Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

http://newprairiepress.org/kaesrr/

List of Papers (Total 3,033)

Wheat and Grain Sorghum in Four-Year Rotations

In 1996, an effort began to quantify soil water storage, crop water use, and crop productivity on dryland systems in western Kansas. Research on 4-year crop rotations with wheat and grain sorghum was initiated at the Southwest Research-Extension Center near Tribune, KS. Rotations were wheat-wheat-sorghum-fallow (WWSF), wheatsorghum- sorghum-fallow (WSSF), and continuous wheat (WW). ...

Wheat Stubble Height on Subsequent Corn and Grain Sorghum Crops

A field study initiated in 2006 at the Southwest Research-Extension Center near Tribune, KS, was designed to evaluate the effects of three wheat stubble heights on subsequent grain yields of corn and grain sorghum. Corn and sorghum yields in 2016 were greater than the long-term average. When averaged from 2007 through 2016, corn grain yields were 10 bu/a greater when planted into ...

Tillage Intensity in a Long-Term Wheat-Sorghum-Fallow Rotation

This study was initiated in 1991 at the Kansas State University Southwest Research- Extension Center near Tribune, KS. The purpose of the study was to identify the effects of tillage intensity on precipitation capture, soil water storage, and grain yield in a wheat-sorghum-fallow rotation. Grain yields of wheat and grain sorghum increased with decreased tillage intensity in a ...

Large-Scale Dryland Cropping Systems

This study was conducted from 2008 to 2016 at the Kansas State University Southwest Research-Extension Center near Tribune, KS. The purpose of the study was to identify whether more intensive cropping systems can enhance and stabilize production in rainfed cropping systems to optimize economic crop production, more efficiently capture and utilize scarce precipitation, and maintain ...

Fallow Replacement Crop (Cover Crops, Annual Forages, and Short-Season Grain Crops) Effects on Wheat and Grain Sorghum Yields

Producers are interested in growing cover crops and reducing fallow. Growing a crop during the fallow period would increase profitability if crop benefits exceeded expenses. Benefits of growing a cover crop were shown in high rainfall areas, but limited information is available on growing cover crops in place of fallow in the semiarid Great Plains. A study was conducted from ...

Estimating Annual Forage Yields with Plant Available Water and Growing Season Precipitation

Forage production is important for western Kansas region’s livestock and dairy industries and has become increasingly important as irrigation-well capacity declines. Forages require less water than grain crops and may allow for increased cropping intensity and opportunistic cropping. Being able to estimate forage production is important for determining forage availability versus ...

Integrated Grain and Forage Rotations

Producers are interested in growing forages in rotation with grain crops. Many producers are interested in diversifying their operations to include livestock or grow feed for the livestock industry. By integrating forages into the cropping system producers can take advantage of more markets and reduce market risk. Forages require less water to make a crop than grain crops, so the ...

Determining Profitable Annual Forage Rotations

Producers are interested in growing annual forages, yet western Kansas lacks proven recommended crop rotations such as those for grain crops. Forage production is important to the region’s livestock and dairy industries and is becoming increasingly important as irrigation-well capacity declines. Forages require less water than grain crops and may allow for increased cropping ...

Value of Fungicide Application in Wheat Production in Southwest Kansas

During the past several years, applying fungicide to wheat has become a more common practice. The availability of cost-effective generic fungicides, as well as the positive yield responses often reported, seem to be the potential drivers for the adoption of such practices by producers. We conducted a wheat fungicide trial in Garden City, KS, to answer the following questions: 1) Do ...

2013 National Turfgrass Evaluation Program Bermudagrass Test: 2016 Data

Kansas represents the northernmost region in the central United States where bermudagrass can be successfully grown as a perennial turfgrass. Historically, few cultivars that have both acceptable quality and adequate cold tolerance have been available to local growers. Because new introductions are continually being selected for improved hardiness and quality, both seeded and ...

