Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

http://newprairiepress.org/kaesrr/

List of Papers (Total 4,041)

Southwest Research-Extension Center, Kansas State University, Staff, Acknowledgments

2017 Southwest Research-Extension Center Faculty and Staff. Acknowledgments.

Clarity, Laudis, Diflexx Duo, Atrazine, and Glyphosate for Efficacy in Corn

A study was initiated near Garden City, KS, in 2016 comparing the weed control of several herbicide treatments in irrigated corn. Control of quinoa, Russian thistle, and kochia was excellent with all herbicide treatments, and late-season control of common sunflower was 100% with all treatments except for those applied preemergence alone. Most treatments controlled green foxtail...

Winter and Early Spring Herbicides for Kochia Control in Fallow

A study was initiated near Garden City, KS, in fall of 2015 and spring of 2016 comparing the weed control of several herbicide treatments and their time of application for kochia control in fallow. All herbicide treatments applied in December 2015 provided 99 or 100% kochia control in early spring. However, control declined to less than 60% with these treatments by June 8, 2016...

Preemergence and Post-Harvest Kochia Control in Wheat

A study was initiated near Garden City, KS, in 2016, comparing the weed control of several herbicide treatments applied preemergence and post-harvest for kochia control in wheat. Clarity (dicamba) with any premix partner applied preemergence provided less than 30% kochia control at evaluations conducted on July 25 and August 12, 2016. The addition of glyphosate plus Distinct...

Atrazine, Clarity, Verdict, and Armezon Pro Application Timings for Weed Control in Fallow

A study was initiated near Garden City, KS, in 2016, comparing the weed control of several herbicide treatments and their time of application in fallow. A single application of Clarity (dicamba) and atrazine applied on March 3, 2016, did not provide more than 93% control of kochia, Russian thistle, and Palmer amaranth on June 9. All other treatments provided 95% or greater...

Balance Pro, Atrazine, Autumn Super, Corvus, Sencor, Authority, and Banvel for Preemergence Kochia Control in Fallow

A study was initiated near Garden City, KS, in 2016 comparing kochia control of several herbicide treatments and their time of application in fallow. Spring applications of five tank mixes containing the active ingredient isoxaflutole provided greater than 92% control of kochia. Fall applications of similar tank mixes provided from 78 to 84% control. Tank mixes of atrazine and...

Weather Information for Garden City, 2016

Precipitation for 2016 totaled 17.73 in. This was 1.51 in. below the 30-year average of 19.24 in. and followed two years of above normal moisture. April and July 2016 had considerably above average precipitation, causing good summer crop growing conditions. Rainfall diminished after July to 37% of the 30-year-average, resulting in dry conditions for fall wheat planting. Hail was...

Weather Information for Tribune

In 2016, annual precipitation of 19.97 in. was recorded, which is 2.07 in. above normal. Six months had above-normal precipitation. April (5.16 in.) was the wettest month. The largest single amount of precipitation was 1.91 in. on August 7. January, the driest month, only recorded a trace of precipitation.

Irrigated Grain Sorghum Response to Long-Term Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilization

Long-term research shows that phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) fertilizer must be applied to optimize production of irrigated grain sorghum in western Kansas. In 2016, N applied alone increased yields 71 bu/a, whereas N and P applied together increased yields up to 93 bu/a. Averaged across the past 10 years, N and P fertilization increased sorghum yields up to 77 bu/a. Application...

Irrigated Corn Response to Long-Term Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilization

Long-term research shows that phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N) fertilizer must be applied to optimize the production of irrigated corn in western Kansas. In 2016, N applied alone increased yields by 85 bu/a, whereas P applied alone increased yields by only 12 bu/a. Nitrogen and P applied together increased yields up to 164 bu/a. This is 20 bu/a greater than the 10-year average...

Exploring the Value of Plant Analysis to Enhance Water Use Efficiency in Southwest Kansas

Nutrient deficiency is identified by use of visual symptoms. However, the application of the proposed deficient nutrient often does not result in the correction of the observed visual symptoms. This is because essential nutrients do not operate independently of each other or independently of the overall plant health and growing conditions. A study was initiated in 2016 at the...

Interaction of Seeding and Nitrogen Rate on Grain Sorghum Yield in Southwest Kansas

This study compared drilled planted sorghum at four seeding rates to planted sorghum at three different nitrogen (N) fertility levels at two locations in southwest Kansas (Garden City and Tribune). At the Garden City location, no difference was observed in yield among the drilled seeded sorghum populations greater than 27,000 seeds/a compared to the standard planted sorghum...

Forage Report 2016

In 2016 summer annual forage variety trials were conducted across Kansas near Garden City, Hays, Hutchinson, Mound Valley, and Scandia. All sites evaluated hay and silage entries. Companies were able to enter varieties into any possible combinations of research sites, so not all sites had all varieties. Across the sites, a total of 99 hay varieties and 99 silage varieties were...

