Journal of Soils and Sediments

http://link.springer.com/journal/11368

List of Papers (Total 142)

Spatio-temporal heterogeneity of soil microbial properties in a conventionally managed arable field

PurposeKnowledge about the spatio-temporal variability of soil microbial properties is crucial in evaluating their structure-function relationship and their impact on ecosystem functions. The aim of the study was to determine the spatio-temporal variation of the selected microbial properties at the surface horizon in a conventionally managed arable field.Materials and methodsThe...

The past and prognosis of mining cessation impact on river sediment pollution

PurposeRemediation of mine sites is often aimed at reduction of river pollution after cessation of mining activity. However, the effects of these works overlap natural attenuation processes and their efficiency cannot be recognized well without detailed studies of the fluvial environment. The aim of the study is to predict changes of channel sediment pollution in rivers affected...

Slope position regulates response of carbon and nitrogen stocks to cattle grazing on rough fescue grassland

PurposeGrasslands play a crucial role in offsetting greenhouse gas emissions and mitigating climate change. A moderate change in grassland carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) stocks may substantially alter the global C and N cycle and thereby influence climate. But how grassland C and N stocks respond to grazing and slope position remains uncertain. This research investigates how C and N...

The impact of different land uses in urban area on humus quality

PurposeIn urban areas, humus quantity and quality depend less on natural environmental factors than on anthropogenic ones. The aim of the study was to assess the impact of different land use types of urban soils on the properties of soil organic matter (SOM).Materials and methodsThirty-five sites involving four ways of soil use were examined: lawns, allotment gardens, fallows...

Mutual relations between PAHs derived from atmospheric deposition, enzymatic activity, and humic substances in soils of differently urbanized areas

PurposeThe aim of this study was to determine the mutual relations between polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) originated from atmospheric emissions and enzymatic activity and humic substances in soils at differently urbanized area, on an example of the Lublin city, east Poland.Materials and methodsThe chosen areas represented three differently urbanized environments: old...

Using delayed luminescence to characterize humic acids from lake sediments

Purpose Using the delayed luminescence (DL) method, the photoluminescent properties of humic acids (HA) extracted from lake sediments were analyzed. Delayed luminescence is a promising technique for characterizing HA and other forms of organic matter of various origins. But information is insufficient regarding both its optimal operating conditions and also those environmental...

Studying of the interaction between peat humic acids and metazachlor using spectroscopy methods

Purpose The analysis covered the interaction of humic acids (HA) isolated from peats with the metazachlor using spectroscopic methods. Materials and methods Five peatlands have been selected for the study in the southern and northern parts of Poland. Extraction of humic acids (HA1, HA2, HA3, HA4, and HA5) was performed using a procedure recommended by the International Humic...

Asynchronicity of fine sediment supply and its effects on transport and storage in a regulated river

Purpose A disconnected ephemeral tributary was reconnected to the regulated River Ehen (NW England) as part of a river restoration initiative, providing a renewed delivery of sediment to a highly stable and armoured channel. This paper (1) assesses spatial and temporal dynamics of suspended and stored sediments in the Ehen, (2) characterises the composition of stored sediment, (3...

The impact of restoration processes on the selected soil properties and organic matter transformation of mountain fens under Caltho-Alnetum community in the Babiogórski National Park in Outer Flysch Carpathians, Poland

Purpose The objective of this study was to determine the impact of restoration processes on the selected soil properties and organic matter transformation of mountain fens under the Caltho-Alnetum community in the Babiogórski National Park in Outer Flysch Carpathians. Materials and methods Restoration processes were conducted on three degraded mountain fens in the Babiogórski...

Qualitative and quantitative soil organic matter estimation for sustainable soil management

PurposeThe aims of this paper were to review tools and methods for qualitative and quantitative evaluation of soil organic matter (SOM) coming from diverse egzogenic sources for effective soil management, and to introduce a new approach to predict dynamics of SOM transformations, especially humification, as a key process in the formation of humic substances (HSs).Materials and...

Effect of hydrodynamics factors on sediment flocculation processes in estuaries

Purpose Cohesive sediment is able to flocculate and create flocs, which are larger than individual particles and less dense. The phenomenon of flocculation has an important role in sediment transport processes such as settling, deposition and erosion. In this study, laboratory experiments were performed to investigate the effect of key hydrodynamic parameters such as suspended...

Prediction of soil and water conservation structure impacts on runoff and erosion processes using SWAT model in the northern Ethiopian highlands

Purpose Land degradation due to soil erosion is a serious threat to the highlands of Ethiopia. Various soil and water conservation (SWC) strategies have been in use to tackle soil erosion. However, the effectiveness of SWC measures on runoff dynamics and sediment load in terms of their medium- and short-term effects has not been sufficiently studied. Materials and methods A study...

Differential influence of four invasive plant species on soil physicochemical properties in a pot experiment

Purpose This study compared the effects of four invasive plants, namely Impatiens glandulifera, Reynoutria japonica, Rudbeckia laciniata, and Solidago gigantea, as well as two native species—Artemisia vulgaris, Phalaris arundinacea, and their mixture on soil physicochemical properties in a pot experiment. Materials and methods Plants were planted in pots in two loamy sand soils...

Correction to: Characterizing natural riparian vegetation for modeling of flow and suspended sediment transport

The authors regret that the article contains a typing mistake in Eq. (5), with an u C 2 term accidentally appearing at the right hand side of the squared brackets.

How the deadwood of different tree species in various stages of decomposition affected nutrient dynamics?

Purpose The aim of the study was to estimate how the deadwood of different tree species in various stages of decomposition affected nutrient dynamics. Materials and methods The deadwood of eight species (common alder, common aspen, common ash, silver fir, pedunculate oak, Norway spruce, common hornbeam and silver birch) was selected. Three logs from each species in the third...

The interaction between atrazine and the mineral horizon of soil: a spectroscopic study

Purpose In this paper, an attempt was made to explain the long-lasting occurrence of atrazine in soil. Despite the fact that this herbicide has been banned in European Union 10 years ago, it is still detected in the environment. Materials and methods Soil samples (organic and mineral horizon), SiO2 and Al2O3 sorbents were spiked with atrazine. The ultrasound-assisted extraction...