Nuclear Energy and Technology

https://nucet.pensoft.net/

List of Papers (Total 10)

Comparison of two key analysis methods for the seismic stability of equipment on the example of a ventilation unit

Results of calculation seismic resistance analysis of light equipment of nuclear power plants performed on the example of a ventilation unit using two most common analytical techniques - linear spectral analysis and direct dynamic methods - are discussed. The basic concepts, assumptions and limitations of the linear spectral method are described. Examples are given of specific...

Seismic safety evaluation during site selection for the nuclear power plants in Bangladesh

Bangladesh lies in a tectonically active zone. Earlier geological studies show that Bangladesh and its adjoining areas are exposed to a threat of severe earthquakes. Earthquakes may have disastrous consequences for a densely populated country. This dictates the need for a detailed analysis of the situation prior to the construction of nuclear power plant as required by the IAEA...

A technique for detection of WWER fuel failures by activity of Xe radionuclides during reactor operation

Fuel failures during operation of Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs) may lead to substantial economic losses. Negative effects of reactor operation with leaking fuel in the core may be reduced if fuel failures are detected in due time of the cycle. At present time, the ratio of the normalized release rates of 131I and 134I is used to detect fuel failures in WWERs during steady state...

Development of the technique for determination the rate of oxidation of structural steels in heavy liquid metal coolants

The article considers the main methods for studying the process of oxidation of structural steels and evaluating their corrosion resistance in heavy liquid metal coolants (HLMC) under static and dynamic conditions. It is shown that the main disadvantage of these methods is the impossibility of evaluating the results in real time. The authors propose a new method for the...

Solution of neutron-transport multigroup equations system in subcritical systems

An iteration method has been implemented to solve a neutron transport equation in a multigroup diffusion approximation. A thermoelectric generator containing plutonium dioxide, used as a source of thermal and electric power in spacecraft, was studied. Neutron yield and multigroup diffusion approximation data was used to obtain a continuous and group distribution of neutron flux...

Elaboration of approach to nuclear energy systems assessment by criterion of sustainable development

The paper describes the approach to the assessment of nuclear energy systems based on the integral indicator characterizing the level of their sustainability and results of comparative assessment of several nuclear energy system options incorporating different combinations of nuclear reactors and nuclear fuel cycle facilities. The nuclear energy systems are characterized by...

About chemical form and binding energy of 14C in irradiated graphite of uranium-graphite nuclear reactors

Issues associated with handling irradiated graphite of uranium-graphite nuclear reactors are examined. It is demonstrated that selection of approaches, methods and means for handling irradiated graphite are determined by the form of occurrence and binding energy of long-lived 14C radionuclide with graphite crystalline lattice. The purpose of the present study is the determination...

Radiation-induced separation and accumulation of electric charge in supercapacitors

In current sources with a radioactive isotope (CSRI), nuclear energy is directly converted into electricity due to the separation of electric charges during the decay of radioactive isotopes. It was previously shown that asymmetric supercapacitors can be used as CSRI prototypes if, after being exposed to pulsed reactor irradiation, the electric charge on their plates increases to...

A modern data measurement system to study and test thermionic heat to electricity converters

Studies and tests are conducted to determine the performance of thermionic nuclear power plants (TNPP) a stage in which is pre-irradiation testing of laboratory thermionic converters (TIC) with flat and cylindrically shaped electrodes using test facilities fitted with automated data measurement systems (DMS). The TIC volt-ampere characteristics (VAC) are measured in the DMS...

Quantitative evaluation of the plutonium proliferation resistance

The mathematical model presented in (Kulikov et al. 2018) can be used for the quantitative evaluation of the plutonium proliferation resistance. This requires the warm-up process of an implosion nuclear explosive device (NED) with a different structure to be analyzed with respect to various heat removal conditions and the option to be identified in which the NED remains...