Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

http://newprairiepress.org/kaesrr/

List of Papers (Total 4,041)

Effects of Increasing Copper from Tri-basic Copper Chloride or a Copper-Chelate on Growth Performance of Nursery Pigs

A total of 1,452 pigs [Group 1; 350 barrows (DNA 200 × 400; initially 13.2 lb)] and [Group 2; 1,102 barrows and gilts (PIC 1050 × 280; initially 13.3 lb)] were used to determine the effects of added Cu source and level on nursery pig performance. There were 5 pigs per pen and 10 replications per treatment in group 1, and 24 to 27 pigs per pen and 6 replications per treatment in...

Effect of Zinc Oxide, Zinc Hydroxychloride, and Tri-basic Copper Chloride on Nursery Pig Performance

A total of 1,215 pigs (PIC 1050 × 280; initially 11.7 lb BW) were used in a 42-d growth trial to determine the effects of ZnO, Zn hydroxychloride (IntelliBond Z; IBZ), and tri-basic copper chloride (IntelliBond C; IBC) on growth performance of nursery pigs. Pigs were allotted by pen weight and assigned to 1 of 5 dietary treatments. Treatments consisted of added Zn as ZnO (3,000...

Impact of Added Copper and Chlortetracycline on Growth Performance of Nursery Pigs

A total of 320 nursery pigs (DNA 200 × 400 barrows; initially 16.3 lb BW) were used in a 28-d trial to determine the effect of copper (Cu) and chlortetracycline (CTC), fed alone or in combination, on growth performance of weanling pigs. Pigs were weaned at approximately 21 d of age and fed a common pelleted starter diet (non-medicated) for 7 d after weaning. Pigs were allotted to...

Effects of a Combination of Essential Oils (Victus LIV), Increased Zinc Oxide and Copper Sulfate, or Their Combination in Nursery Diets on Pig Performance

A total of 280 weaned pigs (Line 600 × 241; DNA, Columbus, NE; initially 11.4 lb) were used in a 35-d study to compare the effects of feeding growth promoting alternatives (added trace minerals, copper and zinc, or essential oils (Victus LIV; DSM Nutritional Products, Parsippany, NJ), alone or in combination, on nursery pig performance in comparison to Carbadox, (Mecadox, Phibro...

Evaluation of Elarom SES with or without Tri-basic Copper Chloride on Nursery Pig Growth Performance

A total of 360 weanling pigs (DNA 200 × 400; initially 11.5 lb BW) were used in a 42-d study evaluating the effects of feeding Elarom SES in combination with increasing tri-basic copper chloride on nursery pig performance and fecal consistency. Elarom SES (Trouw Nutrition USA, Highland, IL) is a specialty feed ingredient containing a blend of active ingredients designed to...

The Effects of Feeding Benzoic Acid and Essential Oils on Growth Performance, Survivability and Fecal Characteristics of Grower Pigs

A total of 200 pigs (DNA Line 200 × 400) with an initial body weight of 81 lb were used to determine the effects of feeding benzoic acid and an essential oil blend (Vevo- Vitall and CRINA Piglets AF, DSM Nutritional Products, Parsippany, NJ) to grower pigs. There were 10 pigs per pen and 10 pens per treatment in this 28-d grower trial. Pigs were allotted by BW and randomly...

Effects of Antimicrobial or Probiotic Treatments on Growth Performance of 13- to 56-lb Nursery Pigs

A total of 612 nursery pigs (21-d of age; Line 241 × 600; DNA, Columbus, NE) were used in two 44-d experiments to determine effects of antibiotic or different probiotic products on nursery pig performance and fecal consistency. In Experiment 1, 297 pigs (initially 12.8 lb) were used with 6 replications per treatment and 5 or 6 pigs per pen. In Experiment 2, 315 pigs (initially 13...

Evaluating the Effects of Fish Solubles on Nursery Pig Performance

A total of 700 barrows (Line 200 × 400, DNA, Columbus, NE; initially 14.3 lb) were used in a 21-d growth trial with 5 pigs per pen and 28 pens per treatment. Pigs were weaned at approximately 21 d of age, placed in nursery pens according to BW and fed a common pelleted starter diet for 3 d. Pigs were then weighed and pens were blocked by BW to 1 of 5 dietary treatments in a...

