Genes & Nutrition

http://link.springer.com/journal/12263

List of Papers (Total 255)

Mammary gland zinc metabolism: regulation and dysregulation

Zinc (Zn) is required for numerous metabolic processes serving both a structural and catalytic role. The mammary gland has a unique Zn requirement resulting from the need to also transfer an extraordinary amount of Zn into milk (~0.5–1 mg Zn/day) during lactation. Impairments in this process can result in severe Zn deficiency in the nursing offspring which has adverse...

Effect of body fat distribution on the transcription response to dietary fat interventions

Combination of decreased energy expenditure and increased food intake results in fat accumulation either in the abdominal site (upper body obesity, UBO) or on the hips (lower body obesity, LBO). In this study, we used microarray gene expression profiling of adipose tissue biopsies to investigate the effect of body fat distribution on the physiological response to two dietary fat...

An integrated bioinformatics approach to improve two-color microarray quality-control: impact on biological conclusions

Omics technology used for large-scale measurements of gene expression is rapidly evolving. This work pointed out the need of an extensive bioinformatics analyses for array quality assessment before and after gene expression clustering and pathway analysis. A study focused on the effect of red wine polyphenols on rat colon mucosa was used to test the impact of quality control and...

Feeding a ROS-generator to Caenorhabditis elegans leads to increased expression of small heat shock protein HSP-16.2 and hormesis

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are thought to be a driving force in the aging process. In transgenic Caenorhabditis elegans expressing green fluorescent protein (GFP) under control of the hsp-16.2 promoter (CL2070) 100 μM of the ROS-generator juglone induced GFP-expression. This was associated with translocation of DAF-16 to the nucleus as visualized in a transgenic strain...

Effects of dietary carotenoids on mouse lung genomic profiles and their modulatory effects on short-term cigarette smoke exposures

Male C57BL/6 mice were fed diets supplemented with either β-carotene (BC) or lycopene (LY) that were formulated for human consumption. Four weeks of dietary supplementations results in plasma and lung carotenoid (CAR) concentrations that approximated the levels detected in humans. Bioactivity of the CARs was determined by assaying their effects on the activity of the lung...

Validating nutrient-related gene expression changes from microarrays using RT2 PCR-arrays

Microarray technology allows us to perform high-throughput screening of changes in gene expression. The outcome of microarray experiments largely depends on the applied analysis methods and cut-off values chosen. Results are often required to be verified using a more sensitive detection technique, such as quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR or RT-PCR). Throughout the years, this...

The challenges for molecular nutrition research 3: comparative nutrigenomics research as a basis for entering the systems level

Human nutrition and metabolism may serve as the paradigm for the complex interplay of the genome with its environment. The concept of nutrigenomics now enables science with new tools and comprehensive analytical techniques to investigate this interaction at all levels of the complexity of the organism. Moreover, nutrigenomics seeks to better define the homeostatic control...

The role of bioinformatics in pathway curation

Diagrams and models of biological pathways are useful tools in biology. Pathway diagrams are mainly used for illustrative purposes for instance in textbooks and in presentations. Pathway models are used in the analysis of genomic data. Bridging the gap between diagrams and models allows not only the analysis of genomics data and interactions but also the visualisation of the...

NuGO contributions to GenePattern

NuGO, the European Nutrigenomics Organization, utilizes 31 powerful computers for, e.g., data storage and analysis. These so-called black boxes (NBXses) are located at the sites of different partners. NuGO decided to use GenePattern as the preferred genomic analysis tool on each NBX. To handle the custom made Affymetrix NuGO arrays, new NuGO modules are added to GenePattern...

Bioinformatic interrogation of expression array data to identify nutritionally regulated genes potentially modulated by DNA methylation

DNA methylation occurs at CpG dinucleotide sites within the genome and is recognised as one of the mechanisms involved in regulation of gene expression. CpG sites are relatively underrepresented in the mammalian genome, but occur densely in regions called CpG islands (CGIs). CGIs located in the promoters of genes inhibit transcription when methylated by impeding transcription...

Bioinformatics for the NuGO proof of principle study: analysis of gene expression in muscle of ApoE3*Leiden mice on a high-fat diet using PathVisio

Insulin resistance is a characteristic of type-2 diabetes and its development is associated with an increased fat consumption. Muscle is one of the tissues that becomes insulin resistant after high fat (HF) feeding. The aim of the present study is to identify processes involved in the development of HF-induced insulin resistance in muscle of ApOE3*Leiden mice by using microarrays...