Development of Cold Hardy, Large Patch Resistant Zoysiagrass Cultivars for the Transition Zone

A Z. japonica genotype TAES 5645 which exhibited resistance to large patch in preliminary studies conducted by our collaborators at Texas A West Lafayette, IN; and Dallas, TX; from 2012 to 2014. This report focuses on the Manhattan, KS, results. From this work, 60 progeny were identified for further evaluation in larger plots. In fall 2016, ‘Meyer’ (42% of plot area affected) had ...

Impact of Zoysiagrass and Tall Fescue Seed Mixtures on Brown Patch Severity

Earlier research has demonstrated that polystands of zoysiagrass and tall fescue can be established successfully, with the potential to provide a high-quality turfgrass stand with reduced inputs. Our objective was to determine whether mixing zoysiagrass with tall fescue will reduce brown patch severity while maintaining overall acceptable quality. Studies were established at the ...

Evaluating Zoysiagrass-Tall Fescue Mixtures in Kansas

Water conservation is increasingly important when selecting turfgrasses. Zoysiagrass (Zoysia japonica), a C4 grass, is more drought resistant than C3 grasses. However, there is some resistance to the use of zoysiagrass in lawns and golf courses due to its extended dormant period when turf is brown. The objective of this study was to evaluate mowing height, tall fescue seeding rate ...

Nitrous Oxide Emissions and Carbon Sequestration in Turfgrass: Effects of Irrigation and Nitrogen Fertilization (Year 2)

This study was conducted from 2013–2016 to determine how irrigation and N fertilization may be managed to reduce N2O emissions and enhance carbon sequestration. In this study, annual nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions were greatest in urea and the least in unfertilized (no N) among treatments. During summer, the lower irrigation treatment resulted in less N2O emitted. All fertilizer and ...

Performance and Recovery of Turfgrasses Subjected to Drought and Traffic Stresses

This study is an effort to determine effects of drought and traffic in turfgrasses. During a 41-day summer drought in 2015 and 2016, warm-season (C4) grasses were more affected by traffic than cool-season (C3) grasses when percent green cover and turf quality were measured. This was because the non-trafficked plots in C4 grasses maintained higher percent green cover and turf ...

Measurement of Evapotranspiration in Turfgrass: Recommended Techniques and Adjustment Coefficients

Evapotranspiration (ET) from turfgrass can be measured directly using lysimeters (LYS), estimated from weather data using models, or approximated using atmometers. Evapotranspiration measurements from LYS were compared with ET estimates from four variations of the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) standardized ET equation including the use of: 1) hourly steps of measured ...

Use of Pyrimisulfan and Penoxsulam in Turfgrass Systems

Pyrimisulfan + penoxsulam applications in ‘Meyer’ zoysiagrass and buffalograss resulted in excellent large crabgrass control and no turfgrass injury. Applications also do not have any negative influence on tested ornamental species.

Native Turfgrass Tolerance to Indaziflam Applications

Multiple research trials were conducted from 2014 to 2016 in the Manhattan, KS, area to determine the use of indaziflam in native turfgrass systems. Results indicated that evaluated species are tolerant to indaziflam applications throughout the year.

Influence of Tall Fescue Baseball Infield Mowing Height on Ground Ball Speed

Athletic field conditions have been shown to influence playability. Results of ball-roll speed studies can be used to predict success of infield hits. Field trials were conducted at Rocky Ford Turfgrass Research Center, Manhattan, KS, to determine the influence of tall fescue baseball infield mowing height on ground ball speed and batter on-base success. Mowing heights of 1, 2, and ...

Effect of Dormant ‘MidIron’ Bermudagrass Colorant Applications on Clothing Blemishing

Minimal research exists on potential clothing blemishing when athletes contact turfgrass applied with colorants. Field trials were initiated February 16, 2017, and conducted to test the effect of turfgrass colorant applications on clothing blemishing if an athlete is to come in contact with the playing surface. Turfgrass colorants will adhere to turfgrass leaf blades and do not ...