Military Medicine

https://academic.oup.com/milmed

List of Papers (Total 1,883)

Marine Develops Chronic Right Knee Granuloma After Initial Injury at The Basic School

With skin lesions that have failed previous treatments, consideration for an atypical mycobacteria, specifically Mycobacterium marinum, infection should be suspected. Importance of the history cannot be stressed as this is a clue that the patient may have been inoculated and infected in the field environment. A marine with chronic right knee plaque for 3 yr that first appeared...

The Impact of the Veteran’s Affairs Medical System on an Otolaryngology Residency Training Program

The field of otolaryngology has become the leading specialty in the management of head and neck pathology and trauma. Graduate medical education programs tasked to train military head and neck surgeons within the Department of Defense (DoD) maintain certification by ensuring adequate surgical case volume and training. In recent years, surgical case numbers have declined due to an...

Post-Smallpox Vaccination Skin Eruption in a Marine

This case report examines a vesiculopustular reaction which occurred in a young Marine 9 d after receiving the smallpox vaccination. Review of the CDC guidelines, ACAM2000 package insert, and literature surrounding the smallpox vaccine reveals several well-established adverse cutaneous reactions associated with vaccination. These dermatologic reactions are typically mild and self...

Are Navy Weight Management Programs Ensuring Sailor Physical Readiness? An Analysis at Naval Medical Center San Diego

The obesity epidemic in the USA includes active duty service members in the military and effects physical readiness. At the Naval Medical Center San Diego command, the Health & Wellness Department is charged with administering the Weight Management Programs (WMP) for sailors in the San Diego area to ensure military physical readiness requirements. The optimal allocation of...

Update: Efficacy of Military Fluid Intake Guidance

Fluid intake during military training is prescribed based on the interactions among work rates, environmental conditions, and uniform configurations. The efficacy of this guidance has not been empirically assessed in over a decade. To determine the acceptability of the fluid intake guidance, sweat losses were measured in a variety of conditions with modern uniform/body armor...

Pupillometer Use: Validation for Use in Military and Occupational Medical Surveillance and Response to Organophosphate and Chemical Warfare Agent Exposure

To analyze the effectiveness and suitability of pupillometer use in military and occupational medicine, specifically when pupil size is measured as part of medical surveillance. Pupil size is the most sensitive physical exam finding in vapor exposure to substances that inhibit acetylcholinesterase, such as nerve agent (chemical warfare) and organophosphates (used in agriculture...

Anonymous Feedback: What Should a Leader Do?

Leaders are required to evaluate and provide feedback to those they lead. This often involves giving feedback on direct observations, but at times can result from feedback brought to them via other pathways. When a leader is given feedback from a subordinate about another subordinate, they must decide how to best proceed. Often they must collect more data in order to make an...

Blunt Abdominal Trauma, Splenectomy, and Post-Splenectomy Vaccination

Unlike penetrating abdominal injuries where the decision to operate is relatively straight forward, those combat casualties that sustain blunt abdominal trauma offer more of a diagnostic and clinical challenge. For unstable patients with a positive focused abdominal sonography in trauma or diagnostic peritoneal lavage, exploratory laparotomy should be undertaken immediately. All...

Mayer–Rokitansky–Kuster–Hauser Syndrome: A Unique Case Presentation

Mayer–Rokitansky–Kuster–Hauser (MRKH) syndrome is a congenital condition characterized by aplasia of the vagina with or without concurrent uterine and/or cervical aplasia. Type II (MURCS) is a rare form involving MUllerian agenesis, Renal agenesis, and Cervicothoracic Somite anomalies.

Biceps Tenodesis and Intra-articular Decompression for Treatment of Superior Labral Tear from Anterior to Posterior and Associated Paralabral Cyst in Active Duty Military

To examine the outcomes of combined biceps tenodesis and indirect, intra-articular arthroscopic paralabral cyst decompression for the treatment of active duty military patients with superior labral from anterior to posterior tears and associated paralabral cysts.

The Relationship Between Soldier Performance on the Two-Mile Run and the 20-m Shuttle Run Test

The 20-m shuttle run test (MSRT) is a common field test used to measure aerobic fitness in controlled environments. The U.S. Army currently assesses aerobic fitness with the two-mile run (TMR), but external factors may impact test performance. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the Army Physical Fitness Test TMR performance and the MSRT in military...