NuGO PPS1 mouse study 1: preliminary statistical analysis

Time course experiments are aimed at characterizing the dynamic regulation of gene expression in biological systems. Data are collected at different time points to monitor the dynamic behaviour of gene expression. The NuGO PPS Mouse Study 1 investigates the development of high fat-induced insulin resistance (IR) over time in APOE*3Leiden (E3L) mice. The study consists in a series...

Yeast as a model to investigate the mitochondrial role in adaptation to dietary fat and calorie surplus

Several research strategies are focused towards understanding the genetic basis and molecular mechanisms that regulate uptake, synthesis, deposition, and mobilization of lipids, in the context of energy homeostasis. Because of the complexity of the problem, major input comes from the use of model systems. The aim of this work was to test the feasibility of using yeast as a model...

Short-term fatty acid intervention elicits differential gene expression responses in adipose tissue from lean and overweight men

The goal of this study was to investigate the effect of a short-term nutritional intervention on gene expression in adipose tissue from lean and overweight subjects. Gene expression profiles were measured after consumption of an intervention spread (increased levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids, conjugated linoleic acid and medium chain triglycerides) and a control spread (40 g...

Impaired leptin activity in New Zealand Obese mice: model of angiogenesis

Leptin is prompt to drive angiogenesis, effecting proper vascularisation. Tissue remodeling (including adipose organ) is associated with the angiogenic response. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of hyperleptinemia on angiogenesis in subcutaneous (s.c.) in vivo matrigel model in mice on a high fat (HF) diet. HF promoted adipose tissue accumulation and...

The challenges for molecular nutrition research 2: quantification of the nutritional phenotype

In quantifying the beneficial effect of dietary interventions in healthy subjects, nutrition research meets a number of new challenges. Inter individual variation in biomarker values often is larger than the effect related to the intervention. Healthy subjects have a remarkable capacity to maintain homeostasis, both through direct metabolic regulation, metabolic compensation of...

The challenges for molecular nutrition research 1: linking genotype to healthy nutrition

Nutrition science finds itself at a major crossroad. On the one hand we can continue the current path, which has resulted in some substantial advances, but also many conflicting messages which impair the trust of the general population, especially those who are motivated to improve their health through diet. The other road is uncharted and is being built over the many exciting...

Nutrigenomics: a case for the common soil between cardiovascular disease and cancer

The border between health and disease is often set by a complex equilibrium between two elements, genetics on one hand, lifestyle on the other, To know it better, means to give new weapons, often crucial, in the hands of the doctors and their patients. It also means to adjust therapies, to find out which drug is good for a patient and which prevention strategy will work better...

Nutrition, metabolism and colorectal cancer

Colorectal cancer and myocardial infarction are associated at population level and in autoptic studies. Furthermore, they share many blood variables: cholesterol, triglycerides and HDL cholesterol, fructosamine, glycated haemoglobin and glycated apolipoprotein B. These blood variables are intermediates between dietary, mainly saturated fats and high glycemic index and load diets...

Estrogens, phytoestrogens and colorectal neoproliferative lesions

Epidemiological and experimental studies suggest a protective role of estrogens against colorectal cancer. This effect seems to be mediated by their binding to estrogen receptor beta (ER-β), one of the two estrogen receptors with high affinity for these hormones. Very recently, the demonstration of an involvement of ER-β in the development of adenomatous polyps of the colon has...

The role of microenvironment in tumor angiogenesis

Tumor microenvironment is essential for tumor cell proliferation, angiogenesis, invasion and metastasis through its provision of survival signals, secretion of growth and pro-angiogenic factors, and direct adhesion molecule interactions. This review examines its importance in the induction of an angiogenic response in tumors and in multiple myeloma. The encouraging results of pre...

Schisandra fructus extract ameliorates doxorubicin-induce cytotoxicity in cardiomyocytes: altered gene expression for detoxification enzymes

The effect of Schisandra fructus extract (SFE) on doxorubicin (Dox)-induced cardiotoxicity was investigated in H9c2 cardiomyocytes. Dox, which is an antineoplastic drug known to induce cardiomyopathy possibly through production of reactive oxygen species, induced significant cytotoxicity, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), and lipid peroxidation. SFE treatment...