Evaluating the Effects of Replacing Fish Meal with HP 300 on Nursery Pig Performance

A total of 350 barrows (Line 200 × 400 DNA, Columbus, NE; initially 13.6 lb) were used in a 21-d growth trial with 5 pigs per pen and 14 pens per treatment. Pigs were weaned at approximately 21-d of age, placed in nursery pens according to BW and fed a common pelleted starter diet for 3 d, at which time, pigs were weighed and then pens were blocked by BW to 1 of 5 dietary...

Effects of Feeding Increasing Levels of HP 300 on Nursery Pig Performance

A total of 1,215 pigs (PIC 337 × 1050; initial BW 11.3 lb) were used in a 43-d growth trial evaluating the effects of feeding increasing HP 300 (Hamlet Protein, Findlay, OH) on nursery pig performance. Pigs were weaned at 16 to 19 d of age and placed in pens, with each pen containing a mix of barrows and gilts. Pens of pigs were weighed and allotted by BW to 1 of 5 dietary...

Effects of Dietary Ca and P Concentrations on Growth Performance of 13- to 25-lb Pigs

A total of 360 nursery pigs (PIC 1050 × 280, initially 13.3 ± 2.39 lb) were used in a 45-d growth study to determine the effects of feeding 2 standardized total tract digestible (STTD) P and 3 Ca concentrations on growth performance. In a completely randomized design, pens of pigs (10 pigs per pen, 6 pens per treatment) were allotted randomly to 1 of 6 dietary treatments. Dietary...

Effects of Dietary Calcium and Phosphorus Concentrations and Addition of Phytase on Growth Performance of Nursery Pigs

A total of 720 nursery pigs (PIC 1050 × 280, initially 13.4 ± 0.47 lb) were used in a 42-d growth study to determine the effects of feeding 2 calcium (Ca) and 3 standardized total tract digestible (STTD) phosphorus (P) concentrations on growth performance and bone ash content. Pens of pigs (10 pigs/pen, 12 pens/treatment) were blocked by initial pen weight, and within blocks pens...

Standardized Total Tract Digestible Phosphorus Requirement of 25- to 50-lb Pigs

A total of 1,080 barrows and gilts (PIC; 337 × Camborough, initial pen average BW of 25.2 ± 0.64 lb) were used in a 21-d trial to determine the standardized total tract digestible (STTD) P requirement of nursery pigs from 25 to 50 lb. Two groups of pigs were weaned at approximately 21 d and allotted to pens according to BW and gender. There were 6 replicate pens per treatment and...

Effects of Monosodium Glutamate and AminoGut on Nursery Pig Performance

A total of 1,134 nursery pigs (PIC 359 × 1050, 10.9 ± 0.46 lb BW) were used in a 42-d growth study to determine the effects of monosodium glutamate (MSG), AminoGut, and glutamine (Ajinomoto Heartland, LLC, Chicago, IL) on growth performance. Pigs were fed 1 of 6 dietary treatments. Treatments were fed in 2 phases from d 0 to 7 and 7 to 21. The dietary treatments contained 0, 0.5...

Effect of Calsporin on Nursing Piglet Growth Performance and Fecal Microflora

A total of 26 lactating sows (DNA 241, DNA Genetics, Columbus, NE) and litters were used in a discovery study to evaluate the effects of Calsporin, a direct-fed microbial containing Bacillus subtilis C-3102, on fecal microflora of nursing pigs. The treatments consisted of providing a daily oral dose of Calsporin or a placebo control to piglets during the nursing phase. Sows were...

Effect of Sow Lactation Crate Size on Litter Performance and Survivability

A total of 529 litters of pigs (PIC TR4 × (Fast LW × PIC L02)) were used to examine the effect of sow lactation crate size on nursing pig litter performance and survivability. The sow portion of the farrowing crate was maintained at a constant length and width of 7.4 and 2.0 ft, respectively. To form the treatments, crate width was adjusted accordingly, taking space away from one...

