Environmental Science and Pollution Research

http://link.springer.com/journal/11356

List of Papers (Total 581)

Danube, Meuse and Rhine MEMORANDUM 2008

The following associations represent the interests of around 106 million people in 17 riparian nations of these catchments: IAWR—the International Association of Waterworks in the Rhine Catchment Area, with its three member organizations AWBR: Arbeitsgemeinschaft Wasserwerke Bodensee-Rhein (Working Group of Waterworks—Lake Constance-Rhine),ARW: Arbeitsgemeinschaft ...

Endocrine disruptors in bottled mineral water: total estrogenic burden and migration from plastic bottles

Background, aim, and scope Food consumption is an important route of human exposure to endocrine-disrupting chemicals. So far, this has been demonstrated by exposure modeling or analytical identification of single substances in foodstuff (e.g., phthalates) and human body fluids (e.g., urine and blood). Since the research in this field is focused on few chemicals (and thus missing ...

Acute toxicity of 353-nonylphenol and its metabolites for zebrafish embryos

Erratum to: Environ Sci Pollut Res 16(2):227−231 (2009)DOI 10.1007/s11356-008-0097-xWe have noticed that in our article published in the ESPR-March issue [Environ Sci Pollut Res 16(2):227−231 (2009)] the first name of the last author is wrong. “Andreas” Telscher has to be replaced by Markus Telscher.

Neurochemical and electrophysiological diagnosis of reversible neurotoxicity in earthworms exposed to sublethal concentrations of CL-20

Background, aim, and scope Hexanitrohexaazaisowurtzitane (CL-20) is a relatively new energetic compound sharing some degree of structural similarity with hexahydro-1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazine (RDX), a known neurotoxic compound. Previously, we demonstrated using a noninvasive electrophysiological technique that CL-20 was a more potent neurotoxicant than RDX to the earthworm ...

Metabolism of acetaminophen (paracetamol) in plants—two independent pathways result in the formation of a glutathione and a glucose conjugate

Background, aim, and scope Pharmaceuticals and their metabolites are detected in the aquatic environment and our drinking water supplies. The need for high quality drinking water is one of the most challenging problems of our times, but still only little knowledge exists on the impact of these compounds on ecosystems, animals, and man. Biological waste water treatment in ...

Eutrophication of Lake Tasaul, Romania—proposals for rehabilitation

Lake Tasaul on the Black Sea coast is highly eutrophic, but not strongly contaminated (heavy metals, PAHs, and organochlorine pesticides). Cyanophytes dominate phytoplankton by 67–94% and form frequent algal blooms. High primary production (up to 270 mg Cass/m2.h) and algal biomass (maximum chlorophyll a concentration 417 μg/l) may be controlled by light, as Secchi depth is often ...

Risk assessment of boron in glass wool insulation

Background, aim and scope Glass wools are man-made vitreous fibres, which consist principally of sodium, calcium and magnesium silicates, but may contain smaller amounts of other elements, including boron. The boron contents originate from the use of borates in the glass melting process as a glass former and a flux agent. During the production and application of glass wool ...

Heavy metal contamination in the vicinity of an industrial area near Bucharest

Background, aim, and scope Heavy metals such as lead are well known to cause harmful health effects. Especially children are particularly susceptible to increased levels of lead in their blood. It is also a fact that lead concentration is increasing in the environment due to increased anthropogenic activity. The risk of heavy metal contamination is pronounced in the environment ...

Environmental exposure of pharmaceuticals and musk fragrances in the Somes River before and after upgrading the municipal wastewater treatment plant Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Background, aim, and scope Pharmaceutically active substances are a class of emerging contaminants, which has led to increasing concern about potential environmental risks. After excretion, substantial amounts of unchanged pharmaceuticals and their metabolites are discharged into domestic wastewaters. The absence of data on the environmental exposure in Eastern Europe is ...

Persistence of perfluoroalkylated substances in closed bottle tests with municipal sewage sludge

Background, aim, and scope Perfluoroalkylated substances (PFAS) are chemicals with completely fluorinated alkyl chains. The specific properties of the F–C bond give PFAS a high stability and make them very useful in a wide range of applications. PFAS also pose a potential risk to the environment and humans because they have been recently characterized as persistent, ...

Impact of a smelter closedown on metal contents of wheat cultivated in the neighbourhood

Background The contamination of soils by heavy metals engenders important environmental and sanitary problems in Northern France where a smelter has been located for more than one hundred of years. It has been one of the most important Pb production sites in Europe until its closedown in March 2003. Ore smelting process generated considerable atmospheric emissions of dust. Despite ...

Effect of herbicides on glutathione S-transferases in the earthworm, Eisenia fetida

Aim and Background Earthworms have been studied as a readily available, easily maintainable and cheap test species for assessing chemical pollution, and may be an alternative to in vivo rodent bioassays. The current investigation aims to characterize detoxification enzymes in Eisenia fetida and stress response against two herbicides with different modes of action, namely, ...

Master’s degree in sustainable development in Switzerland, the first master course comprising three faculties

Sustainable development has become a key aspect in society, economics and environment. Therefore, experts dealing with questions relating to people, the environment and its resources are more and more requested. This paper presents the concept and first experiences of a specialised Master’s Degree in Sustainable Development (MSD). This is a pioneer course as it is equally anchored ...

Respiratory health of road-side vendors in a large industrialized city

Goal, Scope and Background The literature reports a high prevalence of respiratory symptoms associated with exposure to motor vehicle exhaust emissions and people exposed to vehicle emissions are at risk of reduced lung function and cardiovascular performance. Although the effect of traffic emissions is a known risk to respiratory health, retailers are often situated along major ...

U and Th in some brown coals of Serbia and Montenegro and their environmental impact

Goal, Scope and Background The objective of this paper is to determine and compare the concentrations of U and Th in soft to hard brown (lignite to sub-bituminous) coals of Serbia and Montenegro. It also presents comparison of the obtained data on U and Th concentrations with the published data on coals located in some other countries of the world. Almost the whole coal production ...

Humic substances

Goal, Scope and Background Freshwater bodies which chemistry is dominated by dissolved humic substances (HS) seem to be the major type on Earth, due to huge non-calcareous geological formations in the Northern Hemisphere and in the tropics. Based on the paradigm of the inertness of being organic, direct interactions of dissolved HS with freshwater organisms are mostly neglected. ...