Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

http://newprairiepress.org/kaesrr/

List of Papers (Total 556)

Long-Term Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilization of Irrigated Grain Sorghum

Long-term research shows that phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) fertilizer must be applied to optimize production of irrigated grain sorghum in western Kansas. In 2014, N applied alone increased yields 49 bu/a, whereas N and P applied together increased yields up to 81 bu/a. Averaged across the past 10 years, N and P fertilization increased sorghum yields up to 73 bu/a. Application ...

An Injectable Trace Mineral Supplement in Yearling Bulls Causes a Short-Term Increase in Circulating Trace Mineral Levels But Does Not Improve Sperm Quality

Proper trace mineral supplementation is necessary for reproductive development and function. Supplementation with various trace minerals has been shown to improve overall sperm quality and morphology and increase the percentage of live sperm. When developing beef bulls, it is necessary to meet trace mineral requirements to ensure proper reproductive success. An injectable trace ...

Dietary Chromium Propionate Combined with Yeast Minimally Affects Growth Performance and Carcass Traits of Finishing Steers

Chromium (Cr) is an essential micromineral that serves to increase absorption of glucose from blood by potentiating the action of insulin. The ability to increase glucose tolerance could lead to more efficient use of glucose and ultimately to improved growth and efficiency. In addition, Cr may be beneficial in improving the immune response of cattle that are subjected to periods of ...

Value and Use of Artificial Insemination by Beef Producers

Artificial insemination and estrous synchronization remain underutilized by U.S. beef producers. The most recent National Animal Health Monitoring Survey (NAHMS 2007–08) reported that 7.6% of producers used artificial insemination and 7.9% used estrous synchronization. The most common reason cited for not using these reproductive technologies was time and labor, followed by cost ...

Surface Runoff Characteristics from Claypan Soil in Southeastern Kansas Receiving Different Plant Nutrient Sources and Tillage

Preliminary results show that two-year average total nitrogen (N) runoff losses and ortho-phosphorus (P) and total P runoff losses in the second year were greater with N-based turkey litter/no-till applications than P-based turkey litter or fertilizer-only applications. Incorporation of turkey litter applied based on N requirements resulted in N and P losses that did not differ ...

Soybean Sudden Death Syndrome Influenced by Macronutrient Fertility on Irrigated Soybean in a Corn/Soybean Rotation

The effects of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and potassium (K) fertilization on a corn/ soybean cropping sequence were evaluated from 1983 to 2014, with corn planted in odd years. We observed a relationship between the P rate applied during the corn years and the severity of sudden death syndrome (SDS) in 2014 soybean.

East Central Kansas Experiment Field Introduction

The research program at the East Central Kansas Experiment Field is designed to keep area crop producers abreast of technological advances in agronomic agriculture. Specific objectives are to (1) identify top-performing varieties and hybrids of wheat, corn, soybean, and grain sorghum; (2) establish the amount of tillage and crop residue cover needed for optimum crop production; (3) ...

Effects of dietary zinc oxide and chlortetracycline on nursery pig growth performance

A total of 240 weaned pigs (PIC 1050; initially 13.4 lb) were used in a 47-d study to compare the effects of added Zn from zinc oxide (ZnO), alone or in combination with a low or high dose of chlortetracycline (CTC), on nursery pig performance. Pigs were allotted to pens at weaning (d 0) and fed a common starter diet with no antimicrobial for 5 d before the start of the experiment. ...

Effects of PepSoyGen processing method on nursery pig growth performance

A total of 292 weanling pigs (PIC 327 × 1050; 13.3 ± 2.4 lb BW and 21 d of age) were used in a 31-d experiment evaluating the effects of alternative PepSoyGen processing methods for nursery pig diets. There were 11 replicate pens per treatment and 6 or 7 pigs per pen. At weaning, pigs were allotted to pens by initial weight to 1 of 4 treatments in a completely randomized design. ...

Validating a dietary approach to determine amino acid:lysine ratios for pigs

Standardized ileal digestible (SID) amino acid:lysine (AA:Lys) ratio experiments are commonly conducted to estimate the AA requirement of pigs relative to lysine (Lys) and allow for accurate diet formulation. The objective of the studies herein was to validate a dietary approach to determine the optimal SID AA:Lys ratio for pigs using tryptophan (Trp) as a model. Four 21-d ...

