Robotics and Biomimetics

http://link.springer.com/journal/40638

List of Papers (Total 67)

AprilTag array-aided extrinsic calibration of camera–laser multi-sensor system

This paper presents a new algorithm for extrinsically calibrating a multi-sensor system including multiple cameras and a 2D laser scanner. On the basis of the camera pose estimation using AprilTag, we design an AprilTag array as the calibration target and employ a nonlinear optimization to calculate the single-camera extrinsic parameters when multiple tags are in the field of view ...

Constrained VPH+: a local path planning algorithm for a bio-inspired crawling robot with customized ultrasonic scanning sensor

This paper aims to develop a local path planning algorithm for a bio-inspired, reconfigurable crawling robot. A detailed description of the robotic platform is first provided, and the suitability for deployment of each of the current state-of-the-art local path planners is analyzed after an extensive literature review. The Enhanced Vector Polar Histogram algorithm is described and ...

Energy-efficient control of a screw-drive pipe robot with consideration of actuator’s characteristics

Pipe robots can perform inspection tasks to alleviate the damage caused by the pipe problems. Usually, the pipe robots carry batteries or use a power cable draining power from a vehicle that has many equipments for exploration. Nevertheless, the energy is limited for the whole inspection task and cannot keep the inspection time too long. In this paper, we use the total input energy ...

Passivity-based control of an omnidirectional mobile robot

This paper studies passivity-based trajectory tracking control of an omnidirectional mobile robot. The proposed control design is simple to be implemented in practice, because of an effective exploitation of the structure of robot dynamics. First, the passivity property of the prototype robot is analyzed. Then the control system is designed based on the energy shaping plus damping ...

Analysis of the non-reciprocating legged gait for a hexapod robot based on the ePaddle-EGM

A novel eccentric paddle mechanism based on the epicyclic gear mechanism (ePaddle-EGM) has been proposed to enhance the mobility of amphibious robot for multi-terrain tasks with diverse locomotion gaits. This paper presents a brief description for this mechanism. Based on the feature of ePaddle-EGM, a unique non-reciprocating legged gait planning method is proposed. This method ...

Design of a high-mobility multi-terrain robot based on eccentric paddle mechanism

Gaining high mobility on versatile terrains is a crucial target for designing a mobile robot toward tasks such as search and rescue, scientific exploration, and environment monitoring. Inspired by dextrous limb motion of animals, a novel form of locomotion has been established in our previous study, by proposing an eccentric paddle mechanism (ePaddle) for integrating paddling ...

Human-assisted sound event recognition for home service robots

This paper proposes and implements an open framework of active auditory learning for a home service robot to serve the elderly living alone at home. The framework was developed to realize the various auditory perception capabilities while enabling a remote human operator to involve in the sound event recognition process for elderly care. The home service robot is able to estimate ...

Tracking control of piezoelectric actuator using adaptive model

Piezoelectric actuators (PEAs) have been widely used in micro- and nanopositioning applications due to their fine resolution, rapid responses, and large actuating forces. However, a major deficiency of PEAs is that their accuracy is seriously limited by hysteresis. This paper presents adaptive model predictive control technique for reducing hysteresis in PEAs based on ...

MicROS-drt: supporting real-time and scalable data distribution in distributed robotic systems

A primary requirement in distributed robotic software systems is the dissemination of data to all interested collaborative entities in a timely and scalable manner. However, providing such a service in a highly dynamic and resource-limited robotic environment is a challenging task, and existing robot software infrastructure has limitations in this aspect. This paper presents a ...

Microdesign using frictional, hooked, attachment mechanisms: a biomimetic study of natural attachment mechanisms—Part 3

Part 1 completed the studies of five long-shafted, cellulose, frictional, hooked probabilistic fasteners. Part 2 identified three substructures prevalent in the natural world for probabilistic fasteners and detailed the collection of voxel dataclouds while measuring from the natural fluorescence of their composing chitin and cellulose under the laser illumination of a confocal ...

Hydrodynamic study of freely swimming shark fish propulsion for marine vehicles using 2D particle image velocimetry

Two-dimensional velocity fields around a freely swimming freshwater black shark fish in longitudinal (XZ) plane and transverse (YZ) plane are measured using digital particle image velocimetry (DPIV). By transferring momentum to the fluid, fishes generate thrust. Thrust is generated not only by its caudal fin, but also using pectoral and anal fins, the contribution of which depends ...

Design of a three-segment continuum robot for minimally invasive surgery

Continuum robot, as known as snake-like robot, usually does not include rigid links and has the ability to reach into a confined space by shaping itself into smooth curves. This paper presents the design of a three-segment continuum robot for minimally invasive surgery. The continuum robot employs a single super-elastic nitinol rod as the backbone and concentric disks assembled on ...

