EURASIP Journal on Image and Video Processing

http://link.springer.com/journal/13640

List of Papers (Total 555)

Optimal Features Subset Selection and Classification for Iris Recognition

The selection of the optimal features subset and the classification have become an important issue in the field of iris recognition. We propose a feature selection scheme based on the multiobjectives genetic algorithm (MOGA) to improve the recognition accuracy and asymmetrical support vector machine for the classification of iris patterns. We also suggest a segmentation scheme...

Image and Video Processing for Visually Handicapped People

This paper reviews the state of the art in the field of assistive devices for sight-handicapped people. It concentrates in particular on systems that use image and video processing for converting visual data into an alternate rendering modality that will be appropriate for a blind user. Such alternate modalities can be auditory, haptic, or a combination of both. There is thus the...

Monocular 3D Tracking of Articulated Human Motion in Silhouette and Pose Manifolds

This paper presents a robust computational framework for monocular 3D tracking of human movement. The main innovation of the proposed framework is to explore the underlying data structures of the body silhouette and pose spaces by constructing low-dimensional silhouettes and poses manifolds, establishing intermanifold mappings, and performing tracking in such manifolds using a...

A Color Topographic Map Based on the Dichromatic Reflectance Model

Topographic maps are an interesting alternative to edge-based techniques common in computer vision applications. Indeed, unlike edges, level lines are closed and less sensitive to external parameters. They provide a compact geometrical representation of images and they are, to some extent, robust to contrast changes. The aim of this paper is to propose a novel and vectorial...

Robust Color Image Superresolution: An Adaptive M-Estimation Framework

This paper introduces a new color image superresolution algorithm in an adaptive, robust M-estimation framework. Using a robust error norm in the objective function, and adapting the estimation process to each of the low-resolution frames, the proposed method effectively suppresses the outliers due to violations of the assumed observation model, and results in color...

Optimization-Based Image Segmentation by Genetic Algorithms

Many works in the literature focus on the definition of evaluation metrics and criteria that enable to quantify the performance of an image processing algorithm. These evaluation criteria can be used to define new image processing algorithms by optimizing them. In this paper, we propose a general scheme to segment images by a genetic algorithm. The developed method uses an...

Fuzzy Mode Enhancement and Detection for Color Image Segmentation

This work lies within the scope of color image segmentation by pixel classification. The classes of pixels are constructed by detecting the modes of the spatial-color compactness function, which characterizes the image by taking into account both the distribution of colors in the color space and their spatial location in the image plane. A fuzzy transformation of this function is...

A Motion-Adaptive Deinterlacer via Hybrid Motion Detection and Edge-Pattern Recognition

A novel motion-adaptive deinterlacing algorithm with edge-pattern recognition and hybrid motion detection is introduced. The great variety of video contents makes the processing of assorted motion, edges, textures, and the combination of them very difficult with a single algorithm. The edge-pattern recognition algorithm introduced in this paper exhibits the flexibility in...

Cued Speech Gesture Recognition: A First Prototype Based on Early Reduction

Cued Speech is a specific linguistic code for hearing-impaired people. It is based on both lip reading and manual gestures. In the context of THIMP (Telephony for the Hearing-IMpaired Project), we work on automatic cued speech translation. In this paper, we only address the problem of automatic cued speech manual gesture recognition. Such a gesture recognition issue is really...

A Fuzzy Color-Based Approach for Understanding Animated Movies Content in the Indexing Task

This paper proposes a method for detecting and analyzing the color techniques used in the animated movies. Each animated movie uses a specific color palette which makes its color distribution one major feature in analyzing the movie content. The color palette is specially tuned by the author in order to convey certain feelings or to express artistic concepts. Deriving semantic or...

Colour Vision Model-Based Approach for Segmentation of Traffic Signs

This paper presents a new approach to segment traffic signs from the rest of a scene via CIECAM, a colour appearance model. This approach not only takes CIECAM into practical application for the first time since it was standardised in 1998, but also introduces a new way of segmenting traffic signs in order to improve the accuracy of colour-based approach. Comparison with the...

