Calcified Tissue International

http://link.springer.com/journal/223

List of Papers (Total 194)

Bone Phenotype Assessed by HRpQCT and Associations with Fracture Risk in the GLOW Study

The epidemiology and pathogenesis of fractures in postmenopausal women has previously been investigated in the Global Longitudinal study of Osteoporosis in Women (GLOW). To date, however, relationships between bone imaging outcomes and fracture have not been studied in this cohort. We examined relationships between high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography ...

Bone Disease in Connective Tissue Disease/Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

This article reviews recent advances in the research of the mechanisms of bone loss, as well as clinical features, economic impact and therapeutic implications of osteoporosis and fractures in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) as an illustration of bone disease in a complex systemic autoimmune connective tissue disease. Recent studies demonstrated an increased ...

Eldecalcitol, an Active Vitamin D3 Derivative, Prevents Trabecular Bone Loss and Bone Fragility in Type I Diabetic Model Rats

Diabetes mellitus is known to adversely affect the bones and be associated with increased fracture risk. We examined whether eldecalcitol (ELD), an active vitamin D3 derivative, could inhibit the diabetic bone loss in streptozotocin-induced type I diabetic rats. ELD (10, 20, or 40 ng/kg), alfacalcidol (ALF; 25, 50, or 100 ng/kg), or vehicle was administered 5 times per week for 12 ...

The Phenotype of Patients with a Recent Fracture: A Literature Survey of the Fracture Liaison Service

The aetiology of fractures in patients aged 50 years and older is multifactorial, and includes bone- and fall-related risks. The Fracture Liaison Service (FLS) is recommended to identify patients with a recent fracture and to evaluate their subsequent fracture risk, in order to take measures to decrease the risk of subsequent fractures in patients with a high risk phenotype. A ...

Autoantibodies to Osteoprotegerin are Associated with Low Hip Bone Mineral Density and History of Fractures in Axial Spondyloarthritis: A Cross-Sectional Observational Study

Osteoporosis is a recognised complication of axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) and is thought to be due to functional impairment and the osteoclast-activating effects of proinflammatory cytokines. The development of autoantibodies to OPG (OPG-Ab) has been associated with severe osteoporosis and increased bone resorption in rheumatoid arthritis. In this study, we screened for the ...

Evidence that Osteocytes in Autogenous Bone Fragments can Repair Disrupted Canalicular Networks and Connect with Osteocytes in de novo Formed Bone on the Fragment Surface

Autogenous bone fragments generated during surgery (e.g. implant site preparation) accelerate bone formation by the release of a large variety of growth factors from the extracellular matrix and the cells contained within. Osteocytes, whether viable or apoptotic, within such fragments are able to recruit osteoclasts to a site of bone remodelling. Here, using correlative scanning ...

Disruption of the Aldehyde Dehydrogenase 2 Gene Results in No Increase in Trabecular Bone Mass Due to Skeletal Loading in Association with Impaired Cell Cycle Regulation Through p21 Expression in the Bone Marrow Cells of Mice

Approximately 45% of people of East Asian descent have the inactive aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) phenotype. The enzyme defect of ALDH2 has been found to adversely influence the risk of osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to clarify the effect of skeletal loading on trabecular bone structure and dynamics in Aldh2-disrupted mice in the absence of alcohol consumption. ...

Epidemiology of Sarcopenia: Determinants Throughout the Lifecourse

Sarcopenia is an age-related syndrome characterised by progressive and generalised loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength; it is a major contributor to the risk of physical frailty, functional impairment in older people, poor health-related quality of life and premature death. Many different definitions have been used to describe sarcopenia and have resulted in varying estimates ...

Deletion of Adseverin in Osteoclasts Affects Cell Structure But Not Bone Metabolism

Adseverin is an actin-severing/capping protein that may contribute to osteoclast differentiation in vitro but its role in bone remodeling of healthy animals is not defined. We analyzed bone and osteoclast structure in adseverin conditional null mice at alveolar and long bone sites. In wild-type and adseverin null mice, as measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, there were no ...

Effect of Sequential Treatment with Bisphosphonates After Teriparatide in Ovariectomized Rats: A Direct Comparison Between Risedronate and Alendronate

Teriparatide (TPTD), a recombinant human parathyroid hormone N-terminal fragment (1–34), is a widely used bone anabolic drug for osteoporosis. Sequential treatment with antiresorptives such as bisphosphonates after TPTD discontinuation is generally recommended. However, relative effects of bisphosphonates have not been determined. In the present study, we directly compared effects ...