Single-step collision-free trajectory planning of biped climbing robots in spatial trusses

For a biped climbing robot with dual grippers to climb poles, trusses or trees, feasible collision-free climbing motion is inevitable and essential. In this paper, we utilize the sampling-based algorithm, Bi-RRT, to plan single-step collision-free motion for biped climbing robots in spatial trusses. To deal with the orientation limit of a 5-DoF biped climbing robot, a new state ...

Experimental investigation of efficient locomotion of underwater snake robots for lateral undulation and eel-like motion patterns

Underwater snake robots offer many interesting capabilities for underwater operations. The long and slender structure of such robots provide superior capabilities for access through narrow openings and within confined areas. This is interesting for inspection and monitoring operations, for instance within the subsea oil and gas industry and within marine archeology. In addition, ...

A biomimetic study of natural attachment mechanisms: imaging cellulose and chitin part 2

To create a model of a biomimetic product from the A. minus hook after a biomimetic methodology has been applied, this paper describes an investigation into the most appropriate method of shape acquisition for the purposes of reproduction and product development towards manufacture. This morphological study investigates confocal microscopy, SEM and other microscopy techniques. ...

On the static structural design of climbing robots: part 1

This manuscript is the first of two parts of a work investigating optimal configurations of legged climbing robots while loitering on vertical surfaces. In this part 1, a mathematical model of a climbing robot based on the finite element method (FEM), specifically the stiffness method, is generated. A number of parameters, namely the height of the robot, the length of its body and ...

On the static structural design of climbing robots: part 2

This manuscript is the second of two parts of a work investigating optimal configurations of legged climbing robots while loitering on vertical surfaces. In this Part 2, a structural analysis based on the finite element method, specifically the stiffness method, is performed to address the problem. Parameters that are investigated in this Part 2 include the inclination of both the ...

A biomimetic study of natural attachment mechanisms—Arctium minus part 1

The hook as a shape occurs very early on the evolutionary scale. Cellulose appears as a biological building block in the Cambrian age from fossil records, and hooks have been found in chitinous organisms as mandibles, maxillae as well as tarsi. Hook separation forces associated with plant seed and fruit dispersal have been studied in four species by SN Gorb. A fifth, Arctium minus ...

Realization of rolling locomotion by a wheel-spider-inspired hexapod robot

This study aims to realize rolling locomotion by a multi-legged robot inspired by “wheel spider” in nature. A novel robot mechanism and a strategy for rolling locomotion is proposed in this paper based on motion analysis of wheel spider species in nature. We also present details of a model of a wheel-spider-inspired hexapod robot and design of its controller in realizing rolling ...

Optimization and preoperative adjustment design of remote center motion mechanism for minimally invasive surgical robot

In this paper, a new remote center motion (RCM) mechanism called triangle is proposed; this mechanism is simple and with high stiffness. A complete kinematic analysis and optimization algorithm implying AHP which is a combination of quantitative and qualitative analysis method incorporating the requirements for minimally invasive surgery (MIS) are performed to find the optimal link ...

Path following control of planar snake robots using virtual holonomic constraints: theory and experiments

This paper considers path following control of planar snake robots using virtual holonomic constraints. In order to present a model-based path following control design for the snake robot, we first derive the Euler-Lagrange equations of motion of the system. Subsequently, we define geometric relations among the generalized coordinates of the system, using the method of virtual ...

Multirobot rendezvous with bearing-only or range-only measurements

This paper studies distributed rendezvous strategies for multiple nonholonomic wheeled mobile robots with the aim of testing their practicality on real robots. We investigate control strategies which use just bearing-only or range-only measurements and do not need inter-robot radio communication to share the measurements. For the bearing-only case, two control laws proposed in our ...

Tubular micromotors: from microjets to spermbots

In the last decade, it was demonstrated that tubular micromotors are of potential interest for environmental, sensing, and medical applications. Even though catalytic micromotors rely on toxic fuel for their propulsion, many proof-of-concept applications were shown. Currently, the research community of micromotors is searching for biocompatible fuel solutions in order to extend the ...

Learning by imitation with the STIFF-FLOP surgical robot: a biomimetic approach inspired by octopus movements

Transferring skills from a biological organism to a hyper-redundant system is a challenging task, especially when the two agents have very different structure/embodiment and evolve in different environments. In this article, we propose to address this problem by designing motion primitives in the form of probabilistic dynamical systems. We take inspiration from invertebrate systems ...