of this review paper was to compare the soil distribution patterns in the area of two medium-sized Polish cities (Toruń and Zielona Góra). The authors attempted to answer the question of how natural and technogenic factors contributed to the ...

Soil properties and subsoil constraints of urban and peri-urban agriculture within Mahikeng city in the North West Province (South Africa)

Purpose Urban and peri-urban agriculture is becoming increasingly important as a source of income and food for the urban population in South Africa. While most studies on urban agriculture have focused their attention on surface soils, there is dearth of information regarding subsoil properties. This study examined properties of subsoil horizons that may impede root growth and ...

Impact of compost and manure on the ripening of dredged sediments

Purpose In low lying areas with dense networks of canals for land drainage, sediments accumulate in the waterways and have to be periodically dredged. These adjacent areas are mainly used for farming and agriculture and suffer from high rates of subsidence. The recycling of organic amendments, such as sediments, compost and manure, in agricultural soils can improve plant growth and ...

Functional properties of soils formed from biochemical ripening of dredged sediments—subsidence mitigation in delta areas

Purpose In delta areas, dense networks of canals have been developed through time and have to be periodically dredged. Lowering the groundwater level in delta areas deepens the aerobic zone, leading to the oxidation of organic matter and possibly to land subsidence. The use of the dredged sediments on land can be a solution to mitigate land subsidence in delta areas. Materials and ...

Speciation and potential long-term behaviour of chromium in urban sediment particulates

Purpose Chromium, a potentially harmful element, occurs commonly within the urban sediment cascade as a result of abundant industrial and transport-related sources. The risks that Cr-bearing particles pose to ecosystems and humans depend on the solid-phase chemical speciation of Cr and its environmental mobility. In this study, we adopt an integrated geochemical approach to ...

Cellulose decomposed faster in fallow soil than in meadow soil due to a shorter lag time

Purpose The study aimed at comparing organic matter decomposition in two semi-natural agrobiocenozes, namely fallows and meadows, with similar plant biomass but differing in plant community composition and diversity and in succession stage. Materials and methods The decomposition rate of a standard material (cellulose) was measured in soils from six fallows and six meadows spanning ...

Influence of redox processes on clay mineral transformation in Retisols in the Carpathian Foothills in Poland. Is a ferrolysis process present?

Purpose Ferrolysis is a soil-forming process, which involves destruction of clay minerals due to cyclic reduction and oxidation in acidic and periodically wet soils. The main objectives of this study were as follows: (1) to determine the influence of redox processes on clay mineral transformation in Retisols (Albeluvisols) in the Carpathian Foothills in Poland and (2) to verify the ...

Elements in water, suspended particulate matter and sediments of the Sava River

Purpose River ecosystems are under pressure from several different stressors. Among these, inorganic pollutants contribute to multiple stressor situations and the overall degradation of the ecological status of the aquatic environments. The main sources of pollution include different industrial activities, untreated effluents from municipal waste waters and intensive agriculture. ...

Sulfur isotope fractionation and sequential extraction to assess metal contamination on lake and river sediments

Purpose The present study investigated lake and river sediments affected by metals from an acid mine drainage (AMD) from a former uranium mine. The role of bacterial sulfate reduction in the immobilization of contaminants was evaluated, and the analyses of acid volatile sulfide (AVS) and sequential extraction were performed. Consequently, the potential mobility and bioavailability ...