Forage Report 2015

In 2015 summer annual forage variety trials were conducted across Kansas near Garden City, Hays, Hutchinson, Mound Valley, and Scandia. All sites evaluated hay and silage entries, except Hutchinson, which only evaluated hay entries. Companies were able to enter varieties into any possible combinations of research sites, so not all sites had all varieties. Across the sites, a...

Alternative Cropping Systems with Limited Irrigation

A limited irrigation study involving four cropping systems and evaluating four crop rotations was initiated at the Southwest Research-Extension Center near Tribune, KS, in 2012. The cropping systems were two annual systems (continuous corn [C-C] and continuous grain sorghum [GS-GS]) and two 2-year systems (corn-grain sorghum [CGS]) and corn-winter wheat [C-W]). In 2016, corn...

Occasional Tillage in a Wheat-Sorghum- Fallow Rotation

Beginning in 2012, research was conducted in Garden City and Tribune, KS, to determine the effect of a single tillage operation every 3 years on grain yields in a wheatsorghum- fallow (WSF) rotation. Grain yields of wheat and grain sorghum were not affected by a single tillage operation every 3 years in a WSF rotation. Grain yield varied greatly by year from 2014 to 2016. Wheat...

Seeding Rate for Dryland Wheat

Four winter wheat varieties (PlainsGold Byrd, Limagrain T158, Syngenta TAM 111, and WestBred Winterhawk) were planted at five seeding rates (30, 45, 60, 75, and 90 lb/a) in the fall of 2014 and 2015 at Colby, Garden City, and Tribune, KS. The objective of the study was to identify appropriate seeding rates for dryland winter wheat in western Kansas. Averaged across varieties, a...

Wheat and Grain Sorghum in Four-Year Rotations

In 1996, an effort began to quantify soil water storage, crop water use, and crop productivity on dryland systems in western Kansas. Research on 4-year crop rotations with wheat and grain sorghum was initiated at the Southwest Research-Extension Center near Tribune, KS. Rotations were wheat-wheat-sorghum-fallow (WWSF), wheatsorghum- sorghum-fallow (WSSF), and continuous wheat (WW...

Wheat Stubble Height on Subsequent Corn and Grain Sorghum Crops

A field study initiated in 2006 at the Southwest Research-Extension Center near Tribune, KS, was designed to evaluate the effects of three wheat stubble heights on subsequent grain yields of corn and grain sorghum. Corn and sorghum yields in 2016 were greater than the long-term average. When averaged from 2007 through 2016, corn grain yields were 10 bu/a greater when planted into...

Tillage Intensity in a Long-Term Wheat-Sorghum-Fallow Rotation

This study was initiated in 1991 at the Kansas State University Southwest Research- Extension Center near Tribune, KS. The purpose of the study was to identify the effects of tillage intensity on precipitation capture, soil water storage, and grain yield in a wheat-sorghum-fallow rotation. Grain yields of wheat and grain sorghum increased with decreased tillage intensity in a...

Large-Scale Dryland Cropping Systems

This study was conducted from 2008 to 2016 at the Kansas State University Southwest Research-Extension Center near Tribune, KS. The purpose of the study was to identify whether more intensive cropping systems can enhance and stabilize production in rainfed cropping systems to optimize economic crop production, more efficiently capture and utilize scarce precipitation, and...

Fallow Replacement Crop (Cover Crops, Annual Forages, and Short-Season Grain Crops) Effects on Wheat and Grain Sorghum Yields

Producers are interested in growing cover crops and reducing fallow. Growing a crop during the fallow period would increase profitability if crop benefits exceeded expenses. Benefits of growing a cover crop were shown in high rainfall areas, but limited information is available on growing cover crops in place of fallow in the semiarid Great Plains. A study was conducted from 2007...

Estimating Annual Forage Yields with Plant Available Water and Growing Season Precipitation

Forage production is important for western Kansas region’s livestock and dairy industries and has become increasingly important as irrigation-well capacity declines. Forages require less water than grain crops and may allow for increased cropping intensity and opportunistic cropping. Being able to estimate forage production is important for determining forage availability versus...

Integrated Grain and Forage Rotations

Producers are interested in growing forages in rotation with grain crops. Many producers are interested in diversifying their operations to include livestock or grow feed for the livestock industry. By integrating forages into the cropping system producers can take advantage of more markets and reduce market risk. Forages require less water to make a crop than grain crops, so the...

Determining Profitable Annual Forage Rotations

Producers are interested in growing annual forages, yet western Kansas lacks proven recommended crop rotations such as those for grain crops. Forage production is important to the region’s livestock and dairy industries and is becoming increasingly important as irrigation-well capacity declines. Forages require less water than grain crops and may allow for increased cropping...