Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

http://newprairiepress.org/kaesrr/

List of Papers (Total 4,041)

Genome Diversity and Molecular Detection of PRRS Field Strains and Vaccine Strains, and PCV3 and PCV2 Strains

Molecular diagnosis of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRS) and porcine circo virus (PCV) are challenging due to high genetic diversity in the viral genomes. Differentiating PRRS vaccine strains is even more challenging and is currently done by DNA sequencing, which is expensive and time-consuming. A multiplexed system (Luminex) allowing multiple detection...

Identifying Immuno-Dominant and Neutralizing Epitopes from K88 Fimbriae of Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC)

Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) bacteria are the primary cause of diarrheal disease, especially porcine post-weaning diarrhea (PWD). Post-weaning diarrhea is one of the most common diseases in piglets 3 to 10 days after weaning and causes the loss of millions of dollars annually to United States swine industry and other countries. These ETEC bacteria produce two types of...

The Effects of Cold Pelleting and Separation of Fine Corn Particles on Growth Performance and Economic Return in Nursery Pigs

A total of 320 pigs (DNA 241 × 600; initially 22.5 lb BW) were used in a 21-d experiment to determine the effects on pelleting technique and removing fine corn particles (< 150 microns) on nursery pig growth performance. There were 5 pigs per pen and 8 pens per treatment and diets were all manufactured using corn ground to 400 microns. Diets were fed as a mash or pelleted using a...

The Effect of Hammermill Screen Hole Diameter and Hammer Tip Speed on Particle Size and Flowability of Ground Corn

A variable frequency drive can be installed on the motor of a hammermill to adjust motor speed and ultimately hammer tip speed. This enables particle size adjustments to be made externally without requiring screens to be changed, therefore reducing idle time. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of screen hole diameter and tip speed on geometric mean diameter...

Assessment of Sampling Technique from Feeders on Copper, Zinc, Calcium, and Phosphorus Analysis

While numerous research articles have been published on how to collect a representative sample, and analytical or laboratory-to-laboratory variation, we are unaware of any studies to examine exactly how many samples to collect from feeders, or whether they should be pooled or not to minimize analytical variation. Therefore, this study was designed to evaluate different sampling...

Cleaning Reduces Mycotoxin Contamination in Corn

A single load of corn naturally contaminated with aflatoxin (1,074 ppb), fumonisin (8.3 ppm), and ochratoxin A (206 ppb) was procured from central Oklahoma to evaluate the role of cleaning to remove mycotoxin contamination in corn. Corn was divided into twenty 333-lb lots, which were then cleaned using an EBM Gentle Roll corn cleaner to remove overs (material > 1/2 inches) and...

Foreword, Appendices

It is with great pleasure that we present the 2017 Swine Industry Day Report of Progress. This report contains updates and summaries of applied and basic research conducted at Kansas State University during the past year. We hope that the information will be of benefit as we attempt to meet the needs of the Kansas swine industry.

Effects of Added Defusion or Feed Aid on Finishing Pig Growth Performance from 45 to 243 lb

A total of 1,188 pigs (PIC 359 × 1050; initial BW 45.1 lb) were used in a 112-d growth trial to determine the effects of Defusion (Provimi, Brooksville, OH) or Feed Aid (NutriQuest, Mason City, IA) on finishing pig performance from 45 to 243 lb in a commercial setting. Pens of pigs were blocked by BW and then randomly assigned to 1 of 4 dietary treatments in a completely...

Effect of Chromium Propionate Level and Feeding Regimen on Finishing Pig Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics

A total of 1,206 pigs (PIC 359 × 1050; initial BW = 107.9 lb) were used in an 84-d study to evaluate the effects of added dietary chromium (Cr; KemTRACE chromium propionate, Kemin Industries Inc., Des Moines, IA) and feeding regimen on growth performance of finishing pigs housed under commercial conditions. Pigs were placed in mixed-gender pens (27 pigs per pen), blocked by BW...

