Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

http://newprairiepress.org/kaesrr/

List of Papers (Total 570)

Kansas Field Research 2017

Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports from research field locations.

Intensive Management Strategies to Close Wheat Yield Gaps in Central Kansas

Winter wheat is the most widely sown crop in Kansas, and yields had not surpassed 50 bushels per acre until 2015-16, when average state wheat yield was 57 bushels per acre. However, recent estimates of the long-term winter wheat yield potential in central Kansas indicate that it lies around 75 bushels per acre. A particular crop’s yield gap in a given region is determined by the ...

Genotype by Seeding Rate Interaction in Wheat

Genotype by seeding rate interaction can play a critical role in understanding wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) yield potential. The objective of this study was to quantify wheat yield response to seeding rates by contrasting genotypes (high- vs. low-tillering). One study was planted at two locations: Ashland Bottoms (dryland and conventional tillage) and at Topeka (irrigated and ...

Sequential Weed Control Programs in Liberty Link Soybeans

The development of glyphosate-resistant weeds has greatly complicated weed control in soybeans. Liberty Link soybeans provide growers an alternative herbicide option for postemergence weed control in soybeans. Liberty Link programs can provide effective weed control in a sequential weed-control program that includes effective preemergence residual herbicides at planting time ...

Double Crop Soybean After Wheat

Two double crop (DC) soybean studies were conducted at Ottawa, KS, during the 2016 growing season. Soybean cultivar Asgrow 4232 (MG 4.2) was planted immediately after two different wheat harvest timings (Study 1: early-wheat harvest 18-20% seed moisture content, and Study 2: conventional-harvest, 13-14% seed moisture content). Seven treatments were evaluated in each of the soybean ...

Closing Corn Yield Gaps via Improved Management: A Systems Approach

Three corn research trials were conducted during the 2016 growing season. Two studies were conducted at Scandia, KS, (dryland and irrigated) and one at Topeka, KS (dryland). The objective of these trials was to investigate the contribution of different farming systems for closing corn yield gaps. Each experiment consisted of five treatments: common practices (CP), comprehensive ...

Timing of Strobilurin Fungicide for Control of Top Dieback in Corn

Significant yield losses can result from top dieback (TDB) in dent corn, which is caused by infection by the fungus, Colletotrichum graminicola, causing anthracnose. Research is limited on the effectiveness of fungicide application because of the unpredictable nature of the disease. Three field studies were established to assess the timing of fungicide application on foliar ...

Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) Suppression with Half Rates of Dicamba and Atrazine with Increasing Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) Density and Nitrogen Rate

Palmer amaranth (PA) competition can result in severe yield loss in grain sorghum. Increasing sorghum density and nutrient supply could promote early/rapid canopy closure and therefore reduce the amount of light that could otherwise penetrate the canopy and promote PA growth in sorghum. A study was conducted at the Southwest Research-Extension Center near Garden City, KS, to ...

Resicore and Glyphosate Application Timings in Corn

A study was initiated near Garden City, KS, in 2016, comparing the weed control of several herbicide treatments in irrigated corn. All treatments provided excellent, season-long control of kochia, Russian thistle, Palmer amaranth and green foxtail. Herbicide-treated corn yielded 219 to 235 bu/a, which was 86 to 102 bu/a more than nontreated corn; however, no differences in yield ...

Clarity, Laudis, Diflexx Duo, Atrazine, and Glyphosate for Efficacy in Corn

A study was initiated near Garden City, KS, in 2016 comparing the weed control of several herbicide treatments in irrigated corn. Control of quinoa, Russian thistle, and kochia was excellent with all herbicide treatments, and late-season control of common sunflower was 100% with all treatments except for those applied preemergence alone. Most treatments controlled green foxtail 95% ...

Weather Information for Garden City, 2016

Precipitation for 2016 totaled 17.73 in. This was 1.51 in. below the 30-year average of 19.24 in. and followed two years of above normal moisture. April and July 2016 had considerably above average precipitation, causing good summer crop growing conditions. Rainfall diminished after July to 37% of the 30-year-average, resulting in dry conditions for fall wheat planting. Hail was ...

Seeding Rate for Dryland Wheat

Four winter wheat varieties (PlainsGold Byrd, Limagrain T158, Syngenta TAM 111, and WestBred Winterhawk) were planted at five seeding rates (30, 45, 60, 75, and 90 lb/a) in the fall of 2014 and 2015 at Colby, Garden City, and Tribune, KS. The objective of the study was to identify appropriate seeding rates for dryland winter wheat in western Kansas. Averaged across varieties, a ...

Integrated Grain and Forage Rotations

Producers are interested in growing forages in rotation with grain crops. Many producers are interested in diversifying their operations to include livestock or grow feed for the livestock industry. By integrating forages into the cropping system producers can take advantage of more markets and reduce market risk. Forages require less water to make a crop than grain crops, so the ...

Use of Pyrimisulfan and Penoxsulam in Turfgrass Systems

Pyrimisulfan + penoxsulam applications in ‘Meyer’ zoysiagrass and buffalograss resulted in excellent large crabgrass control and no turfgrass injury. Applications also do not have any negative influence on tested ornamental species.

Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) Suppression with Half Rates of Dicamba and Atrazine with Increasing Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) Density and Nitrogen Rate

Palmer amaranth (PA) competition can result in severe yield loss in grain sorghum. Increasing sorghum density and nutrient supply could promote early/rapid canopy closure and therefore reduce the amount of light that could otherwise penetrate the canopy and promote PA growth in sorghum. A study was conducted at the Southwest Research-Extension Center near Garden City, KS, to ...

Long-Term Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilization of Irrigated Corn

Long-term research shows that phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) fertilizer must be applied to optimize production of irrigated corn in western Kansas. In 2016, N applied alone increased yields 85 bu/a, whereas P applied alone increased yields only 12 bu/a. Nitrogen and P applied together increased yields up to 164 bu/a. This is 20 bu/a greater than the 10-year average, where N and P ...

Agricultural Bio-Stimulant Application to Enhance Phosphorus Availability in Grain Sorghum

This study was conducted to determine the effectiveness of AgZyme and SuperHume (both products of Ag Concepts Corp) application on phosphorus (P) uptake and utilization efficiency in grain sorghum. Treatments were a control, 30 lb P2O5/a, 20 oz/a AgZyme, 20 oz/a AgZyme + 30 lb P2O5/a, 20 oz/a AgZyme + 30 lb P2O5/a + 6 qt/a SuperHume, which were arranged in a randomized complete ...