Environmental Science and Pollution Research

http://link.springer.com/journal/11356

List of Papers (Total 710)

Total staphylococci as performance surrogate for greywater treatment

Faecal indicator bacteria (FIB) are commonly used as water quality indicators; implying faecal contamination and therefore the potential presence of pathogenic enteric bacteria, viruses, and protozoa. Hence in wastewater treatment, the most commonly used treatment process measures (surrogates) are total coliforms, faecal coliforms, Escherichia coli (E. coli), and enterococci. ...

The influence of restoration measures on phosphorus internal loading from the sediments of a hypereutrophic lake

Uzarzewskie Lake was a hypereutrophic, dimictic lake characterized by low water transparency, high chlorophyll-a concentration and intense phytoplankton blooms; thus, restoration treatment was started. A chemical treatment, based on phosphorus inactivation with small doses of iron sulphate, was undertaken in 2006–2007. Nitrate-rich groundwater flowing from seepage springs was ...

Comparison of air pollution in Shanghai and Lanzhou based on wavelet transform

For a long-period comparative analysis of air pollution in coastal and inland cities, we analyzed the continuous Morlet wavelet transform on the time series of a 5274-day air pollution index in Shanghai and Lanzhou during 15 years and studied the multi-scale variation characteristic, main cycle, and impact factor of the air pollution time series. The analysis showed that (1) air ...

Response of marine benthic fauna to thin-layer capping with activated carbon in a large-scale field experiment in the Grenland fjords, Norway

A field experiment with thin-layer capping was conducted in the Grenland fjords, Norway, for remediation in situ of mercury and dioxin-contaminated sediments. Experimental fields at 30 and 95 m depth were capped with (i) powdered activated carbon (AC) mixed with clay (AC+cla`y), (ii) clay, and (iii) crushed limestone. Ecological effects on the benthic community and species-feeding ...

Multivariate statistical assessment of a polluted river under nitrification inhibition in the tropics

A large complex water quality data set of a polluted river, the Tay Ninh River, was evaluated to identify its water quality problems, to assess spatial variation, to determine the main pollution sources, and to detect relationships between parameters. This river is highly polluted with organic substances, nutrients, and total iron. An important problem of the river is the ...

Phytoextraction of rare earth elements in herbaceous plant species growing close to roads

The aim of study was to determine the phytoextraction of rare earth elements (REEs) to roots, stems and leaves of five herbaceous plant species (Achillea millefolium L., Artemisia vulgaris L., Papaver rhoeas L., Taraxacum officinale and Tripleurospermum inodorum), growing in four areas located in close proximity to a road with varied traffic intensity. Additionally, the ...

Efficiency and mechanism of the phytoremediation of decabromodiphenyl ether-contaminated sediments by aquatic macrophyte Scirpus validus

Phytoremediation is an economic and promising technique for removing toxic pollutants from the environment. Freshwater sediments are regarded as the ultimate sink of the widely used PBDE congener decabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-209) in the environment. In the study, the aquatic macrophyte Scirpus validus was selected to remove BDE-209 from three types of sediments (silt, clay, and ...

The effect of anthropogenic pressure shown by microbiological and chemical water quality indicators on the main rivers of Podhale, southern Poland

This study was aimed to determine the spatial variation in anthropogenic pressure exerted on surface water in the Podhale region (southern Poland), which is one of the most popular tourist destinations in Poland. The assessment was based on the dynamics and relationships between microbiological and chemical indicators of water quality throughout the major rivers of this ...

Current advancements of magnetic nanoparticles in adsorption and degradation of organic pollutants

Nanotechnology is a fast-emerging field and has received applications in almost every field of life. Exploration of new synthetic technologies for size and shape control of nanomaterials is getting immense consideration owing to their exceptional properties and applications. Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) are among the most important group of nanoparticles thanks to their diverse ...

Electronic cigarettes: age-specific generation-resolved pulmonary doses

Particle size-number distributions of aerosol from e-cigarettes (0 and 14 mg mL−1 nicotine) were compared with conventional cigarettes. Results were used to provide age-specific (9–21 years) dosimetry estimates applying the MMPD model. After a 2-s puff, total number doses (D Tot ) were highest for 9 years of age (6.01 × 1010–1.31 × 1011 particles) and lowest for 18 years of age ...

Foam-forming bacteria in activated sludge effectively reduced by rotifers in laboratory- and real-scale wastewater treatment plant experiments

Lecane inermis rotifers were shown to diminish sludge bulking due to their ability to ingest the filamentous bacteria in activated sludge. To determine if rotifers are also able to control branched actinomycetes, we investigated three other Lecane species (Monogononta). In a week-long experiment, only Lecane tenuiseta significantly reduced the density of Microthrix parvicella and ...

Simulating changes in cropping practices in conventional and glyphosate-resistant maize. II. Weed impacts on crop production and biodiversity

Overreliance on the same herbicide mode of action leads to the spread of resistant weeds, which cancels the advantages of herbicide-tolerant (HT) crops. Here, the objective was to quantify, with simulations, the impact of glyphosate-resistant (GR) weeds on crop production and weed-related wild biodiversity in HT maize-based cropping systems differing in terms of management ...

Photosynthetic pigments and peroxidase activity of Lepidium sativum L. during assisted Hg phytoextraction

The study was conducted to evaluate metabolic answer of Lepidium sativum L. on Hg, compost, and citric acid during assisted phytoextraction. The chlorophyll a and b contents, total carotenoids, and activity of peroxidase were determined in plants exposed to Hg and soil amendments. Hg accumulation in plant shoots was also investigated. The pot experiments were provided in soil ...

Cooking can decrease mercury contamination of a mushroom meal: Cantharellus cibarius and Amanita fulva

Mushrooms (Cantharellus cibarius and Amanita fulva) were blanched (parboiled) and pickled using different treatment conditions with the aim of carrying out the study into effect on removal of toxic mercury (Hg) accumulated in flesh. Blanching of fresh sliced C. cibarius caused leaching of Hg by approximately 15%, while loss of up to 35% was observed for sliced, deep-frozen fruit ...

A refined method for analysis of 4,4′-dicofol and 4,4′-dichlorobenzophenone

The acaricide, dicofol, is a well-known pesticide and partly a substitute for dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT). Only few reports on environmental occurrence and concentrations have been reported calling for improvements. Hence, an analytical method was further developed for dicofol and dichlorobenzophenone (DCBP) to enable assessments of their environmental occurrence. ...

Efficient dibutyltin (DBT) elimination by the microscopic fungus Metarhizium robertsii under conditions of intensive aeration and ascorbic acid supplementation

Dibutyltin (DBT) is an environmental pollutant characterized by immunotoxic, neurotoxic, and pro-oxidant properties. In this study, an attempt was made to enhance DBT elimination by the Metarhizium robertsii strain. We observed enhanced fungal growth in the bioreactor (pO2 ≥ 20%) compared to flask cultures (μ max increased from 0.061 to 0.086 h−1). Moreover, under aerated ...

Dissipation of chlorantraniliprole, chlorpyrifos-methyl and indoxacarb—insecticides used to control codling moth (Cydia Pomonella L.) and leafrollers (Tortricidae) in apples for production of baby food

Dissipations of three insecticides: chlorantraniliprole, chlorpyrifos-methyl and indoxacarb in apples were studied following their foliar application on apples intended for production of baby food. The apples were sprayed with formulations for control of codling moth (Cydia Pomonella L.) and leafrollers (Tortricidae). Six experiments were conducted; each insecticide was applied ...