Anthropocentric Video Segmentation for Lecture Webcasts

Many lecture recording and presentation systems transmit slides or chalkboard content along with a small video of the instructor. As a result, two areas of the screen are competing for the viewer's attention, causing the widely known split-attention effect. Face and body gestures, such as pointing, do not appear in the context of the slides or the board. To eliminate this problem...

Multiview-Based Cooperative Tracking of Multiple Human Objects

Human tracking is a popular research topic in computer vision. However, occlusion problem often complicates the tracking process. This paper presents the so-called multiview-based cooperative tracking of multiple human objects based on the homographic relation between different views. This cooperative tracking applies two hidden Markov processes (tracking and occlusion processes...

Demosaicking Based on Optimization and Projection in Different Frequency Bands

A fast and effective iterative demosaicking algorithm is described for reconstructing a full-color image from single-color filter array data. The missing color values are interpolated on the basis of optimization and projection in different frequency bands. A filter bank is used to decompose an initially interpolated image into low-frequency and high-frequency bands. In the low...

A Robust Approach to Segment Desired Object Based on Salient Colors

This paper presents a clustering-based color segmentation method where the desired object is focused on. As classical methods suffer from a lack of robustness, salient colors appearing in the object are used to intuitively tune the algorithm. These salient colors are extracted according to a psychovisual scheme and a peak-finding step. Results on various test sequences, covering...

Integrated Detection, Tracking, and Recognition of Faces with Omnivideo Array in Intelligent Environments

We present a multilevel system architecture for intelligent environments equipped with omnivideo arrays. In order to gain unobtrusive human awareness, real-time 3D human tracking as well as robust video-based face detection and tracking and face recognition algorithms are needed. We first propose a multiprimitive face detection and tracking loop to crop face videos as the front...

Real-Time 3D Face Acquisition Using Reconfigurable Hybrid Architecture

Acquiring 3D data of human face is a general problem which can be applied in face recognition, virtual reality, and many other applications. It can be solved using stereovision. This technique consists in acquiring data in three dimensions from two cameras. The aim is to implement an algorithmic chain which makes it possible to obtain a three-dimensional space from two two...

Adaptation of Zerotrees Using Signed Binary Digit Representations for 3D Image Coding

Zerotrees of wavelet coefficients have shown a good adaptability for the compression of three-dimensional images. EZW, the original algorithm using zerotree, shows good performance and was successfully adapted to 3D image compression. This paper focuses on the adaptation of EZW for the compression of hyperspectral images. The subordinate pass is suppressed to remove the necessity...

Scalable Multiple-Description Image Coding Based on Embedded Quantization

Scalable multiple-description (MD) coding allows for fine-grain rate adaptation as well as robust coding of the input source. In this paper, we present a new approach for scalable MD coding of images, which couples the multiresolution nature of the wavelet transform with the robustness and scalability features provided by embedded multiple-description scalar quantization (EMDSQ...

Center of Mass-Based Adaptive Fast Block Motion Estimation

This work presents an efficient adaptive algorithm based on center of mass (CEM) for fast block motion estimation. Binary transform, subsampling, and horizontal/vertical projection techniques are also proposed. As the conventional CEM calculation is computationally intensive, binary transform and subsampling approaches are proposed to simplify CEM calculation; the binary...

Joint Source-Channel Coding for Wavelet-Based Scalable Video Transmission Using an Adaptive Turbo Code

An efficient approach for joint source and channel coding is presented. The proposed approach exploits the joint optimization of a wavelet-based scalable video coding framework and a forward error correction method based on turbo codes. The scheme minimizes the reconstructed video distortion at the decoder subject to a constraint on the overall transmission bitrate budget. The...

An Omnidirectional Stereo Vision-Based Smart Wheelchair

To support safe self-movement of the disabled and the aged, we developed an electric wheelchair that realizes the functions of detecting both the potential hazards in a moving environment and the postures and gestures of a user by equipping an electric wheelchair with the stereo omnidirectional system (SOS), which is capable of acquiring omnidirectional color image sequences and...