The AAPS Journal

http://link.springer.com/journal/12248

List of Papers (Total 147)

Population Pharmacokinetic and Pharmacodynamic Modeling of Artemisinin Resistance in Southeast Asia

Orally administered artemisinin-based combination therapy is the first-line treatment against uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria worldwide. However, the increasing prevalence of artemisinin resistance is threatening efforts to treat and eliminate malaria in Southeast Asia. This study aimed to characterize the exposure-response relationship of artesunate in patients with ...

siRNA-Mediated RNA Interference in Precision-Cut Tissue Slices Prepared from Mouse Lung and Kidney

Small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated RNAi interference (RNAi) is a powerful post-transcriptional gene silencing mechanism which can be used to study the function of genes in vitro (cell cultures) and in vivo (animal models). However, there is a translational gap between these models. Hence, there is a need for novel experimental models that combine the advantages of in vitro and ...

Microdialysis as an Important Technique in Systems Pharmacology—a Historical and Methodological Review

Microdialysis has contributed with very important knowledge to the understanding of target-specific concentrations and their relationship to pharmacodynamic effects from a systems pharmacology perspective, aiding in the global understanding of drug effects. This review focuses on the historical development of microdialysis as a method to quantify the pharmacologically very ...

Integrated Gut and Liver Microphysiological Systems for Quantitative In Vitro Pharmacokinetic Studies

Investigation of the pharmacokinetics (PK) of a compound is of significant importance during the early stages of drug development, and therefore several in vitro systems are routinely employed for this purpose. However, the need for more physiologically realistic in vitro models has recently fueled the emerging field of tissue-engineered 3D cultures, also referred to as ...

Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacogenomics of Bupropion in Three Different Formulations with Different Release Kinetics in Healthy Human Volunteers

The purpose of this pharmacokinetics (PK) study was to investigate whether different release kinetics from bupropion hydrochloride (HCl) immediate release (IR), sustained release (SR), and extended release (ER) formulations alter its metabolism and to test the hypothesis that the unsuccessful bioequivalence (BE) study of the higher strength (300 mg) of bupropion HCl ER tablets ...

A Minimal Continuous-Time Markov Pharmacometric Model

In this work, an alternative model to discrete-time Markov model (DTMM) or standard continuous-time Markov model (CTMM) for analyzing ordered categorical data with Markov properties is presented: the minimal CTMM (mCTMM). Through a CTMM reparameterization and under the assumption that the transition rate between two consecutive states is independent on the state, the Markov ...

Large-Scale Prediction of Drug-Target Interaction: a Data-Centric Review

The prediction of drug-target interactions (DTIs) is of extraordinary significance to modern drug discovery in terms of suggesting new drug candidates and repositioning old drugs. Despite technological advances, large-scale experimental determination of DTIs is still expensive and laborious. Effective and low-cost computational alternatives remain in strong need. Meanwhile, ...

QSP Toolbox: Computational Implementation of Integrated Workflow Components for Deploying Multi-Scale Mechanistic Models

Quantitative systems pharmacology (QSP) modeling has become increasingly important in pharmaceutical research and development, and is a powerful tool to gain mechanistic insights into the complex dynamics of biological systems in response to drug treatment. However, even once a suitable mathematical framework to describe the pathophysiology and mechanisms of interest is ...

Mechanistic Modeling of the Pharmacodynamic and Pharmacokinetic Relationship of Tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor-Neutralizing Antibody (BAY 1093884) in Cynomolgus Monkeys

BAY 1093884 is a fully human monoclonal antibody against the tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) in development as prophylaxis in patients with hemophilia with or without inhibitors. In vitro, BAY 1093884 binds to human, mouse, and monkey TFPI. The objective of this study was to find a pharmacodynamic (PD) biomarker after administration of BAY 1093884 to normal monkeys. In ...

Evolution of Choice of Solubility and Dissolution Media After Two Decades of Biopharmaceutical Classification System

The introduction of the biopharmaceutics drug classification system (Biopharmaceutics Classification System (BCS)), in 1995, provided a simple way to describe the biopharmaceutics behavior of a drug. Solubility and permeability are among the major parameters, which determine the fraction dose absorbed of a drug substance and consequently its chances to be bioavailable. The purpose ...

