Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

http://newprairiepress.org/kaesrr/

List of Papers (Total 1,604)

Southwest Research-Extension Center Reports: Field Day 2017

Full report of agricultural research for 2017 for the Kansas Southwest Research-Extension Center. Field Day 2017.

Palmer Amaranth (Amaranthus palmeri) Suppression with Half Rates of Dicamba and Atrazine with Increasing Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) Density and Nitrogen Rate

Palmer amaranth (PA) competition can result in severe yield loss in grain sorghum. Increasing sorghum density and nutrient supply could promote early/rapid canopy closure and therefore reduce the amount of light that could otherwise penetrate the canopy and promote PA growth in sorghum. A study was conducted at the Southwest Research-Extension Center near Garden City, KS, to ...

Efficacy of Preplant and Early Postemergence Herbicides in Corn

A study was initiated near Garden City, KS, in 2016, comparing the weed control of several herbicide treatments applied sequentially for weed control in irrigated corn. Acuron (metolachlor + atrazine + mesotrione + bicyclopyrone), Clarity (dicamba), Corvus (isoxaflutole + thiencarbazone), Halex GT (metolachlor + glyphosate + mesotrione), and Lumax EZ (metolachlor + atrazine + ...

Single and Sequential Applications of Anthem Maxx, Solstice, Acuron, Balance Flexx, Corvus, Halex GT, Verdict, Sharpen, Glyphosate, and Atrazine in Irrigated Corn

A study was initiated near Garden City, KS, in 2016, comparing the weed control of several herbicide treatments and their sequential application for weed control in irrigated corn. Quinoa and common sunflower control was excellent. All sequential herbicide treatments provided excellent control of kochia, velvetleaf, Palmer amaranth, and green foxtail. Single applications at the V4 ...

Resicore and Glyphosate Application Timings in Corn

A study was initiated near Garden City, KS, in 2016, comparing the weed control of several herbicide treatments in irrigated corn. All treatments provided excellent, season-long control of kochia, Russian thistle, Palmer amaranth and green foxtail. Herbicide-treated corn yielded 219 to 235 bu/a, which was 86 to 102 bu/a more than nontreated corn; however, no differences in yield ...

Southwest Research-Extension Center, Kansas State University, Staff, Acknowledgments

2017 Southwest Research-Extension Center Faculty and Staff. Acknowledgments.

Clarity, Laudis, Diflexx Duo, Atrazine, and Glyphosate for Efficacy in Corn

A study was initiated near Garden City, KS, in 2016 comparing the weed control of several herbicide treatments in irrigated corn. Control of quinoa, Russian thistle, and kochia was excellent with all herbicide treatments, and late-season control of common sunflower was 100% with all treatments except for those applied preemergence alone. Most treatments controlled green foxtail 95% ...

Winter and Early Spring Herbicides for Kochia Control in Fallow

A study was initiated near Garden City, KS, in fall of 2015 and spring of 2016 comparing the weed control of several herbicide treatments and their time of application for kochia control in fallow. All herbicide treatments applied in December 2015 provided 99 or 100% kochia control in early spring. However, control declined to less than 60% with these treatments by June 8, 2016. ...

Weather Information for Garden City, 2016

Precipitation for 2016 totaled 17.73 in. This was 1.51 in. below the 30-year average of 19.24 in. and followed two years of above normal moisture. April and July 2016 had considerably above average precipitation, causing good summer crop growing conditions. Rainfall diminished after July to 37% of the 30-year-average, resulting in dry conditions for fall wheat planting. Hail was ...

Exploring the Value of Plant Analysis to Enhance Water Use Efficiency in Southwest Kansas

Nutrient deficiency is identified by use of visual symptoms. However, the application of the proposed deficient nutrient often does not result in the correction of the observed visual symptoms. This is because essential nutrients do not operate independently of each other or independently of the overall plant health and growing conditions. A study was initiated in 2016 at the ...

Alternative Cropping Systems with Limited Irrigation

A limited irrigation study involving four cropping systems and evaluating four crop rotations was initiated at the Southwest Research-Extension Center near Tribune, KS, in 2012. The cropping systems were two annual systems (continuous corn [C-C] and continuous grain sorghum [GS-GS]) and two 2-year systems (corn-grain sorghum [CGS]) and corn-winter wheat [C-W]). In 2016, corn yields ...

Seeding Rate for Dryland Wheat

Four winter wheat varieties (PlainsGold Byrd, Limagrain T158, Syngenta TAM 111, and WestBred Winterhawk) were planted at five seeding rates (30, 45, 60, 75, and 90 lb/a) in the fall of 2014 and 2015 at Colby, Garden City, and Tribune, KS. The objective of the study was to identify appropriate seeding rates for dryland winter wheat in western Kansas. Averaged across varieties, a ...

Wheat and Grain Sorghum in Four-Year Rotations

In 1996, an effort began to quantify soil water storage, crop water use, and crop productivity on dryland systems in western Kansas. Research on 4-year crop rotations with wheat and grain sorghum was initiated at the Southwest Research-Extension Center near Tribune, KS. Rotations were wheat-wheat-sorghum-fallow (WWSF), wheatsorghum- sorghum-fallow (WSSF), and continuous wheat (WW). ...

Tillage Intensity in a Long-Term Wheat-Sorghum-Fallow Rotation

This study was initiated in 1991 at the Kansas State University Southwest Research- Extension Center near Tribune, KS. The purpose of the study was to identify the effects of tillage intensity on precipitation capture, soil water storage, and grain yield in a wheat-sorghum-fallow rotation. Grain yields of wheat and grain sorghum increased with decreased tillage intensity in a ...

Integrated Grain and Forage Rotations

Producers are interested in growing forages in rotation with grain crops. Many producers are interested in diversifying their operations to include livestock or grow feed for the livestock industry. By integrating forages into the cropping system producers can take advantage of more markets and reduce market risk. Forages require less water to make a crop than grain crops, so the ...

Impact of Zoysiagrass and Tall Fescue Seed Mixtures on Brown Patch Severity

Earlier research has demonstrated that polystands of zoysiagrass and tall fescue can be established successfully, with the potential to provide a high-quality turfgrass stand with reduced inputs. Our objective was to determine whether mixing zoysiagrass with tall fescue will reduce brown patch severity while maintaining overall acceptable quality. Studies were established at the ...

Measurement of Evapotranspiration in Turfgrass: Recommended Techniques and Adjustment Coefficients

Evapotranspiration (ET) from turfgrass can be measured directly using lysimeters (LYS), estimated from weather data using models, or approximated using atmometers. Evapotranspiration measurements from LYS were compared with ET estimates from four variations of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) standardized ET equation including the use of: 1) hourly steps of measured ...

Use of Pyrimisulfan and Penoxsulam in Turfgrass Systems

Pyrimisulfan + penoxsulam applications in ‘Meyer’ zoysiagrass and buffalograss resulted in excellent large crabgrass control and no turfgrass injury. Applications also do not have any negative influence on tested ornamental species.

Effect of Dormant ‘MidIron’ Bermudagrass Colorant Applications on Clothing Blemishing

Minimal research exists on potential clothing blemishing when athletes contact turfgrass applied with colorants. Field trials were initiated February 16, 2017, and conducted to test the effect of turfgrass colorant applications on clothing blemishing if an athlete is to come in contact with the playing surface. Turfgrass colorants will adhere to turfgrass leaf blades and do not ...