Food Security

http://link.springer.com/journal/12571

List of Papers (Total 130)

Mussel and oyster culture in Saldanha Bay, South Africa: potential for sustainable growth, development and employment creation

Worldwide declines in fish stocks have a significant impact on the livelihoods of coastal fishing communities as jobs are lost and alternative forms of employment are limited. Mariculture (marine aquaculture) is considered by governments to be a viable solution to address unemployment and poverty in such communities. In Saldanha Bay, South Africa, the growing mussel and oyster ...

Gamebirds: A sustainable food source in Southern Africa?

In order to alleviate the current food security situation the world is faced with, it is essential to investigate meat sources which have the potential to be used in a sustainable manner. This review provides substantial arguments to prove the viability of sport hunted wildfowl as a food source in Southern Africa. However, before the use of wildfowl meat can be realised, there are ...

Acknowledgement of editors and reviewers

I should like to thank the Senior Editors and Associate Editors of the journal as well as the following reviewers who have generously given up valuable time during 2012 to review papers for Food Security. The success of the journal depends upon their care and competence. Their conscientiousness is much appreciated.1. Aase, Tor, Dept of Geography, University of Bergen, NORWAY2. ...

Are food insecure smallholder households making changes in their farming practices? Evidence from East Africa

We explore the relationship between farming practice changes made by households coping with the huge demographic, economic, and ecological changes they have seen in the last 10 years and household food security. We examine whether households that have been introducing new practices, such as improved management of crops, soil, land, water, and livestock (e.g. cover crops, ...

Gender, agricultural commercialization, and collective action in Kenya

With the commercialization of agriculture, women are increasingly disadvantaged because of persistent gender disparities in access to productive resources. Farmer collective action that intends to improve smallholder access to markets and technology could potentially accelerate this trend. Here, we use survey data of small-scale banana producers in Kenya to investigate the gender ...

Shifting perceptions of food security and land in the context of labour out-migration in rural Nepal

This paper presents the results of a survey of the livelihoods of people living in the eastern part of the subtropical plains of Nepal, known as the terai. Both qualitative and quantitative approaches were used in the survey and further data were obtained through focus group discussions, in-depth interviews with key informants and participant observations. Changes were recorded ...

Factors determining the adoption and impact of a postharvest storage technology

This paper evaluates the determinants and impact of adopting the metal silo—a postharvest storage technology for staple grains—which was disseminated by the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) from 1983 to 2003 in four Central American countries. The aim of the SDC program was to diminish smallholder farmers’ postharvest losses by facilitating the manufacture and ...

Land constraints in Kenya’s densely populated rural areas: implications for food policy and institutional reform

This study analyzes the impact of increasing population density in Kenya’s rural areas on smallholder behavior and welfare indicators. We first present evidence to explain how land constraints can be emerging within an overall context of apparent land under-utilization. Using data from five panel surveys on 1,146 small-scale farms over the 1997–2010 period, we use econometric ...

Wangari Muta Maathai 1940–2011

Two years ago we published in the December 2009 issue of this journal an obituary of the Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Norman Borlaug, a man who, as father of the Green Revolution, was reputed to have saved more lives than anyone in the history of the world. Again, in this December issue of the journal, we are saddened to publish an obituary of yet another Nobel Peace Prize laureate, ...

Crops that feed the world 6. Past successes and future challenges to the role played by maize in global food security

Maize is one of the most important food crops in the world and, together with rice and wheat, provides at least 30% of the food calories to more than 4.5 billion people in 94 developing countries. In parts of Africa and Mesoamerica, maize alone contributes over 20% of food calories. Maize is also a key ingredient in animal feed and is used extensively in industrial products, ...

Agriculture and food security in selected countries in Sub-Saharan Africa: diversity in trends and opportunities

The World Food Summit in 1996 set the goal of reducing by half the numbers of malnourished people in the world by 2015. It is unlikely that this will be reached, and particularly not in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Food imports in SSA have increased in the past 40 years, since domestic production could not keep up with population growth. Several studies have reported about this ...

A strategic framework for improving food security in Arab countries

In 2007 and the first half of 2008, a sharp rise in agricultural commodity and food prices triggered grave concerns about food security, malnutrition and increased poverty. While the threat of a prolonged food-price shock receded in the second half of 2008, many factors underlying the price volatility are likely to persist, and will require careful management if future food-price ...

Grain reserves and food security in the Middle East and North Africa

Aggregate stocks of major grains declined to minimal feasible levels in 2007–2008, due to high global income growth and biofuel mandates. Given these minimal stocks, prices were very sensitive to shocks, such as the Australian drought, and biofuel demand boosts due to the oil price spike. The effects of these shocks were magnified by a sequence of trade restrictions by key ...

Modeling the limitations and implicit costs of cereal self-sufficiency: the case of Morocco

High and volatile food prices in 2008 have led to renewed interest in national food security, particularly in the Arab world. One often discussed strategy is to reduce import dependency by increasing self-sufficiency. An alternative strategy is agricultural self-reliance, where revenues from export crops are sufficient to cover the costs of food imports. For countries with limited ...

Lowland farming system inefficiency in Benin (West Africa): directional distance function and truncated bootstrap approach

This paper uses a directional distance function and a single truncated bootstrap approach to investigate inefficiency of lowland farming systems in the Benin Republic. First, we employed a dual approach to estimate and decompose short-run profit inefficiency of each farming system into pure technical, allocative and scale inefficiency and also into input and output inefficiency. ...

A geospatial analysis of market integration: the case of the 2004/5 food crisis in Niger

Food prices are an important component of the food security equation. Stable prices promote food security, whereas price instability and volatility can contribute to and exacerbate food crises. Understanding market integration, or the co-movement of prices between different markets, can therefore provide important insights into food security and threats to it. The value of a ...

Wanted: institutions for balancing global food and energy markets

The increasing demand for biomass for energy use is further escalating existing food security risks. Managing these risks is a task for global institutions. These should ensure timely investment in the world’s capacity for producing biomass and balance the use of this biomass for foods and for non-foods. To achieve this, institutional arrangements for global food markets must ...