AoB PLANTS

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List of Papers (Total 232)

Patterns of chasmogamy and cleistogamy, a mixed-mating strategy in an endangered perennial

Cleistogamy (CL) in angiosperms historically has been understudied; however, its co-occurrence with chasmogamy (CH) across many plant species suggests a fitness advantage to maintaining this mixed-mating strategy. Maintenance of mixed-mating has been attributed to reproductive assurance, resource allocation or genetic trade-offs. Our goals were to explore patterns of CH and CL...

Novel mechanisms for organic acid-mediated aluminium tolerance in roots and leaves of two contrasting soybean genotypes

Aluminium (Al) toxicity is one of the most important limiting factors for crop yield in acidic soils. However, the mechanisms that confer Al tolerance still remain largely unknown. To understand the molecular mechanism that confers different tolerance to Al, we performed global transcriptome analysis to the roots and leaves of two contrasting soybean genotypes, BX10 (Al-tolerant...

Neutral molecular markers support common origin of aluminium tolerance in three congeneric grass species growing in acidic soils

Aluminium (Al) toxicity is the main abiotic stress limiting plant productivity in acidic soils that are widely distributed among arable lands. Plant species differ in the level of Al resistance showing intraspecific and interspecific variation in many crop species. However, the origin of Al-tolerance is not well known. Three annual species, difficult to distinguish phenotypically...

Effects of model-mimic frequency on insect visitation and plant reproduction in a self-mimicry pollination system

The proportion of mimics and models is a key parameter in mimetic systems. In monoecious plants with self-mimicry pollination systems, the mimic-model ratio is determined by the floral sex ratio. While an equal sex ratio (1:1) could provide the perfect balance between pollen donors and stigma surfaces able to receive the pollen, an unequal ratio could increase pollination by...

Sodium chloride accumulation in glycophyte plants with cyanobacterial symbionts

The majority of plant species are glycophytes and are not salt-tolerant and maintain low sodium levels within their tissues; if. high tissue sodium concentrations do occur, it is in response to elevated environmental salt levels. Here we report an apparently novel and taxonomically diverse grouping of plants that continuously maintain high tissue sodium contents and share the...

Dispersal and establishment of vascular epiphytes in human-modified landscapes

The ongoing destruction of old-growth forests puts tropical forest species under great pressure because of the resulting habitat loss. A pre-requisite for the maintenance of a viable metacommunity in a fragmented landscape is the connectivity between habitable patches. We experimentally studied four vital steps of epiphyte dispersal in different habitat types in western Panama...

Genetic regulation of defence responses in cotton to insect herbivores

Induced defences play a key role in plant resistance against herbivores, and mediate interactions between phytophagous arthropods and plants via genes and signal pathways. Here, we examined the interaction between Helicoverpa armigera and cotton and the subsequent regulation of cotton defences. Quantitative real-time PCR data indicated that Ghppo1 expression was up-regulated by...

Interactive effects of deer exclusion and exotic plant removal on deciduous forest understory communities

Mammalian herbivory and exotic plant species interactions are an important ongoing research topic, due to their presumed impacts on native biodiversity. The extent to which these interactions affect forest understory plant community composition and persistence was the subject of our study. We conducted a 5-year, 2 × 2 factorial experiment in three mid-Atlantic US deciduous...

Inter- and intrapopulation variation in the response of tree seedlings to drought: physiological adjustments based on geographical origin, water supply and species

Initiatives to restore natural ecosystems have had little success in arid and hyperarid ecosystems. In this context, the natural seedling establishment is particularly affected by drought patterns and climatic variability. Likewise, the effect of plant provenance on forest restoration success remains unclear, although previous studies have concluded that some seed locations might...

An indicator approach to capture impacts of white-tailed deer and other ungulates in the presence of multiple associated stressors

Management of ungulates is contested ground that lacks stakeholder agreement on desirable population sizes and management approaches. Unfortunately, we often miss information about extent of local impacts, for example on plant communities, to guide management decisions. Typical vegetation impact assessments like the woody browse index do not assess herbaceous plants, and...

Methyl jasmonate induction of cotton: a field test of the ‘attract and reward’ strategy of conservation biological control

Natural or synthetic elicitors can affect plant physiology by stimulating direct and indirect defence responses to herbivores. For example, increased production of plant secondary metabolites, a direct response, can negatively affect herbivore survival, development and fecundity. Indirect responses include increased emission of plant volatiles that influence herbivore and natural...

Local shifts in floral biotic interactions in habitat edges and their effect on quantity and quality of plant offspring

Spatial shifts in insect fauna due to ecological heterogeneity can severely constrain plant reproduction. Nonetheless, data showing effects of insect visit patterns and intensity of mutualistic and/or antagonistic plant–insect interactions on plant reproduction over structured ecological gradients remain scarce. We investigated how changes in flower-visitor abundance, identity...

Plant responses to environmental stresses—from gene to biotechnology

Increasing global population, urbanization and industrialization are increasing the rate of conversion of arable land into wasteland. Supplying food to an ever-increasing population is one of the biggest challenges that agriculturalists and plant scientists are currently confronting. Environmental stresses make this situation even graver. Despite the induction of several...

Evolution of pollination systems involving edible trichomes in orchids

Most flowering plants need biotic vectors for pollen transfer. Consequently, the emergence and maintenance of floral attributes are driven by selection generated by pollinators. As a result of such selective pressures, new strategies related to pollinator attraction and rewards can arise. In addition to nectar and pollen, pollinators exploit floral perfumes, wax, resins, edible...

Temporal variations in methane emissions from emergent aquatic macrophytes in two boreonemoral lakes

Methane (CH4) emissions via emergent aquatic macrophytes can contribute substantially to the global CH4 balance. We addressed temporal variability in CH4 flux by using the static chamber approach to quantify fluxes from plots dominated by two species considered to differ in flux transport mechanisms (Phragmites australis, Carex rostrata). Temporal variability in daily mean...

Differential responses of invasive and native plants to warming with simulated changes in diurnal temperature ranges

Although many studies have documented the effects of global warming on invasive plants, little is known about whether the effects of warming on plant invasion differ depending on the imposed change in different diurnal temperature ranges (DTR). We tested the impact of warming with DTR change on seed germination and seedling growth of eight species in the family Asteraceae. Four...

Stigmatic limitations on reproductive success in a paleotropical tree: causes and consequences

Success in reproduction is subject to the successful initiation as well as successful completion of a chain of consecutive events starting from flower formation and ending with viable seed production. A pivotal role in this chain is played by the stigma which is the seat of pollen recognition and initiation of pollen–pistil interaction. An interesting feature of the family...

Slow stamen movement in a perennial herb decreases male–male and male–female interference

Approximately 80 % of angiosperm species produce hermaphroditic flowers, which face the problem of male–male sexual interference (one or more anthers gets in the way of disseminating pollen from other anthers) or male–female sexual interference (the pistil interferes with disseminating pollen from the anthers by preventing the anther from touching a pollinator, or the anther...