Further Investigation Evaluating the Effect of Dietary Chromium Propionate and Yucca schidigera Supplementation in Finishing Pig Diets

A total of 2,430 pigs (PIC 359 × 1050; initial BW = 64.6 lb) were used to evaluate the effects of dietary chromium propionate (Cr; KemTRACE Cr, Kemin Industries, Des Moines, IA) and a Yucca schidigera-based extract (Micro-Aid; DPI Global, Porterville, CA) on growth performance of finishing pigs housed in commercial conditions. Pigs were placed in balanced, mixed-gender pens (27...

Effects of Increasing Zinc, Using Zn Hydroxychloride, on Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, and Economic Return of Pigs Housed in a Commercial Environment

A total of 2,430 pigs (PIC 337 × 1050; initially 66.3 lb BW) were used in a 113-d growth trial to determine the effects of increasing Zn on growth performance and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs. Two barns were used for a total of 18 pens per treatment with 27 pigs per pen. Pigs were allotted by average initial BW and assigned to 1 of 5 dietary treatments consisting of...

Evaluation of Dietary Phytogenics on Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Pigs During the Growing-Finishing Phase

A total of 317 pigs (DNA 600 × 241, initially 108.6 lb) were used in a 87-d trial to determine the effects of two essential oil mixtures tested individually and in combination on growth performance and carcass characteristics of growing-finishing pigs from 108 to 285 lb. Pens of 9 or 10 mixed-gender pigs were allotted by BW and randomly assigned to 1 of 4 dietary treatments with...

Effects of Standardized Total Tract Digestible Phosphorus on Growth Performance, Carcass Characteristics, Bone Mineralization, and Economics of 53- to 287-lb Pigs

A total of 1,130 barrows and gilts (PIC; 359 × Camborough, initial pen average BW of 53.2 ± 1.61 lb) were used in a 111-d growth trial to determine the standardized total tract digestible (STTD) P requirement of growing-finishing pigs from 53 to 287 lb. Pens of pigs were randomly assigned to 1 of 6 dietary treatments in a randomized complete block design with BW as a blocking...

Optimizing Dietary Net Energy for Maximum Profitability in Growing- Finishing Pigs

Feed accounts for a significant portion of swine production cost, with dietary energy alone representing more than half of the total cost. Considering the financial implications of determining the energy content of the diet, the objective of this research project was to develop a tool to accurately estimate the dietary NE content that yields maximum profitability for growing...

Regression Analysis to Predict the Impact of High Neutral Detergent Fiber Ingredients on Carcass Yield

Research has shown that carcass yield is reduced when feeding distillers dried grains with solubles (DDGS) or other high fiber ingredients. Considering the financial implications of changing carcass yield, the objective of this project was to develop regression equations to accurately estimate carcass yield from dietary NDF withdrawal strategies. Data from 8 trials originating...

Effect of Supplementation of Choline in Moderate and Low Crude Protein Diets on Growth Performance of Finishing Pigs from 245 to 275 lb

A total of 254 pigs (DNA 600 × 241, initially 247.4 lb) was used in a 19-d trial to determine the effects of added choline on growth performance of finishing pigs fed moderate and low CP diets. Pens of 7 or 8 pigs were allotted by BW and randomly assigned to 1 of 4 dietary treatments with 8 replications per treatment. Experimental treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 factorial...

Dietary Supplementation of Choline or Potassium in Low Crude Protein Diets on Growth and Carcass Performance of Finishing Pigs from 245 to 295 lb

A total of 284 pigs (DNA 600 × 241, initially 247.4 lb) were used in a 26-d trial to determine the effect of added choline or potassium on growth and carcass performance of finishing pigs fed low CP diets. Pens of 7 or 8 pigs were allotted by BW and randomly assigned to 1 of 4 dietary treatments with 9 replications per treatment. Experimental treatments included a 12% CP...