Split Suckling, Birth Order, and Birth Weight Affects Colostrum Intake and Pre-Weaning Weight Gain

Thirty sows (DNA Line 241, n = 10/treatment) and litters (sired by Line 600, pigs n = 412) were used to determine the effects of split suckling on immunocrit, colostrum intake, and growth of low birth weight pigs and pigs that farrow last in the birth order. Three treatments were used 1) control, all pigs suckled ad libitum; 2) weight based, the heaviest 6 pigs were removed for 1...

Validation of Individual Computerized Sow Feeding Systems in Lactation

Two experiments evaluated the accuracy of individual computerized feed delivery systems for lactating sows (GESTAL Solo, JYGA Technologies Inc., St-Lambert-de-Lauzon, Quebec, Canada). The feeders volumetrically dispense feed based on rotations of a screw auger. In Experiment 1, 29 prototype feeders were used across 3 farrowing groups. On d 0, 1 feeder was selected to calibrate...

The Effects of Feeding Benzoic Acid and Essential Oils on Sows and Litter Performance

A total of 48 sows (DNA Line 200 × 400) and their progeny were used in this study to determine if feeding sows and/or piglets benzoic acid (VevoVitall, DSM Nutritional Products, Parsippany, NJ) paired with an essential oil blend (CRINA, DSM Nutritional Products, Parsippany, NJ) enhances sow and pig performance during lactation, piglet weight gain in the nursery, and survivability...

Effects of Increasing Dietary Lysine on Performance of Lactating Sows in Commercial Conditions

A total of 710 mixed parity sows (Line 241; DNA, Columbus, NE) were used in a 21-d study to determine the effect of standardized ileal digestible (SID) lysine (Lys) intake during lactation on sow and litter performance and subsequent reproductive performance of primiparous and multiparous sows housed in a commercial production system. On d 112 of gestation, females were weighed...

Effect of Parity and Stage of Gestation on Maternal Growth and Feed Efficiency of Gestating Sows

The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of parity and stage of gestation on maternal weight gain and efficiency of feed use in group-housed gestating sows from a commercial sow farm. A total of 712 females (Camborough, PIC, Hendersonville, TN) were group-housed from d 5 to 112 of gestation and individually fed with electronic sow feeders (ESF). Feed intake and BW...

Effect of Parity and Stage of Gestation on Growth and Feed Efficiency of Gestating Sows

The effects of parity and stage of gestation on female growth criteria and reproductive performance were evaluated at a commercial sow farm. A total of 712 females (Camborough, PIC, Hendersonville, TN) were group-housed and individually fed with electronic sow feeders. Gilts (parity 1) and sows were offered 4.4 and 5.0 lb of feed per day (4.7 and 5.3 Mcal NE per d), respectively...

Effects of Monosodium Glutamate on 14- to 56-lb Nursery Pigs

A total of 700 nursery pigs (PIC C-29 × 1050 × 1040, initially 13.6 lb BW) were used in a 42-d growth study to determine the effects of monosodium glutamate (MSG; Ajinomoto Heartland, LLC, Chicago, IL) on growth performance. Pigs were fed 1 of 5 dietary treatments: 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, or 2.0% MSG. Experimental diets were fed in three phases from d 0 to 14, 14 to 28, and 28 to 42...

Effects of Monosodium Glutamate on 11- to 50-lb Nursery Pigs

A total of 1,134 nursery pigs (PIC 280 × 1050, 11.2 lb BW) were used in a 48-d growth study to determine the effects of monosodium glutamate (MSG; Ajinomoto Heartland, LLC, Chicago, IL) on growth performance. Pigs were fed 1 of 6 dietary treatments: 0, 0.5, 1.0, 1.5, or 2.0% MSG, or a high salt treatment formulated to match the sodium content of the 1.0% MSG treatment...

Effects of Crystalline Amino Acid Concentrations With or Without Formaldehyde Treatment of Diets on Nursery Pig Growth Performance and Fecal Bacterial Concentration

A total of 1,235 nursery pigs (PIC 359 × 1050; initially 26.9 lb BW) were used in a 28-d study evaluating the effects of crystalline amino acid concentrations with or without formaldehyde treatment of diets on nursery pig growth performance, feed bacteria concentration, lysine content, and fecal microbial diversity. Sal CURB (Kemin Industries Inc., Des Moines, IA) is a commercial...