Expeditionary Force Health Protection for Global Health Engagement: Lessons Learned from Continuing Promise 2017

Global health engagement (GHE) is an important priority for the Military Health Service as such activities strengthen the health capabilities of partner nations and improve interoperability. By their very nature, GHE activities are predominantly conducted in low-resource areas with limited infrastructure and substantial humanitarian need. The Department of Defense is evaluating...

Mental Health Across the Reproductive Cycle in Women Veterans

Premenstrual, perinatal, and/or perimenopausal psychiatric problems require specific screening, assessment, and treatment strategies. The scope of these reproductive-linked psychiatric symptoms among women veterans is unknown. Due to high rates of sexual trauma among women veterans, it is also important to ascertain relationships between sexual trauma experiences and reproductive...

Taking Charge: Moving from Peer to Supervisor

Leadership transitions occur frequently, and these times can be challenging for the individual and those they lead. Leaders must develop new knowledge and skills required of the position. Leaders also assume a new formal leadership role over prior peers. This can be a difficult task for junior leaders. The following article illustrates an example case faced by a junior Navy...

Using the RE-AIM Model of Health Promotion to Implement a Military Women’s Health Promotion Program for Austere Settings

The health concerns for military women who serve in austere environments include feminine hygiene, risk of infection, and limited knowledge of gynecologic conditions, symptoms, and prevention. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the Women’s Health Promotion Program (WHPP) for Austere Environments that was implemented in the military community setting of...

Two-Stage Osseointegrated Reconstruction of Post-traumatic Unilateral Transfemoral Amputees

A new technique called osseointegration was introduced recently by intimately connecting the artificial limb prosthesis to the residual bone, eliminating the problematic socket–residuum interface. The objective here is to describe the two-stage strategy for the osseointegrated reconstruction of amputated limbs and discuss the clinical outcomes of the procedure. This is a...

The Uniformed Services University’s Surgical Critical Care Initiative (SC2i): Bringing Precision Medicine to the Critically Ill

Precision medicine endeavors to leverage all available medical data in pursuit of individualized diagnostic and therapeutic plans to improve patient outcomes in a cost-effective manner. Its promise in the field of critical care remains incompletely realized. The Department of Defense has a vested interest in advancing precision medicine for those sent into harm’s way and...

An Innovative Advance in Non-invasive Wound Closure: A New Paradigm

Injury is the leading health and readiness threat to the armed forces, with two million instances per year; therefore, innovating wound care solutions can help improve readiness. The DermaClip Skin Closure Device is a new, non-invasive, painless, and easy-to-apply wound closure device that does not require either needles or painful anesthesia injections or create additional...

Antibiotic Treatment – What Can Be Learned from Point of Injury Experience?

Early antibiotic administration after trauma reduces infection rates of open wounds. A clinical practice guideline (CPG) was created to ensure that wounded personnel who are not expected to arrive at the hospital within an hour receive antibiotic treatment in the field. This study evaluated how well-advanced life saver (ALS) providers complied with Israeli Defense Force (IDF) CPG.

Ocular Manifestations of Mosquito-Transmitted Diseases

Of the 3,548 known mosquito species, about 100 transmit human diseases. Mosquitoes are distributed globally throughout tropical and temperate regions where standing water sources are available for egg laying and the maturation of larva. Female mosquitoes require blood meals for egg production. This is the main pathway for disease transmission. Mosquitoes carry several pathogenic...

Autofluorescence Imaging for Evaluating Debridement in Military and Trauma Wounds

Mechanisms for military injury have evolved in the past century. Debridement is the gold standard for preparing a clean wound bed, decreasing the bacterial load, and reducing the likelihood of infection. However, bacteria may continue to linger in these wounds. The MolecuLight i:X Imaging Device uses the principle of autofluorescence to detect bacteria under violet light. Thus...

TRR’s Warrior Camp: An Intensive Treatment Program for Combat Trauma in Active Military and Veterans of All Eras

Effective treatments for combat trauma in military service members exist, but barriers to care abound, including poor access, stigma, and dropout. Although the effects of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) can be severe, recovery is possible when proper treatment is implemented. Trauma and Resiliency Resources, Inc.’s Warrior Camp (WC) program is designed to address the...