Cell and Tissue Research

http://link.springer.com/journal/441

List of Papers (Total 297)

The LRRK2 signalling system

The LRRK2 gene is a major contributor to genetic risk for Parkinson’s disease and understanding the biology of the leucine-rich repeat kinase 2 (LRRK2, the protein product of this gene) is an important goal in Parkinson’s research. LRRK2 is a multi-domain, multi-activity enzyme and has been implicated in a wide range of signalling events within the cell. Because of the complexities ...

Mechanosensitive ion channel Piezo1 is expressed in antral G cells of murine stomach

G cells in the antrum region of the murine stomach produce gastrin, the central hormone for controlling gastric activities. Secretion of gastrin is induced mainly by protein breakdown products but also by distensions of the stomach wall. Although G cells respond to protein fragments via distinct chemosensory receptor types, the mechanism underlying G cell activation upon distention ...

Age is the work of art? Impact of neutrophil and organism age on neutrophil extracellular trap formation

Neutrophil extracellular traps or NETs are released by highly activated neutrophils in response to infectious agents, sterile inflammation, autoimmune stimuli and cancer. In the cells, the nuclear envelop disintegrates and decondensation of chromatin occurs that depends on peptidylarginine deiminase 4 (PAD4) and neutrophil elastase (NE). Subsequently, proteins from neutrophil ...

Septo–hippocampal interaction

The septo–hippocampal pathway adjusts CA1 network excitability to different behavioral states and is crucially involved in theta rhythmogenesis. In the medial septum, cholinergic, glutamatergic and GABAergic neurons form a highly interconnected local network. Neurons of these three classes project to glutamatergic pyramidal neurons and different subsets of GABAergic neurons in the ...

The storage and recall of memories in the hippocampo-cortical system

A quantitative computational theory of the operation of the hippocampus as an episodic memory system is described. The CA3 system operates as a single attractor or autoassociation network (1) to enable rapid one-trial associations between any spatial location (place in rodents or spatial view in primates) and an object or reward and (2) to provide for completion of the whole memory ...

Platelet–neutrophil interactions as drivers of inflammatory and thrombotic disease

Neutrophils are well known for their role in infection and inflammatory disease and are first responders at sites of infection or injury. Platelets have an established role in hemostasis and thrombosis and are first responders at sites of vascular damage. However, neutrophils are increasingly recognized for their role in thrombosis, while the immunemodulatory properties of ...

Correction to: The antidepressant effect of musk in an animal model of depression: a histopathological study

The original publication of this paper contains mistake. Below you will find the needed corrections:

Correction to: Laminin-derived Ile-Lys-Val-ala-Val: a promising bioactive peptide in neural tissue engineering in traumatic brain injury

There is only one problem with Table 3. The references mentioned in this table were wrong in the final proof.

Correction to: HDAC6 deacetylates alpha tubulin in sperm and modulates sperm motility in Holtzman rat

The published online version contains mistake. The chimeric peptide should read as 'DPSVLYVSLHRYGGYMNEGELRV'. It was inadvertently written as 'DPSVLYVSLYVSLHRYGGYMNEGELR' a mistake which we missed during proof reading.

Correction to: Cell type-specific localization of Ephs pairing with ephrin-B2 in the rat postnatal pituitary gland

The published online version contains mistakes in Table 1, Table 2 and Fig. 2. See below for the corrected Tables and Figure.

Correction to : Coordinate expression of pan-neuronal and functional signature genes in sympathetic neurons

The published online version contains mistake. We apologize for errors in the lettering of Fig. 3d and also would like to correct the legend of Fig. 2b.

Neurodegeneration and the ordered assembly of α-synuclein

In 2017, it was 200 years since James Parkinson published ‘An Essay on the Shaking Palsy’ and 20 years since α-synuclein aggregation came to the fore. In 1998, multiple system atrophy joined Parkinson’s disease and dementia with Lewy bodies as the third major synucleinopathy. Here, we describe the work that led to the identification of α-synuclein in Lewy bodies, Lewy neurites and ...

Convergent pathways in Parkinson’s disease

Preferential degeneration of dopamine neurons (DAn) in the midbrain represents the principal hallmark of Parkinson’s disease (PD). It has been hypothesized that major contributors to DAn vulnerability lie in their unique cellular physiology and architecture, which make them particularly susceptible to stress factors. Here, we report a concise overview of some of the cell mechanisms ...

