Kansas Agricultural Experiment Station Research Reports

http://newprairiepress.org/kaesrr/

List of Papers (Total 1,614)

Swine Day 2015 Supplements

It is with great pleasure that we present the 2015 Swine Industry Day Report of Progress. This report contains updates and summaries of applied and basic research conducted at Kansas State University during the past year. We hope that the information will be of benefit as we attempt to meet the needs of the Kansas swine industry.

Re-evaluating Floor Space Allowance and Removal Strategy Effects on the Growth of Heavyweight Finishing Pigs

This study was performed to evaluate the impact of initial floor space allowance and various topping strategies (removal of the heaviest pigs in a pen prior to marketing the finishing group) on the growth performance of heavyweight finishing pigs. A total of 1,092 pigs (initially 80.1 lb) were allotted to one of 4 experimental treatments with 14 pens per treatment. The first ...

The Effects of Increasing Stocking Density on Finishing Pig Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics

A total of 405 pigs (PIC 327 × 1050) from 2 consecutive finishing groups (group 1 initially 145 ± 3.9 lb, group 2 initially 134 ± 5.5 lb) were used to examine the effects of stocking density on finishing pig growth performance and carcass characteristics. Pigs were randomly allotted to pens upon entry into the finishing facility. Pens of pigs were balanced by initial BW and ...

Effect of Soy Protein Sources on Nursery Pig Performance

A total of 480 nursery pigs (PIC C-29 × 359, initially 12.9 lb) were used in a 38-d growth trial to determine the effects of soy protein sources on pig performance. There were 10 pigs per pen and 8 replications per treatment. The 6 dietary treatments were a negative control, corn-soybean meal-based diet (30.1% soybean meal), and diets containing five different specialty protein ...

Effects of Copper Sources and Levels on Nursery Pig Growth Performance

A total of 225 pigs (PIC 327 × 1050, initially 25.5 lb) were used in a 21-d trial to evaluate the effects of copper source and level on nursery pig growth performance. Pens of pigs were balanced by initial BW and randomly allotted to 1 of 5 dietary treatments with 9 replications per treatment. The 5 corn and soybean meal-based diets were arranged in a 2 × 2 + 1 factorial with main ...

Effects of Added Copper and Zinc on Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Finishing Pigs Fed Diets with or without Ractopamine HCl

A total of 480 pigs (PIC 327 × 1050; initially 107.4 lb) were used to determine the interactive effects of supplemental Cu, Zn, and Ractopamine HCl on finishing pig growth performance, carcass characteristics, and antimicrobial susceptibility of enteric bacteria. Dietary treatments were arranged in a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial with main effects of added copper sulfate (CuSO4; 0 vs. 125 ...

The Effects of Increasing Organic or Inorganic Zinc on Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics of Finishing Pigs

A total of 3,390 pigs (PIC 337 × 1050; initially 63.2 lb), housed in three replicate barns, were used in this study to determine the influence of increasing organic or inorganic Zn sources on growth performance and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs. A total of 126 pens of pigs were allotted to 1 of 7 dietary treatments, with 24 to 27 pigs per pen and 14 to 17 replications ...

Stability of Four Commercial Phytase Products under Increasing Conditioning Temperature

A study was conducted to determine the stability of four commercial phytase products exposed to increasing conditioning temperatures. The four commercial products used were: Quantum Blue G (AB Vista, Plantation, FL); Ronozyme Hi Phos GT (DSM Nutritional Products, Parsippany, NJ); Axtra Phy TPT (Dupont, Wilmington, DE); and Microtech 5000 Plus (Guangdong Vtr Bio-Tech Co., Ltd., ...

Evaluating the Effects of Maternal Vitamin D Supplementation on the Subsequent Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics of a Subsample Population of Growing Pigs

A subsample of 448 growing pigs (PIC 327 × 1050), or approximately 50% of pigs weaned from sows fed varying dietary vitamin D regimens, were used in a split-plot design to determine the influence of maternal and nursery vitamin D regimens on growth performance. Sows were previously administered diets containing vitamin D as either: 1) low vitamin D3 (363 IU/lb); 2) medium vitamin ...

Evaluating the Impact of Maternal Vitamin D Supplementation on Sow Performance, Serum Vitamin Metabolites, Neonatal Muscle and Bone Characteristics, and Subsequent Pre-weaning Pig Performance

A total of 56 gestating sows (PIC 1050; 35-d post-insemination) were used in a 30-d trial to determine the serum 25(OH)D3 response to increasing concentrations of vitamins D3. At initiation, sows were randomly allotted to 1 of 7 dietary vitamin D3 treatments (91, 363, 726, 1,451, 2,903, 5,806, or 11,612 IU of vitamin D3/lb of complete diet) with 8 sows per treatment. All sows were ...

Vitamin and Trace Minerals: A Survey of Current Feeding Regimens

Swine producers and nutritionists representing production systems across the United States were surveyed about added vitamin and trace mineral concentrations in swine diets used from March to August of 2014. Respondents were asked to provide the vitamin and trace mineral premix specifications and inclusion rates to calculate complete diet added vitamin and trace mineral ...

Effects of Varying Methodologies on Grain Particle Size Analysis

Particle size reduction is an important component of feed manufacturing that impacts pellet quality, feed flowability, and pig feed efficiency. The correct determination of particle size is important for feed manufacturers, nutritionists, and pork producers to meet target specifications. The current method for determining the geometric mean diameter (dgw) and geometric standard ...

