Journal of Soils and Sediments

http://link.springer.com/journal/11368

List of Papers (Total 122)

Studying of the interaction between peat humic acids and metazachlor using spectroscopy methods

Purpose The analysis covered the interaction of humic acids (HA) isolated from peats with the metazachlor using spectroscopic methods. Materials and methods Five peatlands have been selected for the study in the southern and northern parts of Poland. Extraction of humic acids (HA1, HA2, HA3, HA4, and HA5) was performed using a procedure recommended by the International Humic ...

Qualitative and quantitative soil organic matter estimation for sustainable soil management

Purpose The aims of this paper were to review tools and methods for qualitative and quantitative evaluation of soil organic matter (SOM) coming from diverse egzogenic sources for effective soil management, and to introduce a new approach to predict dynamics of SOM transformations, especially humification, as a key process in the formation of humic substances (HSs). Materials and ...

Differential influence of four invasive plant species on soil physicochemical properties in a pot experiment

Purpose This study compared the effects of four invasive plants, namely Impatiens glandulifera, Reynoutria japonica, Rudbeckia laciniata, and Solidago gigantea, as well as two native species—Artemisia vulgaris, Phalaris arundinacea, and their mixture on soil physicochemical properties in a pot experiment. Materials and methods Plants were planted in pots in two loamy sand soils. ...

Correction to: Characterizing natural riparian vegetation for modeling of flow and suspended sediment transport

The authors regret that the article contains a typing mistake in Eq. (5), with an u C 2 term accidentally appearing at the right hand side of the squared brackets.

The interaction between atrazine and the mineral horizon of soil: a spectroscopic study

Purpose In this paper, an attempt was made to explain the long-lasting occurrence of atrazine in soil. Despite the fact that this herbicide has been banned in European Union 10 years ago, it is still detected in the environment. Materials and methods Soil samples (organic and mineral horizon), SiO2 and Al2O3 sorbents were spiked with atrazine. The ultrasound-assisted extraction ...

Seasonal changes in the content of dissolved organic matter in arable soils

Purpose The aim of this paper has been to determine the seasonal changes in the content of dissolved organic matter (DOM) in the soils under agricultural use based on assaying changes in dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and dissolved nitrogen (DNt) as well as determining the factors which can define the DOM in soils. Materials and methods The research has involved the soils under ...

The effect of landslide on soil organic carbon stock and biochemical properties of soil

Purpose The aim of the study was to present variability of content and quality of soil organic matter on the landslide surface. Attempts were made to demonstrate the progress of the process of soil cover restoration 7 years after the landslides and biochemical activity of soil associated with the restoration of soil cover. Materials and methods The landslide area was located in ...

Evaluation of different amendments and foliar fertilizer for immobilization of heavy metals in contaminated soils

Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of soil amendments and foliar fertilizer on Cd and Pb immobilization in contaminated soils. Materials and methods A field experiment was conducted in contaminated soils, wherein four amendments (sepiolite (SE), single superphosphate (SSP), triple super phosphate (TSP), calcium magnesium phosphate (CMP)) in combination ...

Effects of vermicompost amendment as a basal fertilizer on soil properties and cucumber yield and quality under continuous cropping conditions in a greenhouse

Purpose We examined the effects of vermicompost application as a basal fertilizer on the properties of a sandy loam soil used for growing cucumbers under continuous cropping conditions when compared to inorganic or organic fertilizers. Materials and methods A commercial cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) variety was grown on sandy loam soil under four soil amendment conditions: ...

Factors controlling sediment trapping in two freshwater tidal wetlands in the Biesbosch area, The Netherlands

Purpose A thorough understanding of mechanisms controlling sedimentation and erosion is vital for a proper assessment of the effectiveness of delta restoration. Only few field-based studies have been undertaken in freshwater tidal wetlands. Furthermore, studies that measured sediment deposition in newly created wetlands are also sparse. This paper aims to identify the factors ...

The effects of the reverse seasonal flooding on soil texture within the hydro-fluctuation belt in the Three Gorges reservoir, China

Purpose The formation of the large hydro-fluctuation belt at the altitude of 145–175 m, following the construction of the Three Gorges Dam, developed from the terrestrial system in the Three Gorges reservoir. This research mainly concerned the effects of the resultant reverse seasonal flooding on soil texture. Materials and methods Four field experimental plots were designed with ...

Soil vapor extraction of wet gasoline-contaminated soil made possible by electroosmotic dewatering–lab simulations applied at a field site

Purpose Soil restoration is still mainly carried out ex situ by excavating and replacing the contaminated soil. In situ remediation would reduce the costs of soil transportation and this way, the problem is not merely transferred elsewhere. The present study introduces a field case where the aged, oil-contaminated soil in a former fuel station in Finland was treated in situ ...

The distribution of sequentially extracted Cu, Pb, and Zn fractions in Podzol profiles under dwarf pine of different stages of degradation in subalpine zone of Karkonosze Mts (central Europe)

Purpose Here, we aimed to assess the contamination of Podzol soils in a subalpine zone of the Karkonosze Mountains. Cu, Pb, and Zn concentrations in the soil and the patterns of their speciation are discussed in relation to the possible influence of airborne industrial emissions and the stage of degradation of dwarf mountain pine stands. Materials and methods The study was ...

Metal contamination of bed sediments in the Irwell and Upper Mersey catchments, northwest England: exploring the legacy of industry and urban growth

Purpose Manchester is often heralded as the first industrial city. Large volumes of physical and liquid contaminants were released into its river network throughout the industrial period up to the latter part of the twentieth century. Water quality has improved dramatically in recent decades, but, given their environmental significance, it is important to ascertain the extent to ...

Critical control of flooding and draining sequences on the environmental risk of Zn-contaminated riverbank sediments

Purpose Diffuse pollution emanating from metal mining-impacted sediment could serve as a barrier to achieving European Union Water Framework Directive and US Clean Water Act requirements. UK climate projections (UKCP09) predict increases in rainfall and aridity that will influence river stage alternately exposing and submersing contaminated riverbank sediment. Research focuses on ...

Testing the influence of sediment granulometry on heterotrophic respiration with a new laboratory flow-through system

Purpose Increased sedimentation due to land use intensification is increasingly affecting carbon processing in streams and rivers around the globe. This study describes the design of a laboratory-scale flow-through incubation system as a tool for the rapid estimation of sediment respiration. The measurements were compared with those obtained using an in situ closed chamber ...

Changes in soil morphology of Podzols affected by alkaline fly ash blown out from the dumping site of an electric power plant

Purpose The impacts of fly ash on the chemistry of forest floors were previously described in literature, while impacts on soil properties were less recognised. Soil investigations were focussed mainly on increases of pH and base saturations in surface horizons. The purpose of this study was to describe the influence of alkaline fly ash blown out from the dumping site of a ...

Urban soil resources of medium-sized cities in Poland: a comparative case study of Toruń and Zielona Góra

Purpose Despite the many studies of urban soils, a comparative analysis for cities of a similar size has not yet been conducted. Thus, the aim of this review paper was to compare the soil distribution patterns in the area of two medium-sized Polish cities (Toruń and Zielona Góra). The authors attempted to answer the question of how natural and technogenic factors contributed to the ...