Effects of Dietary Soybean Meal Concentration with Dietary Crude Protein Fixed at 12% on Growth and Carcass Performance of Finishing Pigs from 250 to 300 lb

A total of 280 pigs (DNA 600 × 241, initially 251.8 lb) were used in a 23-d trial to determine the effects of dietary soybean meal (SBM) concentration with dietary crude protein, fixed at 12%, on growth performance of finishing pigs from 250 to 300 lb. Pens of 7 or 8 pigs were allotted by BW and randomly assigned to 1 of 6 dietary treatments with 6 replications per treatment...

Determination of the Optimum Standardized Ileal Digestible Lysine Concentration for Finishing Pigs from 225 to 280 lb

The objective of this study was to determine the standardized ileal digestible (SID) Lys requirement for growth and carcass performance of 225- to 280-lb finishing pigs. A total of 253 pigs (DNA 600 × 241, initially 224.9 lb BW) were used in a 23-d trial. Pens were blocked by BW and were randomly assigned to diets with 7 or 8 pigs per pen and 8 pens per treatment in a randomized...

Evaluation of High Standardized Ileal Digestible Tryptophan:Lysine Ratios with Ractopamine HCl on Growth and Carcass Performance of Pigs from 240 to 295 lb

A total of 935 pigs (PIC 1050 × 337, initially 237.2 lb BW) were used in a 22-d trial to determine the effects of feeding high levels of standardized ileal digestible (SID) Trp:Lys ratio in diets with ractopamine HCl (RAC, Paylean, Elanco Animal Health, Greenfield, IN) on growth and carcass performance of finishing pigs. Pens of 23 or 24 pigs were allotted by BW and randomly...

Evaluation of Standardized Ileal Digestible Tryptophan:Lysine Ratio on Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Finishing Pigs Fed with or without Ractopamine HCl

Previous research has shown that increasing the SID Trp:Lys ratio up to 24.5% in finishing pigs fed ractopamine HCl (RAC) improved ADG by 0.15 and 0.08 lb/d in comparison with ratios of 18 and 21%, respectively. The objective of the present experiment was to determine the effects of feeding higher SID Trp:Lys ratios with and without RAC on growth performance and carcass...

Evaluation of Phase Feeding Strategies and Lysine Specifications for Grow-Finish Pigs on Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics

The objective of this study was to compare phase feeding strategies for grow-finish pigs using the estimated lysine requirements for optimal growth and feed efficiency compared to a standard strategy. A total of 1,188 pigs (PIC 359 × 1050; initially 61.5 lb BW) were used in a randomized complete block design with 27 pigs per pen and 11 pens per treatment. The treatments consisted...

Effects of Increasing Salt Concentrations on Growth Performance of Pigs Weighing 60 to 140 lb

A total of 1,188 pigs (PIC 359 × 1050; initial BW 59.8 lb) were used in a 44-d growth trial to determine the effects of added salt on the growth performance of pigs weighing approximately 60 to 140 lb in a commercial setting. Pens of pigs were blocked by BW and randomly assigned to 1 of 4 dietary treatments in a completely randomized block design with 27 pigs per pen and 11 pens...

Effects of Increasing Salt Concentration on Growth Performance of 25- to 67-lb Nursery Pigs

A total of 300 pigs (Line 241 × 600; DNA, Columbus, NE; initially 25.0 lb BW) was used in a 34-d growth trial to determine the effects of added dietary salt on the growth performance of nursery pigs weighing 25 to 67 lb. Upon entry to the nursery, pigs were allotted by BW and fed a phase 1 common starter diet (0.50% Na and 0.67% Cl) for 11 d and then a common phase 2 diet (0.35...

Effects of Increasing Chloride Concentrations on Growth Performance of 15- to 25-lb Nursery Pigs

A total of 300 nursery pigs (initially 15.5 lb; Line 241 × 600; DNA, Columbus, NE) were used in a 21-d trial to determine effects of increasing dietary Cl on nursery pig growth performance. Upon entry to the nursery, pigs were allotted by BW and fed a common starter diet (0.33% Na and 0.76% Cl) for 7 d. On d 7 after weaning, considered d 0 in the trial, pens were assigned to 1 of...