Microdialysis: the Key to Physiologically Based Model Prediction of Human CNS Target Site Concentrations

Despite the enormous research efforts that have been put into the development of central nervous system (CNS) drugs, the success rate in this area is still disappointing. To increase the successful rate in the clinical trials, first the problem of predicting human CNS drug distribution should be solved. As it is the unbound drug that equilibrates over membranes and is able to ...

Modeling a Composite Score in Parkinson’s Disease Using Item Response Theory

In the current work, we present the methodology for development of an Item Response Theory model within a non-linear mixed effects framework to characterize the longitudinal changes of the Movement Disorder Society (sponsored revision) of Unified Parkinson’s Disease Rating Scale (MDS–UPDRS) endpoint in Parkinson’s disease (PD). The data were obtained from Parkinson’s Progression ...

Pharmacokinetic Steady-States Highlight Interesting Target-Mediated Disposition Properties

In this paper, we derive explicit expressions for the concentrations of ligand L, target R and ligand-target complex RL at steady state for the classical model describing target-mediated drug disposition, in the presence of a constant-rate infusion of ligand. We demonstrate that graphing the steady-state values of ligand, target and ligand-target complex, we obtain striking and ...

Identifying Metabolites of Meclonazepam by High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry Using Human Liver Microsomes, Hepatocytes, a Mouse Model, and Authentic Urine Samples

Meclonazepam is a benzodiazepine patented in 1977 to treat parasitic worms, which recently appeared as a designer benzodiazepine and drug of abuse. The aim of this study was to identify metabolites suitable as biomarkers of drug intake in urine using high-resolution mass spectrometry, authentic urine samples, and different model systems including human liver microsomes, ...

Identification of New Synthetic Cannabinoid ADB-CHMINACA (MAB-CHMINACA) Metabolites in Human Hepatocytes

ADB-CHMINACA (MAB-CHMINACA) is a new synthetic cannabinoid with high potency and many reported adverse events and fatalities. The drug is currently scheduled in several countries in Europe and the USA. Analytical methods need to be developed to confirm ADB-CHMINACA intake for clinical and forensic programs. For many synthetic cannabinoids, parent compound is not detectable in ...

Microdialysis Monitoring in Clinical Traumatic Brain Injury and Its Role in Neuroprotective Drug Development

Injuries to the central nervous system continue to be vast contributors to morbidity and mortality; specifically, traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the most common cause of death during the first four decades of life. Several modalities are used to monitor patients suffering from TBI in order to prevent detrimental secondary injuries. The microdialysis (MD) technique, introduced ...

Metabolic Profiling of Human Long-Term Liver Models and Hepatic Clearance Predictions from In Vitro Data Using Nonlinear Mixed-Effects Modeling

Early prediction of human clearance is often challenging, in particular for the growing number of low-clearance compounds. Long-term in vitro models have been developed which enable sophisticated hepatic drug disposition studies and improved clearance predictions. Here, the cell line HepG2, iPSC-derived hepatocytes (iCell®), the hepatic stem cell line HepaRG™, and human hepatocyte ...

Exposure–Response and Tumor Growth Inhibition Analyses of the Monovalent Anti-c-MET Antibody Onartuzumab (MetMAb) in the Second- and Third-Line Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

The phase III trial comparing onartuzumab + erlotinib vs. erlotinib in the second- and third-line non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) did not meet its primary endpoint of overall survival (OS). The objective was to assess whether doses higher than the phase III dose (15 mg/kg) might yield better efficacy without compromising the safety profile. Data were from 636 patients from the ...

Population Pharmacokinetics of an Extended-Release Formulation of Exenatide Following Single- and Multiple-Dose Administration

Exenatide is a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist with both immediate- and extended-release (ER) formulations that are approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Long-term exposure from the ER formulation is achieved through slow peptide release from a degradable microsphere formulation. The goal of this analysis was to develop a pharmacokinetic model for the ER ...