Annals of Intensive Care

http://link.springer.com/journal/13613

List of Papers (Total 515)

Cardiac function during weaning failure: the role of diastolic dysfunction

Background Cardiac dysfunction is a common cause of weaning failure. Weaning shares some similarities with a cardiac stress test and may challenge active phases of the cardiac cycle-like ventricular contractility and relaxation. This study aimed at assessing systolic and diastolic function during the weaning process and scrutinizing their dynamics during weaning trials. Methods ...

Oleic acid chlorohydrin, a new early biomarker for the prediction of acute pancreatitis severity in humans

Background The early prediction of the severity of acute pancreatitis still represents a challenge for clinicians. Experimental studies have revealed the generation of specific halogenated lipids, in particular oleic acid chlorohydrin, in the early stages of acute pancreatitis. We hypothesized that the levels of circulating oleic acid chlorohydrin might be a useful early prognostic ...

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for severe Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus

Background Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) is caused by a coronavirus (MERS‐CoV) and is characterized by hypoxemic respiratory failure. The objective of this study is to compare the outcomes of MERS-CoV patients before and after the availability of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) as a rescue therapy in severely hypoxemic patients who failed conventional ...

Nutrition delivery of a model-based ICU glycaemic control system

Background Hyperglycaemia is commonplace in the adult intensive care unit (ICU), associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Effective glycaemic control (GC) can reduce morbidity and mortality, but has proven difficult. STAR is a proven, effective model-based ICU GC protocol that uniquely maintains normo-glycaemia by changing both insulin and nutrition interventions to ...

Quality of inter-hospital transportation in 431 transport survivor patients suffering from acute respiratory distress syndrome referred to specialist centers

Background The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening condition. In special situations, these critically ill patients must be transferred to specialized centers for escalating treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quality of inter-hospital transport (IHT) of ARDS patients. Methods We evaluated medical and organizational aspects of structural ...

Thromboelastography-based anticoagulation management during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: a safety and feasibility pilot study

Background There is no consensus on the management of anticoagulation during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). ECMO is currently burdened by a high rate of hemostatic complications, possibly associated with inadequate monitoring of heparin anticoagulation. This study aims to assess the safety and feasibility of an anticoagulation protocol for patients undergoing ECMO ...

Internal jugular vein variability predicts fluid responsiveness in cardiac surgical patients with mechanical ventilation

Background To evaluate the efficacy of using internal jugular vein variability (IJVV) as an index of fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated patients after cardiac surgery. Methods Seventy patients were assessed after cardiac surgery. Hemodynamic data coupled with ultrasound evaluation of IJVV and inferior vena cava variability (IVCV) were collected and calculated at ...

Patient–ventilator asynchrony during conventional mechanical ventilation in children

Background We aimed (1) to describe the characteristics of patient–ventilator asynchrony in a population of critically ill children, (2) to describe the risk factors associated with patient–ventilator asynchrony, and (3) to evaluate the association between patient–ventilator asynchrony and ventilator-free days at day 28. Methods In this single-center prospective study, consecutive ...

Frequency and prognostic impact of basic critical care echocardiography abnormalities in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome

Background Among intensive care unit (ICU) patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), apart from acute cor pulmonale (ACP), the frequency and prognostic impact of basic critical care echocardiography (BCCE) abnormalities are not well defined. Methods Observational study of patients with ARDS, admitted from September 2012 to May 2014, who underwent BCCE within 48 h of ...

Application of updated guidelines on diastolic dysfunction in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock

Background Left ventricular diastolic dysfunction is suggested to be associated with higher mortality in severe sepsis and septic shock, yet the methods of diagnosis described in the literature are often inconsistent. The recently published 2016 American Society of Echocardiography and European Association of Cardiovascular Imaging (ASE/EACVI) guidelines offer the opportunity to ...

Risks of bleeding and thrombosis in intensive care unit patients with haematological malignancies

Background Patients with malignant haematological disease and especially those who require intensive care have an increased risk of bleeding and thrombosis, but none of these data were obtained in ICU patients only. We assessed the incidence of bleeding and thrombotic complications, use of blood products and risk factors for bleeding in an adult population of ICU patients with ...

Thrombomodulin favors leukocyte microvesicle fibrinolytic activity, reduces NETosis and prevents septic shock-induced coagulopathy in rats

Background Septic shock-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation is responsible for increased occurrence of multiple organ dysfunction and mortality. Immunothrombosis-induced coagulopathy may contribute to hypercoagulability. We aimed at determining whether recombinant human thrombomodulin (rhTM) could control exaggerated immunothrombosis by studying procoagulant responses, ...

Immunohaemostasis: a new view on haemostasis during sepsis

Host infection by a micro-organism triggers systemic inflammation, innate immunity and complement pathways, but also haemostasis activation. The role of thrombin and fibrin generation in host defence is now recognised, and thrombin has become a partner for survival, while it was seen only as one of the “principal suspects” of multiple organ failure and death during septic shock. ...

Does metformin exposure before ICU stay have any impact on patients’ outcome? A retrospective cohort study of diabetic patients

Background Impact of metformin exposure before ICU stay remains controversial. Metformin is thought to induce lactic acidosis and haemodynamic instability but may reduce ICU mortality. We evaluated its influence on outcome in diabetic patients admitted in the ICU and then compared two different populations based on the presence of septic shock. Methods We conducted a retrospective ...

Blood platelets and sepsis pathophysiology: A new therapeutic prospect in critical ill patients?

Beyond haemostasis, platelets have emerged as versatile effectors of the immune response. The contribution of platelets in inflammation, tissue integrity and defence against infections has considerably widened the spectrum of their role in health and disease. Here, we propose a narrative review that first describes these new platelet attributes. We then examine their relevance to ...

Procalcitonin-guided antibiotic therapy in intensive care unit patients: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Background Serum procalcitonin (PCT) concentration is used to guide antibiotic decisions in choice, timing, and duration of anti-infection therapy to avoid antibiotic overuse. Thus, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to seek evidence of different PCT-guided antimicrobial strategies for critically ill patients in terms of predefined clinical outcomes. Methods We ...

Piperacillin–tazobactam as alternative to carbapenems for ICU patients

Several studies suggest that alternatives to carbapenems, and particulary beta-lactam/beta-lactamase inhibitor combinations, can be used for therapy of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE)-related infections in non-ICU patients. Little is known concerning ICU patients in whom achieving the desired plasmatic pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) ...

Venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation devices-related colonisations and infections

Background Nosocomial infections occurring during extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support have already been reported, but few studied infections directly related to ECMO devices. This study aims to evaluate the rate of both colonisations and infections related to ECMO devices at the time of ECMO removal. Results We included all consecutive adult patients treated with ...

Admission of tetanus patients to the ICU: a retrospective multicentre study

Background An extended course of tetanus (up to 6 weeks) requiring ICU admission and protracted mechanical ventilation (MV) may have a significant impact on short- and long-term survival. The subject is noteworthy and deserves to be discussed. Methods Twenty-two ICUs in France performed tetanus screenings on patients admitted between January 2000 and December 2014. Retrospective ...

Effects of combination therapy using antithrombin and thrombomodulin for sepsis-associated disseminated intravascular coagulation

Background No single anticoagulant has been proven effective for sepsis-associated disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). Thus, the concomitant use of antithrombin concentrate and recombinant thrombomodulin has been conceived. This observational study was conducted to investigate the efficacy and safety of this combination therapy. Methods A total of 510 septic DIC patients ...