Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry

http://link.springer.com/journal/216

List of Papers (Total 1,038)

Pitfalls and capabilities of various hydrogen donors in evaluation of peroxidase-like activity of gold nanoparticles

Catalytic nanomaterials, widely used as substitutes of peroxidase, exhibit unique properties, which are unattainable for native enzymes. However, their activity is usually examined by means of substrates developed and methods standardized for horseradish peroxidase (HRP). The aim of the presented work was to determine the scope of usefulness of chromogenic substrates for gold ...

Study of in-vitro metabolism of selected antibiotic drugs in human liver microsomes by liquid chromatography coupled with tandem mass spectrometry

High performance liquid chromatography coupled with triple-quadrupole mass spectrometry was applied in the determination of in vitro metabolism products of selected antibiotic drugs (cefotaxime, ciprofloxacin, fluconazole, gentamicin, clindamycin, linezolid, and metronidazole). The analytes were separated on a reversed phase C18 column, with acetonitrile and 0.1 % aqueous formic ...

Limitations of turbidity process probes and formazine as their calibration standard

Turbidity measurements are frequently implemented for the monitoring of heterogeneous chemical, physical, or biotechnological processes. However, for quantitative measurements, turbidity probes need calibration, as is requested and regulated by the ISO 7027:1999. Accordingly, a formazine suspension has to be produced. Despite this regulatory demand, no scientific publication on the ...

Diffusive gradients in thin films measurement of sulfur stable isotope variations in labile soil sulfate

A diffusive gradient in thin films (DGT) technique, based on a strongly basic anion exchange resin (Amberlite IRA-400), was successfully tested for 34S/32S analysis in labile soil sulfate. Separation of matrix elements (Na, K, and Ca) that potentially cause non-spectral interferences in 34S/32S analysis by MC ICP-MS (multi-collector inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry) ...

From single molecules to life: microscopy at the nanoscale

Super-resolution microscopy is the term commonly given to fluorescence microscopy techniques with resolutions that are not limited by the diffraction of light. Since their conception a little over a decade ago, these techniques have quickly become the method of choice for many biologists studying structures and processes of single cells at the nanoscale. In this review, we present ...

Classification of Bacillus and Brevibacillus species using rapid analysis of lipids by mass spectrometry

Bacillus are aerobic spore-forming bacteria that are known to lead to specific diseases, such as anthrax and food poisoning. This study focuses on the characterization of these bacteria by the detection of lipids extracted from 33 well-characterized strains from the Bacillus and Brevibacillus genera, with the aim to discriminate between the different species. For the purpose of ...

Highly sensitive cataluminescence gas sensors for 2-butanone based on g-C3N4 sheets decorated with CuO nanoparticles

A simple and facile ultrasound-assisted and calcining synthesis route was used to synthesize g-C3N4 sheets decorated with CuO nanoparticles (CuO/g-C3N4). On the basis of the XRD, XPS as well as TEM analysis, CuO nanoparticles which have high density and uniformity were evenly dispersed on g-C3N4 sheets to form a heterogeneous composite. The CuO/g-C3N4 composite was fabricated to be ...

A novel toolbox for E. coli lysis monitoring

The bacterium Escherichia coli is a well-studied recombinant host organism with a plethora of applications in biotechnology. Highly valuable biopharmaceuticals, such as antibody fragments and growth factors, are currently being produced in E. coli. However, the high metabolic burden during recombinant protein production can lead to cell death, consequent lysis, and undesired ...

Evaluation of the performance of quantitative detection of the Listeria monocytogenes prfA locus with droplet digital PCR

Fast and reliable pathogen detection is an important issue for human health. Since conventional microbiological methods are rather slow, there is growing interest in detection and quantification using molecular methods. The droplet digital polymerase chain reaction (ddPCR) is a relatively new PCR method for absolute and accurate quantification without external standards. Using the ...

Can cloud point-based enrichment, preservation, and detection methods help to bridge gaps in aquatic nanometrology?

Coacervate-based techniques are intensively used in environmental analytical chemistry to enrich and extract different kinds of analytes. Most methods focus on the total content or the speciation of inorganic and organic substances. Size fractionation is less commonly addressed. Within coacervate-based techniques, cloud point extraction (CPE) is characterized by a phase separation ...

Intact lipid imaging of mouse brain samples: MALDI, nanoparticle-laser desorption ionization, and 40 keV argon cluster secondary ion mass spectrometry

We have investigated the capability of nanoparticle-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (NP-LDI MS), matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization (MALDI) MS, and gas cluster ion beam secondary ion mass spectrometry (GCIB SIMS) to provide maximum information available in lipid analysis and imaging of mouse brain tissue. The use of Au nanoparticles deposited as a ...

Deployment of precise and robust sensors on board ISS—for scientific experiments and for operation of the station

The International Space Station (ISS) is the largest technical vehicle ever built by mankind. It provides a living area for six astronauts and also represents a laboratory in which scientific experiments are conducted in an extraordinary environment. The deployed sensor technology contributes significantly to the operational and scientific success of the station. The sensors on ...

Towards an automated analysis of bacterial peptidoglycan structure

Peptidoglycan (PG) is an essential component of the bacterial cell envelope. This macromolecule consists of glycan chains alternating N-acetylglucosamine and N-acetylmuramic acid, cross-linked by short peptides containing nonstandard amino acids. Structural analysis of PG usually involves enzymatic digestion of glycan strands and separation of disaccharide peptides by ...

Raman spectroscopy as a process analytical technology for pharmaceutical manufacturing and bioprocessing

Adoption of Quality by Design (QbD) principles, regulatory support of QbD, process analytical technology (PAT), and continuous manufacturing are major factors effecting new approaches to pharmaceutical manufacturing and bioprocessing. In this review, we highlight new technology developments, data analysis models, and applications of Raman spectroscopy, which have expanded the scope ...

Novel diffusive gradients in thin films technique to assess labile sulfate in soil

A novel diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) technique for sampling labile soil sulfate was developed, based on a strong basic anion exchange resin (Amberlite IRA-400) for sulfate immobilization on the binding gel. For reducing the sulfate background on the resin gels, photopolymerization was applied instead of ammonium persulfate-induced polymerization. Agarose cross-linked ...