Hypoxia and hypoxia-inducible factors in neuroblastoma

Hypoxia (i.e., low oxygen levels) is a known feature of aggressive tumors. Cells, including tumor cells, respond to conditions of insufficient oxygen by activating a transcriptional program mainly driven by hypoxia-inducible factors (HIF)-1 and HIF-2. Both HIF-1α and HIF-2α expression levels have been shown to correlate to patient outcome in various tumor forms and in ...

Increased mast cell degranulation and co-localization of mast cells with the NMDA receptor-1 during healing after Achilles tendon rupture

The role of inflammation and the mechanism of tendon healing after rupture has historically been a matter of controversy. The purpose of the present study is to investigate the role of mast cells and their relation to the NMDA receptor-1 (a glutamate receptor) during healing after Achilles tendon rupture. Eight female Sprague Dawley rats had their right Achilles tendon transected. ...

Role of BDNF and neurotrophic receptors in human inner ear development

The expression patterns of the neurotrophin, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, BDNF, and the neurotrophic receptors—p75NTR and Trk receptors—in the developing human fetal inner ear between the gestational weeks (GW) 9 to 12 are examined via in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. BDNF mRNA expression was highest in the cochlea at GW 9 but declined in the course of ...

Expression patterns of key Sonic Hedgehog signaling pathway components in the developing and adult mouse midbrain and in the MN9D cell line

The temporal dynamic expression of Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) and signaling during early midbrain dopaminergic (mDA) neuron development is one of the key players in establishing mDA progenitor diversity. However, whether SHH signaling is also required during later developmental stages and in mature mDA neurons is less understood. We study the expression of SHH receptors Ptch1 and Gas1 ...

Maximized complexity in miniaturized brains: morphology and distribution of octopaminergic, dopaminergic and serotonergic neurons in the parasitic wasp, Trichogramma evanescens

The parasitic wasp, Trichogramma evanescens, is an extremely small insect, with a body length as small as 0.3 mm. To facilitate this miniaturization, their brains may have evolved to contain smaller neural components and/or reduced neural complexity than larger insects. Here, we study whether the size and number of neurons are reduced in the miniaturized brain of T. evanescens, ...

Time-of-day-dependent expression of purinergic receptors in mouse suprachiasmatic nucleus

Purinergic P2X and P2Y receptors are involved in mediating intercellular signalling via purines such as adenosine triphosphate (ATP). P2X and P2Y receptors have been implicated in numerous body functions including learning, memory and sleep. All of these body functions show time-of–day-dependent variations controlled by the master circadian oscillator located in the suprachiasmatic ...

Myeloperoxidase-immunoreactive cells are significantly increased in brain areas affected by neurodegeneration in Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s disease

Myeloperoxidase (MPO) is a key enzyme in inflammatory and degenerative processes, although conflicting reports have been presented concerning its expression in the brain. We studied the cellular localization of MPO and compared numbers of MPO cells in various brain regions between neurologically healthy individuals and patients with Parkinson’s disease (PD) or Alzheimer’s disease ...

Urinary extracellular vesicles. A promising shortcut to novel biomarker discoveries

Proteomic and genomic techniques have reached full maturity and are providing unforeseen details for the comprehensive understanding of disease pathologies at a fraction of previous costs. However, for kidney diseases, many gaps in such information remain to inhibit major advances in the prevention, treatment and diagnostics of these devastating diseases, which have enormous global ...

Cell culture: complications due to mechanical release of ATP and activation of purinoceptors

There is abundant evidence that ATP (adenosine 5′-triphosphate) is released from a variety of cultured cells in response to mechanical stimulation. The release mechanism involved appears to be a combination of vesicular exocytosis and connexin and pannexin hemichannels. Purinergic receptors on cultured cells mediate both short-term purinergic signalling of secretion and long-term ...

Role of primary cilia in non-dividing and post-mitotic cells

The essential role of primary (non-motile) cilia during the development of multi-cellular tissues and organs is well established and is underlined by severe disease manifestations caused by mutations in cilia-associated molecules that are collectively termed ciliopathies. However, the role of primary cilia in non-dividing and terminally differentiated, post-mitotic cells is less ...

Parietal cells—new perspectives in glomerular disease

In normal glomeruli, parietal epithelial cells (PECs) line the inside of Bowman’s capsule and form an inconspicuous sheet of flat epithelial cells in continuity with the proximal tubular epithelial cells (PTECs) at the urinary pole and with the podocytes at the vascular pole. PECs, PTECs and podocytes have a common mesenchymal origin and are the result of divergent differentiation ...