Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology

http://link.springer.com/journal/12024

List of Papers (Total 130)

Statistical analysis of kerf mark measurements in bone

Saw marks on bone have been routinely reported in dismemberment cases. When saw blade teeth contact bone and the bone is not completely sawed into two parts, bone fragments are removed forming a channel or kerf. Therefore, kerf width can approximate the thickness of the saw blade. The purpose of this study is to evaluate 100 saw kerf widths in bone produced by ten saw types to...

A morphometric analysis of the infant calvarium and dura

Literature addressing the anatomic development of the dura and calvarium during childhood is limited. Nevertheless, histological features of a subdural neomembrane (NM), including its thickness and vascularity, developing in response to an acute subdural hematoma (SDH) have been compared to the dura of adults to estimate when an injury occurred. Therefore, we measured the...

Increasing body mass and the mortuary

There is mounting evidence that Western nations are in the grip of an obesity ‘epidemic’. Average body mass index (BMI) is increasing, with related diseases such as hypertension, atherosclerosis and diabetes mellitus showing concurrent rises [1]. Estimates by the World Health Organization are that the world’s population of one billion overweight individuals will increase by...

Identification of historical specimens and wildlife seizures originating from highly degraded sources of kangaroos and other macropods

Forensic investigations are an important area in the regulation of food mis-description, wildlife seizures and the international trade in wildlife and its products. An early, but important stage in dealing with many biological materials that are submitted for forensic scrutiny is species identification. We describe a method and new primers to amplify three small DNA fragments of...

Steven A. Koehler, Peggy A. Brown: Forensic epidemiology

Forensic Epidemiology is an excellent introductory and reference text regarding this growing subfield of epidemiology. The authors provide a clear and accurate description of medical examiner/coroner (ME/C) office procedures as they relate to the categories and quality of mortality data that are utilized in forensic epidemiological practice and research. The volume is well...

Pulmonary arterial medial smooth muscle thickness in sudden infant death syndrome: an analysis of subsets of 73 cases

Previous studies addressing pulmonary artery morphology have compared cases of sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) to controls but none have compared demographic profiles, exposure to potentially hypoxic risk factors and other pathologic variables in SIDS cases grouped according to pulmonary artery medial smooth muscle thickness. Aims: To compare the relative medial thickness...

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Sophistry or justice: are the two mutually exclusive?

A fool may ask more questions in an hour than a wise man can answer in seven years—English proverbAs all who attend court as experts under the English system of law are aware, the outcome of a case may not necessarily be predicted from the apparent merit of the scientific and forensic issues. The adversarial system involving argument and attack by prosecution and defense may...