Effects of Feed Truck RPM on Pellet Quality, Unloading Speed, and Feed Line Location on Pellet Quality and Nutrient Segregation

Two separate studies were conducted at one commercial feed mill and six commercial wean-to-finish pig sites in northwest Iowa to determine the effects of feed truck unloading auger RPM on pellet quality and unloading time (Exp. 1) and the effects of feed line location on pellet quality and nutrient concentration of intact pellets and their fines (Exp. 2). For Exp. 1, feed samples ...

Evaluating Pellet and Meal Feeding Regimens on Finishing Pig Performance, Stomach Morphology, Carcass Characteristics, and Economics

A total of 2,100 pigs (PIC 327 × 1050, initially 68.8 lb) were used in a 118-d trial to determine the effects of pellet feeding regimens on finishing pig growth performance, stomach morphology, and carcass characteristics. Pens of pigs were balanced by initial BW and randomly allotted to 1 of 6 dietary treatments (14 pens/treatment with 25 pigs/pen). Pens were sorted by gender ...

Effects of Grinding Corn through a 2-, 3-, or 4-High Roller Mill on Milling Characteristics, and Commercial Finishing Pig Growth Performance and Carcass Characteristics

A total of 922 pigs [PIC TR4 × (FAST Large white × PIC Landrace), initially 88.3 lb] were used in a 97-d experiment to determine the effects of grinding corn through various roller mill configurations on milling characteristics as well as growth performance and carcass characteristics of finishing pigs in a commercial setting. Pens were randomly allotted to 1 of 4 experimental ...

Effects of Creep Feed Pellet Diameter on Suckling and Nursery Pig Performance

A total of 26 litters of pigs (PIC 327 × 1050; initially 7.1 lb and 10 d of age) were used in a 31-d growth trial to evaluate the effects of creep feed pellet diameter on suckling pig and subsequent nursery pig growth performance. On d 10 of the suckling phase, sows and their litters were allotted to one of two dietary treatments by parity and pig weight in a completely randomized ...

Effects of Standardized Ileal Digestible Lysine Content in Low Crude Protein Diets on Finishing Pig Performance and Economics from 230 to 280 lb

The objective of this study was to estimate the nutritional requirement of standardized ileal digestible (SID) Lys on growth performance and economics of 230- to 280-lb finishing pigs housed in a commercial environment and fed diets not containing ractopamine HCl. A total of 1,101 gilts (PIC L327 × 1050, initially 233.4 lb BW) were used in a 28-d growth trial. Pens were blocked by ...

Effects of Standardized Ileal Digestible Lysine on Nursery Pig Growth Performance

Lysine is the first limiting amino acid in swine diets, thus providing the appropriate level in the diet is critical to growth performance. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the standardized ileal digestible (SID) Lys requirement of nursery pigs from 15 to 35 lb. A total of 300 maternal line barrows (200 × 400, DNA, Columbus, NE; initially 14.9 ± 0.5 lb BW) ...

Effects of Amino Acid and Energy Intake During Late Gestation on Piglet Birth Weight and Reproductive Performance of Gilts and Sows Housed Under Commercial Conditions

The objective of this study was to determine the effects of amino acid (AA) and energy intake during late gestation on piglet birth weight and reproductive performance of high-performing gilts and sows housed under commercial conditions. At d 90 of gestation, a total of 1,102 females (PIC 1050) were housed in pens by parity group (P1 or P2+), blocked by weight within each pen, and ...

Evaluating Chemical Mitigation of Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDV) in Swine Feed and Ingredients

Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDV) is primarily transmitted by fecal-oral contamination. Research has confirmed swine feed or ingredients as potential vectors of transmission, so strategies are needed to mitigate PEDV in feed. The objective of this experiment was to evaluate the effectiveness of various chemical additives to prevent or mitigate post-processing PEDV ...

Effect of Thermal Mitigation on Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDV)- Contaminated Feed

Porcine Epidemic Diarrhea Virus (PEDV) is primarily transmitted by fecal-oral contamination. However, epidemiological evidence has shown that swine feed and ingredients may serve as potential vectors of transmission. Since it is known that PEDV is a heat-sensitive virus, we hypothesized that a conditioner and pellet mill mimicking commercial thermal processing would mitigate PEDV ...

2012 National Turfgrass Evaluation Program Tall Fescue Test: 2014 Data

A number of the cultivars included in the 2012 National Turfgrass Evaluation Program Tall Fescue Test performed well and showed good brown patch resistance in southern Kansas during the 2014 growing season.

Crabgrass Control in Spring Seeding Using Early and Late Combinations of Prodiamine and Dithiopyr

With less crabgrass pressure, the Kansas site showed an inhibitory effect of pre-emergent herbicides on spring tall fescue (Lolium arundinaceum) seeding and establishment. However, at the Nebraska site, greater crabgrass pressure showed a benefit of pre-emergent herbicide use in new spring seeding of tall fescue.

Dose Responses of Silvery-thread Moss to Carfentrazone-ethyl

As compared with label recommendations, this research suggests that lower carfentrazone-ethyl rates and longer intervals may be effective for silvery- thread moss (STM; Bryum argenteum Hedw.) control in putting greens.