The International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging

http://link.springer.com/journal/10554

List of Papers (Total 382)

Do CTA measurements of annular diameter, perimeter and area result in different TAVI prosthesis sizes?

Incorrect prosthesis size has direct impact on patient outcome after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) procedure. Currently, annular diameter, area or perimeter may be used for prosthesis size selection. The aim was to evaluate whether the use different annular dimensions would result in the selection of different prosthesis sizes, when assessed in the same TAVI...

Echocardiographic measurements of epicardial adipose tissue and comparative ability to predict adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease

The present study aimed to compare echocardiography measurements of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) thickness and other risk factors regarding their ability to predict adverse cardiovascular outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Outcomes of 107 patients (86 males, 21 females, mean age 63.6 years old) submitted to diagnostic echocardiography and coronary...

Cardiac computed tomography compared with two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography for the detection and assessment of atrial septal pouches

The aim of this study is to compare the two-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography (2D-TEE) with multi-slice computed tomography (MSCT) and with autopsied material to evaluate the ability and precision of the imaging methods for the detection and assessment of septal pouch (SP). One hundred and fifty patients that underwent both 2D-TEE and MSCT and 50 autopsied human hearts...

Contrast agent concentration optimization in CTA using low tube voltage and dual-energy CT in multiple vendors: a phantom study

We investigated the feasibility and extent to which iodine concentration can be reduced in computed tomography angiography imaging of the aorta and coronary arteries using low tube voltage and virtual monochromatic imaging of 3 major dual-energy CT (DECT) vendors. A circulation phantom was imaged with dual source CT (DSCT), gemstone spectral imaging (GSI) and dual-layer spectral...

Left and right ventricular parameters corrected with threshold-based quantification method in a normal cohort analyzed by three independent observers with various training-degree

While cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is the reference method to evaluate left and right ventricular functions, volumes and masses, there is no widely accepted method for the quantitative analysis of trabeculae and papillary muscles (TPM). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of TPM quantification on left and right ventricular CMR values in a normal cohort and to...

Influence of different dynamic sporting disciplines on right ventricular Structure and function in elite male athletes

Our objective was to assess the influence of different levels of exposure to dynamic training on right ventricular (RV) structure, function and mechanics in elite male athletes. We recruited 492 male elite athletes aged between 18 and 30 years old. Athletes were grouped according to their sporting discipline using the Mitchell Classification as Low Dynamic (LD), Moderate Dynamic...

Scan–rescan reproducibility of diastolic left ventricular kinetic energy, viscous energy loss and vorticity assessment using 4D flow MRI: analysis in healthy subjects

The aim of the current study was to assess the scan–rescan reproducibility of left ventricular (LV) kinetic energy (KE), viscous energy loss (EL) and vorticity during diastole from four-dimensional flow magnetic resonance imaging (4D flow MRI) in healthy subjects. Twelve volunteers (age 27 ± 3 years) underwent whole-heart 4D flow MRI twice in one session. In-scan consistency was...

Influence of iterative reconstruction on coronary calcium scores at multiple heart rates: a multivendor phantom study on state-of-the-art CT systems

The objective of this study was to evaluate the influence of iterative reconstruction on coronary calcium scores (CCS) at different heart rates for four state-of-the-art CT systems. Within an anthropomorphic chest phantom, artificial coronary arteries were translated in a water-filled compartment. The arteries contained three different calcifications with low (38 mg), medium (80...

Influence of heart rate on coronary calcium scores: a multi-manufacturer phantom study

To evaluate the influence of heart rate on coronary calcium scores (CCS) using a dynamic phantom on four high-end computed tomography (CT) systems from different manufacturers. Artificial coronary arteries were moved in an anthropomorphic chest phantom at linear velocities, corresponding to < 60, 60–75 and > 75 beats per minute (bpm). Data was acquired with routinely used...

Early detection of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction using conventional and speckle tracking echocardiography in a large animal model of metabolic dysfunction

Left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction is one of the important mechanisms responsible for symptoms in patients with heart failure. The aim of the current study was to identify parameters that may be used to detect early signs of LV diastolic dysfunction in diabetic pigs on a high fat diet, using conventional and speckle tracking echocardiography. The study population...

Multi-view approach for the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension using transthoracic echocardiography

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a disease with severe morbidity and mortality. Echocardiography plays an essential role in the screening of PH. The quality of the acquired continuous wave Doppler signal is the major limitation of the method and can greatly affect the accuracy of estimated pulmonary pressures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical need to image from...