The Reliability of a Semi-automated Algorithm for Detection of Cortical Interruptions in Finger Joints on High Resolution CT Compared to MicroCT

We developed a semi-automated algorithm for the detection of cortical interruptions in finger joints using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT). Here, we tested its reliability compared to microCT (µCT) as gold standard. Nineteen joints of 10 female anatomic index fingers were imaged by HR-pQCT and µCT (82 and 18 µm isotropic voxel sizes, ...

Antibody Response to Paramyxoviruses in Paget’s Disease of Bone

Paget’s disease of bone (PDB) is a common skeletal disorder characterised by focal abnormalities of increased and disorganised bone turnover. Genetic factors play a central role in the pathogenesis of PDB but environmental factors also contribute. Measles virus (MV), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and canine distemper virus (CDV) have all been implicated as potential disease ...

Osteoporosis in Frail Patients: A Consensus Paper of the Belgian Bone Club

In this consensus paper, the Belgian Bone Club aims to provide a state of the art on the epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of osteoporosis in frail individuals, including patients with anorexia nervosa, patients on dialysis, cancer patients, persons with sarcopenia, and the oldest old. All these conditions may indeed induce bone loss that is superimposed on physiological bone ...

Bone Alkaline Phosphatase and Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase: Potential Co-regulators of Bone Mineralization

Phosphorylated osteopontin (OPN) inhibits hydroxyapatite crystal formation and growth, and bone alkaline phosphatase (BALP) promotes extracellular mineralization via the release of inorganic phosphate from the mineralization inhibitor inorganic pyrophosphate (PPi). Tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP), produced by osteoclasts, osteoblasts, and osteocytes, exhibits potent ...

Obesity, Type 2 Diabetes and Bone in Adults

In an increasingly obese and ageing population, type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and osteoporotic fracture are major public health concerns. Understanding how obesity and type 2 diabetes modulate fracture risk is important to identify and treat people at risk of fracture. Additionally, the study of the mechanisms of action of obesity and T2DM on bone has already offered insights that may be ...

Co-expression of DKK-1 and Sclerostin in Subchondral Bone of the Proximal Femoral Heads from Osteoarthritic Hips

Background Osteoarthritis (OA) is a progressively degenerative joint disease influenced by structural and metabolic factors. There is growing evidence that subchondral bone is involved in both symptomatic and structural progression in OA. The Wnt pathway has been implicated in the progression of OA but the expression and function of the Wnt inhibitors, Dikkopf (DKK-1) and ...

Insulin Treatment Attenuates Decline of Muscle Mass in Japanese Patients with Type 2 Diabetes

Sarcopenia is defined as an age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength, and is a major cause of disability and mobility limitations. Recent studies have demonstrated that type 2 diabetes and insulin signaling deficiencies contribute to the progression of sarcopenia, suggesting that a sufficient supply of insulin to the skeletal muscles may be important for the ...

Intermittent Ibandronate Maintains Bone Mass, Bone Structure, and Biomechanical Strength of Trabecular and Cortical Bone After Discontinuation of Parathyroid Hormone Treatment in Ovariectomized Rats

Although parathyroid hormone (PTH) expresses an anabolic effect on bone mass, the increased bone mass disappears once PTH treatment is withdrawn. Therefore, sequential treatment with anti-bone-resorptive agents is required to maintain bone mass after PTH treatment. We examined the effect of sequential treatment with ibandronate (IBN), a nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate, following ...

The Role of Body Weight on Bone in Anorexia Nervosa: A HR-pQCT Study

Anorexia nervosa (AN) is associated with decreased bone mineral density and increased risk of fracture. The aim of this study was to assess bone geometry, volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), trabecular microarchitecture and estimated failure load in weight-bearing vs. non-weight-bearing bones in AN. We included twenty-five females with AN, and twenty-five female controls ...

Hypoxia-Induced Fibroblast Growth Factor 11 Stimulates Osteoclast-Mediated Resorption of Bone

Over-activation of osteoclasts is directly responsible for pathological bone loss in conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and cancer metastasis to bone. Hypoxia is a common feature of these conditions, associated with poor prognosis, which also stimulates osteoclast-mediated bone resorption via induction of the hypoxia-inducible transcription factor HIF-1α. Here, we investigate ...

Content Validity of a Short Calcium Intake List to Estimate Daily Dietary Calcium Intake of Patients with Osteoporosis

Purpose Calcium supplements are prescribed for prevention of osteoporotic fractures, but there is controversy whether excess of calcium intake is associated with cardiovascular events. While an accurate estimation of dietary calcium intake is a prerequisite to prescribe the adequate amount of supplementation, the most adequate tools for estimating intake are time-consuming. The aim ...