Effects of a novel protease enzyme (CIBENZA DP100) on finishing pig growth performance and carcass characteristics

A total of 1,170 pigs (PIC 337 × 1050; initial BW 56.3 lb) were used in a 131-d study to determine the effects of a protease enzyme on growth performance and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs. Dietary treatments consisted of: (1) a positive control diet formulated to provide 90% of the standardized ileal digestible (SID) lysine requirement for these pigs; (2) a negative ...

Effects of standardized ileal digestible lysine level in diets containing tribasic copper chloride on finishing pig growth performance, carcass characteristics, and fat quality

A total of 1,248 pigs (PIC 337 × 1050; initially 63.8 lb) were used in a 120-d experiment to study the effects of increasing standardized ileal digestible lysine (SID Lys) in diets with or without 150 ppm added Cu from tri-basic copper chloride (TBCC) on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and fat quality. Pens of pigs were allotted to 1 of 6 dietary treatments in a ...

Influence of dietary fat source and feeding duration on pig growth performance, carcass composition, and fat quality

A total of 160 finishing pigs (PIC 327 × 1050; initially 100.5 lb) were used in an 84-d experiment to evaluate the effects of dietary fat source and feeding duration on growth performance, carcass characteristics, and fat quality. Dietary treatments included a corn-soybean meal control diet with no added fat or a 3 × 3 factorial with main effects of fat source (4% tallow, 4% ...

Field research 2014

The research program at the East Central Kansas Experiment Field is designed to keep area crop producers abreast of technological advances in agronomic agriculture. Specific objectives are to (1) identify top performing varieties and hybrids of wheat, corn, soybean, and grain sorghum; (2) establish the amount of tillage and crop residue cover needed for optimum crop production; (3) ...

Comparison of conventional and Alltech Beef PN finishing programs: meat water-holding capacity and tenderness

Tenderness, juiciness, and flavor play important roles in a satisfactory beef eating experience. All three factors can be affected by management decisions made by producers during the production of beef. Beef producers currently use a multitude of production programs that utilize feed additives such as Rumensin or Tylan (Elanco Animal Health, Greenfield, IN), and growth promotants ...

Aging time affects color stability and sensory properties of ground beef patties adjusted

Palatability traits of flavor, juiciness, and tenderness are associated with consumer satisfaction. Although grinding offers an opportunity to mechanically minimize differences in tenderness, muscle source and product quality may still affect the sensory properties of ground beef. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of two quality grades (Premium Choice and ...

Effects of Optaflexx alone or in combination with BoVantage on the performance and carcass merit of finishing heifers

Beta agonists, including Optaflexx (Elanco Animal Health, Greenfield, IN), are now routinely fed to finishing cattle as a means of increasing carcass weight and efficiency of carcass weight gain during the final 20 to 42 days on feed. BoVantage, a product recently introduced by Kent Nutrition Group (Muscatine, IA) for use in feedlot cattle, has been observed to improve efficiency ...

Feed processing parameters and their effects on nursery pig growth performance

A total of 180 nursery pigs (PIC 327 × 1050; initially 27.8 lb) were used in an 18-d study to determine the effects of conditioning parameters and feed form on pig performance. All diets were the same corn, dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS), and soybean meal-based formulation with different processing parameters used to create the experimental treatments. Treatments ...

Amino acid digestibility and energy concentration of fermented soybean meal and camelina meal for swine

Two experiments were conducted to determine the amino acid and GE digestibility of fermented soybean meal and camelina meal. For Exp. 1, to determine standardized ileal amino acid digestibility, five growing gilts (BW= 60.4 lb) were surgically fitted with T-cannulas at the terminal ileum and randomly allotted to 1 of 3 dietary treatments in a crossover design with 3 periods. The ...

Ammonia and hydrogen sulfide emissions from swine production facilities in North America: a meta-analysis

Ammonia (NH3) and hydrogen sulfide (H2S) emissions from swine production facilities receive considerable attention due to human health and environmental implications. Accurate quantification of farm emissions is essential to ensure compliance with regulatory requirements. The objectives of this study were to provide a review of the literature on NH3 and H2S emissions from swine ...

Effects of low-, medium-, and high-oil dried distillers grains with solubles on growth performance, nutrient digestibility, and fat quality in finishing pigs

A total of 1,480 pigs were used in 3 experiments to determine the effects of dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS) varying in oil content on growth performance, carcass characteristics, carcass fat quality, and nutrient digestibility in growing-finishing pigs. In Exp. 1, 1,198 pigs (PIC 337 × 1050, initially 101.6 lb) were used to evaluate the effects of corn DDGS with 5.4 ...