Impact of incomplete ventricular coverage on diagnostic performance of myocardial perfusion imaging

In the context of myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), there is ongoing debate on the merits of using technically complex acquisition methods to achieve whole-heart spatial coverage, rather than conventional 3-slice acquisition. An adequately powered comparative study is difficult to achieve given the requirement for two separate stress CMR...

Cardiac structure and function in elite Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander Rugby Football League athletes: an exploratory study

The aim of this exploratory study was to define the Athletes Heart (AH) phenotype in Native Hawaiian & Pacific Islander (NH&PI) Rugby Football League (RFL) athletes. Specifically, (1) to describe conventional echocardiographic indices of left ventricle (LV) and right ventricle (RV) structure and function in NH&PI RFL players and matched RFL Caucasian controls (CC) and (2) to...

Reference ranges for three-dimensional feature tracking cardiac magnetic resonance: comparison with two-dimensional methodology and relevance of age and gender

Myocardial deformation is a sensitive marker of sub-clinical myocardial dysfunction that carries independent prognostic significance across a broad range of cardiovascular diseases. It is now possible to perform 3D feature tracking of SSFP cines on cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (FT-CMR). This study provides reference ranges for 3D FT-CMR and assesses its reproducibility...

Disagreement between splenic switch-off and myocardial T1-mapping after caffeine intake

Caffeine is an adenosine receptor antagonist and a possible cause of inadequate stress perfusion. Splenic switch-off (SSO) and splenic rest-stress T1-mapping have been proposed as indicators of stress adequacy during perfusion cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). We compared myocardial rest-stress T1-mapping with SSO and splenic rest-stress T1-mapping in patients with and without...

Mechanical dyssynchrony alters left ventricular flow energetics in failing hearts with LBBB: a 4D flow CMR pilot study

The impact of left bundle branch block (LBBB) related mechanical dyssynchrony on left ventricular (LV) diastolic function remains unclear. 4D flow cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has provided reliable markers of LV dysfunction: reduced volume and kinetic energy (KE) of the portion of LV inflow which passes directly to outflow (Direct Flow) has been demonstrated in failing...

High T2-weighted signal intensity for risk prediction of sudden cardiac death in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

In search of improved risk stratification in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), CMR imaging has been implicated as a potential tool for prediction of sudden cardiac death (SCD). In follow-up of the promising results with extensive late gadolinium enhancement (LGE), high signal-intensity on T2-weighted imaging (HighT2) has become subject of interest given its association with...

Comparison of strain imaging techniques in CRT candidates: CMR tagging, CMR feature tracking and speckle tracking echocardiography

Parameters using myocardial strain analysis may predict response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). As the agreement between currently available strain imaging modalities is unknown, three different modalities were compared. Twenty-seven CRT-candidates, prospectively included in the MARC study, underwent cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging and echocardiographic...

Comparative assessment of three drug eluting stents with different platforms but with the same biodegradable polymer and the drug based on quantitative coronary angiography and optical coherence tomography at 12-month follow-up

The aim of this study was to compare neointima proliferation in three drug-eluting stents (DES) produced by the same company (Balton, Poland) which are covered with a biodegradable polymer and elute sirolimus (concentration: 1.0 and 1.2 µg/mm2), but have different stent platforms and strut thickness: stainless steel Prolim® (115 µm) and BiOSS LIM® (120 µm) and cobalt-chromium...

Intravascular ultrasound assessment of the effect of laser energy on the arterial wall during the treatment of femoro-popliteal lesions: a CliRpath excimer laser system to enlarge lumen openings (CELLO) registry study

The CliRpath Excimer Laser System to Enlarge Lumen Openings (CELLO) registry included patients treated with modified excimer laser catheters for the endovascular treatment of peripheral artery disease affecting the superficial femoral artery (SFA) and proximal popliteal artery. The aim of this study was to assess, via intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) the dissections in the vessel...

Characterization of complex flow patterns in the ascending aorta in patients with aortic regurgitation using conventional phase-contrast velocity MRI

Ascending aorta (AA) flow displacement (FD) is a surrogate for increased wall shear stress. We prospectively studied the flow profile in the AA in patients with aortic regurgitation (AR), to identify predictors of FD and investigate whether magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) phase-contrast flow rate curves (PC-FRC) contain quantitative information related